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Clauses And Phrase
 

Clauses And Phrase

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This powerpoint is a review of clauses and phrases for test preparation.

This powerpoint is a review of clauses and phrases for test preparation.

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  • Adjective Adverb Adjective Prepositional Prepositional Adverb Prepositional Adverb

Clauses And Phrase Clauses And Phrase Presentation Transcript

  • Clauses and Phrase
  • Phrases
    • Phrases - a group of words. There are three types of phrases:
      • Prepositional - starts with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. It will never contain the subject or verb of the sentences.
      • Adjectival Phrase - phrase that acts as an adjective and modifies a noun.
      • Adverbial Phrase - phrase that acts as an adverb and modifies a verb.
  • Practice:
    • Identify the phrase as adjectival, adverbial, or prepositional.
    • 1. It is of no use .
    • 2. Joe buys flowers for his wife every week .
    • 3. Sunday is the longest day .
    • 4. I can’t finish the report without the numbers .
    • 5. I was whisked into a secret chamber .
    • 6. Toby placed the chair next to the window .
    • 7. The local police are talking to Tom .
    • 8. We hardly ever use the microwave.
  • Clauses
    • Clauses - a group of words containing a subject and verb.
    • Two types:
    • 1. Independent - can stand alone
    • 2. Dependent - cannot stand alone and contains a subordinating conjunction.
  • Sentences
    • Simple- contains one independent clause.
      • The class was very boring.
    • Compound- contains two independent clauses separated by a comma and a coordinating conjunction.
    • The class was very boring , but it was very important.
    S V S V V S
  • Sentences (Cont)
    • 3. Complex- contains an independent clause and a dependent clause as well as a subordinating conjunction.
    • As the students were watching the movie,
    • the teacher left the class.
    • The teacher left the class as the students
    • were watching the movie.
    Dep. + Indep. S S V V Indep. + Dep.
  • Video- Clauses
  • Practice
    • Worksheet- review
    • Game- partners: create simple, compound, and complex sentences
    • Game- musical sentences
  • Dependent Clauses
    • Dependent clauses are off set by a subordinating conjunction- it is due to this conjunction that the clause is considered dependent. There are three different types of dependent clauses:
      • Adverb
      • Adjective
      • Noun
  • Adverb Clauses
    • Acts as an adverb- modifies a verb.
    • Subordinating Conjunctions: After, Although, As, Before, Because, If, Since, Until, When, While
    • Examples:
      • The elevator will not move until the doors are closed.
      • No one may enter the room while the red light is on.
  • Adjective Clauses
    • Acts as an adjective- modifies a noun.
    • Subordinating Conjunctions: That, Which, Who, Whom, Whose
    • - Who, Whom, Whose= Describe People
    • - That, Which = Describe Things.
    • Examples:
    • Dad needs a secretary who can speak Portuguese .
    • Grandpa still had the first dollar that he ever earned.
  • Noun Clauses
    • Acts as a noun or replaces a noun.
    • Subordinating Conjunctions: who, whom, what, which, whoever, whomever, whatever, when, whether, where, how, why.
    • Examples:
      • What happened next surprised us all.
      • The real surprise is how the movie ends.