Scawthorn

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Scawthorn

  1. 1. Emerging Trends, Best Practices and Lessons Learned in ICT-Enabled Disaster Risk Management Session 1 Discussant Charles Scawthorn, S.E. Professor (ret.), Kyoto University, Japan Disaster Risk Management in the Information Age October 8-9, 2008
  2. 2. Loss Estimation – foundation for all mitigation <ul><li>Existing NH Loss Estimation Software: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>may well have good technical foundations, but </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>are not open source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>users can’t ‘get under the hood’, don’t trust results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>inflexible – can’t quickly adapt to new needs, data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>slow uptake  are not being used  not doing the job </li></ul></ul>EXTREMUM
  3. 3. Open Source software movement <ul><li>Natural hazards mitigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earthquake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flood… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cost justification  loss estimation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Open Risk-related Software Risk Engine E  p(D  H) p(H  E ) HAZARD p(H  E ) VULNERABILITY p(D  H)
  5. 5. OpenRisk www.risk-agora.org
  6. 6. Data-related seismic risk management tasks <ul><li>Pre-disaster </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inventory of buildings at risk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Screen for potential seismic risk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prioritize risk-mitigation efforts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency planning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Response </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prioritize inspections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety inspection, rough cost est. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recovery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage repairs—permitting, etc. </li></ul></ul>ROVER ShakeCast HAZUS ATC-20i
  7. 7. Windows Mobile smartphones <ul><li>OS similar to Windows XP </li></ul><ul><li>Phone, camera, PIM, browser, other Windows apps </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard, stylus, touchscreen, bluetooth </li></ul><ul><li>Cost ~$500; ~$200 with phone plan </li></ul><ul><li>4+ GB storage </li></ul>
  8. 8. ROVER ROVER (Rapid Observation of Vulnerability and Estimation of Risk)
  9. 9. <ul><li>Photo tab </li></ul><ul><li>Use built-in smartphone camera 2 MPix+ </li></ul><ul><li>Server adds a watermark </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Soil tab </li></ul><ul><li>A-F scale, like IBC </li></ul><ul><li>Soft soil tends to amplify motion </li></ul><ul><li>Server can add soil from built-in global USGS map </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Scoring tab </li></ul><ul><li>Choose possible building type </li></ul><ul><li>Click on relevant features </li></ul><ul><li>“ Risk score” calculated below </li></ul><ul><li>S ≥ 2 is good </li></ul><ul><li>S < 2 implies need for detailed evaluation </li></ul>
  12. 12. Real Time
  13. 13. usgs
  14. 14. Thank You [email_address]

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