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E learning fitness methodologies & technologies uniroma1 marco temperini
 

E learning fitness methodologies & technologies uniroma1 marco temperini

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  • Definition of learning objects and packages: the format of the things that are given to an LMS; XML, PKZIP Content behavior/treatment in the LMS Flow of activity or study for the student along the sequence of Los; it might be not a sequence; moving and navigating is driven by rules though; This flow is specified following the standard and is applied by the LMS (using the API functions that it provides)
  • Definition of learning objects and packages: the format of the things that are given to an LMS; XML, PKZIP Content behavior/treatment in the LMS Flow of activity or study for the student along the sequence of Los; it might be not a sequence; moving and navigating is driven by rules though; This flow is specified following the standard and is applied by the LMS (using the API functions that it provides)
  • Definition of learning objects and packages: the format of the things that are given to an LMS; XML, PKZIP Content behavior/treatment in the LMS Flow of activity or study for the student along the sequence of Los; it might be not a sequence; moving and navigating is driven by rules though; This flow is specified following the standard and is applied by the LMS (using the API functions that it provides)

E learning fitness methodologies & technologies uniroma1 marco temperini E learning fitness methodologies & technologies uniroma1 marco temperini Presentation Transcript

    • eLearning
    • Metodologies & Technologies
    Marco Temperini eLearning Fitness www.elearningfitness.eu
  • eLF – elearning Methodologies & Technologies eLF: A hybrid system composed by web-based subsystems designed to comply with … the aims
    • elearning Personalization
    • Social and collaborative elearning
    • Standards for e-learning
    • LMSs (with René )
    elearning M&T issues
    • Student model = {what she knows, how well, what are the learning preferences}
    • the course is personalized to the individual model
    TK SK initial knowledge knowledge imparted by the course target knowledge elearning personalization - 1/2 knowledge domain KD
    • very dynamic management of the LEARNING OBJECT REPOSITORY
    • Course = {set of learning objects}
      • sometimes a sequence: LOS = { LO 1 , ..., LO n }
      • sometimes something less organized
      • conditions to step from a LO to the “next”
    • The course is adapted to learner’s progress
      • CHANGES in Content / ways of moving through LOs
    elearning personalization - 2/2 This is research work LMSs are immature in this respect; We have prototypes and not production platforms Learning content construction needs care …
    • Vygotskij (1978): learning happens through social interaction in the ZPD
    APS : Autonomous Problem Solving ZPD : Zone of Proximal Development UPS : Unreachable Problem Solving Social Collaborative elearning (one way to see it) - 1/2
    • Students cooperate on learning activities (indirectly and directly)
      • Social interaction through discussions and FAQ
      • Products (e.g. solutions for exercises) are reused and peer evaluated
      • Group projects are managed with interactions between groups
        • Peer and self assessment of groups
      • Students gain reputation, which is made of:
        • Involvement - Usefulness
        • Competence - Critical appraisal
        • Judgment - Self judgment
        • Group reputation
    Social Collaborative elearning (one way to see it) - 2/2 Basically … same conclusion as earlier
    • Need for it, to foster Reuse, Durability, Interoperability, Accessibility
    • of learning objects
      • Learning object = learning content and activities, plus their “specification”
      • They are modular (more or less “finely grained”)
      • They can be grouped to make lessons, modules, courses
      • They are … Java applet, Flash animation, audio/video clip, web page, pdf documents, ppt/odp, doc/odt (office/openOffice documents)
    • through standard functionalities (API) of the LMSs
      • There are services in the LMS, to administer learning objects during the course (activate, present, let interact, join in sequences, make available on conditions …)
    Standards for e-Learning – 1/2
    • An LMS that has the services to manage standard-defined
    • learning objects and … things is a Standard Compliant LMSs
    • Suitable authoring systems (not necessarily embedded in LMSs) allow to build standard learning objects (…and things)
    • SCORM
      • is a standard; as well as IMS, LOM, AICC, Dubliln Core, Ariadne …
      • Following it a learning object can be
        • Specified (wrapping one or more learning resources/contents)
        • Joined with other learning objects to build a package
        • (a lesson; and lessons compose modules, that compose courses that …)
    • its components
      • Content Aggregation Model (CAM): the format of things
      • RunTime Env. (RTE): content behavior/treatment in the LMSs
      • Sequencing and Navigation (SN): the student travel through the course’s LOs
    Standards for e-Learning – 2/2 Making eLF “modules” as (collection of) standard learning objects makes them independent of platform (well, if it is a compliant LMS); an authoring tool should be used for our learning objects (  with assistance)
    • Conclusion of the first part …
    • We can do very good job with some (not too much on the frontier) tools (CMS, LMS, …)
    eLF – elearning Methodologies & Technologies E-L Registry Social information exchange Free access information LMS CMS Augmented CMS
  • 10 minutes – We have to ...
    • 1) design the portal and the subsystems
      • on the basis of requisites coming from …
      • what can be done by whom?
      • Feasibility of the application mentioned, for the LMS/CMS roles?
    • 2) Implement a prototype
    • What can be done by whom
    • 3) Create a workflow, to feed the portal with
      • Information
      • Learning content for the eL
      • Information for the Registry
    • 4) Support a pre-experimental phase, to finalize implementations
    • 5) Support the pilots
  • 10 minutes – We need
    • Deeper presentation of the partners, to confirm or spot roles
    • Consideration of the dependencies on
      • WP5: they manage the integration of learning content in the LMS, and the definition of courses: Do they have requisites for us? What interaction with them?
      • WP4: they are interested in the authoring factors. Do they have requisites for us? What interaction with them?
      • WP6: requisites for the Registry design &implementation
      • WP7: do we need to state criteria for them to evaluate the portal?
      • WP8: They have access to the information delivery areas. Do they have requisites for us? What interaction with them?
    • (ambassadors)
  • 10 minutes – Agenda for the 75 minutes
    • Other initiatives known?
    • Suggestions about software applications that may be used for the portal
    • Description sheets (to devise now and collect later)
      • for the suggestions about software, to prepare a decision
      • Sufficiently advanced requisites for e-L, after consultation
      • Idem for Registry
    • Localization related issues
      • What for e-L, besides translation
      • Idem for the Registry (and that’s probably more crucial)