monopolies in internet access, WIRED AND WIRELESS <ul><li>Susan Crawford </li></ul><ul><li>The Big Squeeze </li></ul><ul><...
Why should you care? <ul><li>Bottleneck for the future of computing in America </li></ul><ul><li>Without high speeds, low ...
Why should you care? (2) <ul><li>Tokbox – latency a real problem for real-time video </li></ul><ul><li>Sensors – how will ...
High-speed Internet:  Two stories <ul><li>Wired: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rich in urban areas are paying very high prices for...
High-speed Internet:  Wireless <ul><li>Wireless: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same rich/poor divide (smartphones as dividing line...
International high-speed access <ul><li>FCC, May 2011:  “Mean actual download speeds in some European and Asian cities are...
Takeaways <ul><li>Two natural monopolies: wired and wireless </li></ul><ul><ul><li>high upfront costs </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Imagine national goals <ul><li>Gigabit symmetric to most of the country ’s homes/businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Separation b...
 
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Susan Crawford - Presentation at Emerging Communications Conference & Awards (eComm 2011)

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Susan Crawford - Presentation at Emerging Communications Conference & Awards (eComm 2011)

  1. 2. monopolies in internet access, WIRED AND WIRELESS <ul><li>Susan Crawford </li></ul><ul><li>The Big Squeeze </li></ul><ul><li>June 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>What next? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>enormous up-front costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>crushing economies of scale and scope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>steeply declining cost curves in the last mile </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. Why should you care? <ul><li>Bottleneck for the future of computing in America </li></ul><ul><li>Without high speeds, low costs, and wide availability, new Facebooks/Googles will come from Berlin and Osaka – not from the US </li></ul><ul><li>Incumbents have no Wall Street incentive to invest in core networks – and no competitive reason to do so </li></ul>
  3. 4. Why should you care? (2) <ul><li>Tokbox – latency a real problem for real-time video </li></ul><ul><li>Sensors – how will all that data be shipped around and visualized? </li></ul><ul><li>AWS buying dark fiber – but “eyeball networks” still absolutely controlled </li></ul><ul><li>One man ’s “oppty for abuse” may be another’s opportunity to launch a new business </li></ul>
  4. 5. High-speed Internet: Two stories <ul><li>Wired: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rich in urban areas are paying very high prices for high wired speeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>John Malone, May 2011: “Cable is a monopoly now” in data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cable upgrade path much cheaper than telco </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Largest growth area for cable is high-speed Internet access services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Built-in conflict of interest – think Al Jazeera </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Large operators never compete with one another </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor/rural aren ’t adequately reached or access for many is unaffordable </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. High-speed Internet: Wireless <ul><li>Wireless: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same rich/poor divide (smartphones as dividing line) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not substitutable for wired access (think videoconferencing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second-best (not what other govts plan for) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No price constraints imposed on VZ/ATT by competition (usage-based billing the big move) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compressed/prioritized/billed-for services </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. International high-speed access <ul><li>FCC, May 2011: “Mean actual download speeds in some European and Asian cities are substantially higher than in comparably sized U.S. cities” </li></ul><ul><li>24.8 megabits per second (Mbps) in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>35.8 Mbps in Seoul </li></ul><ul><ul><li>versus 6.9 Mbps in San Francisco, 9.4 Mbps in Chicago, and 9.9 Mbps in Phoenix </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US prices substantially higher ($105 v. $40, eg) </li></ul><ul><li>Other countries have gigabit goals </li></ul>
  7. 8. Takeaways <ul><li>Two natural monopolies: wired and wireless </li></ul><ul><ul><li>high upfront costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unbridgeable advantages of scale and scope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pricing power, cherry-picking, prioritizing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plenty of smart people in 1970s. Technology doesn ’t emerge by magic. </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatic muddling-through is high-risk for US </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of vision/fear leading to fettered market </li></ul>
  8. 9. Imagine national goals <ul><li>Gigabit symmetric to most of the country ’s homes/businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Separation between transport and content ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Separation between wholesale and retail transport </li></ul><ul><li>Support for core network upgrades and municipal networks </li></ul><ul><li>Intervention to ensure unfettered competition </li></ul>
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