A New Open Source Approach to Rapid Authoring of E-Learning

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Rapid Development using Open Source Technology

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A New Open Source Approach to Rapid Authoring of E-Learning

  1. 1. A New Open-Source Approach to the Rapid Authoring of E-Learning By: Reuben Tozman [email_address]
  2. 2. What is….. Hi Reuben: I apologize for the delay in getting this to you however; I have not been successful in setting up the FTP site for the transfer of the klx file.
  3. 3. Rapid Authoring – What are they saying? <ul><li>Many trainers are finding the solution is at hand with rapid authoring tools which allow non IT specialists to write their own, high quality , e-learning in record time. </li></ul><ul><li>Mike Alcock </li></ul><ul><li>As Reuben Tozman points out, ‘Tools are not skills. Word processors don’t turn bad writers into good ones.’ Agreed, so take a little time to provide the skills. Rapid e-learning may be disposable, but it still has to be fit for purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>Clive Shepherd </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rapid Authoring – What am I saying? <ul><li>Getting To The Heart Of The Problem </li></ul><ul><li>E-learning is multidisciplinary. E-learning is about learning theory and it is also about technology . To create an e-learning program you must be able to create content that is consistent with the academia, literature and best practices around learning theories. You must also be able to create a piece of technology that is consistent with the literature, academia and best practices around electronic communications. </li></ul><ul><li>Myth About Tools </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Problem – Current Rapid Authoring <ul><li>Poorly designed courses </li></ul><ul><li>Short term savings, long term hassles </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary formats at the source </li></ul><ul><li>Devaluation of expertise at all levels </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Solution – Future Rapid Authoring <ul><li>Team based approach </li></ul><ul><li>Open source technology </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of content from presentation and delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional design templates versus technology based templates </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rapid Authoring the Next Level <ul><li>We can author content for multiple delivery platforms in a single file. </li></ul><ul><li>We can re-brand and convert 1000 courses to a new learning management system at the same speed as converting 1 course. </li></ul><ul><li>We can author content for a flash exercise without ever opening flash to do so. </li></ul><ul><li>We can do all this using non-proprietary software. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Basics - HTML vs. XML <ul><li>XML is not a replacement for HTML. </li></ul><ul><li>XML and HTML were designed with different goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>XML was designed to describe data and to focus on what data is. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HTML was designed to display data and to focus on how data looks. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HTML is about displaying information, XML is about describing information. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What is the Structured Content Development Model
  10. 10. Content Structures <ul><li><BH2007><page><list> </li></ul><ul><li><bulletedPoint> Content Structures define content type. </bulletedPoint> </li></ul><ul><li><bulletedPoint> For example, we could define this bullet as a “bulleted point”. </bulletedPoint> </li></ul><ul><li><bulletedPoint> The “bulleted point” is part of a “list”. </bulletedPoint> </li></ul><ul><li><bulletedPoint> The “list” is part of a “page”. </bulletedPoint> </li></ul><ul><li><bulletedPoint> The “page” is being seen by “BH2007 attendees”. </bulletedPoint> </li></ul><ul><li></list></page></BH2007> </li></ul>
  11. 11. Content Structures – Rapid Authoring <ul><li>Example: Content Structure for a multiple choice question . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Content Structures – Rapid Authoring <ul><li>Example: Content Structure for a puzzle exercise </li></ul>
  13. 13. Content Structures – Rapid Authoring <ul><li>Example: Bloom’s Taxonomy and DITA </li></ul>
  14. 14. Delivery Templates – ‘Processing’ <ul><li>Dictate what to do with content structures and elements. </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of Style Sheet and Delivery. </li></ul><ul><li>How it looks, How it behaves, How it’s delivered. </li></ul><ul><li>LMS Standards are found here. </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple delivery templates (processing) for a single content structure. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Rapid Authoring Demo <ul><li>Changing Puzzle with Notepad </li></ul><ul><li>View It </li></ul><ul><li>YOUR TURN </li></ul><ul><li>Modify the existing notepad file, save it under a different name and return to me. </li></ul><ul><li>Choices – Multiple Choice or Puzzle? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Getting Started <ul><li>“ That’s great but I don’t think we’re ready for that ”. </li></ul><ul><li>Everybody </li></ul>
  17. 17. Getting Started <ul><li>Like any other change, it requires commitment. </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation requires one (1) to two (2) months. </li></ul><ul><li>Team members include: Project Manager, Instructional Designer, Writers, Schema Developers, Web Developers, QA, SMEs. </li></ul><ul><li>Design a content model. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Getting Started – Tools <ul><li>XML Editor (XML Spy, XML Mind, Infopath, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Stylesheet Editor (Stylevision) </li></ul><ul><li>DITA Opensource Toolkit ( http://sourceforge.net/projects/dita-ot ) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Getting Started – Standards <ul><li>DITA ( http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_home.php?wg_abbrev =dita ) ( dita.xml.org ) </li></ul><ul><li>S1000D ( http://www.s1000d.org/ ) </li></ul><ul><li>SCORM ( www.adlnet.org ) </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li> Questions? </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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