Revolutions of 1830& 1848 review

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rundown of 1830 & 1848 Revolutions

rundown of 1830 & 1848 Revolutions

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  • 1. “ When France sneezes all Europe catches a cold” -Klemens von Metternich
  • 2. What is a revolution?
  • 3. Revolutions of 1830 & 1848
  • 4.  
  • 5. French Revolution 1830
    • Buildup: After the Congress of Vienna, France had a constitutional monarchy
    • Royalists thought the king had too little power
    • Liberals and radicals thought the king had too much power
  • 6. Charles X
    • Charles believed in absolute monarchy, he rejected the constitution and tried to become more powerful
    • He suspended the legislature, limited voting rights & restricted the press
  • 7. Revolution!
    • Charles’ actions led to revolution in the streets
    • Charles fled to England
    • Constitutional monarchy established under Louis Philippe
    • Middle class prospered under his reign, most French still could not vote
  • 8. French Revolution 1848
    • Causes:
    • Most French still could not vote
    • Louis Philippe’s government was corrupt
    • People wanted French Republic
    • Recession caused unemployment and rise in bread prices
  • 9.  
  • 10. Revolution!
    • Once again, the French rioted in the streets, order was restored and the government changed (again)
    • France became a republic with a constitution
    • 9 million French could now vote
    • Louis Napoleon (Napoleon Bonaparte’s nephew) became president of France
    • By 1852 Louis Napoleon declared himself emperor of France
  • 11.  
  • 12. Belgium 1830
    • Causes:
    • Congress of Vienna had made Netherlands & Belgium one country
    • Belgians were French-speaking Catholics
    • The Dutch were Dutch-speaking protestants
    • Nationalism : The Belgians wanted their own country
  • 13. Revolution!
    • Belgians riot in the streets
    • Belgium becomes an independent state with a liberal constitution
    • Belgians Win!
  • 14.  
  • 15. Poland 1830
    • Causes:
    • Poland was divided up between Russia, Austria & Prussia at the Congress of Vienna
    • Poles wanted their own country again (Nationalism)
  • 16. Revolution!
    • Polish students, army officers & landowners revolted
    • Russian army puts down the rebellion using brutal force
    • Poles lose
  • 17.  
  • 18. Austria 1848
    • Causes:
    • Austrian Empire included Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks
    • Each of these ethnic groups wanted their own country (Nationalism)
  • 19. Revolution!
    • Hungarians and Czechs revolt against the Austrian Empire, demanding their own countries
    • Revolts put down by Austrian and Russian troops using brutal force
    • Hungarians & Czechs lose
  • 20.  
  • 21. Italy 1848
    • Italians wanted their own country, one that wasn’t controlled by Austria (Nationalism)
  • 22. Revolution!
    • Italians revolted against Austrians, the Pope, declare their own republics
    • Revolt put down by Austrian and French troops using brutal force
    • Italians lose
  • 23.  
  • 24. Germany 1848
    • Causes:
    • In the German states (there was no Germany yet) German students and workers wanted reforms and national unity {one country} (Nationalism).
  • 25. Revolution!
    • Liberals force king to agree to a constitution
    • King rejects constitution a year later
    • Liberals can’t agree on what type of government Germany should have
    • Conservatives attack them
    • Germans lose.
  • 26. 1) Why did the French revolt (in 1830)?
  • 27. 2) Why did the Italians revolt?
  • 28. 3) Why did Denmark revolt?
  • 29. 4) Why did Poland revolt?
  • 30. 5) Why did the French revolt (in 1848)?
  • 31. 6) Why did the Germans revolt?
  • 32. 7) Why was there a revolt in the Austrian Empire?
  • 33. 8) Which of these Revolutions was successful?