HUMANE   FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
hu.mane  (adjective) <ul><li>Showing kindness and sympathy </li></ul><ul><li>Inflicting as little pain as possible </li></...
North American Fur Species <ul><li>Badger  </li></ul><ul><li>Beaver </li></ul><ul><li>Bobcat </li></ul><ul><li>Chinchilla ...
Fur Types Beaver Lynx Raccoon Fox Skunk www.i-fur.com
www.ebay.com “ Never wear anything that panics the cat.” - P.J. O'Rourke
Fur Products <ul><li>Coats </li></ul><ul><li>Jacket Trimmings </li></ul><ul><li>Hand Bags </li></ul><ul><li>Hats </li></ul...
Images from www.ebay.com
Trapping www.livesearch.com/images
Types of Traps <ul><li>Steel Jaw leg traps </li></ul><ul><li>Spring traps </li></ul><ul><li>Neck snares </li></ul><ul><li>...
Types of Traps www.livesearch.com/images www.wikipedia.org
Trapping Statistics http://dnr.state.il.us/orc/Wildliferesources/surveyW/WD/FURSUMM.0304.pdf
Trapping Statistics http://dnr.state.il.us/orc/Wildliferesources/surveyW/WD/FURSUMM.0304.pdf
Farming <ul><li>Approximately 1,200 farms in N.A. </li></ul><ul><li>Several species farmed, but 95% of market is fox and m...
Farming - Problems <ul><li>Inhumane conditions :  </li></ul><ul><li>cramped holds </li></ul><ul><li>not in natural environ...
Figures <ul><li>Estimated 31 million animals killed for pelt annually worldwide (mostly mink and fox). </li></ul><ul><li>I...
In Canada  <ul><li>60,000 trappers (25,000 aboriginal)  </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 farmers, retailers, manufacturers, dresser...
History <ul><li>Aboriginal period  – culture- subsistence trapping </li></ul><ul><li>Used pelts for clothing </li></ul>www...
History <ul><li>Market Demand: </li></ul><ul><li>(1578) Europeans trade with Natives for pelts. </li></ul><ul><li>Organize...
Fur trade
History <ul><ul><li>(1673) Ontario Fur trading post established. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Late 1700’s – early 1800’s) Marke...
Trading Post www.trappertraining.com
Religious Aspect <ul><li>Muslim:   Halal  (Arabic meaning “permissible”) </li></ul><ul><li>Objective:  To make the slaught...
Early attempts to be humane <ul><li>A few principles: </li></ul><ul><li>Use best available kill-type trap </li></ul><ul><l...
Regulations <ul><li>Fur Farm Act BC </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain a license </li></ul><ul><li>Proper record keeping </li></ul><...
Organizations <ul><li>Association for the Protection of Fur Bearing Animals (APFA) </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian Association ...
FIC <ul><li>Objective: Trapping research for different species (kill time reduction). </li></ul><ul><li>Led to: </li></ul>...
Humane Euthanization <ul><li>AIHTS </li></ul><ul><li>Trapping: </li></ul><ul><li>(2000) Identify types of trap permissible...
Case Study: Seal Hunt <ul><li>Hunted by First Nations for generations </li></ul><ul><li>Annual seal hunt in Canada. </li><...
Case Study: Seal Hunt <ul><li>Is it humane? </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting of whitebacks and bluebacks vs. adults </li></ul><ul...
Clubbing vs Shooting <ul><li>Clubbing  </li></ul><ul><li>More humane standard set on clubbing than on U.S. slaughterhouses...
Controversy <ul><li>European Union threatening to ban all seal products coming from Canada </li></ul><ul><li>PETA and Codp...
Human Factor <ul><li>“Disney Syndrome” </li></ul><ul><li>Popular to oppose seal hunt </li></ul><ul><li>Wild claims made by...
Animal Rights Activists <ul><li>(1980) – PeTA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) </li></ul><ul><li>Animal Welfa...
APHIS <ul><li>Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service </li></ul><ul><li>In 2001 conducted inspections on 12,000 sites i...
<ul><li>Best Friend Forever Campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Write to: PM Stephen Harper </li></ul><ul><li>House of Commons </li...
<ul><li>“ Our civilization lacks humane feeling. We are humans who are insufficiently humane! We must realize that and see...
References <ul><li>2003-04 Illinois Fur Harvest Survey, Wildlife Resources </li></ul><ul><li>www.marylandtrappers.com </li...
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HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean

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Transcript of "HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean"

  1. 1. HUMANE FUR HARVEST Roger Mohammed and Duncan MacLean
  2. 2. hu.mane (adjective) <ul><li>Showing kindness and sympathy </li></ul><ul><li>Inflicting as little pain as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Characterized by tenderness, compassion and sympathy for people and animals, especially for the suffering or distressed. </li></ul>
  3. 3. North American Fur Species <ul><li>Badger </li></ul><ul><li>Beaver </li></ul><ul><li>Bobcat </li></ul><ul><li>Chinchilla </li></ul><ul><li>Coyote </li></ul><ul><li>Ermine </li></ul><ul><li>Fisher </li></ul><ul><li>Fox </li></ul><ul><li>Lynx </li></ul><ul><li>Marten </li></ul><ul><li>Mink </li></ul><ul><li>Muskrat </li></ul><ul><li>Rabbit </li></ul><ul><li>Raccoon </li></ul><ul><li>Sable </li></ul><ul><li>Wolf </li></ul>www.americanlegend.com
  4. 4. Fur Types Beaver Lynx Raccoon Fox Skunk www.i-fur.com
  5. 5. www.ebay.com “ Never wear anything that panics the cat.” - P.J. O'Rourke
  6. 6. Fur Products <ul><li>Coats </li></ul><ul><li>Jacket Trimmings </li></ul><ul><li>Hand Bags </li></ul><ul><li>Hats </li></ul><ul><li>Scarves </li></ul><ul><li>Gloves </li></ul><ul><li>Slippers/Boots </li></ul><ul><li>Blankets </li></ul><ul><li>Miniature clothing </li></ul>Images from www.ebay.com
  7. 7. Images from www.ebay.com
  8. 8. Trapping www.livesearch.com/images
  9. 9. Types of Traps <ul><li>Steel Jaw leg traps </li></ul><ul><li>Spring traps </li></ul><ul><li>Neck snares </li></ul><ul><li>Drowning sets </li></ul><ul><li>Cage traps </li></ul>www.infurmation.com
  10. 10. Types of Traps www.livesearch.com/images www.wikipedia.org
  11. 11. Trapping Statistics http://dnr.state.il.us/orc/Wildliferesources/surveyW/WD/FURSUMM.0304.pdf
  12. 12. Trapping Statistics http://dnr.state.il.us/orc/Wildliferesources/surveyW/WD/FURSUMM.0304.pdf
  13. 13. Farming <ul><li>Approximately 1,200 farms in N.A. </li></ul><ul><li>Several species farmed, but 95% of market is fox and mink. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly small farms </li></ul>http://www.furisdead.com/page/indoorcage.jpg
  14. 14. Farming - Problems <ul><li>Inhumane conditions : </li></ul><ul><li>cramped holds </li></ul><ul><li>not in natural environment </li></ul><ul><li>self mutilation </li></ul><ul><li>inbreeding </li></ul><ul><li>Inhumane methods : </li></ul><ul><li>weedicide </li></ul><ul><li>neckbreaking </li></ul><ul><li>electrocution via genitalia </li></ul>http://www.american.edu/TED/images2/CAGED_FO.gif
  15. 15. Figures <ul><li>Estimated 31 million animals killed for pelt annually worldwide (mostly mink and fox). </li></ul><ul><li>In North America estimated 3-5 million trapped annually for pelt. </li></ul><ul><li>3.8 million animals killed annually ($113 million value) on farms across North America. </li></ul>
  16. 16. In Canada <ul><li>60,000 trappers (25,000 aboriginal) </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 farmers, retailers, manufacturers, dressers etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Fur trade worth $800 million annually </li></ul><ul><li>Culturally, socially and economically important in many regions </li></ul><ul><li>Decline in trapping since 1970’s </li></ul>
  17. 17. History <ul><li>Aboriginal period – culture- subsistence trapping </li></ul><ul><li>Used pelts for clothing </li></ul>www.canadianencylcopedia.ca www.canadianencylcopedia.ca
  18. 18. History <ul><li>Market Demand: </li></ul><ul><li>(1578) Europeans trade with Natives for pelts. </li></ul><ul><li>Organized Industry: </li></ul><ul><li>(1599) Attempts by the French to organize fur trade </li></ul><ul><li>(1613) Organization. Fur farms established to supply market demands. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Fur trade
  20. 20. History <ul><ul><li>(1673) Ontario Fur trading post established. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Late 1700’s – early 1800’s) Market industries became more civilized and resulted in more trading posts being established. Saskatchewan, Nebraska, Michigan among others. </li></ul>www.wikipedia.org
  21. 21. Trading Post www.trappertraining.com
  22. 22. Religious Aspect <ul><li>Muslim: Halal (Arabic meaning “permissible”) </li></ul><ul><li>Objective: To make the slaughter more humane by reducing the suffering of the animal. </li></ul><ul><li>Method: </li></ul><ul><li>Sharpen knife before each slaughter </li></ul><ul><li>Do not slaughter an animal in the presence of other animals </li></ul>
  23. 23. Early attempts to be humane <ul><li>A few principles: </li></ul><ul><li>Use best available kill-type trap </li></ul><ul><li>Check traps regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Share information with new trappers </li></ul>
  24. 24. Regulations <ul><li>Fur Farm Act BC </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain a license </li></ul><ul><li>Proper record keeping </li></ul><ul><li>Good animal health and hygiene (vaccination, adequate food and water) </li></ul><ul><li>Holding area regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment regulations </li></ul>
  25. 25. Organizations <ul><li>Association for the Protection of Fur Bearing Animals (APFA) </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian Association for Humane Trapping (CAHT) </li></ul><ul><li>Fur Industry of Canada (FIC) (1983) </li></ul>
  26. 26. FIC <ul><li>Objective: Trapping research for different species (kill time reduction). </li></ul><ul><li>Led to: </li></ul><ul><li>1997 Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards (AIHTS) </li></ul>
  27. 27. Humane Euthanization <ul><li>AIHTS </li></ul><ul><li>Trapping: </li></ul><ul><li>(2000) Identify types of trap permissible </li></ul><ul><li>(2001) Ban steel jaw leg traps for many species </li></ul><ul><li>(2002) Certification and standardization of traps (no jaw, teeth, hook, claw) but recommend padded. </li></ul><ul><li>Farms: </li></ul><ul><li>Mink - Use tanks filled with CO or CO 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Fox – Use of lethal injection </li></ul>
  28. 28. Case Study: Seal Hunt <ul><li>Hunted by First Nations for generations </li></ul><ul><li>Annual seal hunt in Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Many have criticized the hunt as being cruel but defenders of the hunt and Canadian biologists state that it is humane and sustainable, although the hunt involves bludgeoning the seals.” </li></ul><ul><li>Government Survey results: </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 support if regulations are enforced </li></ul><ul><li>3/4 not opposed to the seal hunt </li></ul><ul><li>1/4 opposed to the seal hunt </li></ul><ul><li>Products from Canadian seal hunt banned in USA </li></ul>
  29. 29. Case Study: Seal Hunt <ul><li>Is it humane? </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting of whitebacks and bluebacks vs. adults </li></ul><ul><li>methods </li></ul>www.advocacy.britannica.com
  30. 30. Clubbing vs Shooting <ul><li>Clubbing </li></ul><ul><li>More humane standard set on clubbing than on U.S. slaughterhouses (bleed out) </li></ul><ul><li>Shooting </li></ul><ul><li>Idaho and Oklahoma still consider firing squads a viable option for human execution </li></ul>
  31. 31. Controversy <ul><li>European Union threatening to ban all seal products coming from Canada </li></ul><ul><li>PETA and Codpeace </li></ul>www.smh.com.au www.community.freespeech.org
  32. 32. Human Factor <ul><li>“Disney Syndrome” </li></ul><ul><li>Popular to oppose seal hunt </li></ul><ul><li>Wild claims made by activist groups </li></ul>www.neoncobra.stumbleupon.com
  33. 33. Animal Rights Activists <ul><li>(1980) – PeTA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) </li></ul><ul><li>Animal Welfare Concerns: </li></ul><ul><li>Starved </li></ul><ul><li>Drowned </li></ul><ul><li>Suffocated </li></ul><ul><li>Subjected to intense radiation, </li></ul><ul><li>hearing impaired, </li></ul><ul><li>eyes gouged </li></ul><ul><li>Limbs and organs severely crushed </li></ul>www.wikipedia.org
  34. 34. APHIS <ul><li>Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service </li></ul><ul><li>In 2001 conducted inspections on 12,000 sites in U.S., 140 deemed incompliant to international standards. (99% compliance rate). </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Best Friend Forever Campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Write to: PM Stephen Harper </li></ul><ul><li>House of Commons </li></ul><ul><li>Ottawa, Ontario </li></ul><ul><li>K1A 0A2 </li></ul><ul><li>Donations: </li></ul><ul><li>Fur Institute of Canada (FIC) www.fur.ca </li></ul><ul><li>Humane Society of Canada (HSC) www.humanesociety.com </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>“ Our civilization lacks humane feeling. We are humans who are insufficiently humane! We must realize that and seek to find a new spirit.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Albert Schweitzer </li></ul>Do you agree?
  37. 37. References <ul><li>2003-04 Illinois Fur Harvest Survey, Wildlife Resources </li></ul><ul><li>www.marylandtrappers.com </li></ul><ul><li>Seals and Sealing in Canada, Atlantic Seal Hunt 2003-2005 Management Plan </li></ul><ul><li>http://archives.cbc.ca/IDCC-1-73-986-5617/politics_economy/seal_hunt/ </li></ul><ul><li>www.furcouncil.com/GovernmentLetters.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>www. gov.ns.ca/natr/wildlife/FURBERS/furbs.htm </li></ul><ul><li>www.fur.ca </li></ul><ul><li>www.trappertraining.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.mercyforanimals.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.humanesociety.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.all-creatures.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.americanlegend.com </li></ul><ul><li>Arkansas Game And Fish Commission, Wildlife Management Division, Annual Report </li></ul><ul><li>1999-00 Furbearing Animal Harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures supplied from: </li></ul><ul><li>www.americanlegend.com </li></ul><ul><li>Ebay.com </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.canadianencyclopedia.ca </li></ul><ul><li>www.i-fur.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.trappertraining.com </li></ul>
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