April 22   families through history
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April 22 families through history

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    April 22   families through history April 22 families through history Presentation Transcript

    • Families Through History
    • Why Do Animals Have Families?
      We are animals. Not all animals have families…
    • Why Do Animals Have Families?
      Survival of the Individual
      Some animals “work better” apart.
      If it helps an animal survive, they will have a family
      If it is easier to survive alone, they will stay alone
      hunting alone is often better
      Survival of the Species
      For many animals, babies must be raised over a long time
      Here, there must be some kind of family, or no babies would live, and the species would die (extinction)
    • Why Do HumansHave Families? (Historically)
      Our babies are helpless.
      We need to help when we are young
      Survival (Food)
      Safety and Security
      Mothers stayed with their kids to keep them alive.
      Fathers stayed for the same reason!
    • Definitions:
      Monogamy
      the practice of staying with one and only one sexual partner at any time
      a relationship where a man and a woman stay together and are committed to onlyeachother is called monogamous
      Polygamy
      the practice of having more than one sexual partner at any time
      relationships with polygamy are called polygamous
    • Why STAY Together?
      Why do men and women stay together after their babies are full-grown (why do we choose monogamy)?
      The easy answer:
      “The jury is out”
      Even with all our brain power and science,
      We are not sure
      We may never be sure
      Scientists continue to argue whether it is “nature” or “culture” for humans to be monogamous
    • Families of the Past
      Hunter-Gatherers
      historical family structure
      men – hunt, gather, make tools, defend from animals, enemies
      women – gather, cook, care for kids, make clothes
      very few of these types of families (societies) continue to exist today
    • Families of Past-and-Present
      Agricultural Families
      traditional family structure
      began when humans learned how to grow farms and keep animals
      much more food than hunting-gathering
      a lot of work, too!
      these families were often large (many children)
      land-owners in this type of society were the richest