Global midterm review

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quick review of the vocab and concepts covered in the first half of the year

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Global midterm review

  1. 1. Global midterm review
  2. 2. The Social Studies <ul><li>Historian: Person who studies the past through researching & creating documents </li></ul><ul><li>Economi$t: Person who studies how limited resources are allocated to satisfy unlimited needs </li></ul><ul><li>Geographer: Someone who studies the earth’s physical environment and human habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Political Scientist: person who studies governments </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Social Studies <ul><li>Sociologist: Person who studies & classifies the ways humans behave in groups </li></ul><ul><li>Anthropologist: Person who studies the origins and social relationships of people </li></ul><ul><li>Archeologist: Person who studies ancient civilizations by examining the materials they left behind. </li></ul>Study people & primates Study objects &artifacts
  4. 4. Sources <ul><li>Primary Source: </li></ul><ul><li>Document created by someone who was there as event was happening </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Picture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secondary Source </li></ul><ul><li>Document created by someone who wasn’t there as the event was happening </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Textbook </li></ul></ul>VS.
  5. 5. Cultural Diffusion <ul><li>Definition: The movement of customs & ideas from one culture to another. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Spread of Buddhism along the Silk Road </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ethnocentrism <ul><li>Definition: Belief in the superiority of one’s own ethnic group. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Chinese referred to their country as the “Middle Kingdom” (center of the world). All other people were considered “barbarians” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Minoans, Phoenicians Isolate societies, encourage trade Islands Indian monsoon traders Act as barriers and trade routes Oceans Persian Empire Flat areas easy to farm and travel along Plains Gobi desert in China Act as barriers Deserts Greek city-states Act as barriers Mountains Nile in Egypt Provides fresh water for drinking, trade, irrigation Rivers Specific Example Impact Geographic Feature
  8. 8. Maps <ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul>VS.
  9. 9. III. Early Humans/Neolithic Revolution Larger societies organized around farmlands Cities Government Writing Domestication of plants and animals (farming) Small groups of hunters and gatherers Short, difficult lives Life After the Neolithic Revolution The Neolithic Revolution Life Before the Neolithic Revolution
  10. 10. Early River Valley Civilizations Based on trade & farming Emperor (centralized government) Hierarchical society Polytheistic religion Literate Huang He (Yellow River) Based on trade & farming Centralized government Hierarchical society Polytheistic religion Literate Indus River Valley/Harappa Based on trade & farming King (centralized government) Hierarchical society Polytheistic religion Literate Mesopotamia Based on trade & farming King (Pharaoh) (centralized government) Hierarchical society Polytheistic religion Literate Egypt Economic Characteristics Political Characteristics Social Characteristics River Valley Civilization
  11. 11. Common Themes
  12. 12. Define: Monotheism <ul><li>Belief in a single god </li></ul><ul><li>Examples? </li></ul>The Bible (New Testament) 5 Pillars
  13. 13. Buddhism What’s my name?
  14. 14. The caste system
  15. 15. Polytheism
  16. 16. The holy book of Judaism The Torah
  17. 17. The 5 Relationships of Confucianism 1) King to subject 2) Father to son 4) Older sibling to younger sibling 5) Friend to friend 3) Husband to wife
  18. 18. The 3 major monotheistic religions
  19. 19. Hinduism
  20. 20. Right now <ul><li>Pass your homework forward and to the right </li></ul><ul><li>Take out your review sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Help before or after school? </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Four Noble Truths <ul><li>1. Life means suffering. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The origin of suffering is desire. </li></ul><ul><li>3. The end of suffering is attainable. </li></ul><ul><li>4. There is a path to the end of suffering. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>The founder of Judaism </li></ul>
  23. 25. Yin & Yang <ul><li>Forces of yin, yang interact, complement each other; change, evolve </li></ul><ul><li> - yin (black)—cold, dark, mysterious </li></ul><ul><li> - yang (white)—warm, bright </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding yin and yang helped people find place in the world </li></ul>
  24. 26. What role did Confucianism play in China’s development? <ul><li>Confucianism set out family and social roles </li></ul><ul><li>- following these roles helped Chinese avoid conflict and live peacefully </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers tried to live up to Confucius’ model </li></ul><ul><li>Confucius encouraged education, creating fair and skilled officials (Civil Service) </li></ul>
  25. 27. Pilgrimage to Mecca There is no God but Allah Daily prayer Religious taxes Fasting during Ramadan
  26. 28. Who brought Hinduism to India?
  27. 29. Why was Buddhism appealing to Hindus?
  28. 30. Confucianism
  29. 31. Animism
  30. 33. China’s Dynastic Cycle <ul><li>New Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Brings Peace </li></ul><ul><li>(Re)builds Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Gives land to peasants </li></ul><ul><li>Protects people </li></ul>Generations go by, New Dynasty becomes… <ul><li>Old Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Taxes become too high </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t protect people </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure decays </li></ul><ul><li>People treated poorly </li></ul><ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Floods, earthquakes </li></ul><ul><li>Peasant revolts </li></ul><ul><li>Invaders attack </li></ul><ul><li>Bandits raid countryside </li></ul>New Dynasty claims Mandate of Heaven Old Dynasty loses Mandate of Heaven
  31. 34. How did emperors gain power in China?
  32. 35. Organization of Chinese government <ul><li>Bureaucracy: people who work for the government </li></ul><ul><li>Civil service  exam meant that only qualified people could work in government </li></ul>
  33. 36. Methods of control in China <ul><li>Feudalism </li></ul>
  34. 37. Early Chinese Accomplishments <ul><li>Road building </li></ul><ul><li>Iron weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Iron tools </li></ul><ul><li>Writing system </li></ul>
  35. 38. China continues to have a strong government and use strict punishment system. the people of China focused on bettering themselves and becoming one with nature Trained civil service Better government Foundation of Chinese government Foundation for social order in Asia Impact on China People are naturally evil and need a strong government and strict punishments to control them accepted things as they were; did not get involved in government Tried to understand nature, live in harmony with its rhythms 5 Relationships Filial Piety (respect for elders & ancestors) Beliefs N/A Dao De Jing The Analects Book Han Feizi Laozi Confucius Founder Legalism Daoism Confucianism Belief System
  36. 39. Famous Greeks <ul><li>Socrates: Father of Western Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Plato: famous philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>Aristotle: philosopher, taught Alex the Great </li></ul><ul><li>Pericles: Leader of Athens during golden age </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander the Great: Macedonian, conquered most of the world… Hellenistic culture </li></ul><ul><li>Homer: wrote the Iliad & Odyssey (basis for Greek cultural tradition </li></ul>
  37. 40. Kinds of Governments <ul><li>Democracy: people vote </li></ul><ul><li>Direct democracy: everyone votes on every law </li></ul><ul><li>Oligarchy: small group of people control country </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchy: one person in charge (king, emperor) </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocracy: small hereditary group of wealthy people control country </li></ul>
  38. 41. Characteristics of Athens <ul><li>Social: </li></ul><ul><li>Political: </li></ul><ul><li>Economic: </li></ul>
  39. 42. Athens vs. Sparta
  40. 43. Ancient Greek Art
  41. 45. Thematic Essay
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