April 22 families through history

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April 22 families through history

  1. 1. Families Through History<br />
  2. 2. Why Do Animals Have Families?<br />We are animals. Not all animals have families…<br />
  3. 3. Why Do Animals Have Families?<br />Survival of the Individual<br />Some animals “work better” apart. <br />If it helps an animal survive, they will have a family<br />If it is easier to survive alone, they will stay alone<br />hunting alone is often better<br />Survival of the Species<br />For many animals, babies must be raised over a long time<br />Here, there must be some kind of family, or no babies would live, and the species would die (extinction)<br />
  4. 4. Why Do HumansHave Families? (Historically)<br />Our babies are helpless.<br />We need to help when we are young<br />Survival (Food)<br />Safety and Security<br />Mothers stayed with their kids to keep them alive.<br />Fathers stayed for the same reason!<br />
  5. 5. Definitions:<br />Monogamy<br />the practice of staying with one and only one sexual partner at any time<br />a relationship where a man and a woman stay together and are committed to onlyeachother is called monogamous<br />Polygamy<br />the practice of having more than one sexual partner at any time<br />relationships with polygamy are called polygamous<br />
  6. 6. Why STAY Together? <br />Why do men and women stay together after their babies are full-grown (why do we choose monogamy)?<br />The easy answer:<br />“The jury is out”<br />Even with all our brain power and science,<br />We are not sure <br />We may never be sure<br />Scientists continue to argue whether it is “nature” or “culture” for humans to be monogamous<br />
  7. 7. Families of the Past<br />Hunter-Gatherers<br />historical family structure<br />men – hunt, gather, make tools, defend from animals, enemies<br />women – gather, cook, care for kids, make clothes<br />very few of these types of families (societies) continue to exist today<br />
  8. 8. Families of Past-and-Present<br />Agricultural Families<br />traditional family structure<br />began when humans learned how to grow farms and keep animals<br />much more food than hunting-gathering<br />a lot of work, too!<br />these families were often large (many children)<br />land-owners in this type of society were the richest<br />

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