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06 E W 4 Decision For Indep

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  • 1. American Heritage 170 Topic 4 — The Decision for Independence: Events from 1763 to 1776
  • 2.  
  • 3. The French and Indian War
    • Starts on the western frontier over French encroachment
    • Lasts from 1756 to 1763
    • England and the American colonists win
  • 4. The Nature of the Revolution
    • Now is
    • second
  • 5. The French and Indian War
    • Two major changes in British/American relations after the war
    • 1. Parliament restricts American settlement across the Appalachians to maintain peace on the frontier (Proclamation of 1763)
  • 6. The French and Indian War
    • 2. Parliament imposes taxes on American colonists in an attempt to rebuild British treasury after the war
    • Sugar Act
    • Stamp Act
    • Townshend Acts
    • Tea Act
  • 7. American Response to Changes in British Polices
    • Non-importation
    • Stamp Act Congress--1765
      • Issued a declaration of rights and grievances to Parliament
  • 8. Boston Tea Party 1773
  • 9. The Battles of Lexington and Concord
    • This battle marked the first time colonial militia had been ordered to fire on British troops and began the Revolutionary War
  • 10. American Response to Changes in British Polices
    • These events lead to the development of a Revolutionary culture in America with two prominent groups involved
    • Patriot Rebels
      • Passionate
      • Swift to act
      • Sons of Liberty
  • 11. Patriot Philosophers
    • Sam Adams
    • John Hancock
    • John Adams
    • Thomas Jefferson
    • Colonial clergy
    • Created a Revolution in the minds of Americans
  • 12. The Nature of the Revolution
    • Many colonists came to believe that only “republican” governments could best secure their rights, privileges, and liberties.
  • 13. John Adams: 1774
    • “ I am surprised at the suddenness, as well as the greatness of this revolution. . . . Is not the change we have seen astonishing? Would any man two years ago have believed it possible,. . .
    • second
  • 14. John Adams: 1774
    • to accomplish such an alteration in the prejudices, passions, sentiments, and principles of these thirteen little states as to make every one of them completely republican, and to make them own it?
    • second
  • 15. John Adams: 1774
    • Idolatry to monarchs and servility to aristocratical pride was never so totally eradicated from so many minds in so short a time.”
  • 16. Fundamental ideas articulated by Patriot Philosophers
    • Legitimate power to govern . . . must arise from the people
    • True liberty . . . comes when freedom is balanced with the demands of order and stability
    • Man’s nature . . . is a composite of virtue and vice, with sufficient virtue to make self-government work
    • Natural laws . . . , those eternal truths of human existence, do exist
  • 17. Fundamental ideas articulated by Patriot Philosophers
    • Power corrupts . . . So government power must be divided and controlled
    • Factions and demagogues will rise from anarchy . . . — without good government, the people can be consumed by their own passion
  • 18. Major Sources of American Revolutionary Thought
    • 1. All the literature on English law, history, and political philosophy . . .
    • “ Radical Whig Literature”argued that there was a difference between the theory of British government and the practice of British government
  • 19. Major Sources of American Revolutionary Thought
    • 2. The Bible and the writings of Christian philosophers and historians.
    • “ Stand fast, therefore, in the liberty therewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.” Gal. 5:1
  • 20. Major Sources of American Revolutionary Thought
    • 3. The writings of classical antiquity.
    • Greeks - Homer, Plato, Aristotle
    • Romans - Cicero, Cato, Justinian
      • Republics, democracy, law, history
  • 21. Major Sources of American Revolutionary Thought
    • 4. The philosophies of the Enlightenment
    • European philosophical movement of the 1600s and 1700s based on a belief that rational thought could lead to the discovery of natural laws of human nature, science, and government.
    • Newton, Bacon, Locke, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Rousseau
  • 22. Major Sources of American Revolutionary Thought
    • 5. Their own colonial experience.
      • 150 years of practicing the art of self-government
  • 23. The Literature of the Revolution
  • 24.
    • Pamphlets
    • Newspapers
    • Broadsides (posters)
    • Religious sermons
    • Letters (committees of correspondence)
    • Almanacs
    • Official appeals
  • 25.