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Evaluating learning resources

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Handouts for "Evaluating Learning Resources"

Handouts for "Evaluating Learning Resources"

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  • 1. 7/20/2011  Service center  Reading center  Guidance center  Material production center Elvira B. Lapuz Librarian  Teaching-learning center University of the Philippines Diliman Elvira.lapuz@gmail.com ◦ (DECS Order No. 6, s. 1998) Fiction Library as a physical entity  Easy reading and picture books, novels Includes various formats (print and non-print)  Non-fiction Supports school goals, supports curriculum needs Information books in various formats and reflects student interests  Reference Encyclopedias, dictionaries, atlases, almanacs and reflects the values and attitudes of the community indexes towards education  Vertical (Information) Files provides access to human and material resources Newspaper and magazine clippings, brochures and in local/global community pamphlets is managed and maintained  Periodicals (Magazines) Currents issues, back issues and periodical indexes is only one element of the library program  Newspapers Daily, weekly, special focus newspapers Electronic Formats Computer software, CD-ROMs, Online resources  Selection and acquisition of resources AV materials Videos, CDs/cassettes, slides, filmstrips,  Organization (cataloging, indexing) transparencies, maps, posters, graphics, games AV Equipment  Access provision and circulation Computers and printers, TV, CD/DVD players,  Maintenance and preservation overhead projectors, slide and filmstrip projectors, CD/cassette players, cable TV, phone lines, video recorders Other Equipment Laminators, photocopiers 1
  • 2. 7/20/2011 Needs assessment  Identifying/knowing your Formulating Collection Development community policies  Data gathering on what kind of Selection information is needed Acquisitions  Gathering data through patron De-selection/weeding Evaluation of the collection inputs  Consideration of wants, needs, use and demand  It informs everyone about the nature and scope of the collection  It informs everyone of collecting priorities A written statement of the plan to develop  It forces thinking about organizational priorities for the collection collection in the library media center   It generates some degree of commitment to meeting organizations goals It sets standards for inclusion and exclusion a prerequisite to maintaining a useful  It reduces the influence of a single selector and personal biases It provides a training and orientation tool for the new staff materials collection   It helps ensure a degree of consistency overtime and regardless of staff turnover should be developed for the library staff,  It guides staff in handling complaints the library board, the governing  It aids in weeding and evaluating the collection It aids in rationalizing budget allocations organization, and the patrons of the   It provides a public relations document library  It provides a means of assessing overall performance of the collection development program Also termed interchangeably as selection  It provides outsiders with information about the purpose of collection development (an accountability tool) policies or acquisitions policies  SECTION 1 : importance of the library, functions and use of materials  SECTION 2 : the library as service center, reading center, guidance center, materials Policies and production center and teaching-learning programs for school center library development  SECTION 3 : establishment of a library 2
  • 3. 7/20/2011  SECTION 4: School libraries should procure basic print supplementary materials, in  SECTION 4 Library Collections addition to adequate copies of textbooks and ◦ 4.1 General references teachers’ manuals, in accordance with the  Encyclopedia – 1 set (for elementary) and 1 set (for Guidelines on Supplementary Materials secondary) Intended for Public Elementary and Secondary  Dictionary – 1 English-Filipino, 1 Filipino-English Schools 1 English (Unabridged) 1 Dialect (secondary)  SECTION 4 Library Collections ◦ 4.1 General references  SECTION 4 Library Collections  Atlas – 2 (1) Philippine (1) world) Additional books for elementary schools  Almanac 2 (1) Philippine (1) world Supplementary readers in English and Filipino which may be  Globe – 1 utilized for remediation, reinforcement, or enrichment of  Maps – 3 (1) Philippine (1) world (1) Asia skills developed using the basic textbooks Additional books for secondary schools Book of Knowledge, Thesaurus, Philippine Yearbook, Book of Facts, Handbooks, Manuals, Literary Classics, Book of Etiquette, World Record & Fiction books SECTION 4 Library Collections  SECTION 4 Library Collections ◦ 4.6 Important projects of teachers and ◦ 4.2 General Collection pupils/students may be stored in the library as References to support the different subject areas including professional books for teachers and other employees, recreational reference materials and hobby books, etc. ◦ 4.7 Librarians tools and supplies - 4.3 Reference for basic learning areas at least 4 for ◦ 4.8 Selection and acquisition of books and other library every pupils materials is a cooperative endeavor of the librarian, faculty - 4.4 Magazines and head of school. This should be based on a lists of approved textbooks, teachers’ manual and supplementary - 4.5 Newspapers materials. Teachers may recommend books and other instructional materials needed in the classroom. 3
  • 4. 7/20/2011  The heart of the collection development process  The process of deciding which materials to acquire  SECTION 5 Sources of Library Funds for a library collection; may involve deciding ◦ 5.1 Library funds shall be 5-10% of the school between items that provide information about the funds (based proportionately) as released by the same subject, systematically determining quality Division Office and value (Evans, 2006) ◦ 5.2 Donations and solicitations from civic  The selection of new resources by the teacher- associations, alumni, parents, and other members of the community, “friends of the librarian is facilitated by identifying curriculum library” and others. needs and student interestsResponsibility for SelectionOrdinarily, the Librarian is in charge of  Keep yourself abreast of what is goingselection, but locally elected or appointed on in the publishing trade.school board, by law; including  Know your community and know itadministrators, supervisors, teachers, well.library media specialists, students, and  It is critical to be aware of what iseven community residents can also going on in the world.participate and select learning resourcesfor the school library1. Identify collection needs in terms of  Subject matter subjects and specific types of materials2. Determine how much money is available  Construction quality3. Develop a plan for identifying potentially  Potential use useful materials to acquire  Relation to the collection4. Conduct search evaluation of the desired materials  Bibliographic considerations  Cost 4
  • 5. 7/20/2011  “A publication issued in successive parts, usually in regular intervals, and as rule, intended to be continued indefinitely, include periodicals, annuals (reports, yearbooks, etc.) and memoirs, proceedings, and transactions of societies.” (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science) “a periodical publication especially dealing  a periodical that usually contains a with matters of current interest- often used miscellaneous collection of articles, for official or semi-official publications of stories, poems, and pictures and is special groups” directed at the general reading public 5
  • 6. 7/20/2011  Budget allocation  Durability  Audio Visual quality  Ease of repair  Type of equipment required  AV technology that is long-lasting • Cassettes, DVDs, CDs • Books on tape or “talking books” • Points to consider: - How will your audio collection support your librarys goals - Will your audio collection focus on all or only certain genres? - Will you collect complete works or abridged versions? Does abridging the work affect the story? - How well does the reader project his/her voice? - How durable is the product? - What is the overall quality of the recording? 34• a generic term for both microfilms and microfiche• a format not liked much by so many people• the format that libraries resort to• a good format for materials that are seldom used• also good alternative format for rare and archival materials. Microfilm 35 36 6
  • 7. 7/20/2011 • Films - Comes in variety of sizes: the 7, Super 8, 16mm and 35 mm; the 70mm is the format used in theatrical releases and is also the format collected by film archives • Video recordings -Videos are extremely popular with library patrons. Microfiche 37 38 • photographic slides: typical of the family collection of 35mm slides • mountings can be of paper, plastic, metal or• Filmstrips glass• Slides • most commonly found in special libraries• Transparencies with scientific, medical and art museum• Flat pictures (include paintings, posters, work collections postcards, photographs and other pictorial materials) 39 40• overhead transparencies: text or diagrams on cellophane sheets that are projected with a magnified • include maps, photographs and globes light • Problems: little bibliographic control and• designed to aid in the making decisions as to whether circulate presentation of graphic OR be used only within the premises of the materials to small and library medium-sized groups• publishers often include these based on or using illustrations from their books 41 42 7
  • 8. 7/20/2011• Printed Music • An all encompassing term to• Music sheets and scores (full size or include sources in digital format: miniature) electronic serials, e-serials,• Problem of sourcing and bibliographic control electronic journals, online• Models, dioramas journals, digital journals,• Games electronic books, e-books 43 44• ease of searching • Any journal, magazine, e’zine,• remote access webzine, newsletter, or type of consolidation of many volumes and years electronic serial publication which•• reduction in theft and mutilation•• Content can extracted and manipulated Simultaneous use is made available online•• easy export of information reduced costs for binding, storage, and stack • These are either supplied directly maintenance by the publishers or via hyperlinks aggregator services•• access outside normal library hours 45 46 • Authority Bias• Content • Publishing body Appropriateness of• Access• Technical support • Verifiability/ format• Cost Accuracy Audience• Legal considerations • Currency Purpose 47 48 8
  • 9. 7/20/2011• Searching • Constructions• Organization • Instructions• Download time• Links • Graphics 49 50 • These are sources that provide assistance Incorporate elements of selection, and to the librarian in selecting materials for include technical infrastructure, acquisitions. information content, support issues, • There are tools that provide evaluative management issues, extensiveness, information and are selective in nature, efficiency, effectiveness, service quality, impact, usefulness, and adoption (Charles while other tools are more comprehensive McClure) lists of titles available for purchase. 51 52• Fiction Catalog. New York: Wilson, 1908- Selective Resources ComprehensiveA guide to adult fiction found most in useful in • Book reviews Resources public libraries, published periodically with annual supplements. • Book lists Publishers’ sources • “Best of” and Online bookstores Recommended Lists Directories of print and non-print books National bibliographies 53 54 9
  • 10. 7/20/2011• Provide descriptive and evaluative information that can be used in place of physically examining the actual book• Makes comparisons to similar works to help the librarian determine whether the book being reviewed should be added to the library collection 55 56September 12, 2010 57 57 58 59 60 10
  • 11. 7/20/2011 • For non-current reviews • Can be used as checklists to make sure that a particularly good book is not missed • Literary Lists at http://www.literarylist.com/ • If the selectors know that the library • Oprahs Recommended Books at communitys reading choices are http://www.2think.org/oprah/oprah.shtml influenced by recommendations, they may want to consider recommended lists in the book selection process 61 62 63 64 • Allows the selector to search and purchase• Listings of books published in a print books over the Internet particular country • Can provide a quick and easy way to find• Useful for verifying the bibliographic publication information for a wide range of and purchasing information books.• Publisher sources, online bookstores, • A convenient method for purchasing books directories of in print and out of print that is needed very quickly. books, and national bibliographies 65 66 11
  • 12. 7/20/2011• "earths biggest bookstore" is Amazon.com at < www.amazon.com>, which is a full-service online bookstore providing lists of best-sellers, award- winners, and excerpts from review sources.• Barnes and Noble at <www.barnesandnoble.com> offers over one million books that can be searched for and purchased over the Internet.• National Bookstore Online at 67 68 69 70 • Sources for finding bibliographic and purchasing information for books that are available for purchase, are about to be published, or are no longer being printed. • Examples of titles included in this category are: Forthcoming Books, Weekly Record, Books in Print (BIP) 71 72 12
  • 13. 7/20/2011• useful for checking which library owns a particular work in a particular country.• Usually published by the national or state libraries• Examples : British National Bibliography, National Union Catalog, Bibliographie Nationale Française, Deutsche Nationalbibliographie 73 74 • Videos: Choice, Library Journal, Video Librarian, Video Review, Video Source Book and Bowker’s Complete Video Directory • Audio Materials: Publishers Weekly, AudioFile, Wilson Library Bulletin, Library Journal, Audiobook Review • Graphic Materials: Cartography and Geographic Information Systems • Microforms: Guide to Microforms in Print, National Register of Microform Masters 75 76• Selective guides: Library Journal and New Magazine Review• Directories of Periodicals and Newspapers: Ulrichs International Periodicals Directory (R.R. Bowker), Serials Directory (EBSCO), The International Directory of Little Magazines and Small Presses, Gale Directory of Publications and Broadcast Media• Serials List: Readers Guide to Periodical Literature; New Serials Titles 77 78 13
  • 14. 7/20/2011  Materials given to the library from various  the process of securing materials for the local and foreign sources – individuals, library collection, whether by purchase, as institutions, foundations, Friends of the gifts, or through exchange programs Library, alumni (Evans, 2000).  Selection and acceptance criteria should be  It is primarily concerned with the ordering, the same as those criteria for purchased claiming and receipt of materials for the materials library (Gorman, 1998).  Dispose unwanted items Unwanted and duplicate  Also termed as “weeding” materials  Removal of an item from the Exchange of own library’s active collection for the publications or materials purpose of either discarding or between libraries/ sending it storage institutions To keep the library collection in best  Appearance and general condition possible condition  Superseded editions Duplicate titles Alleviate space problems, especially for   Inappropriate, obsolete or incorrect sources of small libraries information Improve accessibility of the collections –  Obsolete technology removing old or seldom used materials  Materials that are infested, dirty, shabby, worn out, etc.  Materials with small prints, brittle paper and missing pages 14
  • 15. 7/20/2011 Lack of time/Takes time from the regular routine Lack of staff to do evaluation of materials for de selection Cost involved and property accountability of librarian Actual practice is seldom done – “the bigger the collection the better” 15