Passive Voice
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Passive Voice

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A powerpoint used for a mini-lesson on the passive voice with intermediate level students.

A powerpoint used for a mini-lesson on the passive voice with intermediate level students.

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Passive Voice Passive Voice Presentation Transcript

  • The Passive Voice
    Used in context with the article:
    Who Created the Internet? It’s a Tangled Web
    written by David L. Chandler
  • Context of the passive voice
    Newspaper headlines
    Signs
    Genre
    Percentage of Active and Passive Voice usage in the Brown Corpus (Francis & Kucera, 1982, p.544, cited in Kennedy, 2003)
  • Active vs. Passive
    Active
    Passive
    E-mail was invented by Ray Tomlinson.
    Ray Tomlinson invented E-mail
    Tim Berners Lee created HTML.
    HTML was created by Tim Berners Lee..
    subject verb object subject to be past participle
  • Passive Verb Forms
    Simple Present
    Web pages are designed every day.
    Present Progressive
    A web page is being designed right now.
    Simple Past
    E-mail was invented by Ray Tomlinson.
    Past Progressive
    E-mail was being used in the 1970s.
    Future
    The Internet is going to be used in the future.
    Present Perfect
    Millions of videos have been uploaded to YouTube.
  • Passive Voice uses TO BE
    Web pages are designed every day.
    Simple Present
    A web page is being designed right now.
    Present Progressive
    E-mail was invented by Ray Tomlinson.
    Simple Past
    E-mail was being used in the 1970s.
    Past Progressive
    Google is going to be used in the future.
    Future
    Millions of videos have been uploaded to YouTube.
    Present Perfect
  • Passive uses a PAST PARTICIPLE
    Web pages are designedevery day.
    Simple Present
    A web page is being designedright now.
    Present Progressive
    E-mail was invented by Ray Tomlinson.
    Simple Past
    E-mail was being usedin the 1970s.
    Past Progressive
    Google is going to be used in the future.
    Future
    Millions of videos have been uploadedto YouTube.
    Present Perfect
  • Questions forms in the PASSIVE
    Areweb pages designed ever day?
    Simple Present
    Isa web page being designedright now?
    Present Progressive
    Wasemail invented by Ray Tomlinson?
    Simple Past
    Is googlegoing to be used in the future?
    Future
    How areweb pages designed ever day?
    Where isa web page being designedright now?
    When wasemail invented by Ray Tomlinson?
    How is Google going to be used in the future?
  • Using a –by phrase
    The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo da Vinci.
    The airplane was invented by Alberto Santos Dumont
    The light bulb was invented by Thomas Edison.
  • Modals
    can
    may
    could
    might
    must
    better
    Present
    The internet used to search for information
    be
    may
    could
    might
    Past
    The internet used to search for information.
    have been
  • Reasons to use the passive voice
    Emphasize
    E-mail was invented in the 1970s.
    HTML is the language used to create web pages.
  • Function of the passive voice
    Conceal
  • Function of the passive voice
    Unimportant | Unknown
  • Function of the passive voice
    Obvious