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Ecological Restoration, Sri Lanka
Ecological Restoration, Sri Lanka
Ecological Restoration, Sri Lanka
Ecological Restoration, Sri Lanka
Ecological Restoration, Sri Lanka
Ecological Restoration, Sri Lanka
Ecological Restoration, Sri Lanka
Ecological Restoration, Sri Lanka
Ecological Restoration, Sri Lanka
Ecological Restoration, Sri Lanka
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Ecological Restoration, Sri Lanka

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The destruction of tropical forest environments not only impoverishes traditional people, it is also a great loss to the entire world. This destruction must be stopped, for so much has been lost in …

The destruction of tropical forest environments not only impoverishes traditional people, it is also a great loss to the entire world. This destruction must be stopped, for so much has been lost in the past few decades that if we are to make any difference to the world of the future these trends must be reversed.

Published in: Economy & Finance, Technology
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  • 1. Ecological Restoration <ul><li>The destruction of tropical forest environments not only impoverishes traditional people, it is also a great loss to the entire world. This destruction must be stopped, for so much has been lost in the past few decades that if we are to make any difference to the world of the future these trends must be reversed. </li></ul>
  • 2. We need to make a choice. Do we go the road that promises us an industrial plantation in the name of a forest or do we choose the path that gives us a forest like vegetation and the means to earn an income throughout the year, gives us clean water and a habitat for animals?
  • 3. Analog Forestry <ul><li>With this goal in mind, the Neo Synthesis Research Centre (NSRC) in Sri Lanka began a series of experiments in analog forestry. Here, forests analogous to the native forest in structure and ecological function were established containing trees that yielded valuable products. </li></ul>
  • 4. Model in Mirahawatte <ul><li>The first trials were begun in 1982. A ‘forest’ analogous to the original, with higher levels of biodiversity and productivity than the surrounding monoculture plantations of Pinus and Eucalyptus was created in Mirahawatte. The site was a denuded tea estate with no tree cover, poor soil and no water. Few birds and animals frequented this area </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>While annual crops were grown in open areas many fast growing trees, both native and exotic, were planted in addition to crop plants like cardamom and coffee. The model on which the planting was executed was based on the closest natural forest in the area. </li></ul><ul><li>This work demonstrated that if all crops in these new forests were grown organically, many species of animals and birds that were once confined to the original forest could move in and establish populations . </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>At the beginning of our experiment in ecological restoration no more than 15 species of birds were recorded. Today, 22 years later, over 97 species of birds are recorded. One can see the Jungle fowl roaming wild and the forest loving Lady Torrington’s Pigeon feeding happily. </li></ul><ul><li>The Barking Deer has come to stay and many butterflies, moths, frogs and lizards have found a home here. </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>What is also significant was that the establishment of over 60% shade in the analog forest in Mirahawatte and the increase in leaf litter has led to a greater accumulation of surface water. This has led to a dramatic return of perennial water flows in the streams found on the land. </li></ul>
  • 8. An overview of the analog forest at Mirahawatte
  • 9. Canopy of the analog forest at Mirahawatte
  • 10. Certified Forest Garden Products <ul><li>Today, analog forestry is practiced by over 1500 farmers in Sri Lanka who participate in transforming their home gardens into analog forest gardens. </li></ul><ul><li>Villagers are made aware that the cultivation of organic produce protects both their children and their environment from poisonous chemicals, and aware that the planting of tree crops in this manner, has helped replace some of the lost rain forest. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to a gain in biodiversity farmer incomes have increased as well as the nutrition status of their families.. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers are already marketing these crops certified as Forest Garden Products at premium prices. </li></ul>

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