Jonathan Hassell Acting Chair, BSi IST/45  European Accessibility Summit, Frankfurt am Main 27 th  March 2009 British Acce...
What are the British doing and why? <ul><li>why did we need a British Standard? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>because we have Brit...
Aims of PAS-78 <ul><ul><li>to give a guide to the whole  process  of commissioning, producing and maintaining a website  f...
Drivers to bring PAS-78 up to date… <ul><ul><li>Web 2.0’s much wider purposes for websites, including: </li></ul></ul><ul>...
BS8878 – progress and debate <ul><ul><li>work began early 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a first draft was created by end...
The big issues we’ve found (cf. today) <ul><ul><li>whether  accessibility is about disabled people or more than that </li>...
Thanks Happy to chat later… [email_address]
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Jonathan Hassell: Accessibility Guidelines in the UK

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Jonathan Hassell (British Broadcasting Corporation, British Standards Committee on Web Accessibility IST/45) talked at the European Accessibility Forum Frankfurt (http://eafra.eu), 27 March 2009.

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  • Dr. Jonathan Hassell: Web Accessibility Guidelines in the UK from namics on Vimeo. Also available dubbed in German.

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Jonathan Hassell: Accessibility Guidelines in the UK

  1. 1. Jonathan Hassell Acting Chair, BSi IST/45 European Accessibility Summit, Frankfurt am Main 27 th March 2009 British Accessibility Standards - PAS-78 to BS8878
  2. 2. What are the British doing and why? <ul><li>why did we need a British Standard? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>because we have British law around accessibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and not just for public-sector websites, all sites… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in 2005, research by the British Disability Rights Commission revealed sites weren’t doing well </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and no existing standards made it easy enough for site owners to know what to do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>so the DRC commissioned BSi to create PAS-78 to try and help </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Aims of PAS-78 <ul><ul><li>to give a guide to the whole process of commissioning, producing and maintaining a website from a site owner’s point of view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to not replace other standards , but to provide a non-technical person’s guide to how those standards should be used to help ensure a development project results in an accessible product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it focuses on, advising site owners on: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a quick background in disabled people’s use of the web ; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>how to create an accessibility policy for the creation of their site </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>what to look for if they are contracting the work out to a supplier </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>how to choose technologies to uphold that policy (making much reference to WAI) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>how to test the resulting site against that policy – are best-efforts enough cf guidelines, or does it actually have to work with users? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Drivers to bring PAS-78 up to date… <ul><ul><li>Web 2.0’s much wider purposes for websites, including: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the move from informative web content to: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>web as tools ( “Software as a Service” ) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>web as rich/media-media entertainment (games, IPTV, eLearning etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the move from Provider-Produced content to User-Generated content (blogs, Facebook etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the increasing use of non-W3C technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the use of “off the shelf” tools rather than bespoke development </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. BS8878 – progress and debate <ul><ul><li>work began early 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a first draft was created by end Nov 2008 (before WCAG 2 was confirmed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NB. the final version is very likely to use WCAG 2 as the base of its technical guidelines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>there were some things which were maybe a bit premature in the first draft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>however, the comments on the draft have been very illuminating on its future direction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>many of the comments completely disagree with each other on many fundamental issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it’s already obvious that our standard, like many out there, cannot please everyone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>so we are discussing… </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The big issues we’ve found (cf. today) <ul><ul><li>whether accessibility is about disabled people or more than that </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>are we talking about accessibility to users, devices or browsers? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>if users: whether we are aiming for “access for all”, access for targeted groups of disabled users, or should include the needs of elderly people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>whether the level of access to aim for should be accessibility, usability, or even user-experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>whether the standard should dictate a level of conformance … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>or be a best practice guide stating a number of levels which could be aimed for and the implications of selecting each level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>what the best way of testing is: how well automated or manual checklist testing based on a standard (like WCAG 2), or task-based user testing with disabled people, can capture barriers for disabled people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>how to avoid being too constraining about technology use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>when we should encourage best practice in interfacing with assistive technologies and when to encourage sites to provide accessibility features or preferences themselves (personalisation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>how much to include guidance on authoring tools (cf. ATAG) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Thanks Happy to chat later… [email_address]

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