Mao Zedong ; Head of the People's Republic of China, 1949-76. Mao's Red Army overthrew Jiang Jieshi in 1949, and the communists took over mainland China. Mao turned China into a world military power and created a cult of personality. His campaign to export communism made China a threat to the West and led to confrontations in Southeast Asia and Korea. Under Mao's rule China endured a series of economic disasters and political terrorism, including the brutal Cultural Revolution
Mohandas K. Gandhi. Leader of the INC. Was the driving force behind the Indian independence movement. His ideas of civil disobedience drove the British out of India and inspired non-violent resistance to oppression all over the world. He was assassinated in 1948 by a Hindu who thought Gandhi should be treat Muslims more harshly
India’s 1st Prime Minister. He attempted a foreign policy of nonalignment during the Cold War. Clashed with Pakistan over Kashmir and took Goa from the Portuguese. Domestically, he promoted democracy, socialism, secularism, and unity, adapting modern values to Indian conditions
transformed what was left of the Ottoman Empire into modern Turkey. His military heroics made him a national hero. After becoming Turkey’s 1st President, he attempted political and social reforms making Turkey more of a liberal democracy. In 1934 he was officially named Atatürk, "father of the Turks."