Managing references lecture series lent term


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  • At this point we are assuming that you have begun “compiling your bibliography, on index cards or on your computer, from the very beginning of your work, keeping accurate records of authors, titles, and so on, together with library class-marks for your own use.” (Faculty Guidance for dissertations) Save yourself masses of time if you ARE organized.
  • Pick up the point Phil made about concern often expressed over length of references and how to reduce word count in footnotes – for example lengthy refs that are primary sources can be referenced once in first footnote and then subsequently be simply included as in-text citation as long as you mention this in the first footnote – saves your word count Guidelines say: “ If you are discussing an individual work of literature at some length, or at numerous points in your dissertation, give full details of the edition you are using in a footnote at the first point you refer to it, and then add a sentence such as the following: ‘All future references will be to the book- and line-numbers [or: to the page-numbers] of this edition, and will be given in the text’. You can then incorporate these numbers (preceded by ‘p.’ if it is a page-number) in the body of your discussion; for example, ‘ ...the scene where Mr Elton proposes to Emma (p. 94)’,” Let's look at some examples of formatting references in your bibliography.. Particular Points to notice : Titles of books italicized; titles of short poems and stories are not italicized, but put in single inverted commas Capital letters for all important words – and the first word after a colon Not necessary to give the publisher’s name Author’s names should be as on the title page and not reduced to initials if they are in full on the title page If citing a modern edition of an older work don’t just put the modern edition’s date – give the date of the first publ too
  • How to use voting kits (Correct answer: no. 2)
  • Particular Points to notice: Article titles are put in inverted commas and it is the journal or Book title that is italicized Number of journal volume always in Arabic even if in roman on the article Page numbers – for the beginning and ending of the article Also talk about Articles in books are presented as follows : Bogdanow, Fanni, ‘The Suite du Merlin and the Post-Vulgate Roman du Graal ’, in Arthurian Literature in the Middle Ages: A Collaborative History , ed. Roger Sherman Loomis (Oxford, 1959), pp. 325-35. Brogan, Jacqueline, ‘Stevens and the feminine’, in The Cambridge Companion to Wallace Stevens, ed. John Serio (Cambridge 2007), pp. 180-192.
  • (Correct answer: no. 4)
  • Guidelines – look on the Faculty website – it covers a lot of the detail that many students ask questions about. = more about that later Primary and secondary sources – be aware of distinguishing them in your bibliography Footnotes – already mentioned the issue of trying to save yourself word counts - look at the Leeds handout which gives very good examples of information that you could putin your footnote for the same reference that is in your bibiography. BUT treat this like any of the style guides that you could use and make sure that you firstly follow the faculty guidelines and then use this document to help you. Remember consistency is important eg on Leeds doc they include the Publisher in the biblography reference – no need to do this here. Leeds doc is very good for looking at how you might treat lectures etc, online sources etc and manuscripts Refer largely to the Leeds handout at this point (I would love to think that I have revised it by Friday but fear that I won’t have done)
  • Having trouble keeping track of all your references for that research paper you're writing? Need help formatting your paper and bibliography? Try using a reference management tool like the ones below. They each work a little differently, so experiment until you find one that meets your needs. At lowest level of use – it is simply a means of recording results of your searches and the items that you might otherwise have handwritten in notebooks, or put into a basic word document Moving on from that you can begin to manipulate the data you have stored to a) maintain groups of records for different purposes; b) create bibliographies in a particular style or format with minimal subsequent editing and c) to automatically insert citations into text as you write. Formatted data – can include PDFs, images, etc etc with links to online material if necessary. So – if lowest level – use Zotero If bibliographies – Zotero or Endnote If cite while you write – PC version of Endnote! Can use two interchangeably eg can sync Mendeley with Zotero And it’s a transferable skill
  • Depends on the volume of information that you are dealing with – Depends on your status and the resulting volume of material that you are dealing with Purpose – just bibliography?; writing papers/thesis/book? Type of material – primary texts with information in all standard library catalogues, manuscripts, secondary material
  • Managing references lecture series lent term

    1. 1. Problems with references? Libby Tilley English Faculty Librarian
    2. 2. Aims of the session <ul><ul><li>Key issues about referencing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locating appropriate guidance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software solutions to help </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surgery – get help with specific problems. </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Key issues <ul><li>Why reference? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic credibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect for legal aspects of published works (copyright) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What’s important? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organisation </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. English Faculty guidelines <ul><li>The Poems and Letters of Andrew Marvell , ed. H.M. Margoliouth, 3rd edn, rev. Pierre Legouis with the collaboration of E.E. Duncan-Jones, 2 vols (Oxford, 1971). </li></ul><ul><li>(edited work) </li></ul>1. Primary sources: example
    5. 5. <ul><li>1. Faulkner, William. Light in August. 1952 (London: Penguin Books) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Faulkner, William, Light in August (London, 1952, repr. 1960; first published 1933). </li></ul><ul><li>3. William Faulkner. Light in August (London, 1952, repr. 1960;) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Faulkner, W. Light in August. London (1952, repr. 1960; first published 1933). </li></ul>Choose the correct format for a reference for this primary source in a bibliography
    6. 6. English Faculty guidelines <ul><li>Article in a journal: </li></ul><ul><li>Hillyer, Richard, ‘In More than Name Only: Jonson’s “To Sir Horace Vere”’, Modern Language Review , 85 (1990), 1-11. </li></ul><ul><li>Article/Essay in book: </li></ul><ul><li>Brogan, Jacqueline, ‘Stevens and the feminine’, in The Cambridge Companion to Wallace Stevens, ed. John Serio (Cambridge, 2007), pp. 180-192. </li></ul>2. Secondary sources: examples
    7. 7. Choose the correct format for a reference for this journal article <ul><li>1 . Braswell, M. F. ‘Chaucer’s “Court Baron”: Law and The Canterbury Tales ’. Studies in the Age of Chaucer. 16, 1994, 29-44. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Braswell, Mary Flowers, ‘Chaucer’s “Court Baron”: Law and The Canterbury Tales ’, Studies in the Age of Chaucer , vol. 16, pages 29-44. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Braswell, Mary Flowers (1994), ‘Chaucer’s “Court Baron”: Law and The Canterbury Tales ’, Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 16, pp. 29-44. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Braswell, Mary Flowers, ‘Chaucer’s “Court Baron”: Law and The Canterbury Tales ’, Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 16 (1994), 29-44. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Tricky issues <ul><li>Know what the guidelines say </li></ul><ul><li>Primary and Secondary sources </li></ul><ul><li>Footnotes </li></ul><ul><li>Referencing specific resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecture/seminar/course/conference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manuscripts </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Guidance to help <ul><li>ASNC website: Dissertation section - stylesheet </li></ul><ul><li>English website: Information for Part I/II Undergraduates , Guidance on Dissertations </li></ul><ul><li>Style guides to help you: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MHRA style guide latest edition free on the web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MHRA print style guide in the Library B 41 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MLA style guide – available in the Library B 41 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chicago style guide – covers almost anything </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Software solutions to help <ul><li>Keeps track of your bibliographic information </li></ul><ul><li>May fit well with your online searching of catalogues and databases </li></ul><ul><li>Main features of software </li></ul><ul><li>Stores data securely, creates consistently styled bibliographies, can cite-while-you-write </li></ul>
    11. 11. Endnote – web version
    12. 12. From EndnoteWeb you can search external catalogues and databases When a reference is found it is quickly copied into your ‘Library’
    13. 13. Manual entry is possible You can create a bibliography by just selecting the ‘Library’ you want and the style you want it to be in
    14. 14. 25 minutes to search for these references, add them into EndnoteWeb and create a bibliography
    15. 15. Errors: Punctuation Redundant information Information omitted
    16. 16. Zotero Only available via Firefox Browser
    17. 17. Search catalogue for book
    18. 18. Zotero recognizes a search result on a catalogue
    19. 19. Click on the ‘folder’ icon, and select the item you want to download to your Zotero ‘Library’
    20. 20. To create a bibliography … .select a bibliographic style, and save the document
    21. 21. 15 minutes to search for these references, add them into Zotero and create a bibliography
    22. 22. Errors: Punctuation Inaccurate information Information lacking
    23. 23. Problems with using software <ul><li>Styles - never ‘quite right’ </li></ul><ul><li>Time to learn varies </li></ul><ul><li>Back up your work </li></ul>The KEY ISSUE! Input ( may be inaccurate ) + Application of style ( rarely quite right ) = Output (generally inaccurate) ALWAYS CHECK EVERYTHING!!
    24. 24. <ul><li>Handouts and Powerpoint available on CamTools: English Library </li></ul><ul><li>https:// </li></ul><ul><li>Libby Tilley </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>