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Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
Economic Systems
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Economic Systems

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traditional, command & market

traditional, command & market

Published in: Business, Spiritual
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Transcript

  • 1. Economic Systems
  • 2. All Economic Systems seek to answer the three basic economic questions
    • 1) What to produce?
    • 2)How to produce?
    • 3) For whom to produce?
  • 3. Traditional Economies
    • Basic economic questions answered by
    • Ritual, Habit, and Custom
  • 4. Traditional economies
    • Individual roles and choices are defined by the customs of elders and ancestors
    • These economies are usually based in societies of hunter/gatherers
    • Sharing is a big part of these economies
  • 5. Examples of traditional economies
    • Australian aborigines
  • 6. The Mbuti in Central Africa
  • 7. The Inuit of Northern Canada
  • 8. How do traditional economies answer the three basic questions?
    • 1) What to produce? Whatever ritual, habit or custom dictates
    • 2) How to produce? However ritual, habit or custom dictate
    • 3) For whom to produce? For whomever ritual, habit or custom dictate
  • 9. Advantages of traditional economy
    • There is little or no uncertainty…everyone knows what role to play.
    • Life is generally stable, predictable, and continuous
  • 10. Disadvantages of Traditional economies
    • Tend to discourage new ideas and new ways of doing things
    • Lack of progress lowers standard of living
  • 11. Command Economies
    • Basic economic questions answered by the government (central authority)
  • 12. Examples of command economies
    • Only two command economies left
    • All others have mixed in market economy with their command structure (China)
  • 13.  
  • 14. North Korea
  • 15. How do command economies answer the basic economic questions?
    • 1) What to produce? Whatever the government says to produce
    • 2) How to produce? However the government tells you to produce
    • 3) For whom to produce? For whomever the government tells you to produce (ideally the entire society)
  • 16. Advantages to command economy
    • Because the government has total control over production and its factors, these economies can change rapidly. Whatever is needed most will be produced.
    • There is no uncertainty (people are told when and how to work)
    • Free education, health care, and other public services
  • 17. Disadvantages of command economies
    • Economy designed to meet needs not wants
    • No incentive to work hard…people don’t often lose their jobs, so they do the bare minimum to get by
    • Large bureaucracy means slow decision making, raises cost of production, lacks flexibility
    • No reward for initiative slows progress
  • 18. Market Economies
    • Basic economic questions answered by consumers
    • Dollars=Votes
  • 19. Examples of market economies
    • USA, Canada, UK, etc. etc.
  • 20. Advantages of Market Economies
    • Adjusts to change based on consumer wants
    • High degree of individual freedom
    • Low levels of government interference
    • Because individuals (with money) make the decisions, everyone (with money) has a voice in the way the economy runs
    • Wide variety of available goods & services
    • Many choices=high degree of consumer satisfaction
  • 21. Disadvantages of Market Economies
    • Poverty: only those with money can participate
    • Market does not provide for people’s basic needs. Governments must attempt to do this (think Katrina, Minneapolis bridge, etc.)
    • High degree of uncertainty people lose jobs, businesses fail
    • Greed based system puts profit before people (think about the loss of manufacturing jobs right here in Buffalo. What caused it?)
  • 22. What kind of economy do the U.S.A., Canada, and the U.K. really have?
    • Are they truly Free market Economies?
    • Does the government regulate businesses?
    • Does the government control any businesses?
  • 23. Mixed Economic systems
    • There is no such thing as a true laissez faire economy
    • Why?

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