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Visual Dictionary- eave

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Transcript

  • 1. Visual Dictionary
  • 2. Air Barrier Paper
    • Impermeable to airflow
    • Able to withstand the forces that may
    • act on them during and after
    • construction
  • 3. Attic Ventilation
    • Soffit vent: An intake vent in the soffit area of the house that provides attic venting at a lower portion of the roof deck and good circulation with other forms of venting such as ridge or roof vents.
    • Ridge vent: A type of roof exhaust vent that ventilates the attic along the ridge or hip line where the roof deck has been cut back; works in conjunction with soffit vents under the eaves.
    • Gable Vent: Screened vent or louver, which allow hot air to leave the area in the gable, ends of the roof.
    • Roof Turbine: A passive ventilation device, with a rotor that is rotated by the wind, conveying air through a duct to and from a chamber below
  • 4. Attic Ventilation
  • 5. Attic Ventilation
  • 6. Backhoe
    • A hydraulic excavating machine consisting of a tractor having an attached hinged boom, with a bucket with movable jaws on the end of the boom.
  • 7. Batter Boards
    • Horizontal boards nailed to corner posts located just outside the corners of a proposed building to assist in the accurate layout of foundation and excavation lines.
  • 8. Brick Arches
    • Centering: A temporary, usually wooden framework on which an arch, vault, or dome is supported during construction.
  • 9. Brick Arches
  • 10. Brick Bonds
  • 11. Brick Bonds
  • 12. Bulldozer
    • A heavy, driver-operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually having continuous treads and a broad hydraulic blade in front.
  • 13. Cladding
    • Wood shingles: A type of wooden siding comprised of milled shingles which overlap each other. The bottoms of wood shingles when cut diagonally, round, or triangularly, create a decorative feature.
  • 14. Cladding
  • 15. Concrete Joints
    • Control Joint: An expansion joint in masonry to allow movement due to expansion and contraction.
    • Isolation Joint: A joint, such as an expansion joint, between two adjacent structures which are not in physical contact.
  • 16. Concrete Masonry Unit
    • CMU: also called concrete block, cement block or foundation block, is a large rectangular brick used in construction.
    • In the US, the most common size is 8 in × 8 in × 16 in
  • 17. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units
  • 18. Doors Top Rail Panel Lock Rail Bottom Rail Stile
  • 19. Electrical Components
    • Transformer Box : A device used to transfer electric energy from one circuit to another, especially a pair of multiply wound, inductively coupled wire coils that effect such a transfer with a change in voltage, current, phase, or other electric characteristic.
    • service head: the fitting that is placed on the service drop end of service entrance cable or service entrance raceway and is designed to minimize the amount of moisture that can enter the cable or raceway; the service head is commonly referred to as a “weather head.”
    • Meter : An electricity-measuring device that totalizes with time, such as a watt-hour meter or ampere-hour meter, in contrast to an electric instrument.
    • Service Panel: Electrical panel, containing circuit breakers, which is the distribution point for the entering electric service.
    • Duplex Receptacle : The commonly used receptacle (outlet). Called "duplex" because it has two plug-in sockets
  • 20. Electrical Components Duplex Receptacle Meter Transformer Box
  • 21. Electrical Components Service Panel Service Head
  • 22. Framing Elements 1. Anchor Bolt 2. Sill Plate 4. Subflooring 5. Sole Plate 6. Stud
  • 23. Framing Elements 7. Top Plate 8. Ceiling Joist 9. Rafter 10. Roof Decking
  • 24. Framing Elements 11. Sheathing 12. Stringer
  • 25. Front End Loader
    • An earthmoving machine with a hydraulic scoop in front for lifting and loading earth or rubble.
    Front End Loader
  • 26. Gypsum Board
    • gypsum board : wallboard with a gypsum plaster core bonded to layers of paper or fiberboard; used instead of plaster or wallboard to make interior walls.
  • 27. Heat Pump
    • The compressor removes vapor from the evaporator to maintain a low boiling point.
    • Advantages: More comfortable humidity level in the winter; not too dry, and less noise and odor.
    • Disadvantages: Very expensive up front costs for water source heat pumps.
  • 28. Heat Pump Compressor/Evaporator Air Handling Unit
  • 29. Insulation
    • The purpose of insulation is to lower the heating and cooling costs for the house by limiting heat transfer through the walls and the ceiling.
  • 30. Insulation
  • 31. Lintel
    • A horizontal structural member over an opening which carries the weight of the wall above it; usually of steel, stone, or wood.
    Lintel
  • 32. Mortar Concave Extruded
  • 33. Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
    • Building material composed of rectangular-shaped wood strands arranged in layers at right angles to one another, laid up into mats that form a panel and bonded with waterproof adhesives.
  • 34. Plumbing 3 inch pipes
  • 35. Plumbing Vents provide for relief of sewer gases, admission of oxygen for aerobic sewage digestion, and maintenance of the trap water seals which prevent sewer gases from entering the building. Drop in sink
  • 36. Plywood
    • A structural material made of layers of wood glued together, usually with the grains of adjoining layers at right angles to each other.
    • Veneer: A thin surface layer, as of finely grained wood, glued to a base of inferior material.
  • 37. Rebar This rebar is ½” in diameter. It would be referred to as a #4 bar. The rebar has ridges for better mechanical anchoring into the concrete.
  • 38. Steep Roof Drainage
    • Gutter: A channel at the edge of a street or road for carrying off surface water.
    • Downspout: A vertical pipe for carrying rainwater down from a roof gutter.
    • Splash block: A pad placed under the lower end of a downspout and diverts the water from the downspout away from the house. Usually made out of concrete or fiberglass.
  • 39. Steep Roof Drainage Gutter Downspout Splashblock
  • 40. Steep Roof Materials
    • Underlayment: The material, usually No. 15 felt, used to cover a roof deck before shingles are applied; also called underfelt.
    • Shingle: A thin oblong piece of material, such as wood or slate, that is laid in overlapping rows to cover the roof or sides of a house or other building.
    • Metal roofs can be constructed with: aluminum, copper, stainless steel, stone coated steel, galvanized iron, galvanized steel, and many others.
  • 41. Steep Roof Materials
  • 42. Steep Roof Shapes Gambrel Hip Mansard Gable
  • 43. Steep Roof Terms
    • Ridge: The uppermost, horizontal external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes.
    • Valley: The internal angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes to provide water runoff.
    • Eaves: The horizontal, lower edge of a sloped roof.
    • Rake: The inclined edge of a sloped roof over a wall from the eave to the ridge.
    • fascia: Horizontal trim at the eaves that covers the rafter ends.
    • Soffit: The finished underside of the eaves.
  • 44. Steep Roof Terms Fascia Rake Ridge Valley Soffit
  • 45. Stone
  • 46. Weep Hole
    • A hole in a wood sill, retaining wall, or other structure to allow accumulated water to escape.
    Weep Hole
  • 47. Welded Wire Fabric
  • 48. Windows Sliding Double Hung Casement