Does Springfield Ohio’s Hispanic residential patterns follow the current trends of metropolitan cities or micropolitan are...
Black Residential Segregation…<br /><ul><li> Blacks are generally more segregated then Whites, Hispanics and Asians
Black families earning $50,000 a year are just as segregated as those who make $2,500 (Denton and Massy 1988)</li></li></u...
Black segregation has decreased over time (Timeberlake 2002)</li></li></ul><li>Definitions…<br /><ul><li>Hispanic is defin...
 Metropolitan city, has a minimum population of 50,000 or an urbanized area and a total population of at least 100,000 res...
Old Metropolitan city, has a minimum population of 50,000 which was reached in 19th century early 20th century.</li></li><...
Residential disadvantage for the purpose of this study is measured by median household income and educational attainment. ...
Hispanics living in metropolitan areas has decreased from 59.5% in the 1980s to 51.4% in 2000; however, segregation stayed...
 The age of city influancedHispanic segregation (Logan et al, 2004).  </li></li></ul><li>Hispanic Residential Segregation ...
Income disadvantage between Hispanics and Whites is only $10,000 as compared to $20,000 in metropolitan cities (Wahl et al...
To understand Hispanic Segregation in the Midwest I will look at the Hispanic Segregation in Springfield, Ohio
Does Springfield’s Hispanic residential segregation follow trends of Metropolitan cities or Micropolitan areas?</li></li><...
To measure Springfield's Hispanic disadvantage I found the  Hispanic median household income and educational attainment fo...
Compared them to National Hispanic median household income and educational attainment
Compared the averaged Springfield's Hispanic median household income and educational attainment to Springfield majority Wh...
Hispanics represent 1.2% of the population</li></li></ul><li>Table 1: Hispanic Disadvantage in Springfield, Ohio’s <br />H...
Table 2: Springfield, Ohio’s Hispanic Disadvantage <br />in comparison to National Levels<br />
Table 3: Springfield, Ohio’s Hispanic Disadvantage <br />in comparison to Springfield’s White and Black Disadvantage<br />
Conclusion…<br /><ul><li> Springfield does not follow all the Hispanic segregation patterns of a metropolitan city.
Springfield does not follow all the Hispanic segregation patterns of a mircopolitan area. </li></li></ul><li>Implications…...
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Hispanic Residental Segregation In Springfield Ohio

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Hispanic Residental Segregation In Springfield Ohio

  1. 1. Does Springfield Ohio’s Hispanic residential patterns follow the current trends of metropolitan cities or micropolitan areas?<br />Emily Beavers<br />Wittenberg University<br />December 2007 <br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Black Residential Segregation…<br /><ul><li> Blacks are generally more segregated then Whites, Hispanics and Asians
  4. 4. Black families earning $50,000 a year are just as segregated as those who make $2,500 (Denton and Massy 1988)</li></li></ul><li>Black Residential Segregation...<br /><ul><li>Blacks experience slightly less segregation in Suburbs
  5. 5. Black segregation has decreased over time (Timeberlake 2002)</li></li></ul><li>Definitions…<br /><ul><li>Hispanic is defined as “a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or some other Hispanic origin.”
  6. 6. Metropolitan city, has a minimum population of 50,000 or an urbanized area and a total population of at least 100,000 residents
  7. 7. Old Metropolitan city, has a minimum population of 50,000 which was reached in 19th century early 20th century.</li></li></ul><li>Definitions…<br /><ul><li>Micropolitan areas are classified areas with urban clusters with a core with a population from 10,000 to 50,000 people (Wahl et al 2007)</li></li></ul><li>Definitions ...<br /><ul><li> Residential segregation is “the degrees to which two or more groups live separately from one another, in different parts of the urban environment” (Massey and Denton 1988).
  8. 8. Residential disadvantage for the purpose of this study is measured by median household income and educational attainment. </li></li></ul><li>Hispanic Residential Segregation…<br /><ul><li>The population of Hispanics has increased 146% between 1980 and 2000 to a current population of 35.3 million (Johnston et al)
  9. 9. Hispanics living in metropolitan areas has decreased from 59.5% in the 1980s to 51.4% in 2000; however, segregation stayed around 50% (Logan et al 2004). </li></li></ul><li>Hispanic Residential Segregation in Metropolitan Areas…<br /><ul><li> Hispanic residential segregation increase when Hispanic income increases (Velez and Martin, 2004).
  10. 10. The age of city influancedHispanic segregation (Logan et al, 2004). </li></li></ul><li>Hispanic Residential Segregation in Micropolitan Areas…<br /><ul><li>Decreases in segregation is caused by an increase in Hispanic income (Wahl et al 2007)
  11. 11. Income disadvantage between Hispanics and Whites is only $10,000 as compared to $20,000 in metropolitan cities (Wahl et al 2007)</li></li></ul><li>The problem…<br /><ul><li>Most studies on Hispanic Segregation are on big cities. Most studies ignore the Midwest
  12. 12. To understand Hispanic Segregation in the Midwest I will look at the Hispanic Segregation in Springfield, Ohio
  13. 13. Does Springfield’s Hispanic residential segregation follow trends of Metropolitan cities or Micropolitan areas?</li></li></ul><li>Methods…<br /><ul><li>Used American Fact Finder to Identify census tracts in Springfield with High Hispanic Segregation: Census Tract 2, 6, 8 13, 24.01
  14. 14. To measure Springfield's Hispanic disadvantage I found the Hispanic median household income and educational attainment for the tracts above</li></li></ul><li>Methods…<br /><ul><li>Averaged the median household income of all the census tracts and educational attainment of census tracts 2, 6, 8
  15. 15. Compared them to National Hispanic median household income and educational attainment
  16. 16. Compared the averaged Springfield's Hispanic median household income and educational attainment to Springfield majority White tract and Springfield majority Black tract</li></li></ul><li>Results…<br /><ul><li>Springfield, Ohio is an old metropolitan city
  17. 17. Hispanics represent 1.2% of the population</li></li></ul><li>Table 1: Hispanic Disadvantage in Springfield, Ohio’s <br />High Percentage Hispanic Tract<br />
  18. 18. Table 2: Springfield, Ohio’s Hispanic Disadvantage <br />in comparison to National Levels<br />
  19. 19. Table 3: Springfield, Ohio’s Hispanic Disadvantage <br />in comparison to Springfield’s White and Black Disadvantage<br />
  20. 20. Conclusion…<br /><ul><li> Springfield does not follow all the Hispanic segregation patterns of a metropolitan city.
  21. 21. Springfield does not follow all the Hispanic segregation patterns of a mircopolitan area. </li></li></ul><li>Implications…<br /><ul><li> Springfield’s Hispanics have low rates of educational attainments, compared to others in Springfield, and Hispanic national levels.
  22. 22. Hispanics educational attainment increases, their income increases</li></li></ul><li>Implications…<br /><ul><li> The best way Springfield can help Hispanics is to enact policy to further their education.
  23. 23. Specifically, they could include more English as Second Language classes, and city school sponsored GED classes taught in Spanish. </li></li></ul><li>Limitations and Need for Further Study…<br /><ul><li> Springfield had such a small Hispanic population, my research was limited
  24. 24. Census Data from 2000, which would not include recent Hispanic population increases
  25. 25. The 2010 Census will provide more information about the increased Hispanic population. At that time, a more through study can conducted. </li>
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