Ch 08 active_lecture_questions

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  • Answer: d. articulation site
  • Answer: c. Fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
  • Answer: b. Slightly movable
  • Answer: a. Sutures
  • Answer: a. longer; greater
  • Answer: b. Synchondrosis and symphysis
  • Answer: d. Synchondrosis
  • Answer: c. Symphysis
  • Answer: a. diarthrotic
  • Answer: d. Synovial membrane
  • Answer: c. bursae
  • Answer: d. multiaxial movement
  • Answer: c. flexion
  • Answer: a. Plantar flexion
  • Answer: b. Hinge
  • Answer: a. knee
  • Answer: b. lateral
  • Answer: a. shoulder
  • Answer: d. both a and b.
  • Answer: a. osteoarthritis
  • Ch 08 active_lecture_questions

    1. 1. 8 Joints
    2. 2. The site where two or more bones meet is called a(n) ________. <ul><li>cartilage connection site </li></ul><ul><li>alignment site </li></ul><ul><li>auriculation site </li></ul><ul><li>articulation site </li></ul>
    3. 3. Which of the following correctly lists the three structural types of joints? <ul><li>Bony, cartilaginous, immovable </li></ul><ul><li>Synarthrotic, diarthrotic, amphiarthrotic </li></ul><ul><li>Fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial </li></ul><ul><li>Sutures, syndesmoses, gomphoses </li></ul>
    4. 4. An amphiarthrotic joint exhibits which level of movement? <ul><li>Immovable </li></ul><ul><li>Slightly movable </li></ul><ul><li>Freely movable </li></ul><ul><li>Slightly immovable </li></ul>
    5. 5. Of the following types of joints, which type occurs only in the skull? <ul><li>Suture </li></ul><ul><li>Ball and socket </li></ul><ul><li>Hinge </li></ul><ul><li>Symphysis </li></ul>
    6. 6. The ___________ the ligament fibers of a syndesmosis, the _______ the degree of movement. <ul><li>longer; greater </li></ul><ul><li>longer; smaller </li></ul><ul><li>shorter; greater </li></ul><ul><li>wider; smaller </li></ul>
    7. 7. Which of the following describes the two types of cartilaginous joints? <ul><li>Syndesmosis and gomphosis </li></ul><ul><li>Synchondrosis and symphysis </li></ul><ul><li>Ball and socket and hinge </li></ul><ul><li>Symphysis and syndesmosis </li></ul>
    8. 8. Which of the following joints is a site of long bone growth? <ul><li>Symphysis </li></ul><ul><li>Ball and socket </li></ul><ul><li>Gomphosis </li></ul><ul><li>Synchondrosis </li></ul>
    9. 9. When someone has “slipped a disc” of their vertebral column, which type of joint have they disrupted? <ul><li>Synchondrosis </li></ul><ul><li>Suture </li></ul><ul><li>Symphysis </li></ul><ul><li>The connections between the vertebrae are not examples of joints. </li></ul>
    10. 10. All synovial joints are __________. <ul><li>diarthrotic </li></ul><ul><li>amphiarthrotic </li></ul><ul><li>synarthrotic </li></ul><ul><li>none of the above </li></ul>
    11. 11. Which of the following synovial joint components is responsible for secreting synovial fluid? <ul><li>Articular cartilage </li></ul><ul><li>Synovial cavity </li></ul><ul><li>Articular capsule </li></ul><ul><li>Synovial membrane </li></ul>
    12. 12. Much of the friction associated with synovial joints is reduced by the presence of __________. <ul><li>tendons </li></ul><ul><li>fatty pads </li></ul><ul><li>bursae </li></ul><ul><li>fibrous capsules </li></ul>
    13. 13. The greatest degree of motion that synovial joints display is described as _________. <ul><li>nonaxial movement </li></ul><ul><li>uniaxial movement </li></ul><ul><li>biaxial movement </li></ul><ul><li>multiaxial movement </li></ul>
    14. 14. When you raise your hand superiorly to correctly answer a question, that movement type is an example of _______. <ul><li>extension </li></ul><ul><li>protraction </li></ul><ul><li>pronation </li></ul><ul><li>abduction </li></ul>
    15. 15. Pointing your toes downward is described as which type of movement? <ul><li>Plantar flexion </li></ul><ul><li>Dorsiflexion </li></ul><ul><li>Pronation </li></ul><ul><li>Supination </li></ul>
    16. 16. This type of synovial joint can be seen when you bend your index finger to motion someone forward. <ul><li>Plane </li></ul><ul><li>Hinge </li></ul><ul><li>Pivot </li></ul><ul><li>Condyloid </li></ul>
    17. 17. The ________ joint is the largest and most complex of the body. <ul><li>knee </li></ul><ul><li>shoulder </li></ul><ul><li>hip </li></ul><ul><li>elbow </li></ul>
    18. 18. The knee joint is most susceptible to injury when _________ blows are applied to the knee. <ul><li>vertical </li></ul><ul><li>lateral </li></ul><ul><li>posterior </li></ul><ul><li>inferior </li></ul>
    19. 19. An injury common to baseball players is a torn rotator cuff. This collection of muscles and tendons is associated with the _________ joint. <ul><li>shoulder </li></ul><ul><li>elbow </li></ul><ul><li>hip </li></ul><ul><li>knee </li></ul>
    20. 20. The most common joint injuries include: <ul><li>sprains. </li></ul><ul><li>dislocations. </li></ul><ul><li>cartilage injuries. </li></ul><ul><li>both a and b. </li></ul>
    21. 21. The most common form of chronic arthritis is _________. <ul><li>osteoarthritis </li></ul><ul><li>rheumatoid arthritis </li></ul><ul><li>gouty arthritis </li></ul><ul><li>subluxation </li></ul>

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