Eadd news volume 8


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Eadd news volume 8

  1. 1. September - December 2011 Volume 8 Youth in Dairy FarmingEast Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8 Youth in Dairy farming 1
  2. 2. EDITORIAL: Revisiting the Debate: Are Young People Inspired to Earn Through Livestock Raising? I start by dedicating this issue to you, African youth who feel The youth in my village are in a cutthroat competition for frustrated because you cannot find something meaningful to white-collar jobs and a city-based life, having shunned rural do to earn an income. No, I am not offering a job or any other life and farming. I am sure you have witnessed that too. Today, easy fix solution here. What I attempt to do is to show you that African cities are overflowing with energetic youth roaming not all is lost, as there is an untapped area, which many of us streets, seeking un-available employment opportunities, with have neglected. It is very possible you have also neglected it. I spillovers wandering into dingy corners where they engage in am talking about Agriculture. crime to earn a coin or two. Sadly, youth remain reluctant to engage in agriculture-based livelihoods that they view as non- urban Before you flip over to the next page, please profitable. hear me out. Did you know that our continent development faces a food crisis because we youth continue Why do most youth believe the answer to a blissful future need not be to ignore farming in search of the ‘easy’ life that lies in employment in the city, and not in agriculture (after all if detrimental comes with city jobs? Let me put it another way. In my village, frail, old persons, cheeks sunken they put their energies in farming they would also solve Africa’s looming food crisis)? Studies show that we youth not only to rural from undernourishment and clothes barely turn from agriculture because of poor economic returns and development, covering their bodies, backs stiffened by long lack of access to factors of production, but also because of an hours of toiling in farms, mark the general pro- influence of status and social norms. Would an agricultural de- and in file of food producers. I’m sure this is the sce- velopment program that addresses these key challenges make this case, nario in your village, and most parts of Africa. a difference? Perhaps. I believe that a program that identifies agriculture The Food and Agriculture Organization the types and forms of agricultural activities that youth desire would increase economic benefits of agriculture, and enhance (FAO), reports that the average age of a farmer the social status and privilege of youth in the sector. in Africa is 60 years. Now you realize I am not exaggerating facts to grab your attention. I believe you know that demographic In other words, with workable interventions, urban devel- trends show that youth dominate the continent’s population, opment need not be detrimental to rural development, and with approximately 70 percent of its one billion people aged in this case, agriculture. Meaningful long-term development below 30 years. Now you must ask yourself, where are all these can be actualized with youth-oriented agricultural approaches. youth? Meaning, African governments ought to address the genera- tional gap that exists in agriculture with appropriate policies. 2 Youth in Dairy farming East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8
  3. 3. This calls for confronting the assumptions that: : ►► agriculture has the potential to provide young people in Contents rural areas with reasonable livelihood and opportunities for accumulation; ►► young people working in agriculture would boost the agricultural sector, rural economy and employment op- portunities for other youth; and FEATURE ►► that to be effective, agricultural development programs must specifically target young people. New Kid on the Farming Block 4 As a player in agricultural development, East Africa DairyDevelopment project is perhaps the first project to confront RWANDAthe assumptions by employing a business approach in the dairysub-sector. This has led to the creation of numerous opportu- An Extension Worker Who Leads by Example 6nities for youth. The project does not restrict young people totheir traditional role of only participating in dairy production, UGANDAbut opens up opportunities for the youth to participate in the Youth on the Steering Wheel 7provision of advisory services, leadership and management ofbusiness associations, as well as involvement in various nodes TANZANIAof dairy industry. Graduate Youth Excelling in Dairy Processing 8 You will find in the pages of this newsletter, highlights ofthe extent to which youth have participated in EADD’s pro- KENYAgram. I hope you will learn from these inspiring case storieshow young people can create opportunities when actively in- “Rural Life is the Best” Dairy Farmer Asserts 9volved in agriculture, and allowed to bring a different perspec-tive that strengthens our efforts in reducing rural poverty and FOCUS ON EADD 2promoting rural development. Scaling Up and Out: 10Gerald Mutinda, 11 Eadd Kenya UPDATESRegional Manager 12 EADD Uganda UpdatesDairy Productivity, Gender Youth 12 EADD Rwanda Updates Progress of Youth in Dairy Farming 14East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8 Youth in Dairy farming 3
  4. 4. FEATURE New Kid on the Farming Block He first caught the eye of the Kenya public during the Brookside Breeders Show 2011. A fresh faced young IT specialist who had tak- en the plunge into dairy farming and defied all odds to make sev- eral hundreds of thousands of Kenyan shillings from it each month. Since then, Douglas Kanja, who recently turned 27, has held several media interviews leaving a trail of re-ignited dreams and renewed hope in an industry whose future – pundits’ claim- looks bleak in Kenya; because young people have denied it their attention. 4 Youth in Dairy farming East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8
  5. 5. T he “new face of a farmer” is what Alice Makochie’ng, This sees him waking up by 4am to visit the farm for a brief- EADD 2 Mobilization Manager, baptized Douglas Kanja, ing and meeting with the workers before reporting to his 8am on meeting him. The title befits him, for Kanja redefines job in Nairobi. He also holds a monthly meeting with his eightthe image of a farmer and shatters the picture Kenyans have farm attendants to monitor progress. “They record reports onpainted for a long time. In place of the lagged, resigned, retired, each cow every day, and give it to me for entry in our computerold look many people associate with farmers, Kanja presents system which automatically generates a weekly report on Sun-young, smart, vibrant, cool, confident and successful. In place day. So as a new week begins, we know what to monitor; likeof gumboots are highly polished shoes, and the overall farmer’s expected births, estru (heat), any illnesses, expected milk produc-wear has been replaced by a well-cut fitting suit. With an ipad tion.” To ensure he has enough feed, he uses the out growerand IT credentials to boot, Kanja the farmer is also a comp system, where his neighbors grow foliage which he buys in ad-whizz kid. dition to processing his own feeds at another portion of the land. “This way, I have minimum costs and my neighbors haveCar out, Cows in a market for their foliage. It is a win-win situation,” he states.Sometimes, all it takes to ignite a fire and a passion in a person He has also learned how to maintain optimum feeding to in-is a simple walk through the woods, reading a book or words crease production from his herd. For example, he makes hisin a song. For Kanja, all it took to begin a journey in dairy farm- own dairy meal feed at the farm using a variety of products likeing was an IT assignment in Naivasha. As fate had it, his cli- maize stalks, maize seeds, wheat, lucern, alfafa, and sunflowerent’s neighbor kept dairy cattle. As, “a lover of animals since seeds. It costs him KES1600 to make a 70kg sack of dairy meal,childhood,” the farm re-ignited in him a desire to keep cattle. while the same retails around KES 2400-2700.At around that time, Kanja had saved just enough money topurchase his dream car. He put the car dream on hold and He acknowledges that marketing remains a challenge fordecided to embark on a journey that would change his life and many farmers; and notes that he is fortunate a signed contractcatapult him to unexpected national fame and symbol of in- to supply to Brookside has freed him from worrying aboutspiration. marketing and he can instead concentrate on production. In the future however, and with accumulated savings, Douglas “After the assignment, I visited Kenya Agricultural Research hopes to start a processing firm, “I draw inspiration from pro-Institute (KARI) to find out more about dairy farming. They gave cessors like Githunguri, they did it and so can I; so can manyme a list of farms that I could visit and learn more. I ended up other farmers if they are mentored.” Kanja hopes to grow hisvisiting 64 farms across the country. By the time I completed the herd internally to over 1000 heifers in the next five to ten yearsvisits, I was convinced that I wanted to do dairy farming. With and at the same time improve their quality. To achieve this, hemy savings, I bought three cows in 2008.” He put up the cows uses sexed semen (meaning?), which increases the probabilityin a portion of his family’s 20-acre land in Kimende along the of heifer birth by 90 percent, “I have no business with bulls,” heNairobi-Naivasha highway. Today his herd is growing past the laughs. He has also put measures in place to reduce calf mor-one hundred mark, 35 of which he is milking and supplying at tality rate, “I have segmented the calf years from 0-3, 3-6, andleast 500 liters of milk to Brookside Company at KES 27 to KES 6-12 months and care for each stage differently. Out of 20 calves30 a liter daily. He estimates that 60-65 percent of his income birthed in the farm I lose one.”covers production costs and the rest is profit. Technology is the present, and Douglas intends to incorpo- Kanja reflects on his journey and recalls the challenges that rate it in his farm management. “I monitor all the farm activitiesan ordinary dairy farmer faces. “I was new to dairy farming and through my computer using software specifically developed tomanagement was a big issue which was made complex by the keep production and health records of all cows in such a wayfact that there is scanty information on dairy production in Ke- that I can forecast production and tell when a problem is aboutnya. I also faced an inadequate supply of feeds and veterinary to occur before it occurs. I hope to use IT to increase efficiency inservices were hard to come by. Once I started producing milk management of the farm and reduce on production costs. Wethere was the challenge of markets.” To overcome the challeng- are already coming up with a surveillance system –somethinges, Kanja states that he decided to use a “hands on” approach like CCTC- to monitor all aspects of the farm. It’s a journey.” Heto manage his farm, as opposed to “phone farming” where the encourages youth to view dairy farming as a business venture,farmer monitors his farm by making frequent phone calls to because there is growth and opportunity.farm managers.East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8 Youth in Dairy farming 5
  6. 6. RWANDA An Extension Worker Who Leads by Example By Jacqueline Kayitesi found myself back home in my country,” says the soft-spo- ken father of two. His return was full of uncertainty. Fred Muwanda, 30, knows very well the power of coach- ing to transform lives. For the past three years, Fred has Fred’s first job as a farm manager earned him 60,000 worked primarily on dairy farming as an extension worker francs ($95) per month. In 2008, EADD interventions be- and trainer of trainers through EADD. He credits EADD as gun in his area and it was a fortunate break for Fred because having given him a platform to network with farmers and he already knew what it took to keep a farm running and other stakeholders and today boasts an agro-vet shop in look after animals. He resigned from his job, signed up with his hometown and recently enrolled in a veterinary college. the program as an extension worker and received training in animal health and AI services. Fred made a commitment We met Fred in his busy agro-vet shop in Kiramuruzi, a to visit farmers in their farms every day. “I spend most of small town located in eastern Rwanda, an hour’s drive from the time in the field ensuring animal health, AI, and train- the capital Kigali. As a trainer of trainers and extension ing farmers on how to manage their farms.” On seeing the worker, he empowers farmers to become self-suf-ficient potential in dairy he established an agro-vet business which and help their societies in not only milk production but has grown from making a profit of USD 82 to USD 150 per also economic growth. “My area of coverage is four sectors month. These profits present a valuable sum by the stan- and I service over 800 cows per year.” dards of the quiet town. According to the EADD breeding team, Fred has reg- “Meeting with farmers that benefit is a way of advertising istered an artificial insemination (AI) success rate of 68-74 my agrovet business. I have three competitors in town but percent since he started actively serving farmers in 2010. am able to make 150,000 Francs (USD 150) as profit from Underscoring the importance of his work and business, he the shop alone. Through the cooperative, I have met many reminisces back to seven years ago, when he first arrived in farmers living in urban areas and sometimes they hire me the area. “Farmers would use one bull for about 20 I am hoping cows or more, and that made it difficult to control to supervise their farms in the village since they know EADD that we, young diseases and of course this system was not productive. has trained me. I have saved enough to go back to school to pursue a diploma in veterinary services. In addition to that, people, will EADD has contributed a lot in dairy farming systems I also have some investments,” Fred confides with a smile. in this area. As a service provider, I have good income work towards and other farmers have increased their incomes too.” “I bought a plot of land and a house. I am hoping that we, reviving the Asked if he would consider closing shop and chang- young people, will work towards reviving the economy.” economy ing jobs, Fred quickly says, “No, no, no, I like this job because I can do my business and also serve farmers.” Not all has been rosy for Fred though. Following ethnic friction in Rwanda in 1959, Fred’s parents sought asylum in Uganda where he grew up and attended school. Perhaps owing to adverse circumstances, they never returned to Jacqueline Kayitesi is a Communication and ME Officer at Rwanda. Not Fred. On completing college in 2003, “I just EADD Rwanda . 6 Youth in Dairy farming East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8
  7. 7. UGANDA Youth on the Steering Wheel By Brian Kawuma shareholder in the cooperative as that would authenticate his business and introduce him to potential clients. By the age of 17, Sam Kajimba already played the role of bread- winner for his family. Today he is out and about his transport Soon after the new project, Sam started By early 2009, business in Kiboga West Cooperative Society in central Ugan- collecting more milk from his “clients” as their da by dawn. His father’s death in 2008 forced him to drop out farm yields increased. His portfolio also grew as Sam collected of senior three in secondary school and take on the role of new farmers joined the industry. By early 2009, and vended breadwinner for his mother and five siblings. he collected and vended 140 liters of milk daily. “I was overwhelmed. There was so much 140 litres of Four years later today, Sam reflects, “I felt stuck. Dad did milk in different places, I subcontracted cyclists milk daily not leave us any property, I had to find a job,” he adds. Sam who would transport milk on my behalf,” he resorted to vending milk. Every day he would start an 18-mile recalls. He paid the cyclists UGX. 60,000 (USD 30) journey to collect milk from dairy farmers in Kyankwanzi for monthly. Sam eventually bought his own bicycles sale in Lubiri trading center, several kilometers away. He would and hired three permanent staff. As business grew, sell an average of 80 liters a day, making a profit of 50 Uganda he bought a motorcycle that would enable him shillings from each liter. As business thrived, Sam hired a bicycle transport larger volumes of milk more effectively at a small fee to help in building the volume of milk he trans- and efficiently. ported, thereby increasing his income. He also struck an agree- ment with farmers that he would sell their milk for five out of For the industrious youth, milk transport is seven days a week and keep the proceeds from milk collected only the beginning of actualizing his dreams. over the weekend (Saturday and Sunday) as compensation Through the proceeds, he has started to di- for transport and labor. The proceeds from this arrangement versify his income by buying bulls for fattening helped in accumulating his first savings. and resale. In 2010, he bought his first batch of 15 bulls that he fed for over 9 months. Change in Fortunes He later sold them and bought 30 In 2008, EADD started implementation in Kyankwanzi and mo- bull calves; two for the value of bilized smallholder dairy farmers, sensitizing them about differ- each bull he had sold. Sam says ent aspects of dairy farming. At this time, the farmers experi- his biggest joy comes from af- enced several challenges like low milk yields, unreliable markets, fording school fees for his poor milk prices and delayed pay. Naturally, they embraced the siblings. He hopes to build idea of a registered cooperative where they would collectively a house and buy a pick-up bulk and market their milk, in addition to benefiting from ex- truck to ferry more milk. tension services that would increase their dairy yields. How- ever, a different thing attracted Sam; the op-portunity to grow Brian Kawuma is a his transport business through projected increased milk yields. Communication Officer He figured out that to do so successfully, he would become a at EADD Uganda East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8 Youth in Dairy farming 7
  8. 8. TANZANIA Graduate Youth Excelling in Dairy Processing By Alice Mako’chieng inability to cope with the dry season - between August and October - the company has found it difficult to supply their Three Tanzanian youth are making it big in dairy farming. The customers. This hampers their efforts to expand. trio, who live in Morogoro region, are led by Victor Mfinanga 4. Lack of understanding about the dairy business and the Managing Director of Shambani Graduates Ltd. They start- milk collection by the pastoralist farmers negatively affects ed the enterprise that is trailblazing in youth and entrepreneur- consistency in supply and quality improvement. As a result, ship in dairy farming, in 2006. It is a breath of fresh air in a sector the company has resorted to organizing and undertaking con- often characterized by older people. stant training and extension work. This has stretched its focus from its core business of processing and marketing. The graduate of Tanzania’s Sokoine University of Agricul- ture (SUA) decided against moving to the city to swell the 5. The youthful farmers would also like a simple in- novative information system that can help small processors It requires ranks of unemployment. They instead settled for using their newly found skills to invest and manage their supply chain efficiently as well as map a better route to market their products. sheer guts improve dairy farming in their locality. Today 6. The farm aspires to expanding into the Ultra Heat to just do it the company not only collects and sells milk Treated (UHT) business that does not require a cold chain. from farmers, but also produces yoghurt made and make of natural fruit flavors like passion, strawberry This kind of business suits the local environment in Tanzania where refrigeration in many stores and homes in a huge chal- it happen and banana. They market their products as far lenge. as Dar-es-Salaam, the capital of Tanzania. Indeed the key to mobilizing productivity in agribusiness is to create a strong value proposition to attract young people Major Highlights: back to the land by providing support and other business en- 1. From an intake of only 30 liters in 2006, the firm ablers. Above all, it requires sheer guts to just do it and make it currently processes 1,100 liters per day, and has a capacity to happen. For now, the three farmers are a tremendous inspira- process up to 4,000 liters. tion to other young people, not only in Tanzania, but also in 2. The farm has three milk collection centers, serviced the entire region. by Maasai farmers around Morogoro region. As with Maasai culture, milk is mainly the domain of women but due to the steady income the women have been getting from the busi- ness, and seeing the improvement in their families’ livelihoods, men are also turning to dairy keeping. 3. The farm’s major challenge is the oscillating milk supply, falling as low as four times the supply during high season. Because of this unpredictable supply and farmers’ Alice Mako’chieng is the Regional Project Mobilization Manager, EADD Regional Office 8 Youth in Dairy farming East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8
  9. 9. KENYA “Rural Life is the Best” Dairy Farmer Asserts By Ann Mbiruru and he easily accesses the market through the farmers business association. He credits this to EADD experts from whom he This youthful urban to rural migrant “wishes” he had known says he learned optimum feeding to increase production from that “rural life is the best.” his herd, as well as growing his own foliage that remarkably re- Back to the Roots many youth, urban life is fashionable. It duces his cost of production. promises greater opportunity. Riches-sans back breaking work, “Father barely milked 5 liters of milk per day from three cows right? Wrong! Paul Kimani disagrees. Caught by the media and had no access to markets. The roads were impassable and hype, Paul relocated in the 1990s, from his rural home in Olka- getting to the shopping center to sell milk would take a whole lau, a district in Kenya’s Central Province, to Mombasa, the Ke- day. Then we only fed cows on Napier grass, but today I grow nyan coastal town. To his shock, there was no easy well paying my own lucern, desmodium and alfafa that when consumed by job waiting for him. To make ends meet, he resorted to selling the cows, increases their milk production. EADD scrap metal, to “fill in the joblessness gap” before he landed his has changed the shape of dairy farming in this I do not mind “dream job. Life was expensive and hard. I spent all my income paying for food, rent and transport. I had no savings,” he says. area. Because of the farmer association, there are if my children The big job never came. By the 15th year, he went back businesspersons who specialize in collecting and transporting milk for farmers. This saves us time decide to home, a prodigal son with nothing to show from his sojourns and we concentrate on production. We now have practice farming in the city. Today Paul tells a different story. In his three acre a chance to increase our incomes and there is no because I now farm,he tends to fodder and mixed food crop, and waters the turning back.” cows every other hour. By evening, his wife and three children know you can Four years on, Paul has never regretted his join him in milking, with 10 liters being the lowest he expects decision. He receives payment for his milk in make money from each of his two Friesian cows. His income has risen five- fold from KES 3,000 ($32.--) to KES 15,000 (approx $161). time. Being part of the farmer group comes with from it other freebies as its MOU with a local bank, Eq- He remembers vividly the day he moved back to Olkalau uity, has enabled him to take a loan to expand his farm. Paul in 2008. “I did not know what I would do, but I knew I had bet- believes that, “Milk production is increasing because farmers ter prospects at home.” EADD started implementation in Ol- have access to more information about dairy farming, access to kalau around the same time. After the team visited his village extension services, for mobilization, Paul was convinced to give dairy farming a and ability to negoti- chance, even though he was skeptical, as he had witnessed his ate for better prices dad practice it for many years without much results. He signed as a group. I do not up as a member at the Olkalau Dairy Farmer Business Associa- mind if my children tion where he would supply milk. decide to become When Paul first heard of artificial insemination and the op- farmers because I portunity it presented in improving his breed, he immediately now know you can bought the idea. Today he boasts two heifers and hopes to make profits from grow his herd to a number that he can sell to other farmers. His it.” milk production is higher than what his father ever witnessed, East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8 Youth in Dairy farming 9
  10. 10. FOCUS ON EADD 2 Scaling Up and Out: Creating Sustainable Business Models T he East African Dairy Development (EADD) project is a 10-year dairy industry development initiative funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, targeting smallholder funding and implementation. This is mainly as a result of the project’s track record and the goodwill the farmers have cre- ated in the market.” Given the gains made in EADD 1, the scal- dairy farmers in East Africa. The project, implemented by a ing up and out of EADD 2 anticipates that an additional 500 consortium of partners is led by Heifer International and in- 000-farmer families may benefit from EADD interventions in cludes ILRI, TechnoServe, ICRAF and ABS-TCM. dairy farming. A four-year pilot (2008-2012) was implemented in se- This inclusive approach puts sustainability at the core of lected districts of Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda. Results from EADD’s work in building business models from the farmer-up a mid-term evaluation show that the project achieved most that are more sustainable and impacting for many beneficia- of its milestones. As a result, Bill and Melinda Gates Founda- ries. tion expressed an interest to continue supporting the project into phase 2, popularly known as EADD 2. This new phase may Sustainability and Impact commence in mid 2013, and would see the project scaling up are the twin words and intensifying activities in the existing countries, as well as scaling out in to two new countries: Ethiopia and Tanzania. EADD 2 will continue to create and build farmer businesses centered on the Hub Model to connect more small-scale dairy In preparation for the scaling up and out, earnest stake- farmers to markets. Building hubs that can endure changing holder consultations and fact-finding missions have been on- social economical and political climates entails identifying and going across the five countries. EADD Regional Director, Mo- working with key actors in the dairy value chain. ses Nyabila, and Regional Project Mobilization Manager, Alice Makochien’g, lead the missions. EADD 2 will not be a new proj- The vision of EADD remains developmental. As such, sus- ect but a continuation of EADD 1, with more emphasis in key tainability of hubs is important. To achieve this, EADD works learning and building partnerships. EADD 2 strongly believes with the boards and management of hubs in strengthening that, creating strong sustainable partnerships with key partners and anchoring them on robust commercial principles. in a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) approach is the way to transform the dairy industry in the countries of operation. Moses explains that, “We are embarking on this pro- cess of building partnership early. Beginning from pro- posal development stage so that the resultant project has a broad stakeholder buy- in from the word go, with more partners willing to take their fair share and work- ing with us in proj- ect devel- opment, co- 10 Youth in Dairy farming East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8
  11. 11. Local level producer groups face several challenges in main- A shared responsibility of Public Private Partnership (PPP)taining sustainable commercial based business. To counter this, approach will bring about lasting change. It is also a wake-upthe proposed EADD 2 plans to bring in more partners with di- call for governments to stake up on investments in agribusi-verse skills each focused to resolve a given challenge. The part- ness, especially supporting small-scale producers. In the end,ners will come from the private sector to manage expertise in we all hope to transform the dairy sector in East Africa to takethe project that will benefit local communities through shar- its rightful place as a key agricultural contributor to the Grossing responsibility and key learning between local communities, Domestic Products (GDPs) of the economies of the region.the government, donor partners and the private sector. high demand by farmers exhausted EADD KENYA the straws in three weeks. The compa- At the same time, Sot dairy opened three new agro-vets in vari- UPDATES ny that has 228 members also opened ous locations in addition to a satellite financial services in August. cooler at Longisa market center. The EADD Kenya, in the Rift Valley move will enable members of the dairyProvince, celebrated growth in the Kapcheno Dairies, also in the to access agro-vet advances. The sat-activities of farms that are in the pro- province, started a new satellite ellite cooler will ensure that farmers ingram. In October, Tanykina Dairy Plant cooler located in Ndurio. In the same far areas easily access milk collectionLimited not only moved from rental quarter, farmers in the area initiated services. Estimates indicate the sat-premises to its own newly constructed the Mitigation of Climate Change in Ag- ellite cooler will collect an average ofbuilding, but also made a bold move to- riculture (MiCCA) project, and formed 1,400kgs of milk per day.wards improving the quality of its milk the Kaptumo cluster, which bringsby banning the use of plastic contain- farmers together to bulk and increaseers and introducing aluminium cans. milk volumes, giving them an edge inKenya’s Minister for Livestock Devel- negotiating for better prices.opment, Dr. Abdi Kuti presided over Still on milk production, milk vol-the relocation, accompanied by the umes increased in various sites, witharea MP, William Ruto, who launched most farmer business associations op-the Kipkarren Financial Services Asso- erating at over 100 percent capacity.ciation branch in Lemook. . Tinderet Dairies reported collection of 6,000kgs from Maraba and Koilot sites; as compared to 1800kgs collect- Lelan Highland Dairies suc- ed in the two sites at the same period cessfully lobbied the government to last year. Kipkellion Dairy Plant Lim- undertake road repairs in the area; ited reported a collection of 9,000kgs while with the purchase of a 15,000-li- per day as compared to 4,000kgs col- tre milk tanker, Metkei Multipurpose lected per day in the second quarter. Limited improved the quality of milk Elsewhere, Kabiyet Dairies Siongiroi dairy collected a volume of in the center. The bacteria load countCompany Limited purchased a 10,000 50,000kgs and Sot dairy had a sur- reduced from 12 million in May, tomilk-tanker to improve the quality of plus volume, handling over 12,000kgs 570,000 in September.milk by maintaining the cold chain of a day. This has enabled the DFBAs tomilk on transit from the chilling plant to negotiate competitive prices with pro-the processor. And Lelchego Com- cessors on behalf of farmers, leadingpany Limited reported an impressive to increased profitability for the chillinguptake of Artificial Insemination (AI). plants. Chepkorio Dairy Company Lim-Having received its first AI tank con- ited consistently operated at over 153taining 100 straws in September, a percent capacity during the quarter.East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8 Youth in Dairy farming 11
  12. 12. for both staff and dairy farmers. The result in over 1,000 farmers benefit- EADD UGANDA Uganda office has also set up a gender ing from 3,000 AI service providers, AI UPDATES resource center that has various gen- infrastructure, training in breeding, re- der resource materials. cords and feeding, by December 2011. The collaboration has led to more A regional gender and youth farmers receiving farmer advisory ser- training workshop was conducted vices on breeding. in Jinja, Uganda, with 23 participants from Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda. The Four DFBAs, two in Jinja, one training aimed at equipping EADD Gen- in Nakaseke and the last one in der working focal persons and team Kayunga, were registered to le- leaders with skills of identifying and ad- gally operate as co-operatives. And dressing youth and gender concerns. It EADD exhibited at the Annual Source also focused on identifying opportuni- of the Nile Agricultural Trade Show ties that youth and women can exploit alongside Heifer International. The in- in order to increase their participation in novative exhibition won a trophy for dairy related activities from household, best exhibitor, livestock, and was third community and chilling plant levels. runner up overall. Key action plans developed included EADD has continued to support training of field extension workers and Finally, EADD Uganda project Uganda farmer business association DFBA leaders, and supporting forma- staff participated in a two-day re- in development of annual operation- tion of youth groups and linking them treat (26 – 28 October 2011) at Silver al plans. 44 annual operation-planning to various funding opportunities. Springs Hotel, Bugolobi, Kampala. The meetings with 1,520 participants drawn retreat doubled as a strategy and plan- from the associations leaders, commu- Elsewhere, EADD conducted ning meeting, where the draft AOPB nity mobilizers and extension providers a youth entrepreneurship-train- (write in full) for the no-cost and cost have so far taken place. All four clus- ing workshop, benefiting 168 youth extension periods was developed. ters participated in 28 farm-based field drawn from all the four clusters. 121 days that trained farmers on mod- men and 47 women participated. The ern day dairy farming. 2,700 farmers training aimed to educate youth in EADD RWANDA participated. dairy farming in order to increase their UPDATES awareness and level of participation in leadership and agri-business activities EADD has continued to sup- at household, community and DFBA port Uganda farmer business levels. The workshop’s objectives in- association in development of an- cluded: orienting youth participants on nual operational plans. 44 annual dairy industry; dairy business chain op- operation-planning meetings with portunities; introducing the youth to the 1,520 participants drawn from the concept of working in dairy groups and associations leaders, community mobi- under dairy cooperative societies; and lizers and extension providers have so sharing practical experiences on the far taken place. All four clusters partici- dairy value chain. pated in 28 farm-based field days that trained farmers on modern day dairy Meanwhile, EADD initiated a Further, EADD Kicked off a farming. 2,700 farmers participated. collaboration with Department of collaboration with SCC-Vi Agro Gender and Women Studies, MUK, forestry, aimed at ramping up AI Rwanda is experiencing a milk mar- aimed at supporting EADD in gen- technology uptake in nine sites of Sem- ket crisis since April 2011. The crisis der mainstreaming of its activities babule and Mityana Districts. This will was caused by an increase in milk12 Youth in Dairy farming East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8
  13. 13. production from 14,000 liters in April c. Various government ministries will EADD Rwanda exhibited with dem-to 38,000 liters in June, in the East- explore market opportunities to onstrations of Artificial Inseminationern Province. Access to markets and Inyange equipment, good milk quality practic-enhanced interventions in dairy by es and high quality feed and fodder. d. Ministries of Agriculture, and com-EADD, among other partners, has re- The project was awarded a certificate merce, and the leadership in East-sulted in the increase in production. of recognition. ern Province, will collaborativelyIn June, Rwanda’s main processor, draft policies that will ensure access EADD Rwanda has commis-Inyange, announced that 1.5 million lit- to market, water and electricity, in sioned a consumer market surveyers of processed UHT milk lay unsold order to stimulate development of that will end in mid January 2012. Thein scattered warehouses in Kigali. As a dairy farming. survey seeks to identify factors that af-result the company scaled down milk fect milk consumption. The results ofcollection, from between 20-30,000 the survey will help identify key priorityliters per day in quarter two to 8,000- areas for intervention.10,000 liters per week in quarter three.This marks a 25 percent decrease in Chilling Plants have aggressivelyfarmer prices from 200 to 150 francs sought relationships with alternativeper liter. market traders. Matimba DFBA is par- ticularly evaluating the opportunity to reopen the cheese processing busi- Meanwhile, the technical staff ness. The Nyagatare Dairy Farmers’ of milk processors, Savannah and Union has been evaluating milk-mar- Inyange, visited New Kenya Co- keting options, and in quarter three, operative Creameries (NKCC) in the dairy farmers’ union visited Rusizi Kenya, accompanied by management District, a town bordering DR Congo, of Inyange and its parent Compa- for a possibility of installation a cold ny, Crystal Ventures. The processors room to hold milk targeting the market were exposed to best practices of set- in Bukavu town in DRC. Bukavu has Following the milk market crisis, ting up an efficient milk supply chain, a population of approximately 4 mil-the country’s new Prime Minister, appropriate packaging and market lion people. Dialogue is ongoing withPierre Damien Habumuremyi led a segmentation. the Rwanda Milk Traders Association,high-powered delegation on a visit to a representative body of about 2,600the Mbare and Kirebe chilling plants, as milk traders operating in Rwanda.well as the processor, Savanah, in a bid To strengthen sustainability pillars,to find a sustainable solution. He was Rwanda country team has mobilizedaccompanied by various government chilling plants to set up DHES.officials and Heifer International/ EADDrepresentatives. Most DFBAs in Rwanda cannot afford to hire a DHES due to financialThe visit brought about the following EADD Rwanda participated in constraints. To counter this challenge,positive resolutions: a 10-day exhibition from 20 to 31 EADD has placed its contingency fundsa. Inyange Industries will take over October 2011. All seven districts of to assist MCCs hire the DHES by meet- Savannah plant in the Eastern Eastern Province participated in the ing 50 percent of the DHES salary for a Province exhibition attended by players in eco- period of one year. To date, three sites: nomic and social sectors, and private Matimba, Gahengeri and Gasi, haveb. As a result of the takeover, Inyange business. International exhibitors came committed to raising the other 50 per- will collect 33,000 liters per day from neighboring countries in the East cent of the DHES salaries, and have African region, and as far as Pakistan. been set as piloting sites.East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8 Youth in Dairy farming 13
  14. 14. Progress of Youth in Dairy Farming By Alice Mako’chieng The dairy farmer business associations / cooperatives in the showed that young women were less likely to participate in EADD consortium are making great progress in inclusion of collective action compared to young men. youth in the businesses. As at the end of June 2011, there was The participation of youth as shareholders was reported an encouraging number of registered youth farmers in those at 24 percent, 17 percent and 10 percent in Kenya, Uganda associations. Kenya reported 27 percent and Uganda 15 per- and Rwanda, respectively. The youth in Uganda represented cent of youth as being active as either members or sharehold- 47 percent of active suppliers, 15 percent of them being young ers. However, the proportion of young women registering as women. However, it is worthwhile to note that most milk business association members was only 9 per-Women youth cent in Kenya and 6 percent in Uganda. Previ- transporters are also vendors, meaning they collect and supply milk on behalf of several farmers. In Kenya and Rwanda, youth constitute 12 ous findings from EADD base¬line survey and participating as active suppliers constituted 21 percent and 18 percent of mid-term evaluation report showed that young percent respectively, with, again, young women making a low women were less likely to participate in collec- the overall tive action compared to young men. of 9 percent and 5 percent in Kenya and Rwanda respectively.model farmers The dairy farmer business associations / co- On average women youth constitute 12 percent of the overall model farmers profiled by EADD across the region. Of profiled by operatives in the EADD consortium are making this, Kenya reports 22 percent (7 percent women) and Uganda EADD across great progress in inclusion of youth in the busi- 13 percent youth (3 percent women). nesses. As at the end of June 2011, there was an the region encouraging number of registered youth farm- Employment opportunities in management, leadership, ers in those associations. Kenya reported 27 per- or extension services by the dairy hubs have attracted and cent and Uganda 15 percent of youth as being active as either benefited many young people. Most have at least secondary members or shareholders. However, the proportion of young education and tertiary skills. Our reports indicate that youth women registering as business association members was only make-up 70 percent of the business associations/cooperatives 9 percent in Kenya and 6 percent in Uganda. Previous findings management payroll in all the countries of operation. The par- from EADD baseline survey and mid-term evaluation report ticipation of young women in tapping these opportunities is Table 1-EADD June 2011- Key Youth Performance Participation Data KE UG RW Overall DMG, DFBA membership, Shareholding and Economic participation % Of youth registered farmers in DFBAs 27 9 15 6 21 7 % youth farmers constituting CP shareholding 24 7 17 5 10 4 17 5 % of youth farmers constituting CP/TM active suppliers 21 9 47 15 18 5 29 10 % of Youth constituting Model farmers 22 7 13 3 0 0 12 4 % of youth hired in CPs/DFBAs 63 19 76 11 73 21 70 17 Participation in Leadership, decision making management structures % Youth composing Board of directors 9 4 24 3 15 4 16 4 % of youth in BODs trained equipped with leadership skills 313 171 128 136 100 100 180 136 % of youth as Extension staff (AI, ESA, AHA, TOTs) 56 14 42 1 44 7 47 714 Youth in Dairy farming East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8
  15. 15. again low at an overall average of 17 per-cent. This means that for every 100 Chill-ing Plant/DFBA generated employmentopportunities, youths will take up 70 withyoung women filling up 17 of the positions.Participation inLeadership, decision-making and managementstructuresThe number of youth participating inDFBA boards has risen with an overall aver-age of 16 percent, where Uganda stands at24 percent, Rwanda 15 percent and Kenya9 percent. The total percentage of youthconstituting front line exten¬sion workersstands at 47 percent, out of which womenmake up only 7 percent. Some of the rea-sons advanced for the low recruitment ofwomen relate to low number of femalestaking up agricultural science courses, un-attractive conditions in the rural areas andthe EADD/DFBA terms of engagement.East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8 Youth in Dairy farming 15
  16. 16. Imprint East Africa Dairy Development Regional Office P.O Box 74388-00200, Nairobi, Nairobi eadd@eadairy.org www.eadairy.org Like us on Facebook: www.facebook.com/EADDProject Edited by: Ann Mbiruru Contributors: Brian Kawuma, Gerald Mutinda, Jacqueline Kayitesi Alice Makochieng Jane Kithuka The East Africa Dairy Development project is a regional industry development program led by Heifer International in partnership with ILRI, TechnoServe, the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) and the African Breeders Service Total Cattle Management (ABS- TCM). The project is being implemented in Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda.16 Youth in Dairy farming East Africa Dairy Development News Volume 8