Clean Production - Green Certifications and Industries

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Lezione tenuta dalla dott.ssa Gabriella Chiellino, AD eAmbiente Srl, presso l'università di Yaoundè - Camerun.

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Clean Production - Green Certifications and Industries

  1. 1. Clean Production Green Certifications and Industries Gabriella Chiellino eAmbiente Srl xxxx International University February 2012
  2. 3. Points of discussion: <ul><li>Environmental auditing in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. Obligatory environmental compliance </li></ul><ul><li>3. Voluntary environmental auditing : </li></ul><ul><li>a) Process control [Environmental Management Systems (EMS): EMAS-ISO 14001] </li></ul><ul><li>b) Product control (Ecolabel) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Statistics of EMS implementation (ISO-EMAS) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Implementing environmental auditing: EMAS </li></ul><ul><li>a) Initial Environmental Review </li></ul><ul><li>b) Environmental Statement </li></ul><ul><li>d) Validation and Registration </li></ul><ul><li>6. EMAS environmental indicators </li></ul><ul><li>7. Conclusions: advantages of introducing EMAS </li></ul>
  3. 4. 1. What is environmental auditing in Europe? obligatory - voluntary “ Environmental auditing ” is the systematic, documented, periodic and objective evaluation of the performance of an organization to protect the environment and to manage the environmental aspects with the aim of: Facilitating management control of practices which may have an environmental impact Assessing environmental policy compliance, including the organization’s environmental objectives and targets
  4. 5. <ul><li>Competent Enforcement Authorities : </li></ul><ul><li>Regional/Provincial Government and County Councils </li></ul><ul><li>Controls are carried out by: </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Agencies: APAT, ARPA, NOE, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>UNI EN ISO 14001 : (Short form: ISO 14001) Verified by private Organisations (e.g.BVQI, DNV, Certiquality…) which are accredited by ACCREDIA Organisation </li></ul><ul><li>EMAS : Verified by the Committee for Ecoaudit and Ecolabel (governmental body) </li></ul>Obligatory Environmental Controls Voluntary Environmental Audits Obligatory laws Voluntary EMS 1. What is environmental auditing in Europe? obligatory - voluntary
  5. 6. <ul><li>The ITALIAN ENVIRONMENTAL ACT ( D.Lgs. 152/2006 ) is a legislative corpus of more than 700 pages, 318 articles (some of which have later been amended) and 45 annexes. The Act: </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporates 8 European Community directives; </li></ul><ul><li>Combines in a single document the previous laws regarding similar areas of discipline, so as to reduce repetition and contradiction; </li></ul><ul><li>Repeals 15 laws, 2 legislative decrees and 15 other decrees </li></ul>2. Obligatory environmental compliance The original text consists of 318 articles divided into 6 “compartments&quot;: Part I: General; Part II: Environmental Impact Assessment ( EIA ), Strategic Environmental Assessment ( SEA ) and Integrated Pollution Prevention & Control ( IPPC ); Part III: SOIL conservation, protection and WATER management; Part IV: WASTE management and remediation of contaminated sites; Part V: ATMOSPHERIC EMISSIONS (also D.Lgs. 216/2006 derived from 2003/87/EC directive on EMISSION TRADING ); Part VI: Environmental damage. OBLIGATORY COMPLIANCE
  6. 7. What does the Competent Enforcement Authority (e.g. Environmental Agency) monitor? <ul><li>ARPA </li></ul><ul><li>(Regional Environmental Agency) monitors: </li></ul><ul><li>Air </li></ul><ul><li>Soil </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Environment and Health </li></ul><ul><li>Physical agents </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability education </li></ul><ul><li>Snow </li></ul><ul><li>Waste </li></ul><ul><li>Weather and climate </li></ul>2. Obligatory environmental compliance
  7. 8. What are obligatory controls made for? <ul><li>Monitoring legal compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Verifying that organizations/firms meet the relevant requirements (e.g. set by IPPC Directive, …) </li></ul><ul><li>Collecting environmental data </li></ul><ul><li>(together with voluntary audits) Defining strategies for territorial planning (e.g. SEA) </li></ul>Collected data are used by policy makers at the regional, national and European level 2. Obligatory environmental compliance NATIONAL LEVEL: definition of territorial and management plans, development programs and environmental laws compliant with European directives EUROPEAN LEVEL: definition of environmental directives and regulations and development projects INDICATORS
  8. 9. 2. Obligatory environmental compliance EUROPE ENVIRONMENTAL PROJECTS ENVIRONMENTAL DIRECTIVES (e.g. 42/2001 Strategic Environmental Assessment SEA) ITALY STRATEGIES FOR TERRITORIAL PLANNING ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS (e.g. D.Lgs. 152/2006, part II, Valutazione Ambientale Strategica VAS) INDICATORS MONITORING VOLUNTARY ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING
  9. 10. The voluntary audit monitors TWO different areas of environmental impact management Process control Product control ISO 14001, EMAS Ecolabel What.. How.. ..is the environmental performance and impact of the Company’s product (Life cycle Assessment) ..Companies implement their own environmental management system 3. Voluntary environmental auditing in Europe Voluntary Environmental Audit
  10. 11. <ul><li>ECO-LABELLING SCHEME </li></ul><ul><li>applies more specifically </li></ul><ul><li>to the environmental characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>of single products and services during their life cycle. </li></ul><ul><li>The life-cycle approach is applied to assess the product’s impact on the environment “from its birth to its death” </li></ul>Product control Eco-LABEL Products 3. Voluntary environmental auditing in Europe
  11. 12. EMS: “Environmental Management System” <ul><li>a systematic way of managing immediate and long-term impacts of an organisation’s services, processes and products on the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>a way of maintaining order and consistency to address environmental concerns through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>allocation of resources, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assignment of responsibility, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ongoing evaluation of practices, procedures and processes. </li></ul></ul>Process control 3. Voluntary environmental auditing in Europe
  12. 13. In Europe there are two EMS schemes EMAS E co- M anagement and A udit S cheme European Regulation International Standard ISO 14001:2004 Process control 3. Voluntary environmental auditing in Europe
  13. 14. The international standard ISO 14001:2004 encourages businesses to implement an environmental management system, or EMS. An EMS is driven by the environmental mission of the organisation (Policy statement), is concerned by the environmental impact of products, activities, and services; sets environmental objectives; meets legal and regulatory requirements; provides training to employees; and provides for oversight and auditing procedures. Many companies find that adhering to the ISO 14001 standard, which is a continuation of the ISO 9000 quality standards, helps to meet the ever-increasing environmental requirements and concerns of the global marketplace. Process control 3. Voluntary environmental auditing in Europe ISO 14001 + Public Reporting + Legal Compliance + Employees Participation + Performance improvement EMAS
  14. 15. ISO 14001- EMAS (EC Regulation 1221/09) ISO 14001 International model, which has been used in Italy since 1996 as UNI EN ISO (UNI is the Italian Standards Organisation). This guideline shows its APPLICATION: Voluntary schemes for organisations willing to commit themselves to evaluating and improving their environmental performance Process control EMAS (EC Reg.1221/2009) The scheme, available to companies since 1995 (EEC Regulation No 1836/93) was originally restricted to companies in industrial sectors. EMAS has been open to all economic sectors including public and private services since 2001 (EC Regulation No 761/2001). In addition, EMAS was strengthened by the integration of ISO 14001 as the environmental management system required by EMAS. europa.eu.int/comm/environment/emas/documents/legislative_en.htm 3. Voluntary environmental auditing in Europe EMS Audit Performance indicators Communication ISO 14001 and 14004 ISO 19011 ISO 14031 ISO 14063
  15. 16. YEAR 2006 4. Statistics of EMS implementation ISO 14001 IN THE WORLD: worldwide panorama of ISO 14001-certified organisations at the end of 2006.
  16. 17. EMAS in Europe: organizations and sites 4. Statistics of EMS implementation Source: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/emas/ <ul><li>Organisation : </li></ul><ul><li>a company, corporation, firm, enterprise, authority or institution, or part or combination thereof, whether incorporated or not, public or private, that has its own functions and administrations. </li></ul><ul><li>Site : </li></ul><ul><li>all land at a distinct geographic location under management control of an organisation covering activities, products and services. This includes all infrastructure, equipment and materials. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Source: http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/emas/documents/articles_en.htm 4. Statistics of EMS implementation EMAS in Europe
  18. 19. Source: http://www.isprambiente.it/certificazioni/ 4. Statistics of EMS implementation Italy’s most important EMAS registered organizations EMAS in Italy Distribution of EMAS registered organisations/sites Sites Registrations
  19. 20. 4. Statistics of EMS implementation Source: http://www.isprambiente.it/certificazioni/ Country: ITALY YEAR 2011 EMAS registered organisations - TOTAL By year Total
  20. 21. 4. Statistics of EMS implementation EMAS registered organisations by type (private/public) and size Distribution of EMAS registered organisations by economic sector Government and Public activities 23% Country: ITALY YEAR 2011
  21. 22. Participation is voluntary and extends to public or private organisations operating in the European Union and the European Economic Area (EEA) — Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway. Since 2001 EMAS has been open to all economic sectors including public and private services 5. Implementing environmental auditing: EMAS EMAS Involved subjects:
  22. 23. EMAS is strengthened by the integration of ISO 14001 as the environmental management system required by EMAS 5. Implementing environmental auditing: EMAS EMAS ISO 14001
  23. 24. Validation and Registration The environmental review, EMS, audit procedure and environmental statement must be approved by an accredited EMAS verifier and the validated environmental statement (ES) needs to be sent to the EMAS Competent Body for registration and made available to the public before an organisation can use the EMAS logo. The Eco-audit Eco-Label Committee for EMAS is a body of the Member State of EC nominated by the government. Organisations that have published the validated ES document are included in the Official European Registry www.europa.eu.int/comm/environment/emas For Registration : ISPRA is the agency that collaborates with the Italian EMAS Committee to verify the environmental data and legal compliance declared in the ES VALIDATION AND REGISTRATION 5. Implementing environmental auditing: EMAS
  24. 25. EMAS Audit Registration First Certification ISO 14001 Environmental Audit Validate Environmental Statement EMAS Committee Accredited ISO 14001 Verifier (eg. DNV, BVQI,…) Accredited Emas Verifier (e.g. DNV, BVQI, ...) Italian Environmental Protection Agency called ISPRA VALIDATION AND REGISTRATION Certification VS Registration 5. Implementing environmental auditing: EMAS
  25. 26. PERIODIC MAINTENANCE OF EMAS Registration: UP-TO-DATE Environmental Statements The registration lasts for 3 YEARS. During the 3 years, there are 2 validation steps of updated ES made by the Committee. The registration needs to be renewed every 3 years. VALIDATION AND REGISTRATION 5. Implementing environmental auditing: EMAS 0 1 st full validation - Registration I° 0 – Registration renewal 3 rd validation of updated ES III° 2 nd validation of updated ES II°
  26. 27. The attractive EMAS logo used by organisations to show EMAS registration aims to give added value to the organisation by improving its public image. EMAS logo VALIDATION AND REGISTRATION
  27. 28. EMAS ISPRA National Environmental Agency (public) FIRMS : SCHEDULED CONTROLS every 3 years OBLIGATORY CONTROLS National and Regional laws (e.g.: emissions limits, waste disposal,…). Authorisations given by governmental organisations (Provinces, Regions, State) FIRMS must respect the law and obtain the necessaries authorisations. RANDOM CONTROLS Controls made by ARPA (Regional Environmental Agencies), NOE (environmental police), GUARDIA DI FINANZA (financial police), etc.. EMAS accredited VERIFIER (private). In Italy: 10 organisations (e.g. DNV, Certiquality, …) approves technical support Ecoaudit-Ecolabel State Committee : 14 members (representatives of Environment, Industry, Health and Treasury Ministries) EMAS section : 7 members
  28. 29. annex I, EC 1221/2009 ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/emas/documents.htm The environmental review shall cover the following areas: (1) Identification of the applicable legal requirements relating to the environment (2) Identification of all direct and indirect environmental aspects with a significant impact on the environment Initial environmental review 5. Implementing environmental auditing: EMAS
  29. 30. (3) a description of the criteria for assessing the significance of the environmental impact (4) an examination of all existing environmental management practices and procedures (5) an evaluation of feedback from the investigation of previous incidents Initial environmental review 5. Implementing environmental auditing: EMAS
  30. 31. ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS DIRECT annex I Activities over which organisations can be expected to have an influence (eg. public administration organisations, banks etc.) INDIRECT: annex I IER: Environmental Aspects 5. Implementing environmental auditing: EMAS Activities over which organisations have direct control (eg. Industrial companies ) (a) emissions to air; (b) releases to water; (c) waste management, particularly hazardous wastes (d) use and contamination of land (e) use of natural resources & raw materials (f) use of additives and auxiliaries as well as semi-manufactured goods (g) local issues (g) transport issues (h) risks of environmental accidents (i) effects on biodiversity. (a) product life cycle related issues; (b) capital investments, granting loans and insurance services; (c) new markets; (d) choice and composition of services; (e) administrative & planning decisions; (f) product range compositions; (g) the environmental performance and practices of contractors, subcontractors and suppliers.
  31. 32. Criteria for assessing the significance of an organisation’s environmental aspects (a) information about the activities, products and services of the organisation that may have an environmental impact; (b) the organisation’s existing data on material and energy inputs, discharges, wastes and emissions in terms of risk; (c) views of interested parties (public citizens, etc.) (d) the regulated environmental activities of the organisation ( legal compliance ) (e) procurement activities (f) design, development, manufacturing, distribution, servicing, use, re-use, recycling and disposal of the organisation’s products ; (g) those activities of the organisation with the most significant environmental costs , and environmental benefits. Initial environmental review 5. Implementing environmental auditing: EMAS
  32. 33. Case studies showing how EMAS Environmental Initial Review is applied In a public administration organisation In a private organisation Example of an Environmental Aspect: WASTE MANAGEMENT 5. Implementing environmental auditing: EMAS
  33. 34. Italian law on waste: DLgs 152/2006 European Regulations on waste: a) 2008/98/CE waste management b) 2008/33/CE RAEE c) 91/689/CEE dangerous waste d) 94/62/CE packaging waste & general packaging Other waste regulations apply in private organisations (industrial waste): on-site collection, waste storage and waste elimination (eg. storage of dangerous waste cannot exceed 10 cubic metres without authorization) Public administration organisations have to achieve 50% waste differentiation by 2020 Initial environmental review 5. Implementing environmental auditing: EMAS Public administration organisation Private organisation
  34. 35. Direct aspects of waste storage Indirect aspects of waste pick-up service + + Initial environmental review 5. Implementing environmental auditing: EMAS Public administration organisation Private organisation
  35. 36. Environmental management system, annex II Deming cycle: continual improvement <ul><li>What is PLAN? </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental aspects: The organisation identifies the environmental aspects of its activities, products or services; </li></ul><ul><li>Legal and other requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives and targets </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental management programme(s) </li></ul>What is DO? a) Structure and responsibility; b) Training, awareness and competence; c) Communication; d) Environmental management system documentation; e) Operational control; f)Emergency preparedness and response What is CHECK? Internal audits ensure that the activities carried out by an organisation are being conducted in accordance with established procedures. The audit may also identify problems within the established procedures or opportunities for improving those procedures. <ul><li>What is ACT? </li></ul><ul><li>The organisation’s top management reviews the environmental management system, to ensure its continuing suitability, adequacy and effectiveness. </li></ul>Environmental Managment System 5. Implementing environmental auditing: EMAS
  36. 37. COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION of 10 July 2003 Guidance for the implementation of Regulation (EC) No 761/2001 (EMAS) concerning the selection and use of environmental performance indicators (now integrated in the new EMAS Regulation) The three types of indicators in Europe are: CHECK: Monitoring and Measurement of INDICATORS
  37. 38. Operational performance indicators (OPIs) : These concentrate on the aspects associated with an organisation's operations including activities, products or services and can cover such topics as emissions, product and raw material recycling, fuel consumption of vehicle fleet, or energy usage. Example: Waste indicator % recycling waste Kg per tonnes of product 6. EMAS: environmental indicators Public administration organisation Private organisation
  38. 39. Management Performance Indicators (MPIs) : These concentrate on the efforts of management to provide the infrastructure for environmental management to succeed and can, among others, cover environmental programmes, objectives and targets, training, incentive schemes, audit frequency, site inspections, administration and community relations. Example: Eg. The number of hours spent on training operators Number of objectives obtained Percentage of land planned to remain as or become natural habitat or green areas (per year) 6. EMAS: environmental indicators Public administration Private organisation
  39. 40. Environmental Condition Indicators (ECIs) : These give information on the quality of the environment surrounding the organisation or the local, regional or global state of the environment. Examples include the water quality of a nearby lake, the regional air quality, concentrations of greenhouse gases or the concentration of certain pollutants in the soil. Number of new public waste storage areas The % of waste differentiation obtained Quality of a river near the waste storage of an organisation The % of recycled waste compared to the % of eliminated waste Example: 6. EMAS: environmental indicators Public administration organisation Private organisation
  40. 41. ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT 7. EMAS: Environmental Statement annex IV, EC 1221/2009 ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/emas/documents.htm The data generated by an environmental management system will be used in a number of different ways to show the environmental performance of an organisation. For this purpose organisations may use relevant existing environmental performance indicators .
  41. 42. Here are some of the requirements specified in Annex IV, point B To give a clear understanding of the organisation and its activities , products and services . INTENT • maps and diagrams; • annotated aerial photographs; • flow diagrams; • classification (i.e. the NACE code) of the organisation; • name of contact person (if applicable). GOOD PRACTICE 7. EMAS: Environmental Statement
  42. 43. To present the organisation’s policy commitments and outline how these are implemented throughout the organisation. INTENT • include the environmental policy , and possibly an introduction letter, signed by the Chief Executive Officer (CEO); • include an organisational chart with contacts for the environmental representative; • include a diagram showing the EMS structure; • comment on any major changes in environmental policy or management system. GOOD IDEAS To give an overall picture of the organisation’s significant environmental aspects and to explain the environmental consequences of its activities , products and services . INTENT 7. EMAS: Environmental Statement
  43. 44. relate the environmental impacts of the organisation’s activities to the inputs and outputs of its operations in an ‘environmental balance sheet’ : EXAMPLE 7. EMAS: Environmental Statement
  44. 45. To present data on the environmental performance of the organisation and its progress in achieving its objectives and targets. Also to show how the organisation’s environmental performance is changing over time. INTENT Emission of CO2 in relation to targets and legal provisions: EXAMPLE 7. EMAS: Environmental Statement
  45. 46. Example: Environmental Statement by Kroll (cosmetic company): INTRODUCTION 3 Energy compartment 16 INFORMATION ABOUT THE FACTORY 4 Substance compartment 16 HISTORY ABOUT ORGANIZATION 4 Ground compartment 16 TERRITORY 4 Waste material compartment 16 CLIMATE 7 Noise compartment 17 PRODUCTIVE FLOW 8 POLITICS 18 RAW MATERIALS 8 TARGET OBTEINED IN THE YEAR 2011 19 MIXERING 9 ESTABILISHED TARGET IN 2008-2011 23 WARM PROCESS 9 ENVIRONMENTAL DUTY & RESPONSABILITY 25 COLD PRECESS 9 PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 25 PACKAGING 9 OPERATIVE MANAGEMENT & CONTROL 25 STOREHOUSE 9 SGI DOCUMENTATION 26 DISTRIBUTION 9 ENVIRONMENTAL BALANCE 2001 28 QUALITY CONTROL LABORATORY (R&D) 9 Entry data 29 WASTE MATERIAL STOREHOUSE 10 Exit data 33 PRODUCT 10 GLOSSARY 35 LEGISLATIVE REGISTRY 13 Technical glossary and conclusion 38 ANALISYS ABOUT ENVIRONMENTAL POINT 14 Approval declaration 38 Water compartment 14 Air compartment 14 Energy compartment 14 Substance compartment 14 Ground compartment 14 Waste material compartment 15 Noise compartment 15 ANALISYS INDIRECT POINT 15 Recovery products 15 Search products at less environmental impact 15 ENVIRONMENTAL POINT NOT CONSIDERABLE 15 ANALISYS SIGNIFICANT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT 16 Water compartment 16 Air compartment 16 ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT 7. EMAS: Environmental Statement
  46. 47. Environmental Management System (EMS) implementation in the industrial sector The example of: SCORZE’ PLANT (Italy) A certified site based on UNI EN ISO 14001:2004
  47. 48. COMPANY PROFILE <ul><li>PepsiCo : </li></ul><ul><li>is the second largest company in the world in the “food and beverage” sector </li></ul><ul><li>employs around 300.000 people all over the world </li></ul><ul><li>its products, such as: </li></ul>… .are marketed in 200 countries
  48. 49. FROM PEPSICO’S SUSTAINABILITY SUMMARY 2010 COMPANY’S VALUES & COMMITMENTS PepsiCo has placed Environmental sustainability of its processes and products among its key values <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Respect the human right to water through world-class efficiency in our operations, </li></ul><ul><li>preserving water resources and enabling access to safe water. </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the carbon footprint of our operations. </li></ul><ul><li>Land and Packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Rethink the way we grow, source, create, package and deliver our products to minimize our impact on land. </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Respect and responsibly use natural resources in our businesses and in the local communities we serve. </li></ul>
  49. 50. <ul><li>In the company’s vision, ISO 14001 assumes a broader meaning </li></ul><ul><li>PepsiCo Italia has reached certification for two sites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Italian headquarter offices in Milan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(since year 2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scorzè production plant near Venice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(since year 2007) </li></ul></ul>PEPSICO ITALIA & ISO 14001
  50. 51. PEPSICO ITALIA & ISO 14001 <ul><li>In the company’s vision, ISO 14001 assumes a broader meaning </li></ul><ul><li>PepsiCo Italia has reached certification for two sites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Italian headquarter offices in Milan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scorzè production plant near Venice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental impacts associated to employees’ mobility and sustainability of providers (INDIRECT aspects) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental impacts associated to environmental performance of facilities and processes (DIRECT aspects) </li></ul></ul>
  51. 52. INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW ISO 14001 OF SCORZE’ PLANT <ul><li>The initial environmental review allowed to understand what was required and what commitments the organisation needed to make : </li></ul><ul><li>it drew attention on water consumption and subsequent discharge of waste water, due to the nature of the product (soft drinks) and also to the practices adopted in the producion process (rinsing, sanitizing, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>it established useful indicators of environmental performance (TEP production, CO2 emission) </li></ul><ul><li>it identified some elements that needed to be improved in order to be fully compliant to legal requirements (e.g. asbestos removal from roof, control of fumes derived from washing equipment, control of greenhouse gases in chilling equipments) </li></ul>
  52. 53. ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY AND OBJECTIVES ISO 14001 OF SCORZE’ PLANT <ul><li>The High Direction then stated the commitments and intentions of the organization, focusing on : </li></ul><ul><li>fully respecting legal and other requirements </li></ul><ul><li>constantly monitoring environmental performances </li></ul><ul><li>controlling resources consumption by favoring re-using and recycling raw materials and resources (e.g. water) </li></ul><ul><li>increasing the awareness of employees on the impacts of their activites and practices </li></ul><ul><li>developing strategies of collaboration with the Surveillance and Control governmental bodies </li></ul>
  53. 54. ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY AND OBJECTIVES ISO 14001 OF SCORZE’ PLANT WORKFLOW
  54. 55. <ul><li>ENVIRONMENATL DIRECT ASPECTS </li></ul><ul><li>WATER COMPARTMENT -> significant </li></ul><ul><li>AIR COMPARTMENT -> not significant </li></ul><ul><li>ENERGY COMPARTMENT -> significant </li></ul><ul><li>SUBSTANCE COMPARTMENT -> significant </li></ul><ul><li>SOIL COMPARTMENT -> not significant </li></ul><ul><li>WASTE MATERIAL COMPARTMENT -> significant </li></ul><ul><li>NOISE COMPARTMENT -> significant </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL INDIRECT ASPECTS </li></ul><ul><li>WASTE PRODUCTION FROM PACKAGING MATERIALS DUE TO UTILIZATION OF PRODUCTS </li></ul><ul><li>ENERGY CONSUMPTION, AIR POLLUTION AND CO2 EMISSION FROM TRANSPORTATION OF PRODUCTS </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL BEHAVIOR OF CONTRACTORS AND PROVIDERS </li></ul>ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS ISO 14001 OF SCORZE’ PLANT Each phase of the workflow was associated with the relative impacts on the environment and a priority list was made
  55. 56. ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS <ul><li>OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE INDICATORS </li></ul><ul><li>Water consumption/product </li></ul><ul><li>Waste water production/product </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity consumption/product </li></ul><ul><li>Methane consumption/product </li></ul><ul><li>MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE INDICATORS </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental training hours per year per employee </li></ul><ul><li>No. of Meetings with employees per year </li></ul><ul><li>No. of Non Conformities on recyclable waste differentiation per year </li></ul><ul><li>No. of accidents occurred to employees per year </li></ul><ul><li>% of trips using vehicles with low emission engines </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION INDICATORS </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of parts containing asbestos in contact with air </li></ul><ul><li>Noise levels (legal requirements) </li></ul><ul><li>Recycled waste/ total waste </li></ul><ul><li>Km travelled by trucks shipping products and calculation of CO2 emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Kg of compensated CO2 / kg emitted CO2 (local CO2 market through sustainable forestry) </li></ul>ISO 14001 OF SCORZE’ PLANT
  56. 57. ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS ISO 14001 OF SCORZE’ PLANT Water consumption per liter of product Weekly monitoring + Target
  57. 58. ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS ISO 14001 OF SCORZE’ PLANT Waste water production per liter of product Weekly monitoring + Target
  58. 59. ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS ISO 14001 OF SCORZE’ PLANT Frequency of shipping vehicles VS environmental class of engine calculating, monitoring and tracking CO2 emissions internally and across the trading partners
  59. 60. TARGETING INDICATORS   ISO 14001 OF SCORZE’ PLANT Indicators have been targeted through the years coherently with the Organization’s commitments… … with encouraging results! Objective Reduction of specific consumption of water Intervention Reduction of washing time and optimization of washing equipment Expected results Water: < 3,9 lt/lt product (2009) < 3,6 lt/lt product (2010) Investment Internal resources Results obtained Water: 3,604 lt/lt product (2009)  3,22 lt/lt product (2010) 
  60. 61. TARGETING INDICATORS   ISO 14001 OF SCORZE’ PLANT Indicators have been targeted through the years coherently with the Organization’s commitments… … with encouraging results! Objective Reduction of specific consumption of energy Intervention Turning off machines when not in use (industrial equipment, computers, lights, etc.), timing air conditioning, LED technology for external lighting Expected results Power: < 0,131 kWh/lt product (2010) Investment Internal resources Results obtained 0,119 kWh/lt product (2010) 
  61. 62. TARGETING INDICATORS   ISO 14001 OF SCORZE’ PLANT Objectives for the future: Objective Reduction of specific consumption of water Intervention Purchase of CO2 compensation quotas from sustainable forestry Expected results Compensation of part of the CO2 emissions due to shipping of products Investment To be defined Objective Reduction of specific consumption of energy Intervention Completion of CO2 tracking database Actions on trading partners for providing cleaner vehicles Choice of more virtuous partners Expected results CO2 emissions: -3 % CO2 emission (referred to 2010) Investment Internal resources
  62. 63. Example: the ISO 14001 certification of a Public Administration 8. Case history: city of Venice
  63. 64. 8. Case history: city of Venice EMS PLANNING INITIAL ENVIROMENTAL ANALYSIS EMS IMPLEMENTATION ISO 14001 CERTIFICATION The way to certification… AUDIT/TRAINING/ MANAGEMENT REVIEW AUDIT/TRAINING/ MANAGEMENT REVIEW CERTIFICATION AUDIT
  64. 65. Deming Cicle in ISO 14001 scheme: 8. Case history: city of Venice
  65. 66. ENVIROMENTAL POLICY (point 4.2) <ul><li>Mayor and City Council have approved the document called Enviromental Policy, that contain a statement of intent: </li></ul><ul><li>WASTE: tend to close the cycles of matter towards the achievement of &quot;zero waste&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>SOIL: develop planning policies and government of the territory aimed at soil protection and remediation of contaminated sites </li></ul><ul><li>WATER: ensuring the promotion of water conservation aimed at optimizing the use of the resource </li></ul><ul><li>PROTECTION OF BIODIVERSITY: ensure and encourage the preservation and enhancement of areas of environmental value </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION, COMMUNICATION AND CITIZEN PARTICIPATION: promote information campaigns, training, communication and environmental education on the various environmental issues involving all stakeholders </li></ul>8. Case history: city of Venice
  66. 67. ENVIROMENTAL ASPECTS (point 4.3.1) <ul><li>The Municipal Administration: </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies the environmental aspects of its activities and services that can control ( Direct Enviromental Aspects ) </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies the environmental aspects that can influence taking into account planned ( Indirect Enviromental Aspects ) </li></ul>8. Case history: city of Venice
  67. 68. Environmental management activities DIRECTLY carried out: Traffic Management and Mobility Spatial Planning Issuing discharge authorizations Maintaining roads and signage Design and construction of public works Urban surveillance activities Property management, municipal buildings and sports facilities 8. Case history: city of Venice
  68. 69. Maintenance equipment Maintenance cemeteries Management of waste collection Management of water resources Public lighting Maintenance public green Environmental management activities INDIRECTLY carried out: School bus transportation Disinfest and rodent control 8. Case history: city of Venice
  69. 70. LEGAL AND OTHER REQUIREMENTS (point 4.3.2) <ul><li>Identifies the applicable legal requirements and other requirements to which the organization subscribes related to its environmental aspects </li></ul>The Municipal Administration: <ul><li>Check legal compliance of Municipal Building: </li></ul><ul><li>(praticability certificate, certified fire prevention, compliance with air-conditioning systems, heating systems, presence of emergency plan etc...etc..) </li></ul>8. Case history: city of Venice
  70. 71. OBJECTIVES AND TARGETS (point 4.3.3) – Part 1 <ul><li>Identifies for each relevant functions and levels, implemented, maintained and established goals and targets: </li></ul><ul><li>-Checking the quality of urban green space (public parks) </li></ul><ul><li>-Monitoring of air pollution, noise and containment measures. </li></ul><ul><li>-Updating Information System Laguna </li></ul><ul><li>-Organization of educational projects on the environment </li></ul><ul><li>-Preparation of materials for information and environmental awareness to citizens </li></ul>The Municipal Administration: 8. Case history: city of Venice
  71. 72. OBJECTIVES AND TARGETS (point 4.3.3) – Part 2 Obtaining funding for regional projects of characterization / remediation of contaminated sites Increase the waste collection at the 65% Production of energy from the waves in the lagoon Etc…Etc…Etc.. 8. Case history: city of Venice
  72. 73. STRUCURE AND RESPONSABILITY (point 4.4.1) <ul><li>Identifies the Enviromental Organization Chart </li></ul>The Municipal Administration: 8. Case history: city of Venice
  73. 74. TRAINING, AWARENESS AND COMPETENCE (point 4.4.2) <ul><li>At the beginning of each calendar year, the Human Resources Services - Training Professional Development and update shall arrange to have all the Directorates of the City a questionnaire in which all the employee to indicate their training needs and update, which then, is collected </li></ul><ul><li>Organize focus groups by the sector Managers in which issues are framed and topics to be addressed </li></ul><ul><li>Defines the planning of training for the entire year </li></ul>The Municipal Administration: 8. Case history: city of Venice
  74. 75. COMMUNICATION (point 4.4.3) <ul><li>Ensures the internal communication between the different levels and different functions and the communication externally about its significant environmental aspects </li></ul><ul><li>INTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS: The Head of EMS organizes regular meetings with employees to analyze any change in those in which the EMS </li></ul><ul><li>EXTERNAL COMMUNICATION: The communication that goes beyond the default channels for the Significant Environmental Aspects (SEA) and the reports of poor service or lack of achievement of service standards is registered by the Offices receiving the notification form available through the intranet. </li></ul><ul><li>COMMUNICATION AND PROCEDURES ON ENVIRONMENTAL ACCIDENT </li></ul>The Municipal Administration: 8. Case history: city of Venice
  75. 76. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM DOCUMENTATION (point 4.4.4 – 4.4.5) <ul><li>Ensures the presence of all the documents for the definition of objectives, targets, records </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures the process of first issuance and validity of documents, management of changes and revisions, distribution, management and archiving management </li></ul>The Municipal Administration: 8. Case history: city of Venice
  76. 77. OPERATIONAL CONTROL (point 4.4.6) <ul><li>Identifies the operations that are associated with significant environmental aspects in order to ensure they are conducted under the specified conditions; control of situations in which the absence of procedures could result in differences in policy, objectives and targets. </li></ul><ul><li>There are procedures governing the environmental aspects identified: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Protection of water (discharge adjustment plan, connection to the sewage treatment plant), </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Protection of hygiene (sanitation rehabilitation, remediation, asbestos, cleaning of beaches, management of public green areas, waste management abandoned, and waste disposal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Instructions for the collection, Commissioning of a site polluted and areas used as public parks </li></ul></ul></ul>The Municipal Administration: 8. Case history: city of Venice
  77. 78. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE (point 4.4.7) <ul><li>Provides the identification of potential emergency situations and potential accidents, the mode to respond to actual emergency situations and accidents, the modes of periodic review and revision of procedures for response and the periodic test procedures (where possible) </li></ul>The Municipal Administration: RISK MANAGEMENT PROCEDURE: In the structures of the Environment Directorate, which identifies the greater risk is that of fire. For each structure, there are fire-fighting, evacuation drills are conducted regularly, firefighters have been defined RISK MANAGEMENT OUTSIDE: It has been defined the Civil Defence Plan, which are differentiated foreseeable risks and unpredictable risks. 8. Case history: city of Venice
  78. 79. MONITORING AND MEASUREMENT (point 4.5.1) <ul><li>Monitors and measures regularly the key characteristics of its operations that can have a significant environmental impact. For each of the surveillance activities identified, was determined the frequency of intervention, the responsible of the data and the documents in which the performance is recorded. </li></ul>The Municipal Administration: For Example: The data on waste has been useful for monitoring the performance of sorting and defining the objective 8. Case history: city of Venice
  79. 80. NON – CONFORMANCE, CORRECTIVE AND PREVENTIVE ACTION (point 4.5.3) – Part 1 <ul><li>In the presence of no-conformities (NC), is filled in the form provided by the detector of the nonconformity, identified for each office, which communicates to the Head of the EMS </li></ul><ul><li>For each NC is identified any immediate action to apply, are sought the causes of the anomaly and it is decided whether to open a Corrective Action (CA) </li></ul>The Municipal Administration: No- conformities (NC) Corrective actions (CA) 8. Case history: city of Venice
  80. 81. SYSTEM AUDIT (point 4.5.5) <ul><li>All services of the Environmental Directorate and at least 50% of the services involved in the Quality Management System of the City shall be audited at least once a year </li></ul><ul><li>Is responsible for internal audit plan, prepare, compile and update the &quot;Annual program of internal audits“ </li></ul>The Municipal Administration: For Example: Once the year is scheduled audit at the Waste collection site 8. Case history: city of Venice
  81. 82. 8. Case history: city of Venice MANAGEMENT REVIEW (point 4.6) The Municipal Administration: Input Elements: -No conformities -Enviromental data -Results of internal ispections -Training plan -Enviromental target <ul><li>The review is normally every six months and is dedicated to operational and management aspects of the services involved, and the analysis of data from various EMS </li></ul>Output Elements: -Review Report
  82. 83. Thank you for your attention www.eambiente.it Facebook.com/eAmbiente

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