Gabriella Chiellino is the first woman graduated in Environmental Science in Italy and she founded eAmbiente in the year 2002. The Company is now a consultancy firm for environment and engeneering that works in Italy and in Europe.
700 MW have already been designed and licensed
SUSTAINABLE CITY eAmbiente and RiminiFiera manage the scientific coordination of the project “Sustainable City”, the exhibition that shows the most representative ideas about the city to LIVE in: best practices and innovative solutions in order to apply the concept of sustainability to the planning of local urban contexts.
The word itself is an acronym for Conference of Parties (COP).
Parties refers to the States that have signed on to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The parties have been meeting annually in Conferences of the Parties (COP) to assess progress in dealing with climate change since 1995.
COP 17 is therefore the 17 th Conference that will take place at the end of 2011.
The COP 17- CMP 7 will mark a critical moment in the ongoing international climate change negotiations.
CMP 7 means the seventh meeting of the Parties since the Kyoto Protocol was signed.
COP 17 2011 United Nations Climate Change Conference
The 2011 United Nations Climate Change Conference will be held in Durban , South Africa , from 28 November to 9 December 2011.
Officially it is referred to as the 17th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 17) to the UNFCCC
It is also the 7th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties (CMP 7) to the Kyoto Protocol .
In addition, the two permanent subsidiary bodies of the UNFCCC – the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) – are likely to hold their 35th sessions.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (21 March 1994) 1/2
Christiana Figueres from Costa Rica is the Head of the UNFCCC.
UNFCCC has set an overall framework for global efforts to tackle the challenge posed by climate change.
UNFCCC recognises that the climate system is a shared resource whose stability can be affected by industrial and other emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (21 March 1994) 2/2
Governments are required to:
(i) gather and share information on greenhouse gas emissions, national policies and best practices
(ii) launch national strategies for addressing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to expected impacts, including the provision of financial and technological support to developing countries
(iii) cooperate in preparing for adaptation to the impacts of climate change.
Currently, there are 195 Parties (194 States and 1 regional economic integration organisation) to the Convention .
Arising thereof the Cancun Agreements were adopted.
The Cancun Agreements are a set of significant decisions :
The international community agreed to address the long-term challenge of climate change collectively and comprehensively over time and to take concrete action now to speed up the global response.
The agreements represent key steps forward in capturing plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to help developing nations protect themselves from climate impacts and build their own sustainable futures.
Africa’s coastal regions will warm by around 1-2°C by about 2050 and around 3-4°C by about 2100;
Africa’s interior regions will warm by around 3-4°C by about 2050 and around 6-7°C by about 2100;
There will be significant changes in rainfall patterns and this, coupled with increased evaporation, will result in significant changes in respect of water availability, e.g. the western side of the country is likely to experience significant reductions in the flow of streams in the region;
Extend the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action
Launch a process to develop a protocol, another legal instrument or a legal outcome under the Convention applicable to all Parties
Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action shall start its work as a matter of urgency in the first half of 2012 and shall report to future sessions of the Conference of the Parties on the progress of its work
Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action shall complete its work as early as possible but no later than 2015 in order to adopt this protocol
Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action shall plan its work in the first half of 2012
The process shall raise the level of ambition and shall be informed, inter alia, by the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the outcomes of the 2013–2015 review and the work of the subsidiary bodies
Launch a workplan on enhancing mitigation ambition to identify and to explore options for a range of actions that can close the ambition gap with a view to ensuring the highest possible mitigation efforts by all Parties
Requests Parties and observer organizations to submit by 28 February 2012 their
views on options and ways for further increasing the level of ambition
The Economy of the Future Will be Green Millions of U.S. Dollars Investments in energy efficiency of buildings 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Source: Cleantech Group, LLC 2030 Source: Bloomberg New Energy Finance Expected global investments in clean energy Billions of U.S. Dollars 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025
What is Green Economy?.. Demand for renewable energy Demand for energy consumption products Demand for products that reduce pollution Global warming and pollution High prices for fossil fuels Eco-friendly product demand
Improve the clean energy production’s… Sources of clean energy Wave Energy Biomass Power Wind Geothermal Solar Fuel Cells Hydro
Reducing energy consumption… Energy saving transport Energy saving products Energy saving process The energy-saving opportunities involve all sectors….
Green Economy Segment Function Category Segment Increase Clean Energy Generation Energy source Wind Solar Geothermal Biopower Hydro Wave Alt. Fuels Energy storage Fuel Cells Advanced Batteries Hybrid Systems Energy infrastructure Transmission Management Smart Grids Reduce consumption of energy and natural resources Products Appliances Lighting Building Materials Water Conservation Audits & Retrofits Sust. Design & Construction Alt. Vehicles Processes Life cycle design Packaging Smart Production Recycling Sustainable Forestry Sustainable Aquaculture Sustainable Food Processing Systems Logistics Transit Systems Local Food Systems Reduce pollution Products Non-toxic and renewable materials Non-toxic cleaning products Systems Ecosystem Regeneration Industrial Ecology Land Conservation Services Waste and Wastewater Management Air and Water Purification Emissions control Organic Farming Support Services Research & Development Advocacy & Policy Education Green Consulting Green Finance Green Real Estate
… Identify the “big” opportunities of Green Economy Materials Components Manufacturers Logistic transport Final employment Understand the emerging markets and their supply chains: (for example wind energy..) Companies can adapt existing capabilities in emerging markets
..Joining in the “green chain” An automotive supplier has created a line gearbox housing for wind energy producers. $5 M New 42,000 sq foot facility Gearbox housings
..Discovery an emerging market An engineering company has created new lines of products in trams sector and energy from the wave .
..Reduce pollution by turning waste into profit Alternative uses of waste can create opportunities for new sales and products. Wood scraps Biomass Power Waste New Product
Cameroon Tribune 15.01.2012: “ Renewable Energy – Gov’t Partners with Forbes Energy to Increase Supply.”
An agreement was signed by the government, According to the technical project for the project is expected to produce 19.2 MW of bio-energy, 600,000 tons and 150,000 tons of cassava
The project could change the country’s energy sector
Michael Forbes Ngako Tomdio (Minister of Energy and Water Resources) said:
” the project could offer the country the opportunity to diversify its energy sources: Today in Cameroon produce energy from water and we will soon be producing energy from gas. We are having experiments with solar and wind energy and this time, we are going to have practical experience with bio fuel.”