• Compact Disc - Digital Audio (CD-DA), the
original CD specification developed by Philips
and Sony in 1980
• In 1985 a standard for the storage of computer
data by Sony and Philips, CD-ROM (Compact
Disc Read Only Memory)
• The DVD standard was developed in the mid
1990’s by leading companies like Philips and
Compact Discs (CD’s) store computer information
optically. CD’s are portable. Prior to the USB drive, CD‘s
were frequently used when more space was needed than
was available on a floppy. A CD can hold 720 MB. This is
equivalent to 500 floppy disks or 200,000 pages of text.
Digital Versatile Discs (DVD’s) also store computer
information optically. A DVD looks exactly like a CD.
However, DVD’s have much more storage capacity than
CD’s: 4.7 GB compared to 720 MB.
1. CD-ROM drive is short for Compact Disc-Read-Only
Memory drive. CD-ROM drives can only read
information from a CD, not write to a CD. CD-ROM
drives are sometimes called CD-ROM players.
2. CD-R drive is short for Compact Disc-Recordable
drive. CD-R drives read from and write to CD’s. You
cannot write to any CD, only to a type of CD called a
CD-R. CD-R drives are also called CD burners. Each
CD-R can only be used once.
3. CD- RW drive is short for Compact Disc-ReWritable
drive. CD-RW drives read from, write to and rewrite to
CD’s. Rewrite means to erase and write over
previously saved information. Rewriting is standard for
floppy disks and hard drives. You cannot rewrite to
any CD, only to a CD-RW.
Note: You can use any type of CD drive to play an audio CD.
reads information from DVD’s and
writes information to DVD’s. DVD drives
come in different types just like CD drives
i.e., DVD-ROM, DVD-R, and DVD-RW.
DVD drives can read CD’s and some DVD
drives can write to CD’s.
1. Remove second side panel from case.
2. Remove the face plate and insert drive into
CD Drive bay.
3. Screw in the CD drive.
4. Locate IDE cable to CD drive.
5. Connect IDE cable to the motherboard and
1. The original Compact Disc(CD) specification.
2. DVD drive that able to read from and write to DVD’s.
3. CD drives that can only read information from a CD’s.
4. DVD drives that able to read from, write to and rewrite
5. An optical storage device that is equivalent to 500
Identify what is being describe in the following
sentences. Answer only.
____Remove the face plate and insert drive
into CD Drive bay.
____Locate IDE cable to CD drive.
____Remove second side panel from case.
____Connect IDE cable to the motherboard
and add power.
____Screw in the CD drive.
What comes first? Arrange the following steps
in chronological order. (1-5)
1. Compact Disc- Digital
2. DVD – R Drive
3. CD – ROM Drive
4. DVD – RW Drive
5. Compact Disc (CD)
1.What is video card?
2.What are the characteristics of video card?
3.What is the function of video card?
4.What are the requirements we have to
consider before installing video card?
5.What are the steps on installing video