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HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
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HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean

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  • 1. HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
  • 2. hu.mane (adjective)
    • Showing kindness and sympathy
    • Inflicting as little pain as possible
    • Characterized by tenderness, compassion and sympathy for people and animals, especially for the suffering or distressed.
  • 3. North American Fur Species
    • Badger
    • Beaver
    • Bobcat
    • Chinchilla
    • Coyote
    • Ermine
    • Fisher
    • Fox
    • Lynx
    • Marten
    • Mink
    • Muskrat
    • Rabbit
    • Raccoon
    • Sable
    • Wolf
    www.americanlegend.com
  • 4. Fur Types Beaver Lynx Raccoon Fox Skunk www.i-fur.com
  • 5. www.ebay.com “ Never wear anything that panics the cat.” - P.J. O'Rourke
  • 6. Fur Products
    • Coats
    • Jacket Trimmings
    • Hand Bags
    • Hats
    • Scarves
    • Gloves
    • Slippers/Boots
    • Blankets
    • Miniature clothing
    Images from www.ebay.com
  • 7. Images from www.ebay.com
  • 8. Trapping www.livesearch.com/images
  • 9. Types of Traps
    • Steel Jaw leg traps
    • Spring traps
    • Neck snares
    • Drowning sets
    • Cage traps
    www.infurmation.com
  • 10. Types of Traps www.livesearch.com/images www.wikipedia.org
  • 11. Trapping Statistics http://dnr.state.il.us/orc/Wildliferesources/surveyW/WD/FURSUMM.0304.pdf
  • 12. Trapping Statistics http://dnr.state.il.us/orc/Wildliferesources/surveyW/WD/FURSUMM.0304.pdf
  • 13. Farming
    • Approximately 1,200 farms in N.A.
    • Several species farmed, but 95% of market is fox and mink.
    • Mostly small farms
    http://www.furisdead.com/page/indoorcage.jpg
  • 14. Farming - Problems
    • Inhumane conditions :
    • cramped holds
    • not in natural environment
    • self mutilation
    • inbreeding
    • Inhumane methods :
    • weedicide
    • neckbreaking
    • electrocution via genitalia
    http://www.american.edu/TED/images2/CAGED_FO.gif
  • 15. Figures
    • Estimated 31 million animals killed for pelt annually worldwide (mostly mink and fox).
    • In North America estimated 3-5 million trapped annually for pelt.
    • 3.8 million animals killed annually ($113 million value) on farms across North America.
  • 16. In Canada
    • 60,000 trappers (25,000 aboriginal)
    • 5,000 farmers, retailers, manufacturers, dressers etc.
    • Fur trade worth $800 million annually
    • Culturally, socially and economically important in many regions
    • Decline in trapping since 1970’s
  • 17. History
    • Aboriginal period – culture- subsistence trapping
    • Used pelts for clothing
    www.canadianencylcopedia.ca www.canadianencylcopedia.ca
  • 18. History
    • Market Demand:
    • (1578) Europeans trade with Natives for pelts.
    • Organized Industry:
    • (1599) Attempts by the French to organize fur trade
    • (1613) Organization. Fur farms established to supply market demands.
  • 19. Fur trade
  • 20. History
      • (1673) Ontario Fur trading post established.
    • (Late 1700’s – early 1800’s) Market industries became more civilized and resulted in more trading posts being established. Saskatchewan, Nebraska, Michigan among others.
    www.wikipedia.org
  • 21. Trading Post www.trappertraining.com
  • 22. Religious Aspect
    • Muslim: Halal (Arabic meaning “permissible”)
    • Objective: To make the slaughter more humane by reducing the suffering of the animal.
    • Method:
    • Sharpen knife before each slaughter
    • Do not slaughter an animal in the presence of other animals
  • 23. Early attempts to be humane
    • A few principles:
    • Use best available kill-type trap
    • Check traps regularly
    • Share information with new trappers
  • 24. Regulations
    • Fur Farm Act BC
    • Obtain a license
    • Proper record keeping
    • Good animal health and hygiene (vaccination, adequate food and water)
    • Holding area regulations
    • Equipment regulations
  • 25. Organizations
    • Association for the Protection of Fur Bearing Animals (APFA)
    • Canadian Association for Humane Trapping (CAHT)
    • Fur Industry of Canada (FIC) (1983)
  • 26. FIC
    • Objective: Trapping research for different species (kill time reduction).
    • Led to:
    • 1997 Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards (AIHTS)
  • 27. Humane Euthanization
    • AIHTS
    • Trapping:
    • (2000) Identify types of trap permissible
    • (2001) Ban steel jaw leg traps for many species
    • (2002) Certification and standardization of traps (no jaw, teeth, hook, claw) but recommend padded.
    • Farms:
    • Mink - Use tanks filled with CO or CO 2
    • Fox – Use of lethal injection
  • 28. Case Study: Seal Hunt
    • Hunted by First Nations for generations
    • Annual seal hunt in Canada.
    • “ Many have criticized the hunt as being cruel but defenders of the hunt and Canadian biologists state that it is humane and sustainable, although the hunt involves bludgeoning the seals.”
    • Government Survey results:
    • 2/3 support if regulations are enforced
    • 3/4 not opposed to the seal hunt
    • 1/4 opposed to the seal hunt
    • Products from Canadian seal hunt banned in USA
  • 29. Case Study: Seal Hunt
    • Is it humane?
    • Hunting of whitebacks and bluebacks vs. adults
    • methods
    www.advocacy.britannica.com
  • 30. Clubbing vs Shooting
    • Clubbing
    • More humane standard set on clubbing than on U.S. slaughterhouses (bleed out)
    • Shooting
    • Idaho and Oklahoma still consider firing squads a viable option for human execution
  • 31. Controversy
    • European Union threatening to ban all seal products coming from Canada
    • PETA and Codpeace
    www.smh.com.au www.community.freespeech.org
  • 32. Human Factor
    • “Disney Syndrome”
    • Popular to oppose seal hunt
    • Wild claims made by activist groups
    www.neoncobra.stumbleupon.com
  • 33. Animal Rights Activists
    • (1980) – PeTA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals)
    • Animal Welfare Concerns:
    • Starved
    • Drowned
    • Suffocated
    • Subjected to intense radiation,
    • hearing impaired,
    • eyes gouged
    • Limbs and organs severely crushed
    www.wikipedia.org
  • 34. APHIS
    • Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
    • In 2001 conducted inspections on 12,000 sites in U.S., 140 deemed incompliant to international standards. (99% compliance rate).
  • 35.
    • Best Friend Forever Campaign
    • Write to: PM Stephen Harper
    • House of Commons
    • Ottawa, Ontario
    • K1A 0A2
    • Donations:
    • Fur Institute of Canada (FIC) www.fur.ca
    • Humane Society of Canada (HSC) www.humanesociety.com
  • 36.
    • “ Our civilization lacks humane feeling. We are humans who are insufficiently humane! We must realize that and seek to find a new spirit.”
    • - Albert Schweitzer
    Do you agree?
  • 37. References
    • 2003-04 Illinois Fur Harvest Survey, Wildlife Resources
    • www.marylandtrappers.com
    • Seals and Sealing in Canada, Atlantic Seal Hunt 2003-2005 Management Plan
    • http://archives.cbc.ca/IDCC-1-73-986-5617/politics_economy/seal_hunt/
    • www.furcouncil.com/GovernmentLetters.aspx
    • www. gov.ns.ca/natr/wildlife/FURBERS/furbs.htm
    • www.fur.ca
    • www.trappertraining.org
    • www.mercyforanimals.org
    • www.humanesociety.com
    • www.all-creatures.org
    • www.americanlegend.com
    • Arkansas Game And Fish Commission, Wildlife Management Division, Annual Report
    • 1999-00 Furbearing Animal Harvest
    • Pictures supplied from:
    • www.americanlegend.com
    • Ebay.com
    • Wikipedia.org
    • www.canadianencyclopedia.ca
    • www.i-fur.com
    • www.trappertraining.com

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