Key developments inelectronic delivery in LIS2005-2008Catherine EbenezerRoyal College of Nursing Library16/02/05
Electronic delivery is delivery ofcontent within a particularinformation environmentInnovations in delivery ofcontent ar...
Caveat Predicting technology developments an uncertainbusiness Gartner Inc. uses an adoption framework known asthe ‘hype...
Environment trendsInformation consumer characteristics: Self-service/’disintermediation’ Google the dominant search engi...
Environment trendsLifelong learning/e-learning A challenge for libraries to provide access tomaterial to support non-trad...
Content trends ‘Content is no longer format-dependent and users arenot dependent on traditional distribution channels for...
Content trendsNew models of research andscholarly/professional communication: Open access E-journals – electronic-only a...
Technology trends Improvements in search technologies e.g. contextualised search - provides context toassist end-users i...
Technology trendsFederated search/metasearch/portals Execute a cross-file search acrossbibliographic and full-text databa...
Technology trendsWeb services ‘Self-contained, self-describing modular applicationsthat can be published, located and inv...
Technology trendsRSS and blogging RSS a simple XML syntax for describing afeed of recent additions to a web site. RSS co...
Technology trends Users subscribe to the feed using anaggregator or newsreader – may be a pieceof desktop software, or a ...
NHS library portalsNational Library for Health, NHS Scotland e-Library, HOWIS NLH and other portals will be influential i...
NHS library portals New NLH services implemented or planned: NHS-wide metasearch NHS e-print server Clinical question ...
Remote library servicesLibraries are already providing: Question answering services ‘Ask a librarian’ 24/7 online refere...
References Dempsey, Lorcan (2004) Pick up a portal. Update October Ebenezer, C M (2005) The new National Library for Hea...
References OCLC (2003) 2003 environmental scanwww.oclc.org/membership/escan/toc.htm Peacock, D et al. (2000 ) The role o...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Key developments in electronic delivery in LIS 2005-2008

180 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
180
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • NB the Speaking Up survey – many nurses have relatively poor access both to library services and to computing facilities
  • The hype cycle adds in the factor of human attitude or market hype to allow it to be assessed as a factor on development and investment decisions. Unfortunately not all the developments I discuss appear on Gartner’s KM hype cycle!
  • I talk here about trends in the environment, in types of content and the provision of content, and in library-related technology. I discuss NHS library portals in particular as part of the environment, as are a significant aspect of the information environment of which independent health libraries need to be aware.
  • Increasingly important within universities, the private sector, and the NHS. May enhance conventional learning, or combine with more conventional study methods as ‘blended learning’
  • OCLC report Technology Landscape summaries the main search technologies currently in use. Some authorities believe that a reliance on developing search technologies will be insufficient, and that other approaches to search are required.
  • I have selected contextualised search here as one among a variety of developments in the technology of search
  • Interest in RSS and blogging has exploded over the last year or so
  • Many RCN members have access to these services via the NHS
  • NLH is already providing access to bibliographic databases, e-journals and e-books (MyiLibrary)
  • Key developments in electronic delivery in LIS 2005-2008

    1. 1. Key developments inelectronic delivery in LIS2005-2008Catherine EbenezerRoyal College of Nursing Library16/02/05
    2. 2. Electronic delivery is delivery ofcontent within a particularinformation environmentInnovations in delivery ofcontent are dependent upontechnological developmentsand their adoption within theuser community
    3. 3. Caveat Predicting technology developments an uncertainbusiness Gartner Inc. uses an adoption framework known asthe ‘hype cycle’ to characterise the over-enthusiasmand subsequent disappointment that typically happenwith the introduction of new technologies The ‘hype cycle is represented graphically Each technology is assigned a ‘time to plateau’, i.e,to reach a stage where they have been adopted by atleast 30% of the market and are still being deployed
    4. 4. Environment trendsInformation consumer characteristics: Self-service/’disintermediation’ Google the dominant search engine – publishers respondingby exposing database and journal content within Google Users prefer to order their own ILL articles Satisfaction Convenience an overriding factor Seamlessness Users want a single interface – contrast the diversity ofinterfaces offered by libraries e.g. OPACs, BNI, NLH etc. Users want access to full text via direct linking frombibliographic search toolsOCLC (2003) 2003 environmental scanwww.oclc.org/membership/escan/toc.htm
    5. 5. Environment trendsLifelong learning/e-learning A challenge for libraries to provide access tomaterial to support non-traditional learninginitiatives Use of learning management systems –libraries need to work with HE providers tointegrate content within LMSs LMSs impinge upon /a ‘rival’ to integratedlibrary systems
    6. 6. Content trends ‘Content is no longer format-dependent and users arenot dependent on traditional distribution channels foraccess to content’ ‘End-users see the most important role for theirlibraries as making content available in their digitalworkspace, regardless of what devices are in thatspace’ ‘The real integration to be aimed for is the moreeffective integration of information resources into theresearch and learning workflows of the user’OCLC 2004 Information format trends: content, not containersDempsey, Lorcan (2004) Pick up a portal. Update October
    7. 7. Content trendsNew models of research andscholarly/professional communication: Open access E-journals – electronic-only access increasinglycommon – libraries use link resolvers to directreaders to the ‘appropriate copy’ of an article E-books – entered adoption phase Individual/institutional self-publishing Blogs, wikis Digital repositories, indexed using OAI-PMH E-prints, learning objects, datasets, theses
    8. 8. Technology trends Improvements in search technologies e.g. contextualised search - provides context toassist end-users in determining relevancee.g. WebBrain www.webbrain.com Automatic data categorisation Automates processes formerly carried outby information professionals Many techniques in use
    9. 9. Technology trendsFederated search/metasearch/portals Execute a cross-file search acrossbibliographic and full-text databases thatdo not share a common index using anXML version of Z39.50 Aim to create a one-stop informationresource – a rival to Google! Portals aim to customise informationdelivery – to minimise information overload Several ILS vendors offer portal products
    10. 10. Technology trendsWeb services ‘Self-contained, self-describing modular applicationsthat can be published, located and invoked acrossthe Web’ XML plays a key role in defining requirements,behaviour and mediation formats Google makes a Web services API available todevelopers – could be used by ILS developers Deploying Web services for their users is a challengeto libraries – the potential is huge
    11. 11. Technology trendsRSS and blogging RSS a simple XML syntax for describing afeed of recent additions to a web site. RSS content can derive from HTML(‘scraping’), from a database, or from a CMS RSS content may include news items, blogupdates, library acquisitions, search results,(e.g. HubMed),TOCs etc. Can be used by libraries to promote theirservices
    12. 12. Technology trends Users subscribe to the feed using anaggregator or newsreader – may be a pieceof desktop software, or a web-based service Information is brought together in one place -a good way for the end-user to reduceinformation overload – avoids visitingnumerous web sites or drowning in emailnewsletters RSS-based search engines exist (e.g.Technorati) that search RSS sites
    13. 13. NHS library portalsNational Library for Health, NHS Scotland e-Library, HOWIS NLH and other portals will be influential indetermining future pattern of service provisionby independent health libraries Planned NLH developments will use a Webservices architecture for integration ofservices
    14. 14. NHS library portals New NLH services implemented or planned: NHS-wide metasearch NHS e-print server Clinical question answering service Personalised alerts service Primary care current awareness service usingRSS Integration of library content into EPR and Map ofMedicine National document delivery service – to be piloted
    15. 15. Remote library servicesLibraries are already providing: Question answering services ‘Ask a librarian’ 24/7 online reference – canuse Internet ‘chat’ applications for this End-user initiated document supply, e.g. BL,BMA Library Ability to manage loan transactions online:renewals, reservations, fines PDA-accessible services: alerts, searching
    16. 16. References Dempsey, Lorcan (2004) Pick up a portal. Update October Ebenezer, C M (2005) The new National Library for Health.ASSIGnation 22(2) 35-41 Fichter, D (2004) Using RSS to create new services.Online 28(4) 52ff. Johnston, P (2001) After the Big Bang: forces of change and e-learning. Ariadne 27www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue27/johnston/intro.html Luther, Judy (2003) Trumping Google? Metasearching’spromise. Library Journal 10/1/03 OCLC (2004) 2004 information format trends: content, notcontainers www.oclc.org/reports/2004format.htm
    17. 17. References OCLC (2003) 2003 environmental scanwww.oclc.org/membership/escan/toc.htm Peacock, D et al. (2000 ) The role of LIS in supporting learning.In Booth, A and Walton G (Eds.) Managing knowledge in healthservices; pp. 99-112. London: Library Association. Royal College of Nursing (2004) Speaking up: nurses and NHSIT developments: qualitative analysis results of an onlinesurvey…www.rcn.org.uk/publications/pdf/nurses_and_nhs_it_dev.pdf Rhyno, A (2003) From library systems to mainstream software:how Web technologies are changing the role of the systemslibrarian. Library Hi Tech 21(3) 289-296 Wusteman, J (2004) RSS: the latest feed. Library Hi Tech 22(4)404-413. www.ucd.ie/weusteman/lht/wusteman-rss.html

    ×