Secondary 2 History Chapter 5


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Singapore, Secondary 2 History
Overview of Chapter 1-4; Chapter 5

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  • Cruise of the emden
  • i think just say like economic crisis like the one we just had, the banks don't have money to give the people who want them, and go bankrupt causing the whole system to crash.
  • This started in America when their stock markets crashed. stock markets are basically where people trade, buy and sell stocks. for example, a company is made of 100% in stocks. the ownership of the company is held by the person who holds the most stocks. a certain percentage of stocks are sold to the public. so if the value of the company increases, the value of the stocks increase. the people who buy these stocks can sell these stocks at a higher price to other people, and earn the profits. so this is what stocks are and what stock markets are about. people are buying stocks from different companies, hoping to sell them off at a higher price to make money. The stock market crash of 1929 occurred when people start losing confidence in the companies. the prices of the stocks are increasing so much, people thought that the prices will definitely have to decrease one day. so one day, a group of investors panicked, and started selling their stocks. this set of a chain of paranoia where everyone got scared as well, and started to sell their stocks as well. this selling of stocks made the stock prices decrease, which made more people decide to sell off their stocks. and finally, the market crashed because the stock prices fell very very badly. those who bought these shares using money they borrowed from the bank, had to pay back the banks using their possessions like houses. there were many people who also tried to withdraw their money from the banks. Banks  mechanism  people save $ in the bank  these money does not stay in e bank  it is used for investments, and lending to firms  they can charge an interest. It is their way of earning $. When people lose confidence in the financial world, they want to draw out all their money from the bank  banks do not have enough $ to pay everyone, so, many people lost their life savings. Banks also have no money to lend companies that are in trouble.
  • Ok, this picture is a picture of repatriation. I cant find pictures relating to singapore about this subject. Yepyeps. Sorry…
  • Secondary 2 History Chapter 5

    1. 1. <ul><li>Chapter 1 – Singapore has a history before ‘1819’ </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 2 – The start of Singapore as a British trading settlement </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 3 – Different roles that different immigrant communities had in Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 4 – British government in Singapore </li></ul>
    2. 2. Before 1819: Singapore was a busy port for trade. 1819: Sir Stamford Raffles sets up trading post 1826 - Singapore, Malacca and Penang become British colony of the Straits Settlements. 1750 -1850 Industrial - Revolution 1867 - Straits Settlements become crown colony of British Empire. 1869 - Suez Canal opens, trade booms. 1914-1918 World War I 1929 Wall Street Crashes (start of the Great Depression)
    3. 3. 1941 - World War II. Japan bombs Singapore. 1942 - Singapore falls to Japan, which renames it Syonan (Light of the South). 1945 - Japan defeated. Singapore under British military administration. 1946 - Singapore becomes separate crown colony. 1947 – Year of Strikes 1948 – Elections 1950 – Maria Hertogh Riots 1954 – Anti-National Service Riots 1955 – Elections (Rendel Constitution) - Hock Lee Bus Riots 1956 – Students’ Riot
    4. 4. 1959 - Self-government attained with Lee Kuan Yew as prime minister. 1963 - Singapore joins the Federation of Malaya, Sabah (North Borneo), and Sarawak in the Federation of Malaysia. 1964 – Racial Riots 1965 - Singapore separated from Malaysia and became independent!
    5. 5. <ul><li>Iphone </li></ul><ul><li>launch </li></ul>World Cup Thailand civil war Obama becoming President of USA Justin Bieber
    6. 7. <ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Opening of Suez Canal </li></ul><ul><li>World War I </li></ul><ul><li>Great Depression </li></ul>What are these events all about? How did these events affect Singapore?
    7. 8. <ul><li>Politically: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Under British rule ( aCrown colony) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economically </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free port (for maritime trade) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade as main economic activity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Socially </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different groups of immigrants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigrants were discriminated by the British </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. <ul><li>It is a series of events which, taken together, made changes to the way people lived and worked </li></ul>
    9. 10. <ul><li>Events: Invention of new machines and the discovery of new sources of power (steam-engine) to drive these machines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These events led to the Industrial Revolution </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. <ul><li>Impact of Industrial Revolution in Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in productivity but… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>need more raw materials to manufacture the goods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need new markets outside their own countries to sell their goods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Asia as a possible solution to these two problems </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 12. <ul><ul><li>Increase in travelling (to look for raw materials and new markets) </li></ul></ul>
    12. 14. What does this mean for Singapore?
    13. 15. <ul><li>Shipping route to the East before 1869 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Length of journey from London to Singapore: 120 days </li></ul></ul>
    14. 16. <ul><li>Ferdinand de Lesseps, French engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Shipping route with the Suez Canal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Length of journey from London to Singapore: 50 days </li></ul></ul>
    15. 18. <ul><li>Growth in trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Singapore became a port for the collection of goods from the East and the distribution of manufactured goods from the West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goods became cheaper as the cost of shipping goods was reduced (shorter distance and time taken to ship goods from place to place) </li></ul></ul>
    16. 19. <ul><li>Improvements in communications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications improved as shorter time was taken to deliver letters and documents </li></ul></ul>
    17. 20. <ul><li>Improvements in port facilities: the New Harbour in 1852 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overcrowding due to the amount of trading in Singapore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The New Harbour was built in 1852 to help improve services at the port </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New wharves, docks, storehouses and machine shops were built. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern machinery were used and a railway system was set up to link the port to other parts of Malaya. </li></ul></ul>
    18. 21. S.T.E.A.M. (Industrial Revolution) <ul><li>S hips (increase) </li></ul><ul><li>T rade (increase) </li></ul><ul><li>E uropeans (came to…) </li></ul><ul><li>A sia (looking for…) </li></ul><ul><li>M arket and Materials, Mail (increase) </li></ul>
    19. 22. F.A.S.T, O.K! (Suez Canal) <ul><li>F erdinand de Lesseps </li></ul><ul><li>A ll year shipping </li></ul><ul><li>S hortened time and distance </li></ul><ul><li>T rade increased </li></ul><ul><li>For Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>O vercrowded, (so, they set up…) </li></ul><ul><li>K eppel Habour </li></ul>
    20. 23. <ul><li>3 impacts on Singapore? </li></ul><ul><li>2 developments? </li></ul><ul><li>1 opinion: Did the 2 external events have a positive or negative impact on Singapore? </li></ul>
    21. 24. <ul><ul><li>Military conflict among the European countries, which eventually involved the rest of the world (e.g. Africa and India) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy (before), Ottoman Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allied powers: Britain, France, Russia, and later, Italy </li></ul></ul>
    22. 26. <ul><li>Rush for food </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People were afraid that there would be a lack of food, and rushed to stock up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prices of food increased. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government had to step in to control the import and export of food to other parts of Asia </li></ul></ul>
    23. 27. <ul><li>Danger to Singapore’s trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>German warship, Emden was stationed in the East and attacked British trading ships in the Indian Ocean. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This affected Singapore’s shipping and trade, until Emden was destroyed. </li></ul></ul>
    24. 29. <ul><li>Sepoy Mutiny of 1915 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sepoys (Indian Troops from the British army) rebelled against the British. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They did not want to continue fighting for the British. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebels killed Europeans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British government realized that it could not afford to be careless about Singapore’s defence – threats to Singapore’s peace could come from both inside and outside the country </li></ul></ul>
    25. 30. A 2 <ul><li>= Austria-Hungary + Germany + Italy + Ottoman empire </li></ul><ul><li>= Allies = Britain, France, Russia </li></ul>Impact on Singapore R ush for food (hungry!) T rade endangered (German warship ‘Emden’) M utiny of Indian troops (rebellion)
    26. 31. <ul><li>Great Depression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Depression’  a time when there is a great decrease in business activities with widespread unemployment (economic downturn) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Great’  the huge impact the depression had on many countries around the world </li></ul></ul>Great Depression
    27. 32. <ul><li>24 th Oct 1929 Wall Street Crash – America’s stock market crashed </li></ul><ul><li>Banks were bankrupted. </li></ul><ul><li>Many lost their life savings </li></ul><ul><li>As the number of poor people increased, demand for goods fell – people could not afford to pay. </li></ul><ul><li>Business became poor and people were retrenched  more became financially poor. </li></ul><ul><li>This affected not only America, but also spread to the rest of the world, including Singapore. </li></ul>
    28. 34. <ul><li>Decrease in trade and businesses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies that depended on overseas trading suffered losses and had to retrench workers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Businessmen became bankrupted </li></ul></ul>
    29. 35. <ul><li>Increase in unemployment and hardship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployed workers had to depend on their friends or relatives. Many returned to their homeland because they could not find jobs to support themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Situation in Singapore was so bad, that the British government had to step in to improve the economic situation: restriction and reduction of the number of immigrants coming into Singapore </li></ul></ul>
    30. 36. <ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>U nemployment for millions </li></ul><ul><li>S uffering and hardship </li></ul><ul><li>T rade fell sharply </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>U nemployment and hardship </li></ul><ul><li>G overnment restricted immigration and sent unemployed immgrants </li></ul><ul><li>H ome </li></ul>anks and usinesses go ankrupt