1
Module 2
Structuring The Learning Process
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 2
Course outline (Day 1)
Module 1 Creating the right learning environment
a. physical environme...
• Kick Boxing
4
Agenda
Module 2 Structuring the training process
a. Developing Learning Objectives 1.30 – 3.00
Tea Break 3.00- 3.30
b. D...
a. Physical Environment - Infrastructure
b. Emotional Environment - Mood
1st ModuleModule 2.1
Learning Objectives
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 6
Business Issue
Business Goals
Required
Knowledge,
Skills & Attitude
(KSA) to achieve
business...
7
Exercise
Flex Your Mind
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 8
Lesson plan example (part 1)
TITLE: Basic Instruction Skills For New Trainers
Lesson Plans
WR...
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 9
Activity /
Timing
(Minutes)
Content
(what to be taught)
Training
Technique Trainee Activity A...
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 10
Lesson plan example (part 1)
TITLE: Basic Instruction Skills For New Trainers
Lesson Plans
W...
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 11
• Goals vs Objectives
• Why do we need objectives?
• How to write objectives?
• Exercise: Wr...
Goals
• Goal is the general intent of the course –
the business purpose the course was
delivered (address the business iss...
Objectives
• Learning objectives should be expressed as
outcomes of the training for the participants
• and make use of ac...
How to write learning objectives
• Normally expressed in the following manner:
– At the end of this course, you will be ab...
Why Performance objectives?
• Performance Objectives enables learners to
be assessed to determine whether they have
achiev...
How to write performance objectives
• Components of a performance objective
– Performance: Measurable behaviours /action
v...
How to write performance objectives
• Example
Given a car with a flat tire, a spare tyre, and
a lug wrench (conditions), c...
How to write performance objectives
• Example
Given a computer with MS-PowerPoint and
a sample presentation (conditions) t...
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 25
Examining the bulls-eye
• What is the purpose of writing performance
objectives?
• What is t...
1st ModuleModule 2.2
Lesson Plan
Learning Objectives
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 27
Lesson plan example (part 2)
Activity /
Timing
(Minutes)
Content
(what to be taught)
Trainin...
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 29
What is a lesson plan?
Lesson plan is a tool to help the trainer
determine how to teach a pa...
What is a lesson plan?
– Learning objectives & related content
– Duration of lesson & timing of activities
– Required trai...
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 32
Structure of a learning activity
– Opening
• Pax get a general feel of the topic to be discu...
Structure of a learning activity
–Opening
• Pax get a general feel of the topic to be discussed
–Focus the topic
• Learn d...
Structure of a learning activity
Structure of a learning activity
Structure of a learning activity
Structure of a learning activity
Structure of a learning activity
Training Technique (Teaching Methods)
Teaching
Method
Purpose Dos Don’ts
Lecture /
Presentation
Present
information
 Use ...
Training Technique (Teaching Methods)
Teaching Method Purpose Dos Don’ts
Case Study Simulate real-
world situations
 Prov...
Understanding
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 44
Did you really learn your lesson?
• What was the most
difficult thing about
creating a lesso...
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 45
Did you really learn your lesson?
• What adult learning
principles are being
incorporated in...
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 46
Did you really learn your lesson?
• Will your lesson plan
suit the needs and
learning style ...
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 47
Issues in building lesson plans
• Performance Objectives Missed out in many
lesson plans
• M...
Creating the right learning
environment
a. Physical Environment - Infrastructure
b. Emotional Environment - Mood
1st Modul...
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 49
• Recognition
• Participation
• Achievement
• Personal Growth
Adult Learning Needs
participants feel comfortable and safe
Results of comfortable and safe
environment
• try out new ideas,
• learn from other...
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 52
• Self-Concept
• Experience
• Readiness to Learn
• Time perspective
53
Principles of effective learning
Recency
Appropriateness
Motivation
Primacy
2 way communication
Feedback
Active Learnin...
a. Physical Environment - Infrastructure
b. Emotional Environment - Mood
1st ModuleModule 2.1
Learning Objectives
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 55
Lesson plan example (part 1)
TITLE: Basic Instruction Skills For New Trainers
Lesson Plans
W...
ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 56
Activity /
Timing
(Minutes)
Content
(what to be taught)
Training
Technique Trainee Activity ...
Structure of a learning activity
Structure of a learning activity
Structure of a learning activity
Structure of a learning activity
Structure of a learning activity
Review
63
Module 3
Presentation
64
Thank You
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Module 2a lesson plan basic instructional skills

  1. 1. 1 Module 2 Structuring The Learning Process
  2. 2. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 2 Course outline (Day 1) Module 1 Creating the right learning environment a. physical environment b. emotional environment Module 2 Structuring the training process a. Developing Learning Objectives b. Developing Lesson Plans 1st Day Agenda
  3. 3. • Kick Boxing
  4. 4. 4 Agenda Module 2 Structuring the training process a. Developing Learning Objectives 1.30 – 3.00 Tea Break 3.00- 3.30 b. Developing Lesson Plans 3.30 – 6.00
  5. 5. a. Physical Environment - Infrastructure b. Emotional Environment - Mood 1st ModuleModule 2.1 Learning Objectives
  6. 6. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 6 Business Issue Business Goals Required Knowledge, Skills & Attitude (KSA) to achieve business goals Required subject matter and learning delivery strategy to develop required KSA Instructional Goals & Objectives Course Content & Instructional Strategy Needs Analysis Course Design & Development Impact Evaluation Test Instruction Training Delivery SpecifyEntryLevel/ Pre-requisites
  7. 7. 7 Exercise Flex Your Mind
  8. 8. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 8 Lesson plan example (part 1) TITLE: Basic Instruction Skills For New Trainers Lesson Plans WRITTEN BY: Cornelius Koh COURSE GOAL: Address the need for non-training professionals to develop training programs that will help address their business needs & to teach the training programs effectively OBJECTIVES: CORRESPONDING PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES At the end of this lesson, the participants will be able to develop a lesson plan. Using the blank lesson plan formats, develop a lesson plan for the course that you are teaching. The lesson plan will contain all the required information and the teaching strategy SESSION TIME: 1 hour PAX SIZE: Min: _5_ pax Max: _15_ pax AIDS/ EQUIPMENT: Overheads + OHP Blank Lesson Plan formats Flipchart + markers TEACHING STRATEGY: 1. Show & Tell 2. Exercise 3. Feedback PRE-REQUISITES No pre-requisites
  9. 9. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 9 Activity / Timing (Minutes) Content (what to be taught) Training Technique Trainee Activity Aids Required Lesson Plan Intro 15 minutes Objective #1 Lesson Plans What is a lesson plan? Why use a lesson plan? Using a lesson plan Lecture & Discussion Listening & Discussion Lesson plan ppt slides Flipchart & marker Participants bring own laptop Forms A & B Lesson Plan Exercise 60 minutes Objective #1 Lesson Plan Exercise Application Exercise Open Discussion Feedback Session Do exercise Discussion Receive feedback Participant’s Training Materials Participants bring own laptop Forms A & B
  10. 10. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 10 Lesson plan example (part 1) TITLE: Basic Instruction Skills For New Trainers Lesson Plans WRITTEN BY: Cornelius Koh COURSE GOAL: Address the need for non-training professionals to develop training programs that will help address their business needs & to teach the training programs effectively OBJECTIVES: CORRESPONDING PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES At the end of this lesson, the participants will be able to develop a lesson plan. Using the blank lesson plan formats, develop a lesson plan for the course that you are teaching. The lesson plan will contain all the required information and the teaching strategy SESSION TIME: 1 hour PAX SIZE: Min: _5_ pax Max: _15_ pax AIDS/ EQUIPMENT: Overheads + OHP Blank Lesson Plan formats Flipchart + markers TEACHING STRATEGY: 1. Show & Tell 2. Exercise 3. Feedback PRE-REQUISITES No pre-requisites TARGET AUDIENCE  New employees in the Training & Development field  New Trainers who have little or no experience in instructional skills  Any other persons interested in developing skills for training adults TARGET AUDIENCE PROFILE & LEARNING PREFERENCE  Language preferred – English  Little or no experience in teaching / training  Want training to be hands-on  Don’t like technical jargons  Provide simple and practical templates POTENTIAL ISSUE Pax may not bring along their training materials. Alternatively, use the first part of this training program as exercise material
  11. 11. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 11 • Goals vs Objectives • Why do we need objectives? • How to write objectives? • Exercise: Writing Objectives
  12. 12. Goals • Goal is the general intent of the course – the business purpose the course was delivered (address the business issue) • Example: Understand the Talent Management System of Line Managers
  13. 13. Objectives • Learning objectives should be expressed as outcomes of the training for the participants • and make use of action verbs (for example, ‘‘At the end of this session, participants will be able to . . .’’). • The outcomes can be specific skills, knowledge and attitude acquire by the course participants
  14. 14. How to write learning objectives • Normally expressed in the following manner: – At the end of this course, you will be able to • Write learning objectives for the course you are developing • Write corresponding performance objectives for each learning objectives • Determine whether your objectives are measurable / observable
  15. 15. Why Performance objectives? • Performance Objectives enables learners to be assessed to determine whether they have achieved the learning objectives
  16. 16. How to write performance objectives • Components of a performance objective – Performance: Measurable behaviours /action verbs- develop, select, assemble, perform (No 6, Green Book) – Condition: tools - MS Power Point, ISO, lean – Standard: How well – 30 minutes, 40 kilos
  17. 17. How to write performance objectives • Example Given a car with a flat tire, a spare tyre, and a lug wrench (conditions), change the flat tyre (performance) according to the manufacturer’s instructions and specifications in fifteen minutes without injury or damage (standard)
  18. 18. How to write performance objectives • Example Given a computer with MS-PowerPoint and a sample presentation (conditions) the student will be able to launch PowerPoint, use the AutoContent Wizard to create a presentation with the same format and content (performance) as the sample presentation within 30 minutes (standard)
  19. 19. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 25 Examining the bulls-eye • What is the purpose of writing performance objectives? • What is the most difficult thing about writing performance objectives? • What are the things you need to be aware of when writing performance objectives?
  20. 20. 1st ModuleModule 2.2 Lesson Plan Learning Objectives
  21. 21. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 27 Lesson plan example (part 2) Activity / Timing (Minutes) Content (what to be taught) Training Technique Trainee Activity Aids Required Lesson Plan Intro 15 minutes Objective #1 Lesson Plans What is a lesson plan? Why use a lesson plan? Using a lesson plan Lecture & Discussion Listening & Discussion Lesson plan ppt slides Flipchart & marker Participants bring own laptop Forms A & B Lesson Plan Exercise 60 minutes Objective #1 Lesson Plan Exercise Application Exercise Open Discussion Feedback Session Do exercise Discussion Receive feedback Participant’s Training Materials Participants bring own laptop Forms A & B
  22. 22. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 29 What is a lesson plan? Lesson plan is a tool to help the trainer determine how to teach a particular topic
  23. 23. What is a lesson plan? – Learning objectives & related content – Duration of lesson & timing of activities – Required training aids & equipment – Teaching method & strategy for lesson
  24. 24. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 32 Structure of a learning activity – Opening • Pax get a general feel of the topic to be discussed – Focus the topic • Learn details about topic without straying – Closure • End the topic & reinforce learning – Transition • Link previous topic with the next one
  25. 25. Structure of a learning activity –Opening • Pax get a general feel of the topic to be discussed –Focus the topic • Learn details about topic without straying –Closure • End the topic & reinforce learning –Transition • Link previous topic with the next one
  26. 26. Structure of a learning activity
  27. 27. Structure of a learning activity
  28. 28. Structure of a learning activity
  29. 29. Structure of a learning activity
  30. 30. Structure of a learning activity
  31. 31. Training Technique (Teaching Methods) Teaching Method Purpose Dos Don’ts Lecture / Presentation Present information  Use examples and illustrations  Use visual aids  Intersperse with activities or exercise  Don’t go more than 15 mins without an activity or exercise Discussion Allow participants to share experiences and to learn from each other  Encourage everyone to participate  Initiate discussion with a leading question  Guide discussion by expertly asking pertinent questions  Conclude discussion with some type of summary  Monopolize the discussion  Allow one or two participants to dominate  Stop without coming to closure Brainstorming Generate lots of ideas in short period of time. Stimulate creativity  Review ground rules before beginning  Encourage everyone to participate  Use a second person to record ideas if the first recorder is overwhelmed  Discuss ideas until brainstorming is completed  Discount or belittle any ideas
  32. 32. Training Technique (Teaching Methods) Teaching Method Purpose Dos Don’ts Case Study Simulate real- world situations  Provide clear directions  Provide sufficient information and background  Highlight factors or variables that are pertinent to teaching points  Point out similarities between case and participants’situation  Ensure there is sufficient time to adequately complete  Spend valuable time debriefing points that may be interesting but are not relevant to the topic Role-play Simulate real world situation  Give participants adequate information to play their role  Give participants a minute or 2 to plan their responses  Ensure participants can be seen and heard by the rest of the class  Ask for volunteers  Force individuals to participate if they are reluctant  Continue role-play after teaching point has been made  Make fun of any participants Games / Activities / Exercises Encourage participants to learn for themselves and each other  Provide clear information  Clearly describe expected outcomes  Make sure there is sufficient time to complete  Adequately debrief  Prolong unnecessarily
  33. 33. Understanding
  34. 34. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 44 Did you really learn your lesson? • What was the most difficult thing about creating a lesson plan?
  35. 35. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 45 Did you really learn your lesson? • What adult learning principles are being incorporated into the lesson plan?
  36. 36. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 46 Did you really learn your lesson? • Will your lesson plan suit the needs and learning style of your target audience?
  37. 37. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 47 Issues in building lesson plans • Performance Objectives Missed out in many lesson plans • Many lesson plans don’t contain activities that will test for transfer of learning • Many lesson plans may not put the Adult Learning Principles into practice (e.g. use only on lectures but no exercises, practice sessions, quizzes etc) • Lesson plans did not contain – Opening activity – Closing activity
  38. 38. Creating the right learning environment a. Physical Environment - Infrastructure b. Emotional Environment - Mood 1st ModuleModule 1
  39. 39. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 49 • Recognition • Participation • Achievement • Personal Growth Adult Learning Needs
  40. 40. participants feel comfortable and safe Results of comfortable and safe environment • try out new ideas, • learn from others, • explore new viewpoints, • change attitudes and behaviors • respects everyone’s viewpoints, and
  41. 41. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 52 • Self-Concept • Experience • Readiness to Learn • Time perspective
  42. 42. 53 Principles of effective learning Recency Appropriateness Motivation Primacy 2 way communication Feedback Active Learning Multi-sensory Learning Exercise
  43. 43. a. Physical Environment - Infrastructure b. Emotional Environment - Mood 1st ModuleModule 2.1 Learning Objectives
  44. 44. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 55 Lesson plan example (part 1) TITLE: Basic Instruction Skills For New Trainers Lesson Plans WRITTEN BY: Cornelius Koh COURSE GOAL: Address the need for non-training professionals to develop training programs that will help address their business needs & to teach the training programs effectively OBJECTIVES: CORRESPONDING PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES At the end of this lesson, the participants will be able to develop a lesson plan. Using the blank lesson plan formats, develop a lesson plan for the course that you are teaching. The lesson plan will contain all the required information and the teaching strategy SESSION TIME: 1 hour PAX SIZE: Min: _5_ pax Max: _15_ pax AIDS/ EQUIPMENT: Overheads + OHP Blank Lesson Plan formats Flipchart + markers TEACHING STRATEGY: 1. Show & Tell 2. Exercise 3. Feedback PRE-REQUISITES No pre-requisites
  45. 45. ckby/BasicTTT/18Jul08/Rev6 56 Activity / Timing (Minutes) Content (what to be taught) Training Technique Trainee Activity Aids Required Lesson Plan Intro 15 minutes Objective #1 Lesson Plans What is a lesson plan? Why use a lesson plan? Using a lesson plan Lecture & Discussion Listening & Discussion Lesson plan ppt slides Flipchart & marker Participants bring own laptop Forms A & B Lesson Plan Exercise 60 minutes Objective #1 Lesson Plan Exercise Application Exercise Open Discussion Feedback Session Do exercise Discussion Receive feedback Participant’s Training Materials Participants bring own laptop Forms A & B
  46. 46. Structure of a learning activity
  47. 47. Structure of a learning activity
  48. 48. Structure of a learning activity
  49. 49. Structure of a learning activity
  50. 50. Structure of a learning activity
  51. 51. Review
  52. 52. 63 Module 3 Presentation
  53. 53. 64 Thank You
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