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Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
Health and Place
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Health and Place

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Presentation given at WhereCampSoCal

Presentation given at WhereCampSoCal

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Transcript

  • 1. Place and Health<br />1<br />
  • 2. Why We Care<br />The built environment impacts health by impacting:<br />Access & Exposure<br />2<br />
  • 3. Access<br />3<br />
  • 4. Exposure<br />4<br />
  • 5. Active Living Research<br />Established in 2001, ALR supports research to identify environmental factors and policies that influence physical activity.<br />Administered by San Diego State University Research Foundation.<br />Led by Dr. James Sallis<br />5<br />
  • 6. Genes & Environment Initiative<br />The Genes and Environment Initiative is a five-year, NIH-wide effort to identify the genetic and environmental basis of asthma, diabetes, cancer, and other common illnesses<br />SENSORS<br />SYSTEMS<br />ANALYTICS<br />6<br />
  • 7. Physical<br />Activity<br />Location<br />Measurement<br />System<br />7<br />
  • 8. The PALMS Story<br />PALMS SYSTEM<br />ANA<br />L<br />Y<br />S<br />I<br />S<br />GIS<br />LOCATION<br />Data Processing<br />Merging & Calculations<br />INDIVIDUALS<br />BEHAVIOR<br />SENSING<br />TECHNOLOGY<br />STATISTICS<br />User Interface<br />TIME<br />Web-based<br />ENVIRONMENT<br />EXPOSURE<br />System Architecture<br />VIZUALIZE<br />Security & Sharing<br />Add Data Sources<br />Collaborate<br />Study Creation<br />Re-analyze<br />Researcher Points of Entry<br />8<br />
  • 9. Sensors for Physical Activity, Location & Exposure<br />Physical activity<br />M – Actigraph<br />M – Actical<br />HR+M - Actiheart<br />HR+M – Actitrainer<br />HR+M+ respiration + skin temp – Bioharness<br />Location - GPS<br />DG-100<br />BT-335<br />Qstarz 1000<br />9<br />
  • 10. Accelerometers and heart rate monitors tell how active and when…<br />10<br />
  • 11. When combined with GPS, we also know where activity occurs<br />Heart rate<br />shown in<br />Google Earth<br /> resting lightmoderatevigorous<br />11<br />
  • 12. When combined with GIS, we know the context in which activity occurs<br />Heart rate<br />shown in<br />ESRI ArcGIS<br />against land use<br />12<br />
  • 13. PALMS GPS Data Cleaning<br />Before – Multi-story buildings generate noise<br />After – Noise removedYellow = walking Orange = pausedGray circles = relative time at location<br />13<br />
  • 14. Indoor/Outdoor Detection with location clustering<br />OutdoorsIndoors / In-vehicle<br />Locations shown in gray<br />14<br />
  • 15. PALMS CVS Outputanalyzed by ArcGIS system<br />Activity within parks by accelerometer count coded by intensity<br />Activity within parks<br />15<br />
  • 16. PALMS is being designed for Data Sharing<br />“… making data as widely and freely available as possible, while safeguarding the privacy of participants, and protecting confidential and proprietary data.” – NIH1<br />—Data related to your own specialty—Rare data<br />— Clinical population data —Pooled data<br />— Data promoting education —Test/training data <br />— Calculations & visualizations —Protocols<br />1http://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/data_sharing/data_sharing_guidance.htm <br />16<br />
  • 17. Our Questions<br />Large Data Sets<br />Population vs. Individuals<br />Time Dependence<br />Visualizations<br />Pattern Recognition<br />17<br />
  • 18. Ernesto Ramirez<br />erramirez@ucsd.edu<br />Fredric Raab<br />fraab@ucsd.edu<br />cwphs.ucsd.edu<br />All photos via Flickr (Slide#/Flickr ID)<br />1/caveman_92223 2/CarbonNYC 3/mrbling<br />4/respres 5/soaptrail 6/gringod 17/oberazzi<br />

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