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Natural resources potential   part ii (oromia) - mohammed hassena
 

Natural resources potential part ii (oromia) - mohammed hassena

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    Natural resources potential   part ii (oromia) - mohammed hassena Natural resources potential part ii (oromia) - mohammed hassena Presentation Transcript

    • Extension activities and some achievements in Oromia PART II By Mohammed Hassena Oromia Agricultural Research Institute
    • Extension activities and some achievements in Oromia
      • The high population growth and low agricultural productivity of agriculture
      • The dominancy of subsistent small scale farmers in the region
      • The need to introduce technology to the farming households to improve agricultural productivity
      • Cereals is the dominant crop in the region
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    • The package in Oromia
      • Adapted from SG-2003 and started with five major crops in 1995
      • High ambition of food self sufficiency by the government
      • Attractive yield in the first few years from demonstration plots
      • Number of plots and type of technologies increased over time.
      • Problem of following the program closely
    • Diversification of Package Plots   1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2001 2003 maize ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Sorghum ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Wheat ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Teff ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Barley ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Millet   ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Low moisture   ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Vegetable   ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Livestock   ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Post Harvest     * ** ** ** ** ** ** Natural Resource       ** ** ** ** ** ** Seed Multiplication       ** ** ** ** ** ** Pulse     ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Oil crop     ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Coffee     * ** ** ** ** ** ** Cotton     * * *   * * * Emmer wheat         *   * * * Poor farmer         ** ** ** ** **
    • Number of demonstration plots over years Year No. Plots 1995 15,741 1996 175,432 1997 237,278 1998 831,461 1999 1,270,823 2000 1,370,086 2001 1,271,952 2002 2003 949,167
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    • Number of demonstration plots
      • About 1.3 mil plot in 2001
      • One plot for every four rural household
      • Contacting 25% of the rural household
      • Very high concentration of Dem. plots
    • Input supply for demonstration
      • fertilizer supply primary input
      • Seed both from seed companies and farmers
      • Chemicals (especially herbicides)
      • Low input supply for livestock technology
      • Credit
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    • The achievement
      • High yield observed on major crops particularly the first two years
      • Overall yield of cereals is decreasing
      • Fertilizer use has decreased over the period
      • Farmers in Oromia produce partly for market
      • Grain price was not attractive during most part of the period
    • Input and output market
      • Agricultural input supply was monopolized by government institution
      • Participation of private sector has also increased
      • The regional government’s has given attention to cooperative
      • Establishment of Oromia cooperative promotion Bureau
      • Proliferation of cooperatives in Rural areas
    • Input and output…
      • In 2002
        • 1935 primary cooperatives
        • 1351 agricultural multipurpose primary cooperatives
        • 73 other agricultural cooperatives
        • 13 cooperative unions
      • In 2003
        • 78,034 tones fertilizer (75%)
        • They supply fertilizer for 108 high fertilizer consuming districts in Oromia
        • 13,640 qt improved seed
        • 15523.5 lt. herbicide (100%)
        • 122.8 mil birr credit
        • establishment of cooperative bank in 2003
      Cooperatives, participation in input market and credit
    • Share of cooperative in fertilizer market in Oromia
    • output market
      • Output market is still dominated by private sector
      • Participation of cooperative is relatively low
      • They play role in stabilizing market
      • Increase the benefit to their members
      • More involvement in cash crop producing areas (coffee, vegetable, dairy)
      • For products where there is high output market link production is better (goat in Borena, Malt barley in Arsi…)
    • Lesson Learned
      • Number of demonstration plot is not an end by itself
      • Technology transfer need to be linked to input and output market
      • Access to market
      • Capacitating cooperatives for effective marketing