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The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
The Cold War
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The Cold War

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Survey of the Cold War

Survey of the Cold War

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  • 1. Right now
    • Get your arguments organized
    • Get ready to verbally make those arguments
    • You will have 2 minutes to make your opening statement
    • Next group makes opening statement
    • 1 minute each for rebuttal
  • 2. The Cold War
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8. Causes of the Cold War
    • 1) Capitalism vs. Communism
      • US & Great Britain don’t like or trust communist ideas such as the rejection of private property & religion. Soviets wanted to destroy capitalism & overthrow democratic governments in Europe.
      • USSR afraid US would attack them (they had before) & that they would rebuild Germany & Germany would attack USSR again .
  • 9. The Cold War in Europe
    • As WWII was ending, the Soviet army occupied all of Eastern Europe (except Yugoslavia)
    • Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, & Albania became Soviet satellite countries
    • The Iron Curtain
  • 10. IRON CURTAIN
  • 11. Soviet Threat in Europe; America Responds
    • Fear of a Communist takeover of all of Europe led to The Truman Doctrine
    • The Truman Doctrine: Encourage countries to resist Soviet Influence
    • Containment: Do not allow communism to spread or expand to any more countries in the world.
  • 12. Truman Doctrine in full effect
    • 1) $400 million in aid to Greece & Turkey
    • 2) The Marshall Plan : $12 billion in aid to help western European countries rebuild after the war
  • 13.  
  • 14. Germany
    • After the war, the Allies divided up Germany into 4 zones
    Berlin
  • 15. Berlin Airlift
    • Berlin (capital of Germany, largest city) was in the Soviet Zone & the city itself was divided
  • 16. Berlin Airlift
    • Stalin blockaded West Berlin, trying to make the entire city part of East Germany.
    • Truman ordered supplies to be airlifted to West Berlin.
    • Stalin ended blockade, W. Berlin remained part of W. Germany.
  • 17. Operation Vittles
  • 18. Berlin Wall
    • Many people in East Berlin were very poor and ruled by a dictator, so they fled to West Berlin
    • The Soviet Government was embarrassed by this, so they built a wall around West Berlin.
  • 19.  
  • 20. Cold War Alliances
    • NATO:
    • USA
    • UK
    • France
    • Portugal
    • W. Germany
    • Italy
    • Greece
    • Turkey
    • Norway
    • Warsaw Pact
    • USSR
    • Poland
    • Czechoslovakia
    • Hungary
    • E. Germany
    • Romania
    • Bulgaria
    • Albania
  • 21. United Nations
    • League of Nations…the Sequel
    • Created in 1945
    • Settle arguments between countries
    • Humanitarian Aid (UNICEF, etc.)
  • 22. 1949… a scary year
    • Soviets successfully test atomic bomb
    • Chinese Communists led by Mao Zedong take over. China becomes a communist country
    • US feels very threatened by International Communism
  • 23. Superpowers
    • The US & the Soviet Union are now the two most powerful countries on earth and they both have nuclear weapons
    • They are the two superpowers
  • 24. Communism in Asia
    • Korea
    • Was a Japanese colony for decades
    • Kim Il Sung very popular communist leader/resistance fighter
    • After Japanese surrender, USA & USSR divide Korea at 38 th parallel.
    • North Korea = communist
    • South Korea = capitalist
  • 25.  
  • 26. The Korean War
    • June, 1950: North Korean troops cross 38 th parallel, invade the South
    • South Korean Army defeated quickly
    • UN sends military force to help South Korea at Truman’s request
    • 16 countries involved, 80% of troops from USA
    • Gen. Douglas MacArthur in command
  • 27.  
  • 28. The War
    • North Korean forces almost win right away.
    • MacArthur leads daring landing at Incheon
    • North Korea retreats, MacArthur pursues
    • Chinese enter the war, beat back Americans
    • Armistice ends fighting in 1953
    • Still technically at war, but no shooting
    • Demilitarized Zone between two countries
    • N. Korea still communist, S. Korea still capitalist
  • 29.  
  • 30. Another Red Scare
    • Spies!
    • 1953; The Rosenbergs arrested and eventually hanged for passing nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union
    • Alger Hiss State Department official discovered spying for the Soviet Union
  • 31. McCarthyism
  • 32. Senator Joe McCarthy
    • Claimed to have a list of 205 known communists working for the government
    • Never showed anyone the list
    • For 4 years, McCarthy went around the country “hunting communists”
    • Businesses questioned employees & fired anyone they suspected of being a communist
    • “ Blacklists” in Hollywood and elsewhere
  • 33. Censure
    • McCarthy held televised hearings. He looked like a bully
    • The Senate censured him, he died of liver failure 3 years later
    You have done enough. Have you no sense of decency sir, at long last? Have you left no sense of decency?
  • 34. Cold War Conflict Chart
    • Draw this chart in your notes
    Superpower Actions Issue or Conflict Region or Country
  • 35. Africa & Asia
    • Issue:
    • After WWII many colonies began demanding and fighting for their independence
  • 36. Superpower Actions
    • US grants independence to the Philippines
    • In Africa the US and Soviet Union gave $ & weapons to opposing sides in many civil wars (Angola, Somalia, Ethiopia)
    • Pakistan became an ally of the US, India stayed neutral, but took $ & weapons from the US & USSR
  • 37. Cuba
    • Issue: In 1959 Fidel Castro led a successful communist revolution in Cuba
  • 38. Superpower Actions (part 1)
    • The Bay of Pigs Invasion : The Soviet Union gave Cuba a lot of $ and support. President Kennedy & the CIA trained a group of Cuban exiles to invade Cuba & overthrow their government. The invasion was a total failure and embarrassed the US.
  • 39. Superpower Actions (part 2)
    • The Cuban Missile Crisis: USSR begins building missile bases in Cuba. Nukes threatened the US. JFK warned that he would stop any Soviet boat carrying missiles to Cuba. The USSR backed off.
    • The closest the world has ever come to total nuclear war
  • 40. “ The Button”
  • 41.  
  • 42. Other Parts of Latin America
    • Issue: Many parts of Latin America were desperately poor. They thought becoming communist countries might help stop their suffering
  • 43. Superpower Actions
    • US provides aid to many Latin American countries: Alliance for Progress, Peace Corps
    • US intervenes militarily to overthrow suspected communist leaders in Honduras, Guatemala, Dominican Republic, Panama, Chile, Grenada, El Salvador
  • 44. Arms Race
    • By the 1950’s The US & USSR both had enough nuclear weapons to destroy each other several times over
    • 1957 USSR launches 1 st ever satellite: Sputnik .
    • “ Space Race” begins, NASA is created
    • Both countries develop rocket technology
  • 45. Kennedy Assassination
    • On November 22, 1963 President John F. Kennedy was shot and killed in Dallas, Texas.
    • The man found guilty of his murder was Lee Harvey Oswald
    • Oswald was assassinated by Jack Ruby
    • Lyndon Johnson (LBJ) became President
  • 46.  
  • 47.  
  • 48.  
  • 49. Vietnam
    • Vietnam was a French colony
    • Vietnamese communists led by Ho Chi Minh (Uncle Ho) defeated the French in 1954
    • International Peace Conference divided Vietnam into 2 countries
    • North Vietnam (Communist) {USSR}
    • South Vietnam (Capitalist) {USA}
  • 50. Things go South in the South
    • South Vietnam led by corrupt leader (Diem)
    • Communist Guerrillas (Viet Cong/Viet Minh) begin fighting in South Vietnam
    • USA worried that Vietnam would become a communist country
    • Domino Theory: when one country “falls” to communism, countries near it will fall to communism as well.
  • 51.  
  • 52.  
  • 53. US Involvement
    • During the 1950’s & 1960’s, both Presidents Eisenhower & Kennedy sent “military advisors” to Vietnam
    • 1964: Gulf of Tonkin Incident leads to US escalation in Vietnam.
    • By 1968 there were over 50,000 American soldiers in Vietnam
  • 54. Insurgent War
    • American troops were fighting a difficult, insurgent war in the jungle
    • They couldn’t tell friend from foe.
    • Draft was instituted
    • 1 st TV war led to decreasing popularity of draft & war at home
    • Tet Offensive 1968 = turning point for the Viet Cong & North Vietnam
  • 55.  
  • 56. Protests at home
    • Massive demonstrations and protests against the Vietnam war took place
    • “ Hippies” and college students staged protests and burned their draft cards
  • 57.  
  • 58. The End of the War
    • Protests led to fighting between pro & anti war demonstrators
    • Anti-war demonstrators killed by national guard at their college in Kent State, Ohio
    • Longest, most unpopular war in US history
    • US forces left Vietnam in 1975
    • Vietnam is now a communist country
  • 59.  
  • 60.  
  • 61. The End of the Cold War
    • Beginning with the Nixon administration, the US pursued less hostile relations with the USSR ( Détente)
    • The policy of détente led to agreements
    • SALT I & SALT II: S trategic
    • A rms
    • L imitation
    • T alks
  • 62. End of the Cold War
    • Building more and more weapons to keep up with the USA crippled the Soviet economy
    • It collapsed in 1991 despite attempts by Gorbachev to make structural changes
    • By 1992, the Berlin wall had fallen, Eastern European became independent (satellites no more!)
    • USA! USA! USA! USA! ...
  • 63.  
  • 64. Communism ends in Russia The Soviet Union breaks up

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