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Past experiences and next year plan of dairy synchronization in tigray
 

Past experiences and next year plan of dairy synchronization in tigray

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    Past experiences and next year plan of dairy synchronization in tigray Past experiences and next year plan of dairy synchronization in tigray Presentation Transcript

    • The Tigray Regional Governmental State Bureau of Agriculture Tigray Agricultural Research Institute (TARI)Past Experiences and Next Year Plan of Dairy Synchronization in TigrayAwetEstifanosAugust 24-25, 2011ILRI, Addis Ababa
      8/24/2011
      1
    • Introduction -The pain or Jealousy??
      8/24/2011
      2
      The Indian milk
    • Introduction Con’d
      • Milk is needed all over the world as a food and as a source of income.
      • The demand for milk and milk products is increasing from time to time in Ethiopia and world in general.
      • This high demand for milk is expected to continue for the future also as a result of increasing in human population and food diversification as milk is rich in different nutrients.
    • Introduction Con’d
      • Although it shows some progress still the sector is lagged behind compared to its potential that can contribute to the country economy.
      • The main constraints of the sector are:
      • low production potential animal breeds,
      • disease
      • infrastructure problem, and
      • inefficient available feed
      8/24/2011
      4
    • Introduction Con’d
      • Tigray regional states, efforts have been doing for a years to improve productivity of the sector using AI technique. but its development was limited by:
      • poor heat detection
      • unskilled AI technicians, and
      • some logistic problems
      • It is still possible to improve the reproductive performance of dairy herd using efficient heat detection,
      • So searching other technology that could solve the problem is mandatory
      8/24/2011
      5
    • Introduction Con’d
      Reports indicated that Synchronization and timed AI in to the reproductive managements program increases estrus detection and enhance dairy development
      Therefore,
      The Objective was:
      • to study and improve efficiency of the technique using some hormonal administration to the right animal at the right time.
      • Match feed available season with cattle breeding so as Decrease calf mortality
      • Timed milk production
      • Match the milk produced with time of high consumption (Escape fasting)
      8/24/2011
      6
    • Project Inception
      • The project is funded by federal government Rural Capacity Building Project (RCBP) under the Regional Agricultural Research Fund (RARF)
      • The project won the 250000birr from the regional competition on top of this the synchronizing hormone pg2α was also supplied from ILRI/IPMS for 200 cows and another more than 250 to be supplied soon with and some doses of sexed semen for the scaling up.
    • Project Inception Con’d
      8/24/2011
      8
    • The collaboration
      8/24/2011
      9
    • Target Areas
      • The first phase of the project implemented in weredas of:
      • Gantafshumin kebeles/Tabias:
      • Buket,
      • Dibla,
      • Sasunand
      • mesanu and
      • Klteablalo in kebeles/Tabias
      • Genfel,
      • A/sandeded,
      • Metseko, and
      • Maymesan
      • Second Phaseof- Woredas
      • TahtayMaichew
      • LaelayMaichew
      • Adwa
      • Some additional from the 1st phase areas
      8/24/2011
      10
    • Steps
      1. Observation and discussion
      • Tour to the woredas and discussion with woreda administration, WoARD and some farmers
      2. Animal Selection and Ear tagging
      • Physiologically and body conformation fit animals selected and tagged
      3. Hormone administration and insemination
      • pgf2α injection, inspection of heat and insemination
      4. Pregnancy Diagnosis
      • Successfully conceived animal were diagnosed for pregnancy at the end of the first trimester
      8/24/2011
      11
    • Selection Criteria
      • The Kebeles were selected based on:
      • dairy belt area of the region or vicinity to urban and per urban for milk market (Mekelle – Wukro- Adigrat)
      • Market opportunity in present and near feature
      • Access to the main road
      • Cattle population
      • Animal Body condition
      • Season, puberty, age, lactation, gestation
      • In Tigray effective synchronization is possible to carry out, starting in the end of July up to end of January considering this the first phase of this project were implement mid November up to mid of January
      Increased farmers interest shifted this scenario
      8/24/2011
      12
    • Selection criteria Con’d
      Own maturedcow
      Ready to adopt technology
      Can transfer the technology to others
      Committed and energetically can work with the team especially in detecting when the animal is becoming in heat.
      8/24/2011
      13
      Participant farmers with the team
    • The Animals
      8/24/2011
      14
      • Breed:
      • Local
      • Crossed
      • HF
      • Animal body condition range 4-7
      • from all age group and parity.
      • too old and highest parity are rejected
      • Must not have a history of birth difficulty
      • Having a good body conformation
    • The Animals Con’d
      • Should be cyclic and having a CL
      • Age was determined and estimation information from the owner and using erupted permanent pair of incisors.
      8/24/2011
      15
    • The principle
      Synchronization protocol
      • Successful synchronization requires control
      • luteal
      • follicular phases of the estrous cycle.
      • Estrous synchronization protocols is grouped
      1) prostaglandin F2α (PG) based,
      2) gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) based,
      3) progestin based, and
      4) combination.
      8/24/2011
      16
    • The principle –Con’d
      • A single dose of 5ml PGF2∞ intramuscular in the hipbone muscle using 10ml syringe and 10g needle
      • PGF2∞is given in the proestrus stage (estrus 6-30h, metaestrus 3-5d, diestrus 12d, proestrus)
      • PGF2∞ shorten estrus cycle by 12 days.
      • Therefore, PG will only work to regress the CL from days 5 to 17 of the estrous cycle
      • PGF2∞ regress the CL and cause the animal to exhibit standing estrus 48 to 120 hours after injection
    • Synchronized and inseminated animals
      • A total of 198 heifers were synchronized using PGF2∞ on December to January
      • Most of the animals that took two dose of semen were inseminated 48hr after the hormone
      • First insemination was 48hr after treatment
      • second insemination was 12–24hr after first Insemination
      8/24/2011
      18
    • Summary of Results
    • Current Endeavors
      ILRI IPMS pre.docx
      8/24/2011
      20
    • Opportunities
      Strong technical and new technological back stopping from ILRI/IPMS
      • Training to Technicians, Hormone and sexed semen
      Committed and dedicated team
      • Efficient IA technicians (fromTARI, Wukro and Adigrat)
      Interested Farmers/ Woreda Administrators to adopt the technolgy
      • Adikisanded (KiliteAwlaelo) and GantaAfeshum
      • Smooth communication b/n TARI, BoARD and ILRI
      8/24/2011
      21
    • Opportunities cont’ed
      Most cows showed pick heat at the 48th – 72nd hour after hormonal administration
      • the time was fixed from experience of first work at Adigrat
      8/24/2011
      22
      Mucus Discharge
    • Limitation
      • Initially difficulty to adopt and lack of patience of farmers
      • Makes it laborous
      • Mainly on selecting participant farmer and heifers fitted to our selecting criteria was laborious.
      • Luck of follow up and heat detection by some
      • Poor body condition animals
      • Luck of Integration b/n the regional team and technical team at the beginning
      • Poor communication and late reporting from the technical team
      23
    • Limitation-cont’d
      • Few farmers did not know the reproductive history of their cows
      • 6 pregnant cows abort due to the hormone treatment.
      • Out of the total synchronized animals 15 were off after hormonal injection
      • One heifer was immature and two heifers with a reproductive problem
    • Limitation-cont’ed
      Weak or absence of handling facility in some areas
      E.g. Metseko,Gemad of KiliteAwelaelo
      Live Eucalyptus trees were used
      • Slow or total failure to purchase equipments
      • Ear tag applicator
      • Delay b/n selection and synchronization
      • Farmers are inpatient to keep their animals longer than 20 days after selection
      • 60 animals were selected for sexed semen
      8/24/2011
      25
    • Current Endeavors
      Pregnancy has already diagnosed for the demonstrated cows and heifers in the Eastern Zone of Tigray
      So far 228 heifers and cows selected as scaling up of the technology from T/maichew, Aksum , Adwa, and additional cows from Wukro and Adigrat
      8/24/2011
      26
    • Current Endeavors-Cont’ed
      Cross centers collaboration
      Women participation in TahtayMaichew
      With a relatively good handling facility
      8/24/2011
      27
    • Logical framework matrix
      8/24/2011
      28
    • Next Plan-2004 Intervention
    • Work Plan
      8/24/2011
      30
    • Work plan cont’ed
      8/24/2011
      31
    • Logistics
      8/24/2011
      32
    • Logistics-Cont’ed
      8/24/2011
      33
    • Other up coming projects
      Raya x Boran for improved Beef productivity
      • Use of synchronizing hormone with Boran Semen
      • Lowland areas- for breeding
      • Highland areas for Beef cattle and heifers rearing
      • the same replica of team from Research and Extension will be established
    • 8/24/2011
      35