Trends and approaches in medical education in the digital age

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The use of technology has become ubiquitous in medical education.  Educational technologies have increased access to learning resources but there are also challenges and personal development needs for both staff and students to be considered.  This presentation that I gave to the Galway Area Medical Education group at Galway Medical School on 7 March 2013 considers some of the emerging trends in using technology in medical education and approaches to their implementation with examples from across the continuum of medical education.

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  • @MoiraMaley I'm sure the publishers will still play a large role, however it is also becoming easier for medical educators and student's to create and share their own high quality learning resources. I guess a key question will be how much commerical interests begin to control higher education as a whole.
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  • One extrapolation of digital, networked and open in medical education is a world where good teachers share their teaching and are rewarded not only for good teaching but for sharing it.
    At the moment publishers are the both the gatekeepers and custodians of quality ... in the new world how then do these current vested commercial interests make their profit?
    I can't believe they won't still be players.
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  • Title: Trends and Approaches to Medical Education in the Digital AgeThe use of technology has become ubiquitous in medical education.  Educational technologies have increased access to learning resources but there are also challenges and personal development needs for both staff and students to be considered.  This presentation will consider some of the emerging trends in using technology in medical education and approaches to their implementation with examples from across the continuum of medical education.
  • Trends and approaches in medical education in the digital age

    1. 1. Trends & Approaches toMedical Education in the Digital AgeNatalie LaffertyGalway Area Medical Educators Session – 7 March 2013http://www.flickr.com/photos/59939034@N02/5476290876/
    2. 2. http://www.flickr.com/photos/sookie/31219031/
    3. 3. http://www.flickr.com/photos/stanfordedtech/4925162784/Stanford give all medical students an iPad
    4. 4. Virtual learning environments (VLE)
    5. 5. Students want face to face teaching
    6. 6. Clinical SkillsLecturesWard basedteachingSmall groupteaching DissectionTutorialsWorkshopsPBLeLearningIntegratingeLearninghttp://www.flickr.com/photos/fauxto_dkp/2915425151/
    7. 7. Delivering teaching & learning - VLE
    8. 8. VLE primarily just supportingtransmission of information?http://www.flickr.com/photos/teddy-rised/2814710002/
    9. 9. The Challenge:Facilitate active learninghttp://www.flickr.com/photos/parmiter/2524671110/
    10. 10. Virtual patients and cases with feedback
    11. 11. Induction modules
    12. 12. Peer assessment question bank
    13. 13. The VLE - a walled garden
    14. 14. Outside the garden wallis a „virtual‟ medical school
    15. 15. Learning …Any time, any place, any where …
    16. 16. No longer restricted to libraries & formal learning
    17. 17. You Tube
    18. 18. Vimeo
    19. 19. iTunes U
    20. 20. Repositories• HEAL• Meded Portal• Xpert
    21. 21. MOOCsMassive Open Online Courseshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/fantasticalmonkey/231718162/
    22. 22. Beyond the VLE is alsoa global learning networkhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/webwizzard/3931165612/
    23. 23. Texthttp://www.flickr.com/photos/49653615@N00/3677544652/Students connecting with otherstudents & doctors
    24. 24. “Using Web 2.0 technologies leads to a new sense ofcommunities of interest and networks and also a clearnotion of boundaries in web space - for examplepersonal space, group space and publishing space.”JISC 2009
    25. 25. Web 2.0 tools for social learning
    26. 26. http://scoop.intel.com/what-happens-in-an-internet-minute/
    27. 27. Learning networkshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/oceanflynn/6638184545/
    28. 28. BlogsReflection/PortfolioReviews of researchNews & viewsFormativeassessmentJust-in-time learningTeaching – guide onthe sidePatient experiencesSupportingcommunitiesAudience Engagement - Comments
    29. 29. http://casesblog.blogspot.com/
    30. 30. “I simply blog as a way to keep trackof the new developments in medicinethat are relevant to my practice andpatients. The blog is a digitalnotebook and an archive accessiblefrom any place and device with aninternet connection.”Dr Ves - Cases bloghttp://casesblog.blogspot.com
    31. 31. Signposts to learning“Guide on the side”http://www.flickr.com/photos/23958473@N06/2302082384/
    32. 32. Social learning
    33. 33. To support learning?
    34. 34. http://gasclass.wordpress.com/
    35. 35. Free Open Access Meducation#FOAMed
    36. 36. #FOAMed Community
    37. 37. #FOAMed Ireland
    38. 38. gmep.orgGlobal Medical Education Project
    39. 39. 52But …I‟m not a computerI‟m a technophobe!!!
    40. 40. Teachers are not necessarilyconfident in using technology oraware of how to use it to enhanceteaching and learning … they havestaff development needsSandars & Schroter 2007;JISC 2009;Morris & McKimm 2009
    41. 41. Students have high engagementwith sites such as Facebook &YouTube but less understandingof, and engagement with other toolsthat can support their learning …They also have training needsSandars & Schroter 2007;JISC 2009;Chu et al 2010
    42. 42. 55JISC 2009 …Students should play a role in working withteachers to develop teaching and learningdelivery by working in partnership with them.
    43. 43. (Siemens 2005; Sandars 2009)
    44. 44. Eight Domains of Good Professional Practice
    45. 45. UK GMC - Tomorrow’s DoctorsOutcome 1•The doctor as scholar and scientistOutcome 2•The doctor as practitionerOutcome 3•The doctor as professionalTomorrow’s Teachers
    46. 46. The doctor as a professionalThe graduate will be able to behave according toethical and legal principles.• Students need to be made aware of issuessurrounding the professional use of socialmedia and technology
    47. 47. The doctor as a professionalReflect, learn and teach others(a) Acquire, assess, apply and integrate newknowledge, learn to adapt to changingcircumstances and ensure that patients receivethe highest level of professional care.
    48. 48. The doctor as a professionalReflect, learn and teach others(b) Establish the foundations for lifelong learningand continuing professionaldevelopment, including a professionaldevelopment portfolio containingreflections, achievements and learning needs.
    49. 49. The doctor as a professionalReflect, learn and teach others(f) Function effectively as a mentor and teacherincluding contributing to theappraisal, assessment and review ofcolleagues, giving effective feedback, and takingadvantage of opportunities to develop theseskills.
    50. 50. iBooks
    51. 51. “Issues of professionalism, responsibility for content,interprofessional working and effective collaborationhave all come to the fore for the group. Overall, wefirmly believe that developing student-lede-learning and online professionalism can provide anavenue through which young professionals candevelop lifelong learning skills, experiencecontinuing professional development and learn andwork in a professional community.”Students’ reflections
    52. 52. http://www.flickr.com/photos/webwizzard/3931165508/Outcomes• A community of interest and learningpractice is emerging• Teaching staff becoming more confidentin using technology to support theirteaching• Sharing best practice• Increasing student engagement
    53. 53. http://www.flickr.com/photos/toolstop/4546017269/Don’t lose focus …Don’t be dazzled by the technology
    54. 54. Start with how you want to teach …Not with technologyOne size doesn’t fit all
    55. 55. http://www.flickr.com/photos/8007281@N08/3259845278/Develop a teaching & learning toolkit
    56. 56. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ianinsheffield/5611248212/in/photostream/Personalisation -Use what’s best for you
    57. 57. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ivyfield/4497654605/Increasingly connected …Learning now in our hands
    58. 58. http://www.flickr.com/photos/cascadianfarm/5277978788/Dip your toe in the water ...Explore and learn together
    59. 59. Natalie LaffertySchool of Medicine, University of DundeeEmail: n.t.lafferty@dundee.ac.uk Twitter: @nlaffertyQuestions
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