WWII global history


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Rundown of the entire war.

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  • No, there is mistake in slide 42. There were two separate offfensive lines. Gen Douglas MacArthur led he attack in the Southwest Pacific using mostly Army forces and Navy forces as needed. My father was in the 43rd Infantry Divivision under MacArthur. They moved from the Solomons to New Guinea to the Phillipines. Both Marins and Army fought on Guadalcanal. Admiral Chester Nimitiz led the Central Pacific Attack from Guadalcanal to Tarawa to the Marianas( Pelielu) to the Marianas ( Saipan) to iwo Jima to Okinowa. There were other smaller islands attached, but the idea that MacArther led both is wrong.
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WWII global history

  1. 1. WWII
  2. 2. Causes of WWII <ul><li>1) G reat Depression : Worldwide economic crisis puts too much stress on many countries </li></ul><ul><li>2) F ascism : rise of aggressive dictators in Europe and Japan </li></ul><ul><li>3) L eague of Nations : League was too weak to stop Japanese, Italian, & German aggression </li></ul><ul><li>4) A ppeasement: encouraged Hitler, allowed German Army to become strong </li></ul><ul><li>5) T reaty of Versailles: Ruined German economy, led to aggression by Germany, Japan, Italy </li></ul>
  3. 3. The World in the 1930’s <ul><li>The Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled by dictator Joseph Stalin </li></ul><ul><li>Totalitarian government: the government and every aspect of the peoples’ lives is controlled by one party </li></ul><ul><li>5 year plans forced USSR to modernize </li></ul><ul><li>Execution & torture of political enemies </li></ul>
  4. 4. It a ly <ul><li>Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini in power </li></ul><ul><li>Fascism = militarism, extreme nationalism (my country is always right) and total loyalty to the leader “Il Duce” </li></ul><ul><li>Invaded and took over Ethiopia; 1935 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Germany <ul><li>Germany kept taking more and more land from its neighbors while the League of Nations did nothing. Rhineland, Sudetenland, Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Adolph Hitler & Nazi Party came to power by blaming Jews for Treaty of Versailles along with most of Germany's problems </li></ul><ul><li>Fascist Government </li></ul><ul><li>German invasion of Poland caused WWII in Europe </li></ul>
  6. 6. Japan <ul><li>Depression hurt Japanese economy </li></ul><ul><li>Military took over </li></ul><ul><li>Emperor Hirohito </li></ul><ul><li>Superior Japanese would conquer all of Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Invaded Manchuria, China; 1931 </li></ul>
  7. 7. USA <ul><li>President: FDR </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign policy of isolationism (WWI) </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on Western Hemisphere </li></ul><ul><li>Good Neighbor policy in Latin America </li></ul>&quot;In the field of world policy I would dedicate this nation to the policy of the good neighbor--the neighbor who resolutely respects himself and, because he does so, respects the rights of others.&quot;
  8. 8. USA <ul><li>Good Neighbor policy in Latin America: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No more military interventions in L.A. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marines out of Haiti & Nicaragua </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Platt Amendment (Cuba) annulled… kept base at Guantanamo </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. WWII Begins <ul><li>1937; Asia: </li></ul><ul><li>Japan begins total war with China </li></ul><ul><li>The Rape of Nanking: 300,000 civilians & POW’s killed in 6 weeks </li></ul>
  10. 11. Appeasement at Munich <ul><li>Hitler kept taking more and more land </li></ul><ul><li>UK & France thought he would stop </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed to give Czechoslovakia to Germany </li></ul>Peace in our time. Sucker!
  11. 13. War in Europe <ul><li>Summer, 1939: Nazi-Soviet Non-aggression Pact </li></ul><ul><li>September, 1939: -Blitzkrieg- Germany Invades Poland.– England & France declare war on Germany & its allies; Italy & Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>1940 Germany Invades France successfully using Manstein Plan (like Schleiffen Plan) </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact </li></ul>
  13. 15. German Invasion of Poland
  14. 16. Germany Conquers France using Manstein Plan
  15. 17. Axis vs. Allies <ul><li>Axis </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Allies </li></ul><ul><li>England </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>USSR </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul>
  16. 18. US Moves Toward War <ul><li>1) Cash & Carry , Old Destroyers to UK. </li></ul><ul><li>2) More $ for the military, 1 st peace-time draft declared </li></ul><ul><li>3) June 1941: Hitler launches surprise attack on Soviet Union breaking non-aggression pact </li></ul><ul><li>4) Lend-Lease Act : March 1941, allowed US to sell or lease military supplies to the Allies including U.S.S.R. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this isolationism? </li></ul></ul>
  17. 19. On December 7 th 1941 the Japanese Navy attacked the US Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawai’i
  18. 24. The U.S.S. Arizona continues to leak oil in this 2004 photograph
  19. 26. WHY did the Japanese attack the United States?
  20. 27. Because… <ul><li>1) The U.S, was conducting an embargo which kept the Japanese from acquiring the raw materials and petroleum they needed to keep their war machine going </li></ul><ul><li>2) The Japanese knew that war with the U.S. was inevitable, so they hoped to destroy our navy before the war started. </li></ul>
  21. 28. Reactions to the attack <ul><li>US citizens want revenge </li></ul>
  22. 29. Reactions to the attack <ul><li>Congress declares war on Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Germany and Italy declare war on US </li></ul>
  23. 31. Major Battles & Turning Points <ul><li>Siege of Stalingrad: Nazis running out of oil. Need to get oil in Caspian Sea. Can’t conquer Stalingrad. 900 day siege, Nazis fail. 1 million Soviets die . </li></ul>Stalingrad
  24. 32. Stalingrad <ul><li>Important because the Soviets did not allow the Nazis to get the oil that their war machine needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Tide of war began turning in favor of the Allies </li></ul>
  25. 33. The Japanese in the Pacific <ul><li>By 1942 the Japanese controlled much of the Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>US Navy (aircraft carriers) started to turn the tide at the Battle of Wake Island </li></ul>
  26. 34. Battle of El Alamein <ul><li>British defeat Germans in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Beat German General Erwin Rommel </li></ul><ul><li>Saved supply route </li></ul><ul><li>Cut Nazis off from oil </li></ul>Allied Supplies
  27. 35. Invasion of Italy, 1943 <ul><li>Combined British & American invasion of Italy didn’t go very well, but it stretched the German army very thin </li></ul>
  28. 36. Invasion of Normandy (D-Day), 1944 <ul><li>Allies invade France to free it from German control </li></ul><ul><li>Created 2 Front war for Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Germany will soon be overpowered by Allies </li></ul>
  29. 38. Allies Win, FDR Dies <ul><li>1944: British, Americans, Soviets all close in on Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler commits suicide in bunker, Germans surrender. </li></ul><ul><li>FDR wins re-election in 1944, dies in 1945. Harry S Truman becomes President </li></ul>
  30. 39. War in the Pacific <ul><li>A. US Goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>i. Regain the Philippines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ii. Invade the Japanese Islands </li></ul></ul>
  31. 40. War in the Pacific… <ul><li>B. Island Hopping: invade Japan by capturing islands in the Pacific along the way </li></ul>
  32. 41. Island Hopping <ul><li>i. Navajo code-talkers help US forces communicate without Japanese interception </li></ul>
  33. 42. Island Hopping <ul><li>ii. Gen. MacArthur leads US forces to victory in Philippines, Iwo Jima, & Okinawa </li></ul>
  34. 45. II. Surrender of Japan <ul><li>Potsdam Declaration: Allies demand unconditional surrender or Japan will face, “prompt and utter destruction.” </li></ul><ul><li>Enola Gay drops 1 st atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan; 70,000 people killed instantly. 3 days later another a-bomb dropped on Nagasaki. 40,000 people killed instantly. Many more people die later from radiation poisoning. </li></ul>
  35. 46. The Atomic Bomb
  36. 49. The Holocaust <ul><li>6 million Jews, 5 million Gypsies, communists, homosexuals, mentally & physically disabled, POW’s, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 11 million people systematically murdered by the Nazi regime of Germany </li></ul>
  37. 53. The Nuremberg Trials <ul><li>War crimes trials </li></ul><ul><li>1945-1946: The Allies put Nazi leaders on trial for the atrocities of the Holocaust </li></ul><ul><li>“ I was just following orders” not an excuse </li></ul><ul><li>12 Nazi leaders hanged for their crimes </li></ul>