Susan Crawford - Presentation at Emerging Communications Conference & Awards (eComm 2011)

  • 401 views
Uploaded on

Please see blog http://blog.eComm.ec

Please see blog http://blog.eComm.ec

More in: Technology , Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
401
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. monopolies in internet access, WIRED AND WIRELESS
    • Susan Crawford
    • The Big Squeeze
    • June 2011
    • What next?
      • enormous up-front costs
      • crushing economies of scale and scope
      • steeply declining cost curves in the last mile
  • 3. Why should you care?
    • Bottleneck for the future of computing in America
    • Without high speeds, low costs, and wide availability, new Facebooks/Googles will come from Berlin and Osaka – not from the US
    • Incumbents have no Wall Street incentive to invest in core networks – and no competitive reason to do so
  • 4. Why should you care? (2)
    • Tokbox – latency a real problem for real-time video
    • Sensors – how will all that data be shipped around and visualized?
    • AWS buying dark fiber – but “eyeball networks” still absolutely controlled
    • One man ’s “oppty for abuse” may be another’s opportunity to launch a new business
  • 5. High-speed Internet: Two stories
    • Wired:
      • Rich in urban areas are paying very high prices for high wired speeds
        • John Malone, May 2011: “Cable is a monopoly now” in data
        • Cable upgrade path much cheaper than telco
        • Largest growth area for cable is high-speed Internet access services
        • Built-in conflict of interest – think Al Jazeera
        • Large operators never compete with one another
      • Poor/rural aren ’t adequately reached or access for many is unaffordable
  • 6. High-speed Internet: Wireless
    • Wireless:
      • Same rich/poor divide (smartphones as dividing line)
      • Not substitutable for wired access (think videoconferencing)
      • Second-best (not what other govts plan for)
      • No price constraints imposed on VZ/ATT by competition (usage-based billing the big move)
      • Compressed/prioritized/billed-for services
  • 7. International high-speed access
    • FCC, May 2011: “Mean actual download speeds in some European and Asian cities are substantially higher than in comparably sized U.S. cities”
    • 24.8 megabits per second (Mbps) in Paris
    • 35.8 Mbps in Seoul
      • versus 6.9 Mbps in San Francisco, 9.4 Mbps in Chicago, and 9.9 Mbps in Phoenix
    • US prices substantially higher ($105 v. $40, eg)
    • Other countries have gigabit goals
  • 8. Takeaways
    • Two natural monopolies: wired and wireless
      • high upfront costs
      • unbridgeable advantages of scale and scope
      • pricing power, cherry-picking, prioritizing
    • Plenty of smart people in 1970s. Technology doesn ’t emerge by magic.
    • Pragmatic muddling-through is high-risk for US
    • Lack of vision/fear leading to fettered market
  • 9. Imagine national goals
    • Gigabit symmetric to most of the country ’s homes/businesses
    • Separation between transport and content ownership
    • Separation between wholesale and retail transport
    • Support for core network upgrades and municipal networks
    • Intervention to ensure unfettered competition
  • 10.