The Future of Books
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The Future of Books

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PowerPoint presentation by Nelcia, Keren, Dian and Lindsey

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The Future of Books The Future of Books Presentation Transcript

  • The Future of Books
    By Dian Garcia
    Nelcia Jerad
    Keren Luke
    Lindsey Mitchell
  • Definitions
    Book: “a written or printed work of fiction or nonfiction, usually on sheets of paper fastened or bound together within covers.”
    E-Book: “An E-book is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an E-book reader”
  • History of Books Timeline
    View slide
  • E-Book Formats
    Microsoft Reader
    Mobipocket
    Sony Reader
    Kindle
    And many more
    View slide
  • Microsoft Reader
    “Microsoft Reader is a free, downloadable software application that allows you to read e-books on Windows-based devices you may already own.”
  • Mobipocket
    “The Mobipocket software package is free and consists of various publishing and reading tools for PDA, Smartphones, cellular phones and e-book devices”
  • Amazon Kindle
    “A software and hardware platform developed by Amazon.com for rendering and displaying e-books and other digital media. Three hardware devices, known as "Kindle," "Kindle 2," and "Kindle DX" support this platform. ”
  • Amazon Kindle Commercial
  • Sony Reader
    The Sony Reader was one of the first e-book readers
    Similar to the Amazon Kindle
    “A touch screen features a virtual keyboard for navigation and note taking and there's an LED light built in for reading in low light conditions.”
  • Sony Reader Commercial
  • Advantages of E-books
    Multimediaformat – contains audio and video
    No wait time –the book is available once it is brought
    Searchable – you can search through the book using the “find” tool
    Inexpensive – there is no shipping cost
    Storage – Uses less physical space
  • Disadvantages
    Increased Piracy
    Health-related issues – eyestrain can occur from too much usage
    Software compatibility
  • http://cnettv.cnet.com/8301-13415_53-10214394-11.html
  • E-book Reading Vs. Word Meaning
    Shamir, A. Processes and Outcomes of Joint Activity with E-books for promoting kindergartener’s emergent literacy. Volume 46.(1), p.81-96
  • Discussion: E-books
    The graph refers to how e-books were able to help children with their vocabulary and phonology with the help of the features embedded in the e-books, which in turn help children with literacy
    E-books reach to the children in a way children can learn most, which is through interactive activities
  • Hotspot Types in E-books
  • Discussion: Hotspot
    The hotspot refers to the picture or word in the e-books that the children can tap on to provides further explanation or pronunciation to help children with learning
    E-books provides the “read with dictionary” mode which helps children with difficult words they encounters while reading
    E-books also has a picture activation feature where children can explore further the picture they like
  • Annual US Wholesale E-book Sales
    Source: http://www.idpf.org/doc_library/industrystats.htm
  • E-book Trends
    US wholesale sales of electronic books have increased drastically over the last 5 years and are poised to increase as E-books continue to gain in popularity among kids and adults.
    Accessibility to E-books will further drive sales through websites such as Amazon.com as they expand into electronic media.
  • Adults and e-books
    Newspaper subscriptions will become available as an electronic subscription accessible through E-book readers instead of traditional paper issues
    This will be especially useful for mobile adults who will be able to access their subscriptions from anywhere in the world
  • E-books & Piracy
  • E-books & Piracy
    With the rise in the number of e-books available for purchase, the number of e-books being pirated on websites and P2P (file-sharing) sites has also risen (see Fig 1.)
  • Fig 1.
    This figure shows an new book in the Twilight series by Stephenie Meyer called “The Short Second Life of Bree Tanner”. This book was released June 5th, 2010 and is already available for download on P2P sites.
    It retails for $16.99 in Chapters. Even at an online discounted price it is $12.26. (www.chapters.indigo.ca).
  • How to download an e-book
    A YouTube search yielded more than 20 results on how to download free e-books
    The following YouTube video is a tutorial on how to do this...
  • FINDING FREE BOOKS AND E-BOOKS
  • E-books & Piracy
    The rate at which e-books are being pirated year to year is unknown, however it has risen exponentially over the past year.
    PCWorld found that 1/3 of the best-selling books for 2009 could be found on P2P networks, book swapping sites and file sharing sites
  • Is it easy to find pirated copies of books?
    Pirated e-books are not as easy to download as music. Finding a good copy of one can be hard as they tend to be scanned into computers and render poor images
  • Solution for e-book piracy
    Many companies are using specific file formats to “code” their e-books. This is called DRM.
    DRM = digital rights management
    For example, Amazon has protected their e-books by putting them in AZW format – so they can’t be read on e-readers other than Kindle.
  • DRM Criticism
    Some say the restrictions are too tight – they compare this to purchasing a CD only to have it play on one type of CD player.
    Adobe allows purchasers to share books on 6 computers and 6 handhelds with files called e-pub.
  • How does DRM affect publishers?
    Publishers are forced to work with many restrictions, such as which company has the rights to their work
    They have criticised those who use DRM for stunting the growth of the e-book market by gaining exclusive rights to other e-books by authors like Steven King, and first lady Michelle Obama
    This makes some e-books unavailable to a wider market
  • Can DRM be cracked?
    Like an other type of restriction, with the right software and patience, almost anything can be cracked
  • How Authors feel about pirating
    Due to pirating some authors have yet to embrace the notion of e-books. JK Rowling is an example of one.
    However, some authors feel that the revenue to be had from e-books far outweighs the few dollars they would lose from pirating.
    And, they are more concerned about getting people to pick up a book and read.
  • The Future of Libraries
    Web or Print?
  • Use, Not Read
    Some researchers believe that e-books are part of the “use, not read trend”
    E-books are seen a point of reference and research
  • Libraries Here to Stay
    Libraries not only contain expertise in all areas of human endeavour, but also have strategies for categorizing and maintaining information in productive ways. In short, libraries are the best line of defence for maintaining the value of the printed page and promoting the value of digital texts.
  • “Instead of asking how digital formats will replace print collections, we can ask, how will an e-book version extend the reach of our current collection or provide our readers with resources previously unavailable or unaffordable.”
    - James E Gall, Dispelling Five Myths about E-books
  • Why Books??
    Studies have shown that some students prefer the use of printed books over that of e-books
    E-readers may also “inhibit note-taking and retention.”
    See table 3 on the next slide
  • Future of Print
    Majority of avid buyers today are baby boomers and seniors whom still prefer reading a book for pleasure.
    Baby boomers and seniors constitute the larger portion of the countries population. therefore print books, book stores and libraries will be around for a long while to accommodate this group.
  • Future of Print cont’d
    New technology takes a while to learn and only a few having the knowledge base and capital to keep up with the latest trends.
    E-books and e- readers are still considered a novelty owned by fringe members in today’s society.
  • What will be the impact of e-Readers and tablets in 2010?
  • The Need for Libraries
    Libraries are sources of out-of-print materials
    They are set up and funded to acquire, maintain important works that are still useful.
    In our current economy they are a cost effective way of obtaining resource information.
  • “…It needn’t be a question of books or the web, of letters or e-mail, of digital libraries or the bricks-and-mortar variety, of paper or digital technologies…These modes of operation are only in conflict when we insist that one or the other is the only way to operate.”
    - David M Levy, Scrolling Forward: Making Sense of Documents in the Digital Age
  • The End
  • Bibliography
    Andrews @robertandrews, Robert Robert. "Daily Mail: IPad, E-Readers Will Have ‘Absolutely No’ Impact This Year | PaidContent." The Economics of Content | PaidContent. Web. 16 June 2010. <http://paidcontent.org/article/419-daily-mail-ipad-e-readers-will-have-absolutely-no-impact-this-year/>.
     
    This article discusses the impact of e-readers and the iPad in 2010. It is a video of a collection of people giving their opinions on the subject
     
    Balas, Janet I. "Has the Ebook's Time Finally Come?" Computers in Libraries 30.2 (2010): 40. EBSCO. Web. 9 June 2010.
     
    This article is a compilation of other resources discussing the role of e-books now and in the future. It includes topics such as the how publishers and libraries will deal with the influx on e-books.
     
    Beaumont, Claudine. (2009). Sony adds newspaper subscriptions to e-book reader. Retrieved on June 15, 2010 from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/sony/6839632/Sony-adds-newspaper-subscriptions-to-ebook-reader.html
     
    This article details how Sony added newspaper subscriptions to the line-up of material available for download. It also speaks about the competition that the upcoming iPad would bring.
     
    chapters.indigo.ca. (2010). Retrieved June 18, 2010 from http://www.chapters.indigo.ca/books/Short-Second-Life-Bree-Tanner-Stephenie-Meyer/9780316127875-item.html?ref=Search+Books%3a+%27the+second+short+life+of+bree+tanner%27
    This reference was used to demonstrate the pricing for an e-book. It shows why people may rather to get things for free than pay for them.
     
    Image. Demonoid.com (2010). Retrieved on June 18, 2010 from www.demonoid.com
    This image shows how easy it is to find an e-book to download with only a few key words. It also shows that these books are available shortly after being released in book stores.
  • Bibliography cont’d...
    Gall, James E. "Dispelling Five Myths about E-books." Information Technology & Libraries 24.1 (2005): 25-31. EBSCO. Web. 09 June 2010.
    This article discusses how the rise in e-books has created many myths about the cost of them and the functionality of libraries. The article concludes by saying that “bibliophiles” must ensure that the written word stays alive even in an electronic form.
     
    George, Cynthia L. ""But I Want a Real Book": An Investigation of Undergraduates" Usage and Attitudes toward Electronic Books." Reference & User Services Quarterly 47.3 (2008): 266-73. EBSCO. Web. 9 June 2010.
     
    This article shows what types of books university undergraduates prefer, hard copy textbooks or e-books. Results showed they preferred the hard copy.
    Image. International Digital Publishing Forum. Retrieved on June 16, 2010 from http://www.idpf.org/doc_library/industrystats.htm
     
    This image shows statistics about e-books.
     
    Lai, Eric. (2009). DRM holding back e-book growth. Retrieved on June 18, 2010 from http://www.pcworld.com/article/159821/drm_holding_back_ebook_growth.html
     
    This article explains what DRM is, and what it means to the world of e-books. It also speculates as to the future of DRM.
     
    McKeown, Jack Jack. "Why E-Reader Adoption Will Be Slower Than People Think | PaidContent." The Economics of Content | PaidContent. Web. 16 June 2010. <http://paidcontent.org/article/419-why-e-reader-adoption-will-be-slower-than-people-think/>.
     
    This article states that e-reader sales may not take off like expected. It asks if people value paper books more than an e-reader, and how large the book market is to make these devices worth it.
  • Bibliography cont’d...
    Merritt, Tom. (2009). Free e-books for Kindle. Retrieved on June 13, 2010 from http://cnettv.cnet.com/8301-13415_53-10214394-11.html
     
    This is an article accompanied by a video that demonstrates how Kindle users can download free e-books onto their reader, which is something the Sony e-reader was unable to do. The tutorials directors Kindle users to a website and give them instructions on how to upload these books onto their device.
     
    Peek, Robin. (2001). Controlling the threat of e-book piracy: The battle for digital rights management is being waged on two platforms. Internet Publishing Today. p.42
     
    The article speaks about how companies are trying to prevent e-book piracy. It explores the different file formats used by various e-book producers to protect their work.
     
    Shamir, A. Processes and Outcomes of Joint Activity with E-books for promoting kindergartener’s emergent literacy. Volume 46.(1), p.81-96
     
    This article compiled data on how e-books promote learning in kindergarteners. Results showed that the children had expanded vocabulary due to these e-books.
     
    Spring, Tom. (2010). E-book piracy: Is your download legitimate? Retrieved on June 18, 2010 from www.pcworld.com
     
    This article explores how the popularity of e-books has produced pirated e-books much like music and movies. The discussion involves deciding how much is lost due to e-book piracy, and how much is gained from e-book piracy.
     
    Wenzel, Caryl. "Can the Humble Page Survive the E-book?" Key Words 16.3 (2008): 93-106. EBSCO. Web. 09 June 2010.
     
    This article questions the effectiveness of e-books with respect to reading textbooks and manuals. The author makes suggestions on which formats for e-books would make reading them easier for “indexers”.