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SEX EDUMACATION INFO
 

SEX EDUMACATION INFO

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It is time to start getting real and educated. Burst the purity bubble or keep it- up to you, but you have a say - "KEEP YOUR LAWS OFF MY BODY AND BRAIN"

It is time to start getting real and educated. Burst the purity bubble or keep it- up to you, but you have a say - "KEEP YOUR LAWS OFF MY BODY AND BRAIN"

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  • Social Work research methods ii
    Sex Education
    Abstinence vs. Comprehensive

    Kat Schulze, Lindsay Rivera, Amanda Vanden Avond
    4/19/2010



    [Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document.]



    In early days, it seemed that sex education was more seen than taught. People grew up seeing the animals on the farm not only having sex, but what happened after with the birth of another animal. It normally was a conversation that did not happen until the eve of the wedding for a woman. Otherwise it was thought of to be a matter that did not have to be discussed. It later became a problem when people started to urbanize. With the growth of the population in such a close radius, there was a growth of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as gonorrhea and syphilis. This was throughout all classes and was happening to men as well as women. Also, in this time period there were many brothels. This was thought to be the reason for the spread of STDs through the men that went to visit these places.
    This started the growth of sex education throughout the states. There were many pamphlets that were given out. These were geared to tell men how immoral it was and that even masturbation led to horrible things and even death. Later, two individuals, a physician by the mane of Prince Morrow and a religious crusader by the name of Anna Garlin Spence, started the American Social Hygiene Association (ASHA). They had two goals one of morality and the other of physical health. Originally there were lectures that physicians would give and have people come to. Eventually ASHA promoted giving instruction to high school aged students. Reformers believed that if people knew the dangers of sex that they would stop believing lies such as a male has a medical necessity to have sex, and decline from having promiscuous sex.
    In its beginning stages, sex ed was used to stop curiosity about sex. There were lectures that were given to the students by a physician. The physician would speak about the reproductive organs as well as some facts about what STDs can do. Males were told that they owed it to their future wives and mothers to stay virgins, and females were scared into staying virgins. This was considered unacceptable by the Catholic Church in 1913. They formed a movement in Chicago that led to the resignation of the superintendent in charge. Although both sides believed that youth sexuality was a problem, where they fell apart was the facts of learning scientific facts. Some felt that it would increase people to have sexual experiences. During World War 2, the government finally became involved with sex education when it educated soldiers about the effects of syphilis and gonorrhea. From this spawned two trains of thought, one being that there should be abstinence only and the contraceptive train of thought.
    The abstinence only thought is that there is only one way to ensure that an individual does not contract an STD or become pregnant, which is never having sex or stopping from having it any longer. The other form is contraceptive teaching. This tells of all the different ways of birth control for both males and females. There is a huge controversy going on right now depending on what should be taught in our schools, abstinence or the contraceptive approach. With sex being more and more provocative now-a-days and children being more and more exploratory, a lot of people are leaning towards teaching the contraception train of thought in our schools to as young as middle school. As of recent, Governor Doyle passed a law in Wisconsin giving teachers the right to teach the contraceptive approach. Before this, schools did not have to teach about sexual education only information about STDs and HIV/AIDS.
    When to Teach Sex Education
    For: It is important to begin sex education during middle school. This is because by the age of 13, many teens think that they have learned all that they need to know about the facts of sex from the media, peers and experimenting. The information that teenagers are presented with from these outside sources are not complete, accurate or reliable and therefore acting on that information can lead to life changing difficulties. In a comprehensive sex education class, a qualified teacher is put in charge of the subject matter, providing complete and accurate information in an age appropriate situation.
    Against: Telling teens about sex, preventing pregnancy and educating them on STD’s while encouraging them to abstain sends mixed messages and downplays the important of abstinence, regardless of age. The “just don’t do it motto” works with drinking and drugs, gangs and guns and it should be able to work with sex.

    Effects of Sex early on
    For: Abstinence programs only promote the ideals of sex and not the truth. Abstinence programs advocate that sex should only be linked to love, intimacy and commitment. Sex may be linked to these ideals of emotions, but a lot of emotionless sex does occur and teens need to be prepared that sex will not always lead to love. Sometimes sex is just sex, like it or not. Comprehensive sex education prepares individuals to make informed choices. Having sex at a young age with many partners can have devastating effects, but more devastating if uninformed. Recent research shows that abstinence-only strategies may deter contraceptive use among sexually active teenagers, increasing their risk of unintended pregnancy and STDs.
    Against: Sex should be linked to marriage. Delaying sex until marriage is best, and sex at an early age with many partners and done casually will have harmful consequences.
    Sex and Marriage vs. Sex and Facts
    For: The reality of life is that kids will experiment. It is better for them to be prepared and aware of their options. Those who receive abstinence only programs may be less knowledgeable about STD’s and less likely to believe that condoms provide effective protection against them. Some abstinence programs are considered to be too negative about the effectiveness of contraception. Sometimes they include inaccurate information about failure rates, exaggerating the risks of infection with STD’s and HIV and reinforce negative gender and sexuality stereotypes.
    Against: Comprehensive sex-education courses are silent on vital issues such as casual sex, intimacy, commitment, love, and marriage. Comprehensive sexual education is focused almost exclusively on promoting contraceptive use and contains almost no mention of abstinence. Abstinence is more important than contraception, because it is the only way that is 100% effective.
    Where Should It Be Taught
    For: With sex education, young people have the opportunity to learn a basic understanding of their bodies, human reproduction facts, and pregnancy prevention techniques. There is no replacement for parental, guardian and peer influences on sexual behavior, but at least the hard facts will be taught in a controlled environment when many parents are too embarrassed to talk to their teens about sex and their options. In an ideal situation, parents could have this communication with their child, but even parents are unaware of all the truths. In a comprehensive sex education program, not only are they given the facts about sex, pregnancy, their bodies and STD’s, but also about homosexuality without a bias approach to subject matter. Many parents are uniformed themselves, and are no longer the voice of reason when it comes to sex, the media is. Without sex education, many young people will be left to the media and hear say to find answers to important questions. Questions, if left unanswered, can lead to unplanned pregnancy and the repetition of a continuing cycle of ignorance.
    Against: Sex education belongs in the home and not in schools; it is the parent’s obligation. If it is taught in the classroom, sex should be directly linked to marriage.
    Human Rights vs. Religious Rights
    For: Sexuality is a matter of personal choice that should not be dictated by politics or religion in public schools. With a basic premise of human rights, everyone is entitled to access information about matters that affect them and the decisions they make. Sex education is there to provide young people with tools to protect themselves against abuse and exploitation as well as unintended pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS. It violates human rights not to have sex education. It is neither Christian nor moral to refuse them.
    Against: It is a violation of religious freedom to impose sexual curricula in public schools. Due to the graphic nature it is pornography. 1929 Pope Pius XI identified sex education is the debauchery of young souls.
    Times Have Changed
    For: The very premise of abstinence education may now be unrealistic because it fails to reflect the nature of modern, industrial societies in which people marry later in life, if at all. Also, with the high frequency of breakdown in marriage, people are likely to have several sexual partners over their lifetime and abstinence may be an out dated ideology for most.
    Against: Human sexuality is primarily emotional and physical in nature and in proper circumstances. Sexual activity leads to long term emotional bonding between two individuals, and sexual happiness is linked to love, intimacy and commitment. Comprehensive sexual education does not cover these aspects.
    After reviewing all the pros and cons on sexual education in middle school, our group decided that we were For giving children in middle school the facts on contraception, STD’s, and sex all together, but there is a catch. In most middle schools right now, the “sex talk” is either not given or given very broadly. When it is actually talked about in schools, teachers usually find themselves facing a room full of adolescent students with immature giggles, whoops, and hollers while approaching their sexual development responsibly. This talk only goes for 1-3 hours in most schools, with a broad range of people teaching it starting with gym teachers, councilors or health teachers that really don’t have the skills or training. Consequently, because of the loose and casual atmosphere of sex ed classrooms, thousands of parents question the validity and the effectiveness of is being delivered in public education.
    Taught properly, sexual education and development could easily become just like any other course of study like history or math, but going for only 1 semester. If administrators present a more academic approach complete with tests and grades, it might just impress upon the children that they should view sex a serious part of their human development rather than a recreational activity. The class should have a trained teacher that can handle talking seriously about the subject matter. The program should be personalized and even concentrate on communication, negotiation skills, human development, self-esteem, relationships, personal skills, and sexual behavior. The program also needs to include peer-based approaches and media activities to reach more people and give a clear, consistent message. With all this said, we think this program should be held in all public schools whether the parents like it or not. It is so essential to have all the kids in the public school take it rather than just the select few that their parents want them to. If the parents of a child have a problem with having their child go through this course, there is always private school or home-schooling.
    Our group feels very strongly about comprehensive sex education. We feel that teenagers are not going to wait until marriage and the concept of abstinence is an out dated tradition. With this in mind, sexual activity of teens is not declining and something needs to be done about it. Comprehensive sexual education is the most rational and factual form of sex education. Members of both sexes have the right to understand their bodies, what their bodies can do and the issues that can arise from not taking the proper precautions. Only promoting abstinence provides teens little to know resources to explore their curiosity and may do so causing unintentional circumstances. Having sex comes with responsibilities and it is the duty of properly trained professional to teach these teenagers the facts in a supportive and open environment. What the teen chooses to do with that information is up to them, but at least everyone is knowledgeable enough for make an informed decision about their actions.
    We all feel very strongly that at some point in each of our lives we have been asked to make mature choices regarding our sexuality and how we would like to express it , but did not always had the proper information to make the choice that was in our best interest beyond the moment of infatuation. Comprehensive sexual education goes beyond teens who want to experiment, but also effects those who are put in compromising situations and have the right to know the truth about pregnancy and STD’s. Not only do we feel that teaching this information in a clinical manor will provide teens with the facts, but will also provide them would a stronger foundation on which to say no if they so choose. Abstinence places too much emphasis on linking sex to love, commitment, happiness and marriage, in truth it does, but we also see this as something that can hurt many young females in situations they are not ready for. Disconnecting some of the emotion that goes along with sex may cause a decline in sexual activity if some know that it is not the direct path to love or being cared for. Overall it is important to teach full comprehensive sexual education in public schools not only to decrease the risk of STD and HIV transmission, but to decrease unplanned pregnancies and give teens the opportunity to be informed.
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    SEX EDUMACATION INFO SEX EDUMACATION INFO Presentation Transcript

    • SEX EDUCATION
      Abstinence vs. Comprehensive
      Amanda, Lindsay and Kat
    • Quick History
      Originally people learned about sexual education on their farms
      When urbanization exploded and STD’s were on the rise it became a matter that the public needed to address
      This began lectures and pamphlets that went out speaking against not only sex but masturbation as well
    • How it moved to the schools
      The ASHA started to teach others about the dangers of STDs and the morality behind it
      The use of schools was due to the boom in attendance and the demand of students to be there.
      This started with a physician coming in an talking about the reproductive organs and also the dangers of STDs.
    • In Wisconsin
      Originally in Wisconsin, schools were not required to teach sex education. But they were told to teach about STDs and HIV/ AIDS
      This has recently changed, Gov. Doyle wrote a law that allows contraceptive education to be taught in schools and must be taught that way in schools.
    • Two different views
      There are two main views when it comes to sex education: Abstinence only and Contraceptive education
      Although the beginnings of sex education were very moralistic they still did not sit well with others and were made to be a form of encouraging this type of immoral behavior.
    • When to Teach Sex Education
      For
      Against
      During middle school( 13)
      Teens think that they have learned all that they need
      Media
      Peers
      experimentation
      Outside sources = misconceptions of sexuality
      not complete
      accurate
      reliable
      Qualified teacher providing
      complete accurate information age appropriate situation.
      “JUST DON’T DO IT”
      sex
      how to prevent STD’s
      pregnancy encouraging them
      sends mixed messages
      downplays importance of abstinence
      Regardless of age
    • Effects of Sex early on
      For
      Against
      Abstinence programs = made for T.V. movie.
      emotionless sex occurs
      be prepared
      *Informed choices =
      unintended pregnancies and STD’s.
      Sex should be linked to marriage
      Delaying sex until marriage is best
      Sex at an early age with many partners and done casually will have harmful consequences
    • Sex and Marriage vs. Sex and Facts
      For
      Against
      Reality:
      Kids experiment
      • Abstinence only – less knowledgeable
      Exaggerated/ inaccurate information
      Failure rates
      Risks of infection HIV/STD’s
      homosexuality
      Silent on vital issues
      Casual sex
      Intimacy
      Commitment, love, and marriage
      abstinence is more important than contraception :100% effective.
    • Where Should It Be Taught
      For
      Against
      Opportunity to learn
      basic understanding of their bodies
      human reproduction facts
      STD & pregnancy prevention
      Not a replacement BUT
      parents too embarrassed / uniformed themselves
      teens too embarrassed / left to the media & hear say to find answers
      Belongs in the home NOT in schools
      parent’s obligation
      IF : in the classroom
      sex should be directly linked to marriage.
    • Human Rights vs. Religious Rights
      For
      Against
      Sexuality =personal choice
      not be dictated by politics or religion in public schools
      Violates human rights not to-
      entitled to access information about matters that affect them/the decisions they make.
       Provides young people with tools to protect themselves against
      abuse
      exploitation
      unintended pregnancies,
      sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS.
      violation of religious freedom
      impose sexual curricula in public schools
      Graphic nature =pornography.
      1929 Pope Pius XI
      sex education =debauchery of young souls.
    • Times Have Changed
      For
      Against
      Premise of Abstinence
      unrealistic
      out dated ideology
      Fails to reflect
      nature of modern, industrial societies
      people marry later in life - if at all.
      high frequency of breakdown in marriage- several sexual partners over lifetime
      Primarily emotional and physical in nature
      proper circumstances-leads to long term emotional bonding
      sexual happiness
      love, intimacy and commitment
      Comprehensive sexual education does not cover these aspects.
    • How it should be handled…
       
      Taught properly, sexual education and development could easily become just like any other course of study like history or math going for 1 semester.
       
      administrators present a more academic approach complete with tests and grades
       
      the program should be personalized and even concentrate on communication, negotiation skills, human development, self-esteem, relationships, personal skills, and sexual behavior
       
      The class should have a trained teacher that can handle talking seriously about the subject matter
       
      include peer-based approaches and media activities to reach more people and giving a clear consistent message is critical.
    • How it’s taken care of Now…
      This “talk” only goes for 1-3 hours in the schools that actually have a “talk” (most don’t in middle school)
       
      Usually has a room full of adolescent students with immature giggles, whoops, and hollers
       
      broad range of people teaching it starting with gym teachers, councilors or health teachers that really don’t have the skills or training.
       
      Consequently, because of the loose and casual atmosphere of sex edu. classrooms, thousands of parents question the validity and the effectiveness of is being delivered in public education
    • WE SUPPORT
      Comprehensive Sex Education