Assistive Technology use and effectiveness in higher education and the workplace
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Assistive Technology use and effectiveness in higher education and the workplace

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This was produced for the ClaroLearning Conference - two workshops on the use of various technologies to support learning and various tasks in the workplace - specifically for those with specific......

This was produced for the ClaroLearning Conference - two workshops on the use of various technologies to support learning and various tasks in the workplace - specifically for those with specific learning difficulties including dyslexia.

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  • Low Tech - sticky notes/colour overlays, paper based organisers Handheld spelling /dictionaries/thesauri Digital recording Printer/scanners/digital pens Portable technologies/tablets/smart phones with apps Laptop/computers with software
  • Assistive Technology triangle – from Access Technologies at the top representing the assistive technologies such as screen readers and magnification or specialist text to speech, next personalisation and accessibility where desktop changes are made and built in accessibility tools are used to Productivity which is where built in spell checkers and auto correct may help to the final layer including free, portable and online tools which for some maybe the most important. This is not a hierarchy of tools but rather a complete toolkit approach.
  • Beacham N & Szumko J (2005) DyslexSim English Language Study Unit, University of Loughborough
  • Uploaded on 12 Oct 2007 a short video summarizing some of the most important characteristics of students today - how they learn, what they need to learn, their goals, hopes, dreams, what their lives will be like, and what kinds of changes they will experience in their lifetime. Created by Michael Wesch in collaboration with 200 students at Kansas State University. Research carried out by Dr. Michael Wesch at Kansas State University. 2300 web pages Survey: On average, how many web pages do you read each day? Average 21.51 (We then multiplied this by 105 - roughly the number of days in a semester - and rounded to 2300.) and 1281 facebook profiles Survey: On average, how many Facebook profiles do you view each day? Average 12.2 (multiplied by 105 = 1281) “ And over 500 pages of email” Survey: On average, how many pages of e-mails will you write in a single day? Average: 4.96 (*105 days/semester = over 500)
  • Pages in the report. Time-to-Adoption Horizon: One Year or Less § Cloud Computing .............................................................................................................................. 1 § Mobile Apps ......................................................................................................................................... 2 § Social Reading ..................................................................................................................................... 3 § Tablet Computing .............................................................................................................................. 4 Time-to-Adoption Horizon: Two to Three Years § Adaptive Learning Environments ................................................................................................. 5 § Augmented Reality ............................................................................................................................ 6 § Game-Based Learning ....................................................................................................................... 7 § Learning Analytics .............................................................................................................................. 8 Time-to-Adoption Horizon: Four to Five Years § Digital Identity ..................................................................................................................................... 9 § Gesture-Based Computing ............................................................................................................ 10 § Haptic Interfaces ............................................................................................................................... 11 § Internet of Things .............................................................................................................................
  • Words taken from Horizon Report 2012
  • Word Texthelp Spell checking with online Web browsers and ATbar Mobile learning – Android and Apple. Useful apps to support literacy available at http://www.inov8-ed.com/2011/03/theres-a-special-app-for-that-part-7-apps-that-support-literacy-instruction/ Specialist software e.g. TextHelp Read and Write, ClaroRead, Verity Spell checker, etc Browser spell checkers – built in or add-ons e.g. Google toolbar, ieSpell, Firefox British Dictionary Web based spell checkers - part of a web page or integrated into the text editor e.g. Facebook etc. Web based ‘ content sensitive checkers ’ e.g. Ginger and Ghotit. Microsoft Windows Live Writer if you have your own blog
  • http://techmatrix.org/
  • http://redz.com/
  • http://www.browsealoud.com/ http://atbar.org http://www.readplease.com/ http://www.naturalreaders.com/free_version.htm http://www.fx-software.co.uk/assistive.htm
  • “ I wasn't recommended an ereader …I haven't got one yet and am not sure how many of the things I need to read are available on them, but it is something I am considering as they are smaller lighter and more convenient than my big text books and I think they might be easier to look at.” “ An eReader would have helped me organise my reading and research much better.”
  • http://ereaderleader.com/ereader-comparison/ https://www.bookshare.org/_/membership/international http://load2learn.org.uk/
  • All images from Ogilvie Designs artwork have been purchased for re-use. Please contact http://www.ogilviedesign.co.uk/www.ogilviedesign.co.uk/Welcome.html

Transcript

  • 1. Assistive Technologyuse & effectivenessMrs E.A. Draffan
  • 2. OverviewOverviewThe facets of AT, personal characteristics, task andenvironment affecting the use of:
  • 3. Many Facets of ATMany Facets of ATAssistiveTechnologiesWhen is atechnologyNOTassistive?
  • 4. Skills and (dis)AbilitiesVisual, Auditory, MotorInformation processingWorking memoryLanguageResilience flagTime management /OrganisationThe individualThe individualTechnologyInteractionsIndividual Behavioursand PreferencesCoping strategiesAnxietyMotivationLearning preferencesICT SkillsAssistive technology skillsOnline communicationskillsExperiencePrior KnowledgeDomain ExperiencePrior AdjustmentsApproachIssuesEnvironmental ContextTaskSettingConstraints.Personal CharacteristicsPersonal Characteristics
  • 5. Personal preferences.Personal preferences.• Whichbackgroundcolour do youprefer?• Which type oftext do youprefer?Typetester• Which pen doyou like?• Whichbackgroundcolour do youprefer?• Which type oftext do youprefer?Typetester• Which pen doyou like?• Whichbackgroundcolour do youprefer?• Which type oftext do youprefer?Typetester• Which pen doyou like?
  • 6. A Vision of Students ,A Vision of Students , Michael Wesch, Kansas State Uni, 2007Michael Wesch, Kansas State Uni, 2007YouTube video – now updated Jan 2011 http://visionsofstudents.org/Tasks & EnvironmentTasks & Environment
  • 7. Future IT Trends a help or aFuture IT Trends a help or ahindrance?hindrance?(Horizon Report HE shortlist 2012 followed by their 2013 report )1 year orless2-3 years 4-5 yearsMOOCS & tabletcomputers (2013)3D printing & wearabletechnology (2013)
  • 8. ““Digital literacy is less about tools &Digital literacy is less about tools &more about thinking.”more about thinking.”Try Wordle
  • 9. Well-known user-interface, evolvedfrom tools within word processors.“red squiggly line”Tools within web browsersAssistive technology tools thatwork across most applicationsSupport onlinePhoto credit: Flickr / laihiuyeung ryanne and Brian Cragun from IBM
  • 10. Decisions forText to SpeechDecisionsDecisionswww.mobileaccessibility.infowww.techmatrix.org www.emptech.info
  • 11. Develop a MatrixDevelop a MatrixUse Case – score yourneeds to set prioritiesTom is taking Accountancy. He needs to organise his ideas andimprove time management skills in order to deliver reports andpresent to others in his group. Good computer user with visualmode of workingQuestion, programsmarked on a scale of 1(low) to 5 (high)ClaroIdeasMindManagerInspirationSparkLearnerMindGeniusTomTotalClaroIdeasTotalMindManagerTotalInspirationTotalSparkLearnerTotalMindGeniusPreference towards using amouse? 5 2 4 5 2 10 50 20 40 50 20Preference towards using akeyboard? 1 5 3 1 5 15 15 75 45 15 75Like a structure to beimposed? 1 5 3 1 5 18 18 90 54 18 90Prefer to make the structure? 5 1 4 5 1 8 40 8 32 40 8Totals to be ordered 450 633 577 393 64018 more questions later ….
  • 12. TechMatrixTechMatrix• Try Techmatrix website for some comparisonsof software products.• Notice the comparisons are about softwarefeatures they are notabout the student’spreferences or skills orthe tasks to be undertaken.
  • 13. Time keepingTime keeping• Built in Alarms and stopwatches – Outlook, GoogleCalendar• Daily Reminders –iPhone Avery simple notification padfor daily tasks or LifeReminders for Android or aDigital Talking Timer“I tend to print off email notificationsabout times for things and put them ontop of my clothes each morning or putthem on a to do list which I updateeach day.”
  • 14. Synchronising NotesSynchronising Notes• Microsoft OneNote, Sticky notes• Evernote and Sound Paper -synchronisestext with audio recording – iPhone• EasyNote and Catch Notes -Capture text,audio, images, and synch with web –Android• LiveScribe Eco• Voice memos, Images – screen shots,Image to text (app), bookmarks – weband ebooks, annotations (ibooks), emailsto yourself!
  • 15. Synchronising IdeasSynchronising Ideas• Inspiration, Mind Manager, Mind Genius, Mind View –Xmind (free) - desktop• Mind Meister, Gliffy, Bubbl.us – the Cloud• iThoughts HD – iPhone and Thinking Space - Android• Presentations - PowerPoint and Keynote - Prezi – the Cloud
  • 16. SearchingSearching• Try RedZ for an image of each web page.• Dragon/Google Voice Search, Dragon Dictate andDragon Remote and Web Reader – iPhone• Google Search and IVONA Text-to-Speech HQ Voice -Android
  • 17. Internet TechnologiesInternet TechnologiesTop 100 Tools for LearningTop 100 Tools for Learning 20122012TheThe 2013 Free Resources2013 Free Resources eBookeBook1. Twitter Social network & micro-blogging service2. YouTube Video-sharing site iTunes U3. Google Docs/Drive Office suite anddata storage service4. Google Search Web search engine5. WordPress Blogging/website tool6. Dropbox File synchronization6. Skype Text and voice chat tool7. PowerPoint Presentation software8. Facebook Social network9. Wikipedia Collaborative encyclopaedia10.Moodle, Evernote, Slideshare, Prezi,Blogger/Blogspot , Google Reader,Google+ / Hangouts , Diigo, Word ,YammerWeb2Access www.web2access.org.uk
  • 18. Free Tools to read a web pageFree Tools to read a web page• ATbaro Text Selection /TTSo Dictionaryo Font resizing, styles and line spacingo Page style changeso Word Prediction / spell checking• Balabolka• NaturalReader 10• BrowseAloud from TextHelp• T-Bar & Vu-Bar Colour changing / reading window
  • 19. Toolbar Additions - FirefoxToolbar Additions - Firefox• Color That Site!• Text to Voice 1.05• Colorfultabs• Wikilook• Dictionary.com• Google toolbarhttps://addons.mozilla.org/
  • 20. Toolbar Additions – IEToolbar Additions – IE• CleanPage• ieSpell• RoboForm password manager• Google toolbar• RNIB Accessibility Toolbar• VozMehttp://www.ieaddons.com/gb/
  • 21. Toolbar Additions for ChromeToolbar Additions for Chrome• Voice Search Chrome• LastPass passwordmanager• After the Deadline spellchecker• Webscreen shot fortaking snapshots of morethan the screen size• Easy Reader• MyNotesApphttps://chrome.google.com/extensions
  • 22. Toolbar Additions forToolbar Additions for OperaOpera• Autocomplete for the text input box.• Password hasher• Calculator• Taskboardhttps://addons.opera.com/addons/extensions/
  • 23. Toolbar Additions forToolbar Additions for SafariSafari• 1Password create passwords• PDF Browser Plugin for reading PDFs in thebrowser• Cooliris (formerly PicLens) for full screenpicture and video watching.http://safariaddons.com/en-US/safari/Safari Reader – strips out ads and providesclear text
  • 24. Pen DrivesPen DrivesFrom http://eduapps.org/•AccessApps, provides a range of solutions to supportwriting, reading and planning, as well as sensory, cognitiveand physical difficulties.•TeachApps, is a collection of software specifically designedfor teachers or lecturers.•LearnApps, as its name implies, is specifically designed forlearners.Fromhttp://access.ecs.soton.ac.uk/projects/access-tools/downloadan accessible menu for pen drive applications. TryAccessTools folder if on the desktop
  • 25. eReadingeReading“I wasnt recommended an ereader…I havent got one yet and am notsure how many of the things I needto read are available on them, butit is something I am considering asthey are smaller lighter and moreconvenient than my big text booksand I think they might be easier tolook at.”“An eReaderwould havehelped meorganise myreading andresearch muchbetter.”(2012 survey)
  • 26. eReading storms brewingeReading storms brewing• Over 150 eReader/eBook applications/softwareavailable on varying platforms• Limited outlets for eBooks in UK esp FREEePublications – Load2Learn / Bookshare• Unable to determine if an eBook is accessibleuntil after the product is purchased.• Copyright legislation – text to speechavailability.• Try eReader comparison
  • 27. eReading accessibilityeReading accessibility• Desktop - Adobe Digital Editions 1.8 & Kindle for PCAccessibility Plug-in (USA)• Web based – Kindle Cloud Reader and ePub readerFirefox extension – Bookworm closed.• Apps tied to bookstores such as Read2Go forBookshare and Blio for Kurzweil – inDaisy reads anyDaisy files also Voice of DAISY.• Apps – iBooks with VoiceOver, Stanza, Kobo for largefonts and colour changes etc.• Daisy Book Readers – tools for downloaded books
  • 28. eReadingeReading• Stanza, Blio, Calibre, EasyReader, Adobe PDF, GoogleBooks• Image to Text, iBooks -ePub and PDF reader-Supports VoiceOver interactions - iPhone• Moon+ Reader -Supports txt, html, epub, zip, opds -control of colour, line spacing, font size, orientationetc - AndroidiCloudChromeOS
  • 29. Student StrategiesStudent Strategieswww.lexdis.org.ukTrywww.lexdis.org.uk
  • 30. Thank youThank youE.A. DraffanWeb and Internet ScienceElectronics and Computer Science,University of Southampton.Mobile 07976 289103E-mail: ead@ecs.soton.ac.ukhttp://access.ecs.soton.ac.uk