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Poetry Vocabulary
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Poetry Vocabulary

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Review and introduction of previous and new vocabulary students will need to understand and be able to use in class during the poetry unit.

Review and introduction of previous and new vocabulary students will need to understand and be able to use in class during the poetry unit.

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  • 1. Poetry Vocabulary Mrs. Sample
  • 2. Simile
    • Comparison of two things using the words
      • Like
      • As
      • Seems
      • Similar to
      • Example: Her hair is like silk
      • sheets.
  • 3. Metaphor
    • Implied comparison between to objects, omitting the words like or as.
    • Example:
      • Simile= Her lips are like roses
      • Metaphor= her lips are roses
      • * More direct comparison!
  • 4. Personification
    • Gives human characteristics to objects, ideas, or other inanimate things.
    • Example: The dandelion fluff ball cart wheeled in the wind.
      • Humans do cartwheels, not flowers.
  • 5. Hyperbole
    • An extreme exaggeration. It is used for effect and not intended to be taken literally. (Often used in comedy)
    • Example: The odor was strong enough to kill a horse.
  • 6. Onomatopoeia
    • Use of words that sound like the sound they describe. Use of sounds enables the writing to seem more alive to the reader.
    • Example: plink, bam, buzz, etc.
    • The clip-clopping of the horses’ hooves could be heard in the distance.
  • 7. Alliteration
    • Most common form of repeated sounds studied in elementary and middle schools. It is the repetition of initial consonant sounds.
    • Example: Might men make money out of movies.
  • 8. Assonance/ Consonance
    • Repetition of vowel sounds. They can be anywhere in the word, except the initial sounds.
    • Repetition of consonant sounds anywhere in the word (not just the beginning).
    • Examples: Strive, live, love (the “v” sound) or time, slime, tame, same (the “m” sound).
  • 9. Imagery
    • The use of words to paint a picture that allows a creative image to form in the reader’s mind.
    • Uses the five senses: sight, sound, smell, taste, and feeling.
    • Example: The smell of cookies filled the room with pungent cinnamon and tangy ginger.
  • 10. Interesting Language
    • Use of interesting language makes the writing more attractive to the reader.
    • Use precise, vibrant language to create sentences that paint a picture for the reader.
    • Example: The obstinate siblings caused an uproarious distraction during the dignified church service.