Grammar book1


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Grammar book1

  1. 1. Grammar Book 2 Ema Auger
  2. 2. Table of ContentsPreterit  Cargarzar  Spock  Cucaracha  Snake y snakeyModalAdverbProgressive- present and pastFuture –Irregular-ConditionalSuperlativesFormal commandsPrepositionsDemonstratives
  3. 3. Preterit-Car Gar Zar Tocar Jugar Comenzar Toque Jugue Comence Tocaste Jugaste Comenzaste Toco Jugo Como Tocamos Jugamos Comenzamos Tocaron Jugaron ComenzaronIrregular in yo form to maintain sound.
  4. 4. Spock Hacer- hice, hiciste, hizo, hicimos, hicieron Ir- fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fueron Ser- fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fueron Dar- di, diste, dio, dimos, dieron Ver- vi, viste, vio, vimos, vieron
  5. 5. Snake y SnakySnake SnakeyStem Changers Y ChangersEx: Dormir Ex: Leer Dormí •Leí Dormimos •Leimos Dormiste •Leiste •Leyó Durmió •Leyeron Dumieron
  6. 6. Cucaracha AndarAnduve- EstarEstuve- PoderPud- Poner Pus- QuererQuis- Saber Sup- -e TenerTuv- -iste Venir Vin- -o -imos -isteis ConducirConduj- -ieron ProducirProduj- TraducirTraduj- Take off the i DecirDij- Traer Traj-
  7. 7. Modal VerbsIr+a+infinitive Going to do somethingPoder+infinitive Are able to do somethingQuerer+infinitive Want to do somethingDeber+infinitive Should do somethingTenerque+infinitive To have to do somethingSoler+ infinitive To be accustomed to*conjugate and pair the modal verb with an infinitive to get a new meaning.
  8. 8. Los AdverbiosMost Spanish adverbs are formed by adding – mente to the feminine singular form of the adjective. This ending corresponds to –ly in English.Adjective Feminine Form Adverb MeaningClaro Clara Claramente ClearlyConstante Constante Constantemente ConstantlyDificil Dificil Dificilmente DifficultlyAlegre Alegre Alegremente Happily
  9. 9. Irregular Adverbs Some adverbs do not follow any pattern of origination, and must be memorized. Mucho A lot Muy Very Mal Badly Bastante Quite Bien Good Ya Already Tan So Demasiado Too
  10. 10. Progressive TenseEstar +Verb +-ando/ -iendo/-yendoEx: Estoyhablandoti. I am talking to you.Past imperfectEx: Estabahablando a ti. I was talking to you.
  11. 11. El Futuro “will” Examples: Irregular cantaré Deer dir- Infinitive+ … Hacerhar- -é é Ponerpondr- -ás  ás Salirsaldr- -á á Tenertendr- -emos  emos Valervendr- -éis Poderpodr- -án  án Querequerr- Saber sabr-
  12. 12. Futuro- Conditional Conditional expresses probability or possibility of what will or shall happen. Usually translated as would, could, must have, or probably. Hablaría Hablaríaías HablaríasInfinitive+ ía Hablaríaíamos Hablaríamos Hablaríaisíais Hablaríanían
  13. 13. Superlatives Use when trying to say that something has the most or least of a certain quality.Más+adjective (The most…) ex: Luis es el más altoMenos+adjective (the least) ex: Sofia es el menosagradable.
  14. 14. Formal Commands Put in yo form and change to the opposite vowel. Negative is the sameEx: coma or tenga
  15. 15. Prepositions Abajo- below Arriba- above Debajo de- under Dentro de- inside Encima de- on top of Fuera de- outside Cerca de- near Legos de- far Dentrás de- behind
  16. 16. Demonstratives Always agree in gender and number with the noun they modify Always come in front of the noun they modifySingular -Este/Esta This -Ese/Esa That -Aquel/Aquella That over therePlural -Estos/Estas These -Esos/Esas Those -Aquellos/Aquellas Those over there