Videography for Journalists 2010


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Why journalists now need to be multiplatform reporters, able to shoot video as well as write stories for the web. This slide presentation goes over the basics of videography, shots required, white balance, and framing of interviews

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Videography for Journalists 2010

  1. 1. Why be a TV journalist? The free wardrobe allowance? The hair and makeup The big bucks? It’s fun?
  2. 2. TV News Are you the next Lloyd Robertson or Dwight Drummond? Is ESPN calling you? Move over Ben Mulroney!
  3. 3. Answer: All of the above, except perhaps the big bucks.
  4. 4. You will impact the world… With your TV images and TV stories…just think of Haiti…
  5. 5. Rule #1 Always use a tripod --if possible
  6. 6. Rule #2 Always WHITE BALANCE when changing locations the camera needs to reset its white colour in different light conditions (daylight, indoor light etc)
  7. 7. White Balance BAD-blue indoor Good-white balanced
  8. 8. Videography Lesson Kinds of shots you need to get for a TV package report/story:
  9. 9. What to shoot  Wide shot/establishing shots
  10. 10. Wide/Establishing Shots Tells the viewer “Where are you?” Locates the action for a viewer Shoot about 8-15 secs each
  11. 11. Medium Shots More interesting. Viewer can detect some specific activity but still not 100% sure what is happening--this needs your narration to help explain it better. Shots last approx 15 sec each
  12. 12. Close ups Even more interesting visually. You now care about the person/thing being shown. Usually introduces an SOT(sound byte/excerpt of interview)
  13. 13. Extreme Close up Used to show extreme emotion. Not used in every story but good to shoot these just in case you need it later for editing purposes.
  14. 14. cutaways Related to the story but not main action. Often used as reaction shots to action. Medium shots and close ups
  15. 15. Use varied shot angles Make your shots visually interesting
  16. 16. Use lines to make it interesting
  17. 17. Subjective shots
  18. 18. Point of View
  19. 19. People are most interesting Medium and close up shots with people are engaging for viewers
  20. 20. Interviews (SOTs)
  21. 21. Keep the camera behind you/to the side, and at eye level with guest
  22. 22. In interviews the reporter IS NOT on camera We use an interviewee’s ANSWERS only
  23. 23. SOT/Interviews FRAMING
  24. 24. How to frame them: eyes at top third of screen
  25. 25. Framing of the face Bad Good
  26. 26. Stand Up by Reporter
  27. 27. In a stand up… The reporter gives forward-looking information, pr summarizes the story, then does a sign off: “George Hoff, Observer TV News, Toronto.”
  28. 28. Cautious use of these Pan left/right -- panoramic --horizontal Tilt up/down --vertical Zoom in/out these shots last a long time --boring to the viewer -- always shoot some!
  29. 29. Some things to know about your cameras 1) News Sdhc cards need formatting 2) How to use the tripod 3) How to white balance 4) How to check the mic is working
  30. 30. FORMAT YOUR SDHC cards when you first put them into the cameras Menu Memory ope Initialize Initialization methods Yes Okay Make sure you don’t erase anything important.
  31. 31. Put the sd card in first, THEN attach camera to tripod.…
  32. 32. White balance -- On the Canon FS 10s We want to do it manually -- custom. Press the FUNCTION key then Use joystick to select P, then down to AWB. . Over to Icon on far right that looks like a bowtie with a ball on top. Zoom in onto a white surface ‘till it fills the whole screen. Press SET. When it stops flashing, it is white balanced. Press FUNCTION to save the Setting.