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Roy steiner   ebbf - bill and melinda gates presentation Roy steiner ebbf - bill and melinda gates presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Contributing to Global Prosperity•  Roy Steiner © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation |
  • The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. Overview
  • Core Belief of the Bill & MelindaGates Foundation: All Lives HaveEqual Value © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 3
  • How We Got Started 1997 2000 2006Bill and Melinda They officially Warren Buffett read an article create the decides to giveabout rotavirus. foundation. Berkshire Hathaway stock. © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 4
  • Our Grantmaking Areas50%Global Health Column1 25% Global DevelopmentProgram ProgramDiscover, develop, Increasing opportunitiesand deliver lifesaving for people in developinghealth solutions to countries to lift themselves out of hunger and povertythe people who needthem most. 25% United States Program Greater opportunity for all Americans through the attainment of secondary and$2.8 billion in grants in 2008; ~$20 billion since inception postsecondary education © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 5
  • Wealth is praiseworthy in the highest degree, if it is acquired by an individuals own efforts and the grace of God, in commerce, agriculture, art and industry, and if it be expended for philanthropic purposes. Above all, if a judicious and resourceful individual should initiate measures which would universally enrich the masses of the people, there could be no undertaking greater than this, and it would rank in the sight of God as the supreme achievement, for such a benefactor would supply the needs and insure the comfort and well-being of a great multitude.(Abdul-Baha, The Secret of Divine Civilization, p. 24) © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 6
  • Giving Pledge © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 7
  • Why Agriculture?
  • Importance of Agriculture“Special regard must be paid toagriculture. Although it hathbeen mentioned in the fifthplace, unquestionably itprecedeth the others”1) The lesser peace,2) Education of children,3) Common language,4) Promotion of fellowship(Bahaullah, Tablets of Bahaullah, p. 90) © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 9
  • The Transformative Powerof Agriculture For the poor, agriculture has special poverty-reducing benefits.•  Agriculture growth is 2–4 8 Expenditure gains induced by 1% GDP growth, % times more effective for the 6 poor than non-agricultural 4 Agriculture growth.•  Reducing hunger and 2 Non-agriculture poverty on a large scale 0 starts with improving -2 agricultural development. Lowest 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Highest Expenditure deciles © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 10
  • Agriculture’s Impact IgnoredDespite its importance, agriculture has been neglectedover the last several decades by both developing anddonor countries—especially in sub-Saharan Africa.Sub-Saharan African Gov’ts Donors Average yield for a farmer in:35% 35%30% 30% Sub-Saharan Africa25% 25%20% 20% India15% 15% China10% 10%5% 5% United States0% 0% Agriculture as Agricultural 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 % of GDP spending as % 1985 2006 Tons of cereal per acre of gov’t budget © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 11
  • Food System under stress, out ofbalance•  Environmental sustainability – water, soil, bio-diversity•  Climate change•  Population growth / rising food demand•  800 million undernourished and 800m obese © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 12
  • System Approach to Small holder Farmers’ Needs We take a comprehensive approach, from seed to plate.1. Science and Technology 2. Farmer Productivity 3. Market Access•  Crop improvement •  Seeds •  Soil health •  Access to information•  Crop management •  Water management •  Extension •  Access to new and•  Discovery science •  Education and training existing markets •  •  Structured demand 4. Policy and Statistics• Data and statistics • Research and analysis • Advocacy and policy change • Learning and improvement © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 13
  • People are at the center of Change
  • What is the right goal ?
  • Causal Maps – Theory of Change Sustainable Agro- ecology Child Nutrition Social Incentives Food / nutrient Immediate Short Health routes intake causes Adapted Improved Inputs Sustainable Maternal Water / Distribution Productivity Access and sanitation UnderlyingR&D Adoption (TSFP) to food childcare health Agcauses practices services Income Knowledge Information Long Ag Institutions routes Household Income Market Political and ideological framework Resilience Basic Incentives (FSP causes Economic structure Access to Resources environment, technology, people Financial Services © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation |
  • © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 17
  • Consultation and communitydialogue“No welfare and no well-beingcan be attained except throughconsultation." Baha’u’llah © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 18
  • AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENTLearning, Listening, Testing and Evolving
  • Pradan © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 20
  • “…answers to problems lie within the community,grantees and community stakeholders are suited toplay a role in setting the agenda for leadingchange….” Do Nothing About Me Without Me Iterate between phases based on customer feedback • Build trust, understand • Designs appropriate for • Mobilize resources • Full scale dreams, build hope intended customers • Coordinate & scale up implementation • Develop cultural • Learn from early via “best” partnerships • Phase transfer of costs, sensitivity successes & failures • Collaborate between skills, & responsibilities • Seek user insights • Identify partners early private, public, and civil • Ensure resources • Identify early • Prove the concept sectors endure the test of time advocates/adopters • Engage advocates • Mobilize early adopter • Solidify partnerships populations
  • “if a person be versed in the arts and every branch of knowledge, … not be directed by a pure intent, and be engrossed in the life of the flesh—then he is harm personified, and nothing will come of all his learning and intellectual accomplishments but scandal and torment.” 22
  • © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 23
  • Social Integration and Justice"No man can attain his truestation except through hisjustice. No power can existexcept through unity. Nowelfare and no well-beingcan be attained exceptthrough consultation." © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 24
  • Impact of women’s status on infant underweight (data from household surveys)Source:  Smith  et.  al.  2003,  IFPRI  Research  Report  131   © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation |
  • Contributions to infant under-nutrition reductions1970-95, 63 developing countries Smith and Haddad 2000 © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 26
  • Girl Effect © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 27
  • Change needed -Encouraging Trends  Increased Resources  System perspectives  Build local capacity  Be in it for the long term  Ensure feedback and accountability  Apply spiritual principles © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 28
  • Photo: Akintunde Akinleye © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation |
  • Photo: Glenna Gordon © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation |
  • APPLAB  UGANDA  &   THE  COMMUNITY   KNOWLEDGE  WORKER   INITIATIVE   Sean  Paavo  Krepp   Uganda  Country  DBill & Melinda Gates Foundationroject  Lead   © 2009 irector  -­‐  CKW  P | 31
  • © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 32
  • © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 33
  •   The importance of agriculture   Everyone can apply spiritual principles to the development of their communitiesPhoto: Frédéric Courbet © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation |
  • © 2009 Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 35