OTHER BACTERIA
<ul><li>LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES </li></ul><ul><li>ERYSIPELOTHRIX RHUSIOPATHIAE </li></ul><ul><li>ALCALIGENES FAECALIS </li>...
Listeria monocytogenes <ul><li>Gram + bacilli </li></ul><ul><li>Tumbling motility at 25C,nonmotile at 37C </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Cold enrichment  -materials stored in tryptose phosphate/thioglycolate broth at 4C,and subculture are done at week...
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae <ul><li>Gram + bacilli-nonmotile </li></ul><ul><li>Cause swine erysipelas,human eryseipeloid ...
Alcaligenes faecalis <ul><li>Gram –ve bacilli—motile </li></ul><ul><li>Saprophyte </li></ul><ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><l...
Chromobacterium violaceum <ul><li>Gram –ve bacilli-motile </li></ul><ul><li>Violet coloured pigment </li></ul><ul><li>Skin...
Flavobacterium meningosepticum <ul><li>Gram-ve bacilli---nonmotile </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow pigment </li></ul><ul><li>Meni...
Gardenerella vaginalis <ul><li>Gram-ve  bacilli- nonmotile  </li></ul><ul><li>Causes  Bacterial vaginosis  charecterised b...
Donovania granulomatis <ul><li>Gram –ve bacilli---nonmotile </li></ul><ul><li>Bipolar condensation of  chromatin-closed sa...
Acinetobacter <ul><li>Gram –ve bacilli ---nonmotile </li></ul><ul><li>A.baumanni-pink colour on MA </li></ul><ul><li>A.Low...
Rat bite Fever <ul><li>Caused by streptobacillus moniliformis(gram-ve nonmotile) and spirillnum minus(g-ve bacillus –motil...
Legionella pneumophilia <ul><li>Gram –ve bacilli –motile </li></ul><ul><li>Stains better with silver impregnation method <...
<ul><li>Legionnaire’s d/sfever ,nonproductive cough,dyspnoea,leading to pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>Pontaic fever –nonfata...
Nonsporing anerobes
Classification <ul><li>Cocci  </li></ul><ul><li>Bacilli </li></ul><ul><li>Spirochetes </li></ul>
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Other bacteria

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Other bacteria

  1. 1. OTHER BACTERIA
  2. 2. <ul><li>LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES </li></ul><ul><li>ERYSIPELOTHRIX RHUSIOPATHIAE </li></ul><ul><li>ALCALIGENES FAECALIS </li></ul><ul><li>CHROMOBACTERIUM VIOLACEUM </li></ul><ul><li>FLAVOBACTERIUM MENINGOSEPTICUM </li></ul><ul><li>GARDENERALLA VAGINALIS </li></ul><ul><li>DONOVANIA GRANULOMATIS </li></ul><ul><li>ACINETOBACTER </li></ul><ul><li>STREPTOBACILLUS MONILIFORMIS </li></ul><ul><li>SPIRILLUM MINUS </li></ul><ul><li>LEGIONELLA PNUEMOPHILIA </li></ul>
  3. 3. Listeria monocytogenes <ul><li>Gram + bacilli </li></ul><ul><li>Tumbling motility at 25C,nonmotile at 37C </li></ul><ul><li>Saprophyte on soil ,water, sewage. </li></ul><ul><li>Meningitis in neonates,elderly </li></ul><ul><li>Abcess, conjunctivitis,pharyngitis,urithritis </li></ul><ul><li>Anton Test -instillation into eyes of rabbits-Keratoconjunctivitis </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation-vaginal secr.,lochia,meconium,cord blood,csf,blood. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Cold enrichment -materials stored in tryptose phosphate/thioglycolate broth at 4C,and subculture are done at weekly intervals forn 1-6 months </li></ul><ul><li>Isolates may be missed as diphtheroids </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Ampicillin </li></ul><ul><li>Cotremoxazole </li></ul><ul><li>Gentamycin </li></ul>
  5. 5. Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae <ul><li>Gram + bacilli-nonmotile </li></ul><ul><li>Cause swine erysipelas,human eryseipeloid </li></ul><ul><li>Human infections in hands or fingers of persons handling animals,fish </li></ul><ul><li>Lesions are edematous,painful erythema </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Penicillin </li></ul><ul><li>Erythromycin </li></ul>
  6. 6. Alcaligenes faecalis <ul><li>Gram –ve bacilli—motile </li></ul><ul><li>Saprophyte </li></ul><ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>Typhoid like fever </li></ul><ul><li>UTI </li></ul><ul><li>Infentile gastro enteritis </li></ul>
  7. 7. Chromobacterium violaceum <ul><li>Gram –ve bacilli-motile </li></ul><ul><li>Violet coloured pigment </li></ul><ul><li>Skin lesions with pyemia and multiple abcess </li></ul>
  8. 8. Flavobacterium meningosepticum <ul><li>Gram-ve bacilli---nonmotile </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow pigment </li></ul><ul><li>Meningitis in newborns </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gardenerella vaginalis <ul><li>Gram-ve bacilli- nonmotile </li></ul><ul><li>Causes Bacterial vaginosis charecterised by- </li></ul><ul><li>Raised vaginal PH(>4.5) </li></ul><ul><li>Foul smelling discharge </li></ul><ul><li>Clue cells </li></ul><ul><li>BV also by Mobilincus and bacteroids </li></ul><ul><li>Clue cells –vaginal epithelial cells studded with numerous bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment Metronidazole </li></ul>
  10. 10. Donovania granulomatis <ul><li>Gram –ve bacilli---nonmotile </li></ul><ul><li>Bipolar condensation of chromatin-closed safty pin appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Causes Donovanosis-painful papule on the genitalia </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Tetracyclin </li></ul><ul><li>Cotrimoxazole </li></ul><ul><li>Chloramphenicol </li></ul><ul><li>Gentamycin </li></ul>
  11. 11. Acinetobacter <ul><li>Gram –ve bacilli ---nonmotile </li></ul><ul><li>A.baumanni-pink colour on MA </li></ul><ul><li>A.Lowffi-yellow colour on MA </li></ul><ul><li>Iatrogenic meningitis </li></ul>
  12. 12. Rat bite Fever <ul><li>Caused by streptobacillus moniliformis(gram-ve nonmotile) and spirillnum minus(g-ve bacillus –motile) </li></ul><ul><li>Rat bite may have healed-but it suppurates with fever and regional lymphadenopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Both types responds to </li></ul><ul><li>Penicilline </li></ul><ul><li>Tetracycline </li></ul>
  13. 13. Legionella pneumophilia <ul><li>Gram –ve bacilli –motile </li></ul><ul><li>Stains better with silver impregnation method </li></ul><ul><li>Best visualised by direct immunofluroscent antibody stain with monoclonal /polyclonal sera </li></ul><ul><li>Human infection –inhalation of aerosoles produced by cooling towers-AC,cause legionellosis </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Legionnaire’s d/sfever ,nonproductive cough,dyspnoea,leading to pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>Pontaic fever –nonfatal influenza like d/s. </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Macrolides </li></ul><ul><li>Ciprofloxacin </li></ul><ul><li>Tetracycline </li></ul>
  15. 15. Nonsporing anerobes
  16. 16. Classification <ul><li>Cocci </li></ul><ul><li>Bacilli </li></ul><ul><li>Spirochetes </li></ul>
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