Presentation File


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Presentation File

  1. 1. Content: or, a Tale of Mass and Malleability David Seaman Executive Director, Digital Library Federation Managing Digital Assets: A Primer for Library and Information Technology Administrators Charleston, February 4-6, 2005
  2. 2. Digital Library Federation <ul><li>Thirty-three members – major academic and national libraries, including The British Library; five allies (CNI; RLG; OCLC; LANL; JISC) </li></ul><ul><li>Created in 1995 by directors of US research libraries; fills a need not simply met by larger library organizations: focus exclusively on DL needs for large academic libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Nimble, agile, collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>Practical and strategic areas of activity </li></ul>
  3. 3. Finding Order in Chaos (embrace the churn) <ul><li>New library disciplines still solidifying; new skills sets and work habits </li></ul><ul><li>Tipping points -- when does a new item move from irrelevant to “surprisingly non-terrible” to indispensable? And how do you know? </li></ul><ul><li>Non-library arbiters of access to scholarship </li></ul><ul><li>Ambition, Ignorance, and Lack of Money </li></ul><ul><li>Seismic events are routine and continuing: Mosaic; eBay; Amazon; Google; wireless; blogs; wikis </li></ul><ul><li>METS; OAI; TEI; XML; DRM; EAD; MODS </li></ul>
  4. 4. New content streams, environments, and opportunities abound <ul><li>Buy, Rent, Build, Link, Stumble across (and never find again) </li></ul><ul><li>Online and offline </li></ul><ul><li>Courseware systems and objects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Library Content and Course Management Systems: Issues of Interoperation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutional repositories </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty projects, presentations, databases </li></ul><ul><li>Richer consortial and grants opportunities </li></ul>
  5. 5. New content acquisition issues <ul><li>Rental of our core collections – journal subscriptions </li></ul><ul><li>No teeth to “permanent access” clauses </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing maintenance costs; what happens in lean times? </li></ul><ul><li>Growing license management challenge </li></ul><ul><li>DLF response -- Electronic Resource Management Initiative (ERMI): </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mass ( ) <ul><ul><li>Digital Opportunity Investment Trust (DO-IT): $20 billion “digital gift to the nation.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Library Federation, the American Library Association, the Association of American Universities, the Association of Public Television Stations, the Association of Research Libraries, the George Lucas Educational Foundation, and EDUCAUSE endorse it, and senior personnel from eBay, Google, IBM, the Internet Archive, RealNetworks, and 3Com all in planning. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whatever happens with it, its arrival on the scene in 2001 spurred us on to think about what we would do in the face of a massive public investment in digital content, tools, evaluation, and learning systems. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Mass (not if but when and by whom ) <ul><ul><li>US Government Printing Office: print documents conversion – 2.2 million items </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carnegie Mellon’s Million Books Project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library of Congress and a group of international libraries from the US, Canada, Egypt, China and the Netherlands to make one million books digitally available on the Internet (Dec 2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Scholar; Google Print. Massive digitizing of library material, in and out of print (Harvard, Oxford, Stanford, Michigan, NYPL). Seven million books agreed to from Michigan alone. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Digital Production <ul><li>Regularized production within the institution – from ad hoc projects to continuous process </li></ul><ul><li>Regional production centers </li></ul><ul><li>DLF/OCLC Registry of Digital Masters </li></ul><ul><li>Standing orders – pipelines and centralized production units </li></ul><ul><li>Special Collections materials a focus of this activity </li></ul><ul><li>A very long tail – surprising usage for materials that have no use in print when locked in academic libraries [Rufus Dawes, Nix’s Mate : 6,000 MS Reader and Palm ebook versions shipped of this novel, August 2000-August 2002 (excluding HTML use). </li></ul><ul><li>Strong library/faculty partnership opportunities </li></ul>
  9. 9. Faculty project examples (a few of many) <ul><li>Mark Twain in His Times http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>Uncle Tom’s Cabin and American Culture http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>The Salem Witch Trials: Documentary Archive http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>The Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the American Civil War ( http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>The Roman de la Rose http:// / </li></ul>
  10. 10. Content standards <ul><li>XML (and its predecessor SGML): great potential for re-use [ example ] </li></ul><ul><li>XML is a core standardized document format -- XML is nimble – it makes re-shaping content easier, even to formats you do not anticipate: UVA: xml to MS Reader and Palm ebook formats: 7 million free ebooks shipped in the first two years (August 2000-August 2002) to over 100 countries </li></ul><ul><li>TIFF and GIF/JPEG for images </li></ul><ul><li>Audio and video firming up </li></ul><ul><li>Good guidance available on preservation and production practices (DLF; PADI; NARA; New Zealand National Library) </li></ul><ul><li>Need to know for collection building, grants, and projects – accidental ephemera a bad thing </li></ul>
  11. 11. From Isolation to Integration <ul><li>Every publisher (and library production unit?) is an island; we produce silos of data that plays badly with others. A good silo is a lovely thing – but not sufficient always. </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries don’t shelve by publisher and users don’t work this way – runs counter to our normal patterns of behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Little ability to work with content (and often with metadata) cross-publisher and cross-aggregator. </li></ul><ul><li>We build product that can only appear on our terms, in our interfaces, in our tools, on our site. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Bend it, shape it – rip mix burn <ul><li>Malleability : We need digital library content to be much easier for us to re-shape for local customized delivery and analysis. </li></ul><ul><li>Mixability: we invite our users to visit sites and watch content channels (TV) ; they want to sample, re-use and re-package as a personal library, a classroom presentation (the music mix) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Aquifer <ul><li>DLF Strategic Goal – a Distributed Open Digital Library: </li></ul><ul><li>New level of interdependence </li></ul><ul><li>Two-phase Finding System, initially OAI </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Object Sharing for richer library services and better scholarship </li></ul><ul><li>New infrastructure and data creation needs – what are the characteristics of sharable content? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Closing <ul><li>Need to think strategically and focus on our core mission to advance pedagogy and scholarship </li></ul><ul><li>Any library that can be replaced by Google, should be. </li></ul><ul><li>The transformation from isolation to integration is our central challenge and opportunity– with some enormous payoffs when we get it right. </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative users need malleable content with which to innovate; need to learn to re-shape content in a mutable library. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Closing <ul><li>Standards abound, and we are getting better at applying them in ways that work across institutions </li></ul><ul><li>The days of competing on access are over – context, services, convenience, cataloging, research skills, long-term thinking are our edge. </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration is not just a nice thing – it is a survival mechanism </li></ul><ul><li>Managing digital content over time is a tough business – and we are equipped to do it. </li></ul>