Sericulture production guide
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Sericulture production guide






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



0 Embeds 0

No embeds



Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.


11 of 1

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • these are a good information on the livestock production to look forward for the development of the sector.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Sericulture production guide Sericulture production guide Presentation Transcript

    • ¾N` MTƒ S] °pÉ
    • ¾N` MTƒ S] °pÉ ¯LT¾S] °pÆ ¯LT ¾N` U`ƒ” uw³ƒ“uØ^ƒ uTU[ƒ“ KÑuÁ uTp[w ›U^‡Ñu= ”Ç=Áј“ ¾’<a Å[ͨ<” ”Ç=ÁhiM›Ñ]~ ÅÓV Å[p ¾N` Ÿ<Ÿ<v” ¨ÃU Ø_¾N` É`” ¨ÃU ¾}gS’< ¾N` Mwf‹”uTU[ƒ“ K¨Ü ÑuÁ uTp[w ¾¨<ßU”³]” ”Ɂð^ Te‰M ’¨<::
    • Ów}¿¡•KAÍ=¨<” uTeóóƒ U`ƒ KÑuÁ ¡•KAÍ=¨<”¾T>unuƒ” G<’@ SõÖ`::
    • W”Ö[» 1 Ÿõ}— N` ›U^‹ ›Ña‹ /T@.„”/ ›Ñ` 1991 1993 1994 ‰Ã“ 46.4 54.5 58.0 Q”É 11.49 13.0 14.5 Íû” 5.7 5.0 4.5Å/¢`Á 1.2 1.2 1.6 w^²=M 1.9 2.37 2.5 U”ß:- ¯KU›kõ ¾N` T%u`
    • ¾N` U`ƒ Ówà W”Ö[» 2 Ÿõ}— N` LŸ= ›Ña‹“ ¾Ñu= SÖ” /.›?.›. 2000-2002/}.l ›Ñ` U`ƒ /T@.„/ Ñu= /¾›T@]μ” ÊL`/ ,000 2000 2001 2002 2000 2001 20021 ‰Ã“ 17,52® 14,485 17,842 33,3594 282,166 268,6522 ~`¡T@”e” 4,010 4,010 4,010 S.› S.› S.›3 Q”É 1,927 1,637 962 11,369 11,909 4,1414 Ë`S” 1,566 1,293 835 25,296 21,593 12,6045 ›<´u?¡e” 1,600 1,600 898 7,310 7,310 1,8826 ›¨<eƒ^K=Á 2,630 198 740 3,502 459 1,1247 ¿.›?e.›?. 466 384 1,410 2,229 2,352 2,3398 y?ƒ“U 340 880 560 2,470 2,810 7049 ÃL”É 700 271 178 4,194 3,315 2,08010 ×K=Á” 209 189 636 4,302 3,772 9,315 U”ß :- FAO trade Yearbook,2002 S.› - S[Í ›M}Ñ–U
    • ¾N` MTƒ” KTeóóƒK=Ÿ“¨’< ¾T>Ñv†¨< }Óv^ƒ
    • ¾YMÖ“ ›ÑMÓKAƒ SeÖƒ“ TÖ“Ÿ`G. ¾›ß` Ñ>²? YMÖ“ ¾›WM×™‹ YMÖ“ ¾MTƒ W^}Æ‹ ¾Ñu_−‹ YMÖ“ ¾›ß` Ñ>²? Ñ<w˜ƒK. sT> YMÖ“N. ¾[ÏU Ñ>²? YMÖ“YMÖ“¨< ¾”Ð] ¨ÃU ¾Ñ<KA }¡M MTƒ ¾N` ƒM `u=/MTƒ/ ¾N` É%[ U`ƒ ‚¡•KAÍ=
    • ¾N` MTƒ” KTeóóƒ K=Ÿ“¨’< ¾T>Ñv†¨< }Óv^ƒ1. ¾YMÖ“ ›ÑMÓKAƒ SeÖƒ“ TÖ“Ÿ`G. ¾›ß` Ñ>²? YMÖ“ ¾›WM×™‹ YMÖ“ ¾MTƒ W^}Æ‹ ¾Ñu_−‹ YMÖ“ ¾›ß` Ñ>²? Ñ<w˜ƒK. sT> YMÖ“N. ¾[ÏU Ñ>²? YMÖ“›ÖnLà YMÖ“¨< :- ¾”Ð] ¨ÃU ¾Ñ<KA }¡M MTƒ ¾N` ƒM `u=/MTƒ/ ¾N` É%[ U`ƒ ‚¡•KAÍ=
    • 2. ¾›?¡e‚”i” ›ÑMÓKAƒ SeÖƒFTC” T°ŸM ÁÅ[Ñ ¾‚¡’>¡ ÉÒõ U¡` ¾Ø^ƒ lØØ`
    • 3. ¾N` ƒM ²` T^u=Á“ Tv¹ ×u=Á TssU ¾N` ƒM ¨LÏ ²` /Parent stock/ ¾N` ƒM SY^ƒ ²` /Basic seed/
    • 4. ¾N` ƒM S• °îªƒ ²` T^u=Á“ Tv¹×u=Á TssU uôÈ^M u¡MKA‹
    • W”Ö[» 3:- ¨Å›Ñ^‹” K=Ñu< ¾T>‹K< ¾”Ð] }¡M ²a‹ /Varieties/ ¾²` ¯Ã’ƒ (Variety) uSe• ¨ÃU u´“w K=KS< eKS‰M U”ß u¯Sƒ ¾T>ÁeÑ–<ƒ ¾pÖM SÖ” /„”/ Kanva-2 uSe• ßU` ¾T>KT Q”É 30-35 S-36 ““ “” “” “” 38-45 S-54 ““ “” “” “” 45 S-1 ““ “” “” “” S[Í ¾KU S-799 ““ “” “” “” “” S-1635 ““ “” “” “” “” S-246 ““ “” “” “” “” S-13 u´“w ¾T>KT Q”É 8-10 S-34 ““ “” ““ 15 HR-2 ““ “” ““ 30-25 China White - ‰Ã“ 15-20 Chak majra - ““ 20-22 S-41 - ÃL”É S.›
    • 5. KT`u=Á ¡õM ¾T>ÁeðMÑ< Ów¯„‹” TÅ^˃6. KN` ƒKA‹“ KS• °îªƒ Ö?“ Øun TÉ[Ó ui−‹ }vÄ‹7. ¾N` U`U` T°ŸLƒ” TssU& TÖ“Ÿ` ¾”Ð] }¡M Ø“ƒ ¾`u=“ ¾²` ‚¡•KAÍ= Ø“ƒ ¾N` É%[U`ƒ ‚¡•KAÍ= ¾N` MTƒ ›?¡e‚”i”“ U`U``
    • 8. ¾ÑuÁ G<’@” TS‰†ƒ›U^Œ‹” uT%u` uTÅ^˃ ¾ÑuÁ ›pUSõÖ`¾Ñu_ ¿’>¾•‹ ¾Ÿ<Ÿ<v ”ÓÉ u=ÁŸ“¨<’< ¾Ñu= °ÉM”ÇL†¨< Td¨p&›U^Œ‹ uŸ}V‹ ›μvu= ŸT>Ñ–<“ ¾É%[ U`ƒ}¿¡•KAÍ= ŸT>ÖkS< vKGw„‹ Ò` Ó”–<’ƒ ¡•KAÍ=”Ç=•^†¨< TÉ[Ó&¾¨Ü ÑuÁ” uTðLKÓ Ÿ›U^Œ‹ ¨ÃU Ÿ¿’>¾•‹ Ò`TÑ“–ƒvKGw„‹ u”ÓÉ Y^ Là ”Ç=d}ñ ¾TÉ[Ó }Óv`¾ÑuÁ S[Í Y`¯ƒ Ó”v TÉ[Ó
    • 9. ¾N` É%[U`ƒ ‚¡•KAÍ= Tv³ƒ“ TW^Úƒ10. ¾Ø^ƒ“ Å[Í lØØ` TÉ[ÓG. Ø^ƒ Ÿõ}— ¾N` SÖ” /Higher silk content/ `´Sƒ /Longer filament/ ¾SÖ”Ö” wnƒ /Reelability/ ¾T>uLg< Ÿ<wŸ<v−‹ SÖ” % /Percentage of defective cocoons/K. Å[Í T¨<׃N. lØØ` TÉ[Ó11. ¾wÉ` ›p`xƒ KÑu_−‹ KvKGw„‹12. uvKÉ`h−‹ SNM ¾p”σ Y^ SõÖ`
    • ¾N` MTƒ ¾Se¡ Y^ ”penc?¾Ów`“ Y^ /Agro-business/›Ç=e ‚¡•KAÍ=¨ÅÑu_¨< ¾W[ç¨< u1996 ¯.U Å/w/w/Q/ ¡MM1997 ¯.U *aT>Á& ›T^& ƒÓ^áMKA‹
    • . ¾¡MM ”penc?−‹II ¾¡MM ”penc?−‹1. ¾Å/w/w/Q 31 ¨[Ç−‹ }S`Ö¨< 450 u<É•‹” KTssU pÊ Ÿ20-35 ›vLƒ ¾T>Ñ–<uƒ 56 ¾c?ƒ u<É•‹ }Å^Ï}ªM& Ÿ’²=I ¨<eØ 17 u<É•‹ uÑ<KA N` ƒM Y^ ËU[ªM:: 2715 Ñu_−‹ /1779 c?ƒ& 936 ¨”É“ 31 vKS<Á−‹ YMÖ“ ›Ó˜}ªM:: 1077.5 uLà Ÿ<wŸ<v }S`„ 600 Ÿ=.Ó ÁIM }g×DM:: G<Kƒ ¾ÓM ›U^Œ‹ u¨` eŸ 100 Ÿ=.Ó Ÿ<wŸ<v ¾TU[ƒ ›pU ðØ[¨< SgØ ËU[ªM::
    • uÓKcw ¾”Ð] N` ƒM ²` Ñw…M::World Vision, Self Help DevelopmentEthiopia, Goal Ethiopia Plan International¾}¨c’ ¾T‚]ÁM“ ¾YMÖ“ ÉÒõ¾cÖ< ÃÑ—K<::¾›ªX Ów`“ U`U` É`σ ¾Ñ<KA N`ƒM ²` TÅ^˃ ËUbM:: ¾”Ð]}¡MU Áv³ ÃÑ—M::
    • 2. ›aT>Á10 μ•‹“ 53 ¨[Ç−‹ KMT~ }S`ÖªM:: 95 Ñu_−‹ TMTƒ ËU[ªM:: K315 ¾μ”“ ¾¨[Ç Ów`““ ÑÖ` MTƒ ê/u?ƒ Lò−‹ ¾Ó”³u? TeÚuÝ ®¨<ÅØ“ƒ }"H>ÇDM:: K139 ¾¨[Ç vKS<Á−‹ YMÖ“ }cØ…M:: ¾N` MTƒ ûŸ?Ï u*aT>— }²ÒÏ„ KvKS<Á−‹}cØ…M:: 136.5 Ÿ=.Ó Ÿ<wŸ<v }S`„ 74.5 Ÿ=.Ó }g×DM:: 53 Ÿ=.Ó uÑuÁ Ùƒ ›M}gÖU:: 9 Ÿ=.Ó Ø^ƒ ¾TÁTEL eKJ’ KiÁß ›Mk[uU:: ›”É vKGwƒ u”Ð] N` ƒM MTƒ ËUbM:: Ÿ53 ¨[Ç−‹ K265 Ñu_−‹ /Ÿ¾¨[Ǩ< 5 / YMÖ“ KSeÖƒ pÇDM:: 150,000 ¾”Ð] }¡M l`Ø^ß KSƒŸM pÇDM::
    • 3. ›T^ 34 ¨[Ç−‹ }S`ÖªM:: K60 ÁIM ¾¨[Ç vKS<Á−‹ YMÖ“}cØ…M:: uÑuÁ eƒ^‚Í= Là ®¨<Å Ø“ƒ }"H>ÇDM:: T’<ªK< }²ÒÏ„ }cØ…M:: Ñu_−‹ Y^ ËU[ªM:: ¾”Ð] N` ƒM ²¨< Ÿ¨<ß Ñw…M:: 74 Ÿ=.Ó Ÿ<wŸ<v }S`…M:: ¾¡MK< Ønp”“ ›’e}— ›=”Æeƒ] u=a“SIDA uMT~ Là }dƒö ÁÅ[Ñ ÃÑ—M::
    • ¾›Èƒ Ów`“ U`U` É`σ ŸŸ?”Á ¾”Ð]}¡M l`Ø^ß /uvariety Å[Í vÁ¨pU/›eÑw„ Áv³ ÃÑ—M:: c=Å`eU uÓw`““ ÑÖ`MTƒ u=a uŸ<M K}ÖnT>−‹ ÃW^ÝM::u23 ¨[Ç−‹ K46 ¾MTƒ ×u=Á W^}™‹“115 Ñu_−‹ YMÖ“ KSeÖƒ °pÉ }óDM::u23 ¨[Ç−‹ 115 ¾N` MTƒ W`„ TdÁ×u=Á−‹” KSÑ”vƒ“ KTÅ^˃ pÇDM::¨Å 407,200 ÁIM ¾”Ð] }¡M l`Ø^ßKSƒŸMpÇDM:
    • 4. ƒÓ^à K10 ¾¨[Ç“ ¡MM vKS<Á−‹ YMÖ“ u14 ¨[Ç−‹ KT>Ñ–< ¾”edƒ °`v“ ¾Å” MTƒ vKS<Á ¾Ó”³u? TeÚuÝ }cØ…M:: u14 ¨[Ç−‹ 98000 ¾”Ð] }¡M ²` }}¡LDM:: uÑ<KA N` ƒM ›”É ÓKcw ¾MTƒ Y^ ËUbM:: ¾N` MTƒ T’<ªM }²ÒÏ„ }W^ß…M:: u20 ¨[Ç−‹ 1400 Ñu_−‹” uMT~ Là KTd}õ“ 500000 ¾”Ð] }¡M ²` l`Ø^ß KTW^Úƒ pÇDM::
    • III. ¾ôÈ^M ”penc? ¾N` MTƒ S] °pÉ }²ÒÏ…M & ¾N` MTƒ þK=c=“ eƒ^‚Í= }²ÒÏ…M:: ¾N` MTƒ ‚¡•KAÍ= ûŸ?Ï /u”Ð] }¡M/ }²ÒÏ„ }W^ß…M:: ¾”Ð] }¡M ²` /K2 “ S13/ ŸQ”É Ñw„ u›LÑ@ ¢K?Ï ¾}v³ ÃÑ—M& ŸÓ”xƒ SÚ[h ËUa ÃW^ÝM:: ¾N` ƒM ²` Tv¹ T°ŸM u›LÑ@ ¢K?Ï ¾}Ñ’v ÃÑ—M:: ¾N` Ÿ<wŸ<v ›U^Œ‹”“ }S^T]−‹” Ád}ð ›Ñ` ›kõ ¾N` MTƒ ®¨ÅØ“ƒ }"H>ÇDM:: MT~ u¾¡MK< K‚¡’>¡ ÉÒõ ›c×Ø“ KÓwà ”Ç=ÁS‹ }wKA uŸ<ÑÖU /clustering/ ”Ç="H@É }Å`ÕM::
    • K31 ŸÅ/w/w/Q&›T^&*aT>Á“ ƒÓ^à ¡MMK}¨<×Ö< vKS<Á−‹ ¾21 k” ¾›WM×™‹YMÖ“ }cØ…M::K3 vKS<Á−‹ ¾3 dU”ƒ ¾MUÉ M¨<¨<Øu‰Ã“ }Å`ÕM::¾Y^ SÅw ”Ç=ðkÉ ¾Y^ ´`´` }²ÒÏ„k`vDM::¾”Ð] N` ƒM ²` u²Lm’ƒ TW^Úƒ”Ç=‰M u›Ñ` ¨<eØ ¾N` ƒM ¨LÏ ²`T^u=Á /Parent stock/ KTÅ^˃ vKS<Á“K›Ñ^‹” ¾T>eTS< ²a‹ KTeÑvƒ ¾›ß`Ñ>²? °pÉ }óDM::uN` MTƒ .›?.›. 2006-2010 ¯.U PASDEP}²ÒÏ…M:: MT~” ¾ËS ¡MKA‹”ÁÖnMLM::
    • IV. ¾N` MTƒ“ Ówà }Óv^ƒ u‰Ã“MT~ uT>SKŸ†¨< ¾S”ÓYƒ ›"Lƒ“û`+−‹ ›S^`& Lò’ƒ“ }ÖÁm’ƒ
    • ¾Ów`“ T>’>e‚` /Ministry of AgricultureLò’„‹ þK=c= S”Åõ& eƒ^‚Í= Sk¾e& SS]Á T¨<׃ ¾”Ð] }¡M ²` TÅ^˃ ¾N` ƒM ²` TÅ^˃ /Parent stock & basic seed/ ¾T>S[~ƒ” ¾”Ð] }¡M“ ¾N` ƒM ²` Ø^ƒ uSq×Ö` ¨Å}ÖkT>−‹ ”Ç=Å`c< TÉ[Ó ¾}T[ ¾c¨< ÃM /uU`U`& uMTƒ& ¨}.../SõÖ` ¾YMÖ““ ¾›?¡e‚”i” ›ÑMÓKAƒ SeÖƒ ¾ÉÒõ ð”É /Supporting fund/ uSSÅw Ñu_−‹” Tu[ƒ ¾N` ƒM ui“ ÖL„‹ Sɏ’>ƒ TU[ƒ“TW^Úƒ
    • K”Ð] }¡M ui−‹“ ÖL„‹Sɏ’>ƒ TÅ^˃¾ŸwŸ<v Ó¸ ×u=Á“ ¾TU[‰ ów]"TssU /uËT] Ó³„‹/¾Ÿ<wŸ<v U`ƒ Ø^ƒ” Sq×Ö`wÉ` TS‰†ƒvKGw„‹ ¾N` TU[‰ ów]"”Ç=ÁslS< Tu[ƒ¾N` ›U^‹ T%u^ƒ” TssU}Õǘ MT„‹ ”Ç="H@Æ Tu[ƒ¯KU›kõ ¾‚¡’>¡ ÉÒõ SeÖƒ
    • ¾”ÓÉ“ Ú`nÚ`p T>/` /Ministry of Trade & Textile/uÓwà }Óv^ƒ” KTŸ“¨” ów]" TssUKT>ðMÑ< vKGw„‹ ¾S[Í“ ¾Tu[‰ ÉÒõSeÖƒ/MT~ ¨Å›=”Æeƒ] u}gÒÑ[v†¨<Ó³„‹/
    • Ÿ‰Ã“ ¾}Ñ–< MUÊ‹ ›"DÁ u›Ñ^‹” MT~”ueóƒ KSËS`“ KTÖ“Ÿ` ¾T>Ñu<” eM„‹ ¾N` ƒM ¨LÏ ²` TU[‰ /Parent stock/ “SW[© ¾N` ƒM Tv¹ /Basic seed multiplication/T°ŸM TssU Ÿ²=G< Ô” ¾U`U` }sTƒ TÅ^˃ËT] Ñu_−‹ ”Ç=}Ñ< ¾Tu[‰ S”ÑÅ‹”TS‰†ƒ /Suppprting fund/ ¾”Ð] }¡M uŸ< ÑÖU ”Ç=KT TÉ[Ó ¾}Å^Ë ¾YMÖ“ T°ŸM SÑ”vƒ YMÖ“ ÁÑ–< ¾N` MTƒ vKS<Á−‹ ŸT°ŸMËUa eŸ ¨[Ç“ ¾Ñu_−‹ TWMÖ— ×u=Á É[e”Ç=SÅu< TÉ[Ó KÑu_−‹ YMÖ““ Ö”"^ ¾›?¡e‚”i” ›ÑMÓKAƒSeÖƒ
    • ¾Ñu_ S]−‹ /}Ö]−‹/ TÅ^˃& K}ÖnT>Ñu_−‹ u›’e}— ØpU ›ÑMÓKAƒ ”Ç=cÖ<KTÉ[Ó¾Ÿ<wŸ<v ›U^Œ‹ /¾S<Á/ T%u` u¾MTƒ›"vu=¨< TssU”Å›eðLÑ>’~ ¾W`„ TdÁ ×u=Á−‹”TÅ^˃¾Ø^ƒ lØØ` Y^−‹ /ŸÏU ›”e„/”Ç=Ÿ“¨’< TÉ[Ó /¾N` ƒM ²`& ¾”Ð]}¡M ²`& ¾N` Ÿ<wŸ<v&/¾N` ƒM“ ¾”Ð] }¡M ²` Ÿ}¨c’ ¾MTƒY^ u%EL uÓ¸ ”Ç=W^ß TÉ[Ó¾Ÿ<wŸ<v ªÒ Ø^~” SW[ƒ uTÉ[ÓS}S”“ uØ^~ SW[ƒ Ñu_−‹ ¾¢”ƒ^ƒ¨<M uSð[U KÓ¸ ×u=Á¨< ”Ç=Áe[¡u<TÉ[Ó
    • vKGw„‹ uMT~“ uów]" TssU LÝ”Ç=d}ñ KSdw S_ƒ up“i ªÒ ¾T>ÁÑ–<uƒ”“K}¨c’ Ñ>²? Ÿk[Ø ’í ¾T>J’<uƒ” G<’@TS‰†ƒ v”¢‹ u}KÃU ¾T%u^ƒ“ ¾ÑÖ` MTƒ v”¢‹ }dò¨<” KTu[ƒ u›’e}— ¨KÉ wÉ` ¾T>cÖ<uƒ” S”ÑÉ Sk¾e ‚¡•KAÍ=−‹” KTe}ª¨p ¾óÓ”e ÉÒõ TÉ[Ó ›’e}— ¾N` TU[‰ /Silk reeling Centre/ TÅ^˃
    • Ÿ<wŸ<v ›U^”‹¾”lLM /²`/ TÅ^Í−‹ ¾Tcvcu=Á“ ¾TÉ[mÁ ×u=Á−‹ ¾TÖ”Ö— ów]"−‹
    • SWOT AnalysisÖ”"^ Ô•‹ /Strengths/ KN` MTƒ ›Sˆ ¾}ðØa Gwƒ SÑ–ƒ /¾Ñ<KA }¡M& ¾›¾` ”w[ƒ& ¾c¨< ÃM/& ¾TÃs[Ø ¾Ñu= TÓ— U”ß SJ’<& ¾TQu^© Gwƒ ›ÖnkU T¾ƒ /Sector Support/ “ ¾Ów[ Y“à É`σ }dò SJ”& u}¨c’ Å[Í YMÖ“ ScÖ~&
    • KN` MTƒ W`„ TdÁ ×u=Á−‹ TssU S‰K<&ÓKcw É`Ï„‹ /vKGw„‹/ uMTƒ“ uÉ%[ MTƒ‚¡•KAÍ=−‹ Là Sd}õ SËS^†¨< /›/›&›ªX& “´_ƒ/&Ÿu<É•‹ ÃMp ¾ÓM ›U^Œ‹ Ø^ƒ ÁK¨< ¾Ÿ<wŸ<vU`ƒ ÁS[~ SJ’<&¾þK=c=−‹& eƒ^‚Í=−‹ ¾MTƒ –L”& ¾‚¡•KAÍ=ûŸ=Ï S²Ò˃“ SW^Ú~&¾¨[Ç“ ¾μ” Lò−‹ eKMT~ Ó”³u?”Ç=•^†¨<“ ”Ç=Áe}vw ›¨<ÅØ“„‹SÅ[Ò†¨< /*aT>Á/&u¡MM Å[Í ¾N` MTƒ vKS<Á KSSÅw ´ÓσSÅ[Ñ< /ƒÓ^Ã/&
    • Å"T Ô•‹ /Weaknesses/ ¾ÑuÁ ›KSS‰†ƒ“ u²=I U¡”Áƒ ›”Ç”É u<É•‹“ ÓKcx‹Y^ TqT†¨<“ u›”ǔʇ ¾TU[ƒ õLÔƒ Sk’e& ¾°¨<kƒ“ ¡IKAƒ YMÖ“ ¨<e’<’ƒ/Ku<É•‹/ÓKcx‹/ ¾WKÖ’vKS<Á ›KS•`& ¾U`ƒ Ø^ƒ T’e& KMT~ vKu?ƒ ›KS• /›T^& Å/w/w/Q/& u<É•‹ ¾^d†¨< ¾T`u=Á u?ƒ“ ¾S• TMT>Á x ¾K?L†¨<SJ’< /Å/w/w/Q/& ¾u˃ Ø[ƒ& ¾N` ƒM ²` U`T ›KSJ”& ¾Ÿ<wŸ<v }ÖnT>−‹ /Ñ»−‹/¨<e” SJ”& ¾S_ƒ ØÁo ULi ›KTÓ–~& ŸvKÉ`h−‹ Ò` ¾p`w Ó”–<’ƒ ›KS•`&
    • ¾¨Åòƒ °ÉKA‹ /Opportunities/ É%’ƒ” Sk’e& um °¨<kƒ“ ¡IKAƒ uTÓ–ƒ }ÖnT>−‹ Ø^ƒ ÁK¨< U`ƒ TU[ƒ ËLK<& gÖ¨< ÃÖkTK<:: ²Lm’ƒ ÁK¨< ¾›Ñ` ¨<eØ ÑuÁ (}kvà ”Ç=•` TÉ[Ó)& ¾N` É%[U`ƒ ‚¡•KAÍ= TeÑvƒ ¾N` ƒM ¨LÏ ²` T^u=Á (Parent stock) TssU& SW[© ¾N` ƒM ²` TU[ƒ& ¾Ów[ W“à É`Ï„‹ (¾MTƒ É`Ï„‹) u}Ö“Ÿ[ G<’@ ÉÒõ ”Ç=cÖ< ¾TÉ[Ó& ¾N` Ÿ<wŸ<v ›U^‹ T%u^ƒ TssU“ Ÿ}kvà É`Ï„‹Ò` Ó”–<’ƒ ¾SõÖ` ¨ÃU Ø_ N` ¨Å¨Ü ÑuÁ SL¡&
    • YÒ„‹ /Threats/¾Ÿ<wŸ<v Ѹ−‹/ÑuÁ ‹Ó`U`T ¾N` ƒM ²a‹ ”Å›eðLÑ>’~›KSp[wuØ^ƒ ›KS¨ÇÅ` U¡”Áƒ „KA¨Å¯KU ÑuÁ SÓvƒ ›KS‰M&