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Qualitative methods
 

Qualitative methods

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Slides from a lecture on the basic elements of qualitative research

Slides from a lecture on the basic elements of qualitative research

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Qualitative methods Qualitative methods Presentation Transcript

  • Qualitative Methods
    Why would we use them?
    What are they like?
    How do we assure validity?
  • Some elaboration on Table 13.1
    Quantitative Research
    Qualitative Research
    Emphasis on prediction and regular patterns
    Testing hypotheses with an eye to falsification
    When random sampling is used, generalizable results are obtained
    Report: Statistical in nature, with significance tests and graphs
    Emphasis on understanding patterns within contexts
    Generating and verifying hypothesized explanations
    Results are generalized by approximation to the traits of the participants studied
    Report: Rich narrative with direct quotations. May also have graphs or counts.
  • Table 13.2 – Ways that Qualitative Research is Distinct
  • Design – compare with experimental designs
  • Data collection – Compare with Measurement chapters
  • Analysis Strategies - compare with statistical analysis
  • Think and Talk – Qualitative Possibilities in Quantitative Studies
    Milgram’s obedience studies
    The design of survey questions(do they capture the full richness of the answer?)
    The language acquisition studies (Chinese and American language)
    The Hole in the Wall Studies
    The Change-Blindness study
  • Validity in Qualitative Research
  • Table 13.3 – Code the indicators
    Descriptive validity
    Investigator triangulation
    Interpretive validity
    Participant feedback
    Low-inference descriptors (define “low inference”)
    Theoretical validity
    Extended fieldwork
    Theory triangulation
    Pattern matching
    Peer review
  • Table 13.3 – Code the indicators
    Internal validity(compare with experimental designs)
    (Explain ideographic vsnomological causation)
    Researcher-as-detective
    Methods triangulation
    Data triangulation
    External validity (compare with experimental designs)
    Naturalistic generalization
    Theoretical generalization
  • Examples
    FIRST
    Previously viewed: Research on girls’ video games
    SECOND
    Mixed methods: A Girl like me
    Qualitative researchis used often in nursing and health careresearch, as well as in anthropology, sociology, women’s studies, cultural studies, and political science.
  • Qualitative Methods
    Coming next:
    Particular qualitative approaches