Corruption Perception Index 2012 (Malaysia)

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  • 1. RELEASE OF 2012CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX (CPI) RESULTS 5 December 2012 Shah’s Village Hotel, Petaling Jaya
  • 2. Programme1.30 pm Opening Remarks1.40 pm 2012 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) Results2.10 pm TI-M’s Recommendations2.30 pm Questions and Answers3.00 pm End
  • 3. WHAT IS THE CPI? An aggregate indicator that … • Measures the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public sector officials in 176 countries around the world • Draws on 13 different surveys and country assessments from independent institutions carried out among experienced observers such as business people and country analysts, including local experts and local business and multinational firms • Looks at factors such as enforcement of anti-corruption laws, access to information and conflicts of interest • Calculated using an updated methodology • Presented on a scale of 0-100CPI 2012 TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL MALAYSIA 3
  • 4. 13 SURVEYS USED 1. African Development Bank Governance Ratings 2011 2. Bertelsmann Foundation Sustainable Governance Indicators 2011 3. Bertelsmann Foundation Transformation Index 2012 4. Economist Intelligence Unit Country Risk Ratings 5. Freedom House Nations in Transit 2012 6. Global Insight Country Risk Ratings 7. IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook 2012 8. Political and Economic Risk Consultancy Asian Intelligence 2012 9. Political Risk Services International Country Risk Guide 10. Transparency International Bribe Payers Survey 2011 11. World Bank - Country Performance and Institutional Assessment 2011 12. World Economic Forum Executive Opinion Survey (EOS) 2012 13. World Justice Project Rule of Law Index 2012CPI 2012 TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL MALAYSIA 4
  • 5. CPI 2012 – MAIN FINDINGS • Corruption continues to ravage societies around the world • Two thirds of the 176 countries ranked in the 2012 index score below 50 • The median score is 37 – rank position 88 • Underperformers include the Eurozone countries most affected by the financial and economic crisisCPI 2012 TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL MALAYSIA 5
  • 6. RESULTS Countries where corruption is perceived to be lowest: Rank Country Score Surveys used 1 Denmark 90 7 1 Finland 90 7 1 New Zealand 90 7 4 Sweden 88 7 5 Singapore 87 9 Countries where corruption is perceived to be highest: Rank Country Score Surveys used 172 Myanmar 15 4 173 Sudan 13 6 174 Afghanistan 8 3 174 North Korea 8 3 174 Somalia 8 3CPI 2012 TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL MALAYSIA 6
  • 7. MALAYSIA’S SCORE 2012 CPI: 49 out of 100 Country Rank: 54 out of 176 Applying the updated methodology to last year’s results: 2011 CPI: 43 out of 100 Country Rank: 60 out of 183CPI 2012 TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL MALAYSIA 7
  • 8. COUNTRIES WITH SIMILAR SCORES Country Ranking Country (from 176 countries) 50 Rwanda 51 Seychelles, Georgia 53 Bahrain 54 Malaysia, Czech Republic, Latvia, Turkey 58 Cuba, Jordan, Namibia 61 Oman 62 Croatia, SlovakiaCPI 2012 TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL MALAYSIA 8
  • 9. SCORES OF ASEAN COUNTRIES Rank ASEAN Countries Position out of CPI Score 176 countries 1 Singapore 5 87 2 Brunei Darussalam 46 55 3 Malaysia 54 49 4 Thailand 88 37 5 Philippines 105 34 6 Indonesia 118 32 7 Vietnam 123 31 8 Cambodia 157 22 9 Laos 160 21 10 Myanmar 172 15CPI 2012 TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL MALAYSIA 9
  • 10. CPI SCORE vs. GDP PER CAPITA 70,000 Australia 20 11 GDP per Capita ($U S) 60,000 Denmark Canada Sweden 50,000 Germany UK Singapore France 40,000 Spain Hong Kong 30,000 S. Korea Portugal 20,000 Latvia Lithuania Thailand 10,000 Indonesia Nigeria Malaysia (9,656) Cambodia South Africa 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 2012 CPI scores Source of GDP Figures: Worldbank http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD/countriesCPI 2012 TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL MALAYSIA 10
  • 11. BRIBE PAYERS SURVEYCPI 2012 TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL MALAYSIA 11
  • 12. GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES TO DATE Source: PemanduCPI 2012 TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL MALAYSIA 12
  • 13. FUTURE INITIATIVES Source: PemanduCPI 2012 TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL MALAYSIA 13
  • 14. OUR RECOMMENDATIONS 1. Reforms in the political arena to reduce monetisation of politics and eliminate opportunities for state capture which results in grand corruption 2. Continue to strengthen law enforcement institutions especially the MACC, Judiciary and Police. Their complete independence must be established to secure the public’s trust 3. Uphold the rule of law without fear or favour so that abusers especially “big fish” cases do not have impunity from prosecution 4. Overhaul the Official Secrets Act (OSA) and introduce a federal Freedom of Information (FOI) Act 5. Firm and consistent actions in upholding transparency and accountability in public procurement 6. Tackle systemic corruption by focusing on specific sectors through the involvement of all stakeholders. For example, a coalition involving CIDB, contractors, professional bodies and other regulators in the construction industry could be established to drive the initiative to reduce corruption 7. Further improve whistleblower legislation to provide wider protection to whistle blowers and encourage more whistle blowingCPI 2012 TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL MALAYSIA 14
  • 15. Thank you for your attention Comments and Questions 603-7960 6630 www.transparency.org.my ti-malaysia@transparency.org.my facebook.com/timalaysia @ti_malaysia