Extension activities and some achievements in Oromia PART II By Mohammed Hassena Oromia Agricultural Research Institute
Extension activities and some achievements in Oromia <ul><li>The high population growth and low agricultural productivity ...
 
 
The package in Oromia <ul><li>Adapted from SG-2003 and started with five major crops in 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>High ambiti...
Diversification of Package Plots   1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2001 2003 maize ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Sorghum *...
Number of demonstration plots over years Year No. Plots 1995 15,741 1996 175,432 1997 237,278 1998 831,461 1999 1,270,823 ...
 
Number of demonstration plots <ul><li>About 1.3 mil plot in 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>One plot for every four rural household...
Input supply for demonstration <ul><li>fertilizer supply primary input </li></ul><ul><li>Seed both from seed companies and...
 
 
 
 
The achievement  <ul><li>High yield observed on major crops particularly the first two years  </li></ul><ul><li>Overall yi...
Input and output market <ul><li>Agricultural input supply was monopolized by government institution </li></ul><ul><li>Part...
Input and output… <ul><li>In 2002  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1935 primary cooperatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1351 agricul...
<ul><li>In 2003 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>78,034 tones fertilizer (75%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They supply fertilizer for ...
Share of cooperative in fertilizer market in Oromia
output market  <ul><li>Output market is still dominated by private sector </li></ul><ul><li>Participation of cooperative i...
Lesson Learned <ul><li>Number of demonstration plot is not an end by itself </li></ul><ul><li>Technology transfer need to ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Natural resources potential part ii (oromia) - mohammed hassena

1,526 views
1,421 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,526
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Natural resources potential part ii (oromia) - mohammed hassena

  1. 1. Extension activities and some achievements in Oromia PART II By Mohammed Hassena Oromia Agricultural Research Institute
  2. 2. Extension activities and some achievements in Oromia <ul><li>The high population growth and low agricultural productivity of agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>The dominancy of subsistent small scale farmers in the region </li></ul><ul><li>The need to introduce technology to the farming households to improve agricultural productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Cereals is the dominant crop in the region </li></ul>
  3. 5. The package in Oromia <ul><li>Adapted from SG-2003 and started with five major crops in 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>High ambition of food self sufficiency by the government </li></ul><ul><li>Attractive yield in the first few years from demonstration plots </li></ul><ul><li>Number of plots and type of technologies increased over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Problem of following the program closely </li></ul>
  4. 6. Diversification of Package Plots   1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2001 2003 maize ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Sorghum ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Wheat ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Teff ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Barley ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Millet   ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Low moisture   ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Vegetable   ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Livestock   ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Post Harvest     * ** ** ** ** ** ** Natural Resource       ** ** ** ** ** ** Seed Multiplication       ** ** ** ** ** ** Pulse     ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Oil crop     ** ** ** ** ** ** ** Coffee     * ** ** ** ** ** ** Cotton     * * *   * * * Emmer wheat         *   * * * Poor farmer         ** ** ** ** **
  5. 7. Number of demonstration plots over years Year No. Plots 1995 15,741 1996 175,432 1997 237,278 1998 831,461 1999 1,270,823 2000 1,370,086 2001 1,271,952 2002 2003 949,167
  6. 9. Number of demonstration plots <ul><li>About 1.3 mil plot in 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>One plot for every four rural household </li></ul><ul><li>Contacting 25% of the rural household </li></ul><ul><li>Very high concentration of Dem. plots </li></ul>
  7. 10. Input supply for demonstration <ul><li>fertilizer supply primary input </li></ul><ul><li>Seed both from seed companies and farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals (especially herbicides) </li></ul><ul><li>Low input supply for livestock technology </li></ul><ul><li>Credit </li></ul>
  8. 15. The achievement <ul><li>High yield observed on major crops particularly the first two years </li></ul><ul><li>Overall yield of cereals is decreasing </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer use has decreased over the period </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers in Oromia produce partly for market </li></ul><ul><li>Grain price was not attractive during most part of the period </li></ul>
  9. 16. Input and output market <ul><li>Agricultural input supply was monopolized by government institution </li></ul><ul><li>Participation of private sector has also increased </li></ul><ul><li>The regional government’s has given attention to cooperative </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of Oromia cooperative promotion Bureau </li></ul><ul><li>Proliferation of cooperatives in Rural areas </li></ul>
  10. 17. Input and output… <ul><li>In 2002 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1935 primary cooperatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1351 agricultural multipurpose primary cooperatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>73 other agricultural cooperatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>13 cooperative unions </li></ul></ul>
  11. 18. <ul><li>In 2003 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>78,034 tones fertilizer (75%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They supply fertilizer for 108 high fertilizer consuming districts in Oromia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>13,640 qt improved seed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15523.5 lt. herbicide (100%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>122.8 mil birr credit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>establishment of cooperative bank in 2003 </li></ul></ul>Cooperatives, participation in input market and credit
  12. 19. Share of cooperative in fertilizer market in Oromia
  13. 20. output market <ul><li>Output market is still dominated by private sector </li></ul><ul><li>Participation of cooperative is relatively low </li></ul><ul><li>They play role in stabilizing market </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the benefit to their members </li></ul><ul><li>More involvement in cash crop producing areas (coffee, vegetable, dairy) </li></ul><ul><li>For products where there is high output market link production is better (goat in Borena, Malt barley in Arsi…) </li></ul>
  14. 21. Lesson Learned <ul><li>Number of demonstration plot is not an end by itself </li></ul><ul><li>Technology transfer need to be linked to input and output market </li></ul><ul><li>Access to market </li></ul><ul><li>Capacitating cooperatives for effective marketing </li></ul>

×