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Close Reading
September 2013
Sherrie Clark
How do I incorporate
close reading into my
classroom?
How does Close Reading connect to
this image?
What is close reading?
Close reading
is the
investigation
of a piece of
text.
Close Reading Elements
• Short passages or books
• Complex texts
• Annotation (“reading with a pencil”)
• Repeated reading...
Background Knowledge and
Close Reading
Brown & Kappes, 2012

• “It is important to distinguish between the
background know...
What is close reading
• http://www.shanahanonliteracy.com/2012/06/what-is-closereading.html
• http://grantwiggins.wordpres...
Why Depth through
“Close Reading” Matters
Close reading instruction:
Motivates students by rewarding them for reading
inqu...
Planning for Close Reading
1. Choosing a text
2. Follow a “rereading” plan
3. Creating text dependent
questions
4. Teachin...
Text Features to consider
• Ideas
• Presupposed prior
knowledge
• Vocabulary
• Sentence/syntax
• Genre familiarity
• Text ...
General pattern to Follow
1st Read: What the text says
Key Ideas and Details
2nd Read: How the text works
Craft and Struct...
Use one of “These” after a text
Dependent question
• Use textual evidence to support your ideas.
• Use words and phrases f...
Differences in Depth:
Text versus Non-Text-Dependent Questions
Non-Text-Dependent Questions Text-Dependent Questions
Are b...
Creating Text-Dependent Questions
Level of
CCS Anchor Standard
Text Specificity Close Reading Skill

Analyze how specific
...
Creating Text-Dependent Questions
Level of
CCS Anchor Standard
Text Specificity Close Reading Skill

Sentences

Assess how...
Tools for Creating Text-Dependent Questions:
Text-Dependent Question Worksheet
Close reading template (The Moves) by Kathy...
Tools for Creating Text-Dependent Questions:
Text-Dependent Question Worksheet
A systematic
approach to
creating textdepen...
Basal Reader Questions and Real Texts

© 2012 The Aspen Institute
Basal Reader Questions:
Simple Non-Text-Dependent Questions
Was there ever a time where an
animal scared you?
Should Ms. F...
Basal Reader Questions:
Complex Non-Text Dependent Questions
This author has won prizes for her
books. Why? Write an opini...
Basal Reader Questions:
Trivial Text-Dependent Questions
Why was Miss Franny sitting on
the floor when Opal met her?
What ...
Basal Reader Questions:
Good Text-Dependent Questions
Need to add

© 2012 The Aspen Institute
Common Core or Guided
Reading
• http://www.shanahanonliteracy.com/2012/07/common-coreor-guided-reading.html

“…we've been ...
Close Reading Timeline
K-1 no formal close reading

Gr. 2
2014-15 on spring maps

3-5
2013-14- getting familiar and trying...
Practice
Options
“Close Reading” of a Stand-Alone Text

© 2012 The Aspen Institute
© 2012 The Aspen Institute
© 2012 The Aspen Institute
Shanahan ppt
• https://docs.google.com/a/colonial.k12.de.us/vi
ewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=ZGVmYXVsdGRvbWF
pbnx0c2NvbW1vbmNvc...
K-1
• http://www.shanahanonliteracy.com/2013/07/close-readingfor-beginning-readers.html
• http://www.achievethecore.org/el...
Samples
• http://www.livebinders.com/media/get/NDY2Nz
Y0Nw== grade 2-3
• http://www.sfps.info/DocumentCenter/View/75
37 Fr...
Resources
• http://www.livebinders.com/play/play?id=69097
4
• Blog http://www.burkinsandyaris.com/closereading-blog-digest...
Prezi
• http://prezi.com/quymwjeavfhb/closereading-and-the-common-core/
• http://prezi.com/h8cdnlrosicl/closereading/
• ht...
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VjRxzeafL_I
Elem close reading
Elem close reading
Elem close reading
Elem close reading
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Transcript of "Elem close reading"

  1. 1. Close Reading September 2013 Sherrie Clark
  2. 2. How do I incorporate close reading into my classroom?
  3. 3. How does Close Reading connect to this image?
  4. 4. What is close reading? Close reading is the investigation of a piece of text.
  5. 5. Close Reading Elements • Short passages or books • Complex texts • Annotation (“reading with a pencil”) • Repeated readings • Limited frontloading • Text-dependent questions • Discussing text with others • Think-pair-share or Turn and talk frequently • Small groups and whole class • Written responses
  6. 6. Background Knowledge and Close Reading Brown & Kappes, 2012 • “It is important to distinguish between the background knowledge that is required to understand the text and the knowledge sought to be gained from reading the text.” • “Teachers should ensure their students have enough context and background knowledge to access the text, either through prior instruction and/or pre-reading activities.” • “Previewing the content of the text undermines the value of a Close Reading exercise.”
  7. 7. What is close reading • http://www.shanahanonliteracy.com/2012/06/what-is-closereading.html • http://grantwiggins.wordpress.com/2013/05/13/what-exactly-isclose-reading-of-the-text/ • http://tomakeaprairie.wordpress.com/2012/10/03/a-close-look-atclose-reading/ • http://learningisgrowing.wordpress.com/2013/02/24/close-readingam-i-getting-close/ • http://christopherlehman.wordpress.com/2013/09/02/blog-a-thonpost-1-what-closereading-isnt-or-at-least-shouldnt-be/ • What does it look like? video • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JhGI5zdjpvc
  8. 8. Why Depth through “Close Reading” Matters Close reading instruction: Motivates students by rewarding them for reading inquisitively. Requires careful attention to how the text unfolds through asking text-dependent questions. Focuses on building knowledge through the strategic use of text-dependent questions. Can prepare students for the kinds of reading tasks they will encounter after graduation. © 2012 The Aspen Institute
  9. 9. Planning for Close Reading 1. Choosing a text 2. Follow a “rereading” plan 3. Creating text dependent questions 4. Teaching students to have collaborative discussions
  10. 10. Text Features to consider • Ideas • Presupposed prior knowledge • Vocabulary • Sentence/syntax • Genre familiarity • Text organization • Sophistication of literary devices • Sophistication of data-presentation devices • Fluency challenge • Reading comprehension strategies
  11. 11. General pattern to Follow 1st Read: What the text says Key Ideas and Details 2nd Read: How the text works Craft and Structure 3rd Read: What the text means to the reader and how it connects to other experiences Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
  12. 12. Use one of “These” after a text Dependent question • Use textual evidence to support your ideas. • Use words and phrases from the text to prove your answer. • Include specific evidence from the text to support your ideas or opinions. • Use specific details from the text or illustrations to support your ideas. • What in the text helped you to know? • What words and phrases did the author use that led you to your answer?
  13. 13. Differences in Depth: Text versus Non-Text-Dependent Questions Non-Text-Dependent Questions Text-Dependent Questions Are books without pictures or conversations useful? How would you react if you saw a talking rabbit? Would Alice have followed the rabbit down the hole had she not seen it look at a watch? What do you know about Lewis Carroll? What kind of books does Alice find useful? How did Alice react when she saw a talking rabbit? Why did Alice follow the rabbit down the rabbit-hole? What does the reader know about the rabbit? © 2012 The Aspen Institute
  14. 14. Creating Text-Dependent Questions Level of CCS Anchor Standard Text Specificity Close Reading Skill Analyze how specific Words/Phrases word choices shape tone (Standard 4) Text Dependent Question Why wasn’t Alice “burning with curiosity” when she initially saw the rabbit? What subsequent events led to her feeling this way? © 2012 The Aspen Institute
  15. 15. Creating Text-Dependent Questions Level of CCS Anchor Standard Text Specificity Close Reading Skill Sentences Assess how point of view shapes content (Standard 6) Text Dependent Question In the opening paragraph Alice states “what is the use of a book … without pictures or conversation?” What does that sentence reveal about her? © 2012 The Aspen Institute
  16. 16. Tools for Creating Text-Dependent Questions: Text-Dependent Question Worksheet Close reading template (The Moves) by Kathy Perret Close Reading template (CC organized) Basal Reader Review Worksheet Text Dependent Question Worksheet Checklist for Evaluating Question Quality © 2012 The Aspen Institute
  17. 17. Tools for Creating Text-Dependent Questions: Text-Dependent Question Worksheet A systematic approach to creating textdependent questions for complex texts while aligning them with the demands of the CCSS. © 2012 The Aspen Institute
  18. 18. Basal Reader Questions and Real Texts © 2012 The Aspen Institute
  19. 19. Basal Reader Questions: Simple Non-Text-Dependent Questions Was there ever a time where an animal scared you? Should Ms. Franny have felt embarrassed? Can bears really eat people? Will Opal and Amanda ever be friends? Explain how reading the story made you feel about visiting a library. © 2012 The Aspen Institute
  20. 20. Basal Reader Questions: Complex Non-Text Dependent Questions This author has won prizes for her books. Why? Write an opinion column about why this author deserved such recognition. In Because of Winn-Dixie Opal tells about her experiences after moving to a new town. Think about a time that you were a newcomer to a place or situation. Now use vivid words to write a memoir about that experience. Visit a library and do research on wildlife and plant life in Florida and how to safeguard libraries from “unwanted visitors.” © 2012 The Aspen Institute
  21. 21. Basal Reader Questions: Trivial Text-Dependent Questions Why was Miss Franny sitting on the floor when Opal met her? What book was Miss Franny reading when the bear came into the library? What did the men say when they were teasing Miss Fanny? What did Miss Franny say when Amanda asked if dogs were allowed in the library? © 2012 The Aspen Institute
  22. 22. Basal Reader Questions: Good Text-Dependent Questions Need to add © 2012 The Aspen Institute
  23. 23. Common Core or Guided Reading • http://www.shanahanonliteracy.com/2012/07/common-coreor-guided-reading.html “…we've been good for a long time at matching text to our readers, now we've got to learn how to match our readers to the text." Tessa Trimm
  24. 24. Close Reading Timeline K-1 no formal close reading Gr. 2 2014-15 on spring maps 3-5 2013-14- getting familiar and trying it out 2014-15- more pervasive and consistent 2015-16- evaluate frequency and place on LFS map
  25. 25. Practice Options
  26. 26. “Close Reading” of a Stand-Alone Text © 2012 The Aspen Institute
  27. 27. © 2012 The Aspen Institute
  28. 28. © 2012 The Aspen Institute
  29. 29. Shanahan ppt • https://docs.google.com/a/colonial.k12.de.us/vi ewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=ZGVmYXVsdGRvbWF pbnx0c2NvbW1vbmNvcmV8Z3g6NDMzYWUyO WNmNWEzNTU0Mg The Big Orange Splot by Daniel Pinkwater
  30. 30. K-1 • http://www.shanahanonliteracy.com/2013/07/close-readingfor-beginning-readers.html • http://www.achievethecore.org/ela-literacy-commoncore/sample-lessons/close-reading-exemplars The Hungry Caterpillar
  31. 31. Samples • http://www.livebinders.com/media/get/NDY2Nz Y0Nw== grade 2-3 • http://www.sfps.info/DocumentCenter/View/75 37 From Seed to Plant, Under the Lemon Moon • http://www.achievethecore.org/ela-literacycommon-core/sample-lessons/close-readingexemplars • http://www.sjsd.k12.mo.us/Page/13985
  32. 32. Resources • http://www.livebinders.com/play/play?id=69097 4 • Blog http://www.burkinsandyaris.com/closereading-blog-digest/ • Read with a pen-annotating https://docs.google.com/a/colonial.k12.de.us/fil e/d/0B1FFHMN4R0MAbFpNZHMyRmYwZ1E/edit ?usp=sharing
  33. 33. Prezi • http://prezi.com/quymwjeavfhb/closereading-and-the-common-core/ • http://prezi.com/h8cdnlrosicl/closereading/ • http://prezi.com/toskuudzrf8k/copy-ofclose-reading/
  34. 34. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VjRxzeafL_I
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