Grammar 1 ppt


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Grammar 1 ppt

  1. 1. How to Write 101 The building blocks of an effective essay.
  2. 2. Write in complete sentences. = A capital letter + A complete thought + Ending Punctuation A complete Sentence A complete thought = Who/What + Did What Pete eats peaches.
  3. 3. Is it a complete sentence? = A capital letter + A complete thought + Ending Punctuation A complete Sentence Stepping Pajamas. on stones. My ran downfor all over Will chips spilled Kate. Drawing on on the hall. I play games the song. Putting picturesrainy days. john sang floor. the Complete Incomplete
  4. 4. Write in complete sentences. A complete thought = Who/What + Did What AKA Subject + Predicate Schoolhouse Rock: Mr. Morton
  5. 5. Every complete thought contains two parts: a subject and a predicate. The subject is what (or whom) the sentence is about, while the predicate tells something about the subject.
  6. 6. Judy and her dog run on the beach every morning.
  7. 7. Judy and her dog run on the beach every morning. First find the verb and then make a question by placing ``who?'' or ``what?'' before it. The answer is the subject, Judy and her dog.
  8. 8. Let’s try one: We spilled popcorn on the floor. What is the verb of this sentence? We spilled popcorn on the floor.
  9. 9. Now find the subject: We spilled popcorn on the floor. Now decide who or what spilled popcorn? We spilled popcorn on the floor.
  10. 10. The subject can be a NOUN. •• Names of persons, Names of persons, • Example: places, things, feelings, or places, things, The needs new red Johnboy onof the has a the ideas. feelings, or ideas. masses he parks bike hit a bird car, andmay with • Often indicated by “Noun markers” -conflict with a rock street under on the at the end of a, an, and the. “noun markers” -expectations of the long road. the a big tree in Filer. • a, an, and the. Can be made plural members of with s or es. legislative bodies.
  11. 11. Nouns • Names of persons, places, things, feelings, or ideas. • Articles, or“Noun markers” -- a, an, and the. • Noun endings: -ness, -ment, -ance, -ence, -ancy, ency, -ity, -ion, -ure. • Can be made plural with s or es.
  12. 12. Or the subject can be a pronoun. • Specialized words to take • Specialized words to the place of nouns. take the place of to take the place of • Often refer to people and •• Example: Memorize: IPaulred car is faster Her gave Emilythey he we she nouns. forms. than my old Ford, stationery her them have several me him us because • Often refer to people • he wanted herHonda but their new to • May be Other common and have several cost more than ours. write to him when possessive, showing pronouns: forms. • she could. that, who, Note the this, ownership and – you, it, form: I hewhat, someone, we she they working like an me him us her them everything, anyone, adjective. my hisand many other similar our hers theirs Others: yours, its, whose words.
  13. 13. Pronouns • Specialized words to take the place of nouns. • Often refer to people and have several forms. • May be possessive, showing ownership and working like an adjective.
  14. 14. The predicate includes a verb. • • The action oror The action “doing” words in a sentence. “doing” words in a • “Linking verbs” show sentence. being. • “Linking verbs” • Change to show time show (tense).being. Change verbs • • Completeto show include “helping time (tense). verbs.” • Always helping verbs • Example: ran, : The horse jumped and She is a nice kicked bus, and it goes rider. verbs, may her friends. be • Alwaysmy house. past • helping:verbs was on Most • MemorizeIthe Yesterday make – Have, has, had sense and done the linkingin did,it blanks – Do, does, a bus, verbs:went below: is,house.were, – Be, past am, are, was, my are, was, Be, am, is, been, being – He _________. The words that were, been, being. – They ________. change are verbs. Can Will Shall May • Today I am on a Could Would Should Might until it Must we are person,threw the and
  15. 15. Verbs • The action or “doing” words in a sentence. • “Linking verbs” show being. • Change to show time (tense). • Complete verbs include “helping verbs.”
  16. 16. Adjectives add details. • • • • • • • • • Example: Describe or modify only Describe or modify only Describe or modify • Example: deep, A Describe or modify The river is nouns. nouns.nouns. only nouns. only big, three tired red dump The long, shinytruck wide and cold, but Answer questions, “what Answerquestions, questions, Answer “how many?”. hit a tried tolittle black limousine teensparked bravea kind?” or the divers are eat “what “piled up” before “whatkind?” oror car and the worried Usually kind?” pulled in at two large pie front of and well-trained. “how many?” nouns. “how many?” driver ran to the huge old pizza parlors. the May follow linking verbs Note: to test these, try Usually “piled up” other side three • How many teens?of the mansion, and a tall, and describe the subject. putting kind of teens?front of before nouns. • What them in tired busy street. well-dressed older •the noun they What kind of pie? large • gentleman got out. How many parlors? two modify. • What kind of parlors? pizza
  17. 17. Adjectives • Describe or modify only nouns. • Answer questions, “what kind?” or “how many?” • Usually “piled up” before nouns. • May follow linking verbs and describe the subject.