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"Open Standards and Free Competition" by Georg Greve @ eLiberatica 2007
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"Open Standards and Free Competition" by Georg Greve @ eLiberatica 2007

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This is a presentation held at eLiberatica 2007. …

This is a presentation held at eLiberatica 2007.

http://www.eliberatica.ro/2007/

One of the biggest events of its kind in Eastern Europe, eLiberatica brings community leaders from around the world to discuss about the hottest topics in FLOSS movement, demonstrating the advantages of adopting, using and developing Open Source and Free Software solutions.

The eLiberatica organizational committee together with our speakers and guests, have graciously allowed media representatives and all attendees to photograph, videotape and otherwise record their sessions, on the condition that the photos, videos and recordings are licensed under the Creative Commons Share-Alike 3.0 License.

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine

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  • 1. Open Standards andFree Competition Georg Greve greve@fsfeurope.org Free Software Foundation Europe eLiberatica 2007 – 18 May 2007 – Brasov, Romania – p. 1
  • 2. 0. RoadmapApproaching the issue1. Background2. Interoperability3. History of an Open Standard4. Effects on national economy5. e-Government6. Summary7. Outlook eLiberatica 2007 – 18 May 2007 – Brasov, Romania – p. 2
  • 3. 1. Formats and protocols Are a form of language, spoken by computers Have very specific properties: Arbitrarily chosen (which frequency is used to dial ’0’?) Require precise implementation (computers are bad interpretors) Are written by humans Interpreted by humans into software, but all software has unintended behaviour (bugs) Compatibility is difficult! eLiberatica 2007 – 18 May 2007 – Brasov, Romania – p. 3
  • 4. 2. InteroperabilityInteroperability is essential "The ability of two or more systems or components to exchange information and to use the information that has been exchanged." – IEEEOpen Standards vs Lock-In No globally accepted definition Hard to achieve in reality Software patents: the "RAND hook"More standards mean less competition! eLiberatica 2007 – 18 May 2007 – Brasov, Romania – p. 4
  • 5. 3. History of an Open Standard......from the Workgroup Server MarketNovell was the dominant player, so Microsoft launches Open Standard effort around CIFS gains foothold in the market stops participating in standardisation modifies protocol, claims "IPR" locks Novell out of the client by cryptography pushes desktop monopoly to serverResult: EU antitrust case eLiberatica 2007 – 18 May 2007 – Brasov, Romania – p. 5
  • 6. 4. Effects on national economy1. communication required2. five intermediaries3. proprietary software: rewards lock-in through "value-adding"Proprietary model encourages monopolies,proliferating into the hardware domainFraunhofer ISST study: > 50% of German industry > 80% of German exportsdepend on ICT! eLiberatica 2007 – 18 May 2007 – Brasov, Romania – p. 6
  • 7. 5. e-GovernmentGovernments must be accessible to all, so Governments using proprietary technology lose control over decisions and data spread monopoly at cost of local economy force population into similar dependency transfer economic power out of country Reminder: It is the responsibility of governments to protect freedom of competition! eLiberatica 2007 – 18 May 2007 – Brasov, Romania – p. 7
  • 8. 7. SummaryInteroperability is essential to Free Competition depends on Open StandardsOpen Standards need active work & maintenance require vigilance against abuse Free Software != Open Standards but is solves many of the difficult issues!Ultimately, you want both. eLiberatica 2007 – 18 May 2007 – Brasov, Romania – p. 8
  • 9. 8. Outlook Open Document Format (ODF) OASIS standard, ISO/IEC 26300:2006 supported by Sun, Google, IBM, ... implementation(s) in Free Software "MS Office OpenXML" (MS-OOXML) format dependency on proprietary components only ever fully implementable by MS one proprietary implementationRomania gets to make a choice here! eLiberatica 2007 – 18 May 2007 – Brasov, Romania – p. 9
  • 10. 8. ContactThank you for your attention! Questions? Free Software Foundation Europe: http://fsfeurope.org Get involved, defend your freedom: http://www.fsfe.org eLiberatica 2007 – 18 May 2007 – Brasov, Romania – p. 10