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Catalonia. Public Administration
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Catalonia. Public Administration

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20/06/2013. Presentation to a delegation from Maritza (Ukraine) in Sallent, city near Barcelona. …

20/06/2013. Presentation to a delegation from Maritza (Ukraine) in Sallent, city near Barcelona.
Introduction to Catalonia and its Public Administration.
European Social Found, European Union project.

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  • 1. CATALUNYACATALUNYA Delegation ofDelegation of BULGARIABULGARIA MaritzaMaritza June, 2013June, 2013 SallentSallent
  • 2. Delegation of Maritza – BULGARIADelegation of Maritza – BULGARIA Sallent, June 2013 1. Catalonia, an introduction • Institutions • Self-government 1. Territorial organization 2. Catalan Civil Service 3. Local administration
  • 3. 1. CATALONIA: an introduction1. CATALONIA: an introduction
  • 4. 1979 the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia is approved 2006 the current Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia CATALONIACATALONIA
  • 5. Comparing some dataComparing some data Municipalities Spain 8.116 Catalonia 947 Spain Catalunya BULGARIA EU-27 Area: (km2) 505.000 31.985 110.994 4.324.000 Population: 47.000.000 7.500.000 7.500.000 501.000.000 Density: 93,51/km2 233,92 /Km2 67/km2 114/Km2 GDP Gross Domestic Product per capita - PIB per capita (nominal): (2010) 23.063 € 27.053 € 14.000 € 24.486 €
  • 6. The Generalitat of CataloniaThe Generalitat of Catalonia Catalonia, as a nationality, exercises its self- government constituted as an autonomous community in accordance with the Constitution (BOE 311.3, 29 December 1978), and with the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia (“organic” Law 6/2006, 19 July; DOGC 4680), which is its basic institutional law. The Generalitat of CataloniaThe Generalitat of Catalonia
  • 7. The Generalitat of CataloniaThe Generalitat of Catalonia The self-government of Catalonia is also based on the historical rights of the Catalan people, on its secular institutions, and on the Catalan legal tradition, which this Estatut incorporates and modernises under Article 2, Temporary Provision Two, and other precepts of the Constitution, from which derive recognition of the Generalitat's unique position in relation to civil law, language, culture, the projection of these in the area of education, and the institutional system by means of which the Generalitat is organised. The current President of the Generalitat is the chronological number 129 president of the institution
  • 8. The Generalitat of CataloniaThe Generalitat of Catalonia Municipalities, the “vegueries”, the “comarques” and other local entities that determine the Law also integrate the institutional system of the Generalitat, without prejudice to their autonomy.
  • 9. 41 Comarques41 Comarques A territorial group of municipalities Àmbit funcional Habitants Alt Pirineu i AranAlt Pirineu i Aran 76.828 Àmbit MetropolitàÀmbit Metropolità 4.992.193 Àmbit de PonentÀmbit de Ponent 360.510 Camp de TarragonaCamp de Tarragona 612.441 Comarques CentralsComarques Centrals 509.670 Comarques gironinesComarques gironines 732.918 Terres de l'EbreTerres de l'Ebre 190.860 7 Vegueries7 Vegueries A territorial group of comarques
  • 10. The Generalitat of CataloniaThe Generalitat of Catalonia The Generalitat is the institutional system around which Catalonia's self-government is politically organised with: • The Parliament • The President of the Generalitat • The Government and the Administration of the Generalitat • The Consell de Garanties Estatutàries (The Council for statutory guarantees, Advisory Council) • The “Síndic de Greuges” (The Ombudsman) • The “Sindicatura de Comptes” (audit office)
  • 11. The Government of the GeneralitatThe Government of the Generalitat The Government is the superior collegiate body that directs political action and the Administration of the Generalitat. It exercises executive functions and regulatory power in accordance with the Estatut and the Law. The Government is composed by the President, the Vice-President, and the Ministers
  • 12. The President of the GeneralitatThe President of the Generalitat MH Mr. Artur Mas Gavarró
  • 13. The Vice-President of the GovernmentThe Vice-President of the Government H. Ms Joana Ortega Alemany
  • 14. The Director of the School, EAPCThe Director of the School, EAPC Ms. Montserrat de Vehí Torra
  • 15. Structure of the administration at the top levelStructure of the administration at the top level the Departments (“Ministries”) the Government Secretariat the General Secretaries the Sectorial Secretaries the General Directions P olitical P olitical level level
  • 16. Structure of the administration of the GeneralitatStructure of the administration of the Generalitat the deputy General Direction the head of Service the Section chief the Negotiated chief
  • 17. Territorial Structure of the administrationTerritorial Structure of the administration of the Generalitatof the Generalitat  Territorially: Central services Territorial or peripheral services Territorial delegation/ general offices Territorial delegation/ departmental offices
  • 18. The ParliamentThe Parliament Parliament represents the people of Catalonia. Parliament exercises legislative power, approves the budget of the Generalitat and controls and promotes political and government action. It is the seat for the expression of pluralism and political debate. 135 seats. (40,7% - 55 women)
  • 19. Parliament consists of a minimum of one hundred and a maximum of one hundred and fifty members, elected for a period of four years by universal, free, equal, direct and secret suffrage, in accordance with Catalan “Estatut” and with electoral legislation. The electoral system is one of proportional representation and has to ensure adequate representation of all areas of the territory of Catalonia. Electoral Administration is independent and guarantees transparency and objectivity in the electoral process. The electoral system is regulated by an Act of Parliament approved by a final vote on the full text by a majority of two thirdsmajority of two thirds of the Members of Parliament. The ParliamentThe Parliament
  • 20. 2. Territorial organization2. Territorial organization
  • 21. Spain’s Territorial organizationSpain’s Territorial organization With the adoption of the Constitution of 1978, the State is organized in 17 Autonomous Communities and 2 Autonomous Cities (Ceuta and Melilla). It is called the State of the Autonomies, which is organized in: • Municipalities and Provinces (local level) • Autonomous communities All these entities have autonomy to manage their interests.
  • 22. Territorial organizationTerritorial organization The State of the Autonomies: a system of shared competences/powers: Exclusive competencies/powers (of the State, of the Autonomous Community) Shared competencies/powers Concurrent competencies/powers and with 3 levels of administration (territorial, rather than hierarchical ): State (central and peripheral) Autonomous Communities Local/Municipal
  • 23. Territorial organizationTerritorial organization Grosso modo, the Autonomous Communities have: Their own government Parliament Superior Court of Justice
  • 24. Territorial organizationTerritorial organization (the three administrations)(the three administrations)  The State  The Auton. Commun.  The municipal/local power
  • 25. Strong process of decentralization of the StateStrong process of decentralization of the State The trend has been: Reduction of the State/central Administration More and more importance and powers of the Autonomous Commun. and the municipalities Increasing the budget of the Autonomous Communities, at the expense of the State The municipalities have increased their competencies/powers, but their adequate funding is not yet resolved . It is the Cinderella of the system, with strong imbalances
  • 26. The 3 levels of administrationThe 3 levels of administration The general administration of the State The administration of the Autonomous Communities The municipal / local administration
  • 27. The general administration of the StateThe general administration of the State Central administration of the State Peripheral administration (state territorial administration ) Foreign administration of the State (abroad)
  • 28. 3. Catalan Civil Service3. Catalan Civil Service
  • 29. • CS is the peopleCS is the people providing servicesproviding services to governmentto government through athrough a professional andprofessional and paid relationshippaid relationship with different statuswith different status in relation with theirin relation with their public servicespublic services
  • 30. 3 Civil Service & Recruitment3 Civil Service & Recruitment Civil Servant permanent Career Civil Servant no permanent Interim staff Subject to labor law permanent Permanent staff no permanent Temporary workforce
  • 31. 3 Civil Service & Recruitment3 Civil Service & Recruitment ((how many are we?)how many are we?)
  • 32. Access System for official body By a Public call •Through a Contest •Through a Opposition contest How do we access the official body? By public notice in accordance with principles of equality, merit, and capacity (Constitution) Also ... Objectivity, publicity, transparency, agility and adequacy of the processes to the functions (public employee Basic Statute) Principle of Suitability (Catalan Legislative Decree 1/1997) The principle of suitability implies evaluating suitability of someone to a specific job or to an specific organization 3 Civil Service & Recruitment3 Civil Service & Recruitment
  • 33. 3 Civil Service & Recruitment (phases)3 Civil Service & Recruitment (phases) •33 1. Public offering /for each body/ vacant positions access 2. Attracting candidates 1. Advertisement of the bidding rules in the Official Journal. Inscription of candidates 2. Test design, list of topics for examination and appointment of selection Tribunals 3. Preparing and proofreading the Tribunals of selection 4. Organization of logistics 5. Performing tests to the aspirants 1. Valuation of the merits: services provided, university degrees, ICT proficiency tests, previous processes suitable candidates 1. Appointment of officers 2. Assignment to the departments
  • 34. •34 3 Civil Service & Recruitment3 Civil Service & Recruitment Selecting Basic and High level Become a ConsultancyConsultancy unit on trainingtraining and recruitment and Specialized recruitment Selecting the StateState officialsofficials habilitationhabilitation of the local administration
  • 35. 4. Local administration4. Local administration
  • 36. •36 Remember: 3 levels of administration 1.1. Spain StateSpain State 2.2. 17 Autonomous17 Autonomous CommunitiesCommunities (Regional level)(Regional level) 3. Local (municipalities)3. Local (municipalities) territorial, rather than hierarchicalterritorial, rather than hierarchical 4 Local administration4 Local administration
  • 37. CATALONIA 91.000 civil servants at LOCAL level 24.000 civil servants at 7 Universities 160.000 civil servants at CCAA level SPAIN 4 Local administration4 Local administration
  • 38. REMEMBER: The trend has been: strong process of decentralization of the State Reduction of the State/central Administration More and more importance and competences of the Autonomous Communities and the municipalities (closer to citizens) Increasing the budget of the Autonomous Communities, at the expense of the State The municipalities have increased their competences, but their adequate funding is not yet resolved. Local Administration is the Cinderella of the system, with strong imbalances. 4 Local administration4 Local administration
  • 39. The local civil servantsThe local civil servants: Local officials (state habilitation) Municipal Secretary Municipal Auditor Local officials (not state habilitation) (similar at the Aut. Comm.) They are officials of that municipality 4 Local administration4 Local administration
  • 40. The local civil servants:The local civil servants: Local officials (state habilitation) Municipal Secretary Municipal Auditor Although they are State officials, the EAPC isAlthough they are State officials, the EAPC is responsible for the selection for those who will beresponsible for the selection for those who will be in Catalonia.in Catalonia. 4 Local administration4 Local administration
  • 41. The local civil servants:The local civil servants: Local officials (not state habilitation) Their selection is a matter of each Municipality;Their selection is a matter of each Municipality; only if the Municipality asks for it (by formalonly if the Municipality asks for it (by formal agreement) the selection is done by EAPC.agreement) the selection is done by EAPC. In any case, a representative of the EAPC have toIn any case, a representative of the EAPC have to be part of the Tribunal.be part of the Tribunal. 4 Local administration4 Local administration
  • 42. http://www20.gencat.cat/portal/site/eapc THANKSTHANKS