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Unicef   leadership & the college union handout
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Unicef leadership & the college union handout

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  • 1. Leadership DefinedBy the Higher Education Research Institute (1996)A leader is not necessarily a person who holds some formal position of leadership or who is perceived as a leader by others. Rather, a leader is one who is able to affect positive change for the betterment of others, the community, and society. All people, in other words, are potential leaders. Moreover, the process of leadership cannot be described simply in terms of the behavior of an individual. Rather, leadership involves collaborative relationships that lead to collective action grounded in the shared values of people who work together to affect positive change.Leadership is a ProcessAdapted from “Leadership Identity Development Stages” (2006)LEADERSHIP AWARENESSa leader is someone out there, not meLEADERSHIP EXPLOREDI am involved, maybe I could be a leaderLEADERSHIP Identifiedleaders lead and followers followLEADERSHIP DIfferentiatedwe do leadership togetherLEADERSHIP SUSTAINEDas a leader, I am responsible to serveLEADERSHIP INTEGRATEDI have internalized a perspective of leadershipSocial Change Model of Leadership DevelopmentFrom Susan Komives, et al., Leadership for a Better World (2009)KEY ASSUMPTIONS OF THE MODELLeadership is concerned with effecting change on behalf of others and societyLeadership is collaborativeLeadership is a process rather than a positionLeadership should be values-basedAll students (not just those that hold formal leadership positions) are potential leadersService is a powerful vehicle for developing students’ leadership skills CRITICAL VALUES OF LEADERSHIP AT THREE LEVELSIndividualConsciousness of Self being aware of the beliefs, values, attitudes, and emotions that motivate one to actCongruence thinking, feeling, and behaving with consistency, genuineness, authenticity, and honesty toward othersCommitment psychic energy that motivates the individual to serve and that drives the collective effort; commitment implies passion, intensity, and durationGroupCollaboration to work with others in a common effort; it constitutes the cornerstone value of the group leadership effort because it empowers self and others through trustCommon Purpose to work with shared aims and values; it facilitates the group’s ability to engage in collective analysis of the issues at hand and the task to be undertakenControversy with Civilityrecognizes two fundamental realities of any creative group effort: (1) differences in viewpoints are inevitable, (2) such differences must be aired openly but with civilitySocietalCitizenship the process whereby the individual and the collaborative group become responsibly connected to the community and the society through the leadership development activityFive Practices for Exemplary LeadersBy James Kouzes & Barry Posner (2008)MODEL THE WAYFIND YOUR VOICE by clarifying your personal valuesSET THE EXAMPLE by aligning actions with shared valuesSample statements:I set the personal example of what I expect from other peopleI talk about the values and principles that guide my actionsI follow through on the promises and commitments I makeinspire a shared visionENVISION THE FUTURE by imagining exciting and ennobling possibilitiesENLIST OTHERS by appealing to shared aspirationsSample statements:I describe to others what our organization should be capable of accomplishingI talk with others about how their interests can be met by working toward a common goalI speak with conviction about the higher purpose and meaning of what we are doingchallenge the processSEARCH FOR OPPORTUNITIES by seeking innovative ways to change and improve EXPERIMENT & TAKE RISKS by generating small wins and learning from mistakesSample statements:I take initiative in experimenting with the way we can do things in our organizationI look around for ways to develop and challenge my skills and abilitiesI question routines and the status quo to improve the organizationenable others to actFOSTER COLLABORATION by promoting cooperative goals and building trustSTRENGTHEN OTHERS by sharing power and discretionSample statements:I support the decisions that other people in our organization make on their ownI foster cooperative rather than competitive relationships among the people I work withI provide opportunities for others to take on new tasks and responsibilitiesencourage the heartRECOGNIZE CONTRIBUTIONS by showing appreciation for individual excellence CELEBRATE VALUES & VICTORIES by creating a spirit of communitySample statements:I make it a point to publicly praise people for a job well doneI call attention to and reinforce key organization valuesI give people in our organization support and express appreciation for their contributions

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